Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering

Dr Richard Ball

Contact details

Room: 4ES 5.25
Tel: +44 (0) 1225 386944
Email: r.j.ball@bath.ac.uk

PhD supervision

Interested in supervising students studying:

  • Lime and cementitious binders
  • Nanomaterials
  • Photocatylictic materials
  • Sensors
  • Indoor air quality
  • Waste utilisation in construction

Dr Richard Ball

BEng PhD FHEA CSci CEng FIMMM

Profile

Richard Ball is a Reader in the Department of Architecture & Civil Engineering, he joined the department as a lecturer in 2010. His current research interests include low-carbon building materials, lime based materials for conservation, nano-materials, photocatalytic coatings, indoor air quality and materials for 3D printing.

Richard graduated with a BEng in Materials Science and Engineering in 1997 and a PhD in 2000, both from the University of Bath. As a postdoctoral researcher in Bath he developed novel composite ceramic electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cells before joining the Interface Analysis Centre at the University of Bristol in 2002.

He has attracted funding as PI and CI from the EPSRC, FP7, British Council (UKIERI), Royal Society, Royal Academy of Engineering and Historic England. Richard is a Fellow of the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining (IOM3) and secretary of the West of England Metals and Materials Association (WEMMA). He is a committee member of The Ceramics Society’s (division of IOM3), Cementitious Materials Group. In 2013 he received the IOM3 Outstanding Service Award.

Research

Richard’s research interests are focused on microstructure/macrostructure property relationships of materials, setting reactions, sensors, degradation processes, water transport mechanisms, polymeric and ceramic materials for 3D printing, conservation materials, photocatalytic coatings and materials for improving the indoor air quality of buildings.

He is currently co-investigator on the EPSRC research grant ‘Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing: Distributed Unmanned Aerial Systems for in-situ manufacturing of the built environment’ and was principal investigator on the EPSRC grants ‘An Electrochemical Approach to Study Carbonation of Novel Lime Based Materials’ and ‘Experimentally verified atomistic modelling of lime in construction materials’.

He has received funding from the Royal Society to investigate photocatalytic coatings for the built environment and also Historic England to investigate nanolimes for the conservation of stone buildings in the UK.

Funding from the Royal Academy of Engineering and the British Council sponsored UKIERI is promoting collaboration with MANIT (Bhopal), IIT Delhi and JNV University, Jodhpur in the areas of energy harvesting, building monitoring, dye sensitised solar cells, coatings and surface treatments for the built environment.

Teaching

  • Materials engineering in construction
  • Materials science I
  • Materials science II
  • Sustainable construction materials
  • Materials construction and skills
  • Detailed design and structure

Publications

Book Sections

Ansell, M., Ball, R., Maskell, D., Lawrence, R., Shea, A. and Walker, P., 2017. Green composites for the built environment. In: Green composites.2 ed. . (Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering)

Nuño, M., Ball, R. and Bowen, C., 2016. Photocatalytic Properties of Commercially Available TiO2 Powders for Pollution Control. In: Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials "Semiconductor Photocatalysis - Materials, Mechanisms and Applications". , p. 613.

Pesce, G. L. A. and Ball, R. J., 2012. Dating of Old Lime Based Mixtures with the "Pure Lime Lumps" Technique. In: Nawrocka, D. M., ed. Radiometric Dating. InTech.

Articles

Fasihnikoutalab, M. H., Asadi, A., Huat, B. K., Ball, R. J., Pourakbar, S. and Singh, P., 2017. Utilisation of carbonating olivine for sustainable soil stabilisation. Environmental Geotechnics, 4 (3), pp. 184-198.

Berube, M.-A., Schorr, D., Ball, R. J., Landry, V. and Blanchet, P., 2017. Determination of In Situ Esterification Parameters of Citric Acid-Glycerol Based Polymers for Wood Impregnation. Journal of Polymers and the Environment

Pesce, G. L., Fletcher, I. W., Grant, R., Molinari, M., Parker, S. C. and Ball, R. J., 2017. Carbonation of Hydrous Materials at the Molecular Level:A Time of Flight-Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry, Raman and Density Functional Theory Study. Crystal Growth and Design, 17 (3), pp. 1036-1044.

Fasihnikoutalab, M., Asadi, A., Unuler, C., Huat, B., Ball, R. and Pourakbar, S., 2017. Utilization of Alkali-Activated Olivine in Soil Stabilization and the Effect of Carbonation on Unconfined Compressive Strength and Microstructure. ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 29 (6), 06017002.

Giampiccolo, A., Tobaldi, D., Ansell, M. and Ball, R., 2016. Synthesis of Co–TiO2 nanostructured photocatalytic coatings for MDF substrates. Green Materials, 4 (4), pp. 1-10.

Singh, M., Kurchania, R., Ball, R. J. and Sharma, G. D., 2016. Efficiency enhancement in dye sensitized solar cells through step wise cosensitization of TiO2 electrode with N719 and metal free dye. Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics, 54, pp. 656-664.

Ferreira Pinto Da Silva, C., Rana, C., Maskell, D., Dengel, A., Ansell, P. and Ball, R. J., 2016. Influence of eco-materials on Indoor Air Quality. Green Materials, 4 (2), pp. 72-80.

Talakokula, V., Bhalla, S., Ball, R. J., Bowen, C. R., Pesce, G. L., Kurchania, R., Bhattacharjee, B., Gupta, A. and Paine, K., 2016. Diagnosis of carbonation induced corrosion initiation and progression in reinforced concrete structures using piezo-impedance transducers. Sensors and Actuators A-Physical, 242, pp. 79-91.

Grant, J., Pesce, G. L., Ball, R. J., Molinari, M. and Parker, S. C., 2016. An experimental and computational study to resolve the composition of dolomitic lime. RSC Advances, 6 (19), pp. 16066-16072.

Figueiredo, C., Ball, R. J. and Lawrence, M., 2016. Is BS EN 459-1:2015 fit for purpose in the context of conservation? The Journal of the Building Limes Forum, 23, pp. 46-52.

Fasihnikoutalab, M., Asadi, A., Huat, B., Westgate, P., Ball, R. and Pourakbar, S., 2016. Laboratory-scale model of carbon dioxide deposition for soil stabilisation. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 8 (2), pp. 1078-186.

Tobaldi, D., Seabra, M., Otero-Irurueta, G., Miguel, Y., Ball, R., Singh, M. K., Pullar, R. C. and Labrincha, J. A., 2015. Quantitative XRD characterisation and gas-phase photocatalytic activity testing for visible-light (indoor applications) of KRONOClean 7000®. RSC Advances

Nuño, M., Pesce, G. L., Bowen, C. R., Xenophontos, P. and Ball, R. J., 2015. Environmental performance of nano-structured Ca(OH)2/TiO2 photocatalytic coatings for buildings. Building and Environment, 92, pp. 734-742.

Rajamma, R., Senff, L., Ribeiro, M. J., Labrincha, J. A., Ball, R., Allen, G. C. and Ferreira, V. M., 2015. Biomass fly ash effect on fresh and hardened state properties of cement based materials. Composites Part B - Engineering, 77, pp. 1-9.

Nuño, M., Ball, R. J., Bowen, C. R., Kurchania, R. and Sharma, G. D., 2015. Photocatalytic activity of electrophoretically deposited (EPD) TiO2 coatings. Journal of Materials Science, 50 (14), pp. 4822-4835.

Fasihnikoutalab, M., Westgate, P., Huat, B. B. K., Asadi, A., Ball, R., Nahazanan, H. and Singh, P., 2015. New Insights into Potential Capacity of Olivine in Ground Improvement. Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 20 (8), pp. 2137-2148.

Singh, M., Kurchania, R., Pockett, A., Ball, R., Koukaras, E., Cameron, P. and Sharma, G. D., 2015. Characterization of metal free D- (-A)2 organic dye and its application as co-sensitizer along with N719 dye for efficient dye sensitized solar cells. Indian Journal of Physics

Kurchania, R., Sawant, S. S. and Ball, R., 2014. Synthesis and characterization of magnetite/polyvinyl alcohol core–shell composite nanoparticles. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 97 (10), 3208–3215.

Nuño, M., Ball, R. J. and Bowen, C. R., 2014. Study of solid/gas phase photocatalytic reactions by electron ionization mass spectrometry. Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 49 (8), pp. 716-726.

Serrapede, M., Pesce, G. L., Ball, R. J. and Denuault, G., 2014. Nanostructured Pd hydride microelectrodes:In situ monitoring of pH variations in a porous medium. Analytical Chemistry, 86 (12), pp. 5758-5765.

Pesce, G. L., Bowen, C. R., Rocha, J., Sardo, M., Allen, G. C., Walker, P. J., Denuault, G., Serrapede, M. and Ball, R., 2014. Monitoring hydration in lime-metakaolin composites using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Clay Minerals, 49 (3), pp. 341-358.

Mackenzie, C., Ormondroyd, G., Curling, S., Ball, R. J., Whiteley, N. and Malham, S., 2014. Ocean warming, more than acidification, reduces shell strength in a commercial shellfish species during food limitation. PLoS ONE, 9 (1), e86764.

Margalha, M. G., Silva, A. S., Do Rosário Veiga, M., De Brito, J., Ball, R. J. and Allen, G. C., 2013. Microstructural changes of lime putty during aging. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 25 (10), pp. 1524-1532.

Pesce, G. L., Morgan, D., Odgers, D., Henry, A., Allen, M. and Ball, R. J., 2013. Consolidation of weathered limestone using nanolime. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials, 166 (4), pp. 213-228.

Sharma, G. D., Prakash Singh, S., Nagarjuna, P., Mikroyannidis, J. A., Ball, R. J. and Kurchania, R., 2013. Efficient dye-sensitized solar cells based on cosensitized metal free organic dyes with complementary absorption spectra. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 5 (4), 043107.

Sharma, G. D., Singh, S. P., Kurchania, R. and Ball, R. J., 2013. Cosensitization of dye sensitized solar cells with a thiocyanate free Ru dye and a metal free dye containing thienylfluorene conjugation. RSC Advances, 3 (17), pp. 6036-6043.

Morgan, R. C. and Ball, R. J., 2013. Environmental (wet and dry) cycling of hydraulic lime mortars. Journal of the Building Limes Forum, 20, pp. 21-31.

Serrapede, M., Denuault, G., Sosna, M., Pesce, G.L. and Ball, R.J., 2013. Scanning electrochemical microscopy:using the potentiometric mode of SECM to study the mixed potential arising from two independent redox processes. Analytical Chemistry, 85 (17), pp. 8341-8346.

Sharma, G. D., Mikroyannidis, J. A., Roy, M. S., Justin Thomas, K. R., Ball, R. and Kurchania, R., 2012. Dithienylthienothiadiazole-based organic dye containing two cyanoacrylic acid anchoring units for dye-sensitized solar cells. RSC Advances, 2 (30), pp. 11457-11464.

Ball, R., Pesce, G. and Bowen, C., 2012. Characterisation of lime/metakaolin paste using impedance spectroscopy. Key Engineering Materials, 517, pp. 487-494.

Raw-Rees, S., Pesce, G. L. A., Ball, R. J. and Fodde, E., 2012. Characterization of binders in the historic lime mortars and plasters from 1A Royal Crescent, Bath. Journal of the Building Limes Forum, 19, pp. 28-37.

Sharma, G. D., Kurchania, R., Ball, R. J., Roy, M. S. and Mikroyannidis, J. A., 2012. Effect of deoxycholic acid on the performance of liquid electrolyte dye-sensitized solar cells using a perylene monoimide derivative. International Journal of Photoenergy, 2012, 983081.

Pesce, G. L. A., Ball, R. J., Quarta, G. and Calcagnile, L., 2012. Identification, extraction, and preparation of reliable lime samples for 14C dating of plasters and mortars with the “pure lime lumps” technique. Radiocarbon, 54 (3-4), pp. 933-942.

Ball, R. J., Allen, G. C., Carter, M. A., Wilson, M. A., Ince, C. and El-Turki, A., 2012. The application of electrical resistance measurements to water transport in lime–masonry systems. Applied Physics A Materials Science & Processing, 106, pp. 669-677.

Ball, R. J., El-Turki, A. and Allen, G. C., 2011. Influence of carbonation on the load dependent deformation of hydraulic lime mortars. Materials Science and Engineering A, 528 (7-8), pp. 3193-3199.

Ince, C., Carter, M. A., Wilson, M. A., Collier, N. C., El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J. and Allen, G. C., 2011. Factors affecting the water retaining characteristics of lime and cement mortars in the freshly-mixed state. Materials and Structures, 44 (2), pp. 509-516.

Ball, R. J., Allen, G. C., Starrs, G. and McCarter, W. J., 2011. Impedance spectroscopy measurements to study physio-chemical processes in lime-based composites. Applied Physics A Materials Science & Processing, 105 (3), pp. 739-751.

Scott, T. B., Petherbridge, J. R., Harker, N. J., Ball, R. J., Heard, P. J., Glascott, J. and Allen, G. C., 2011. The oxidative corrosion of carbide inclusions at the surface of uranium metal during exposure to water vapour. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 195, pp. 115-123.

El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J., Carter, M. A., Wilson, M. A., Ince, C. and Allen, G. C., 2010. Effect of dewatering on the strength of lime and cement mortars. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 93 (7), pp. 2074-2081.

Ball, R. J. and Allen, G. C., 2010. The measurement of water transport in porous materials using impedance spectroscopy. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 43 (10), 105503.

Ince, C., Carter, M. A., Wilson, M. A., El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J., Allen, G. C. and Collier, N. C., 2010. Analysis of the abstraction of water from freshly mixed jointing mortars in masonry construction. Materials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions, 43 (7), pp. 985-992.

El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J., Holmes, S., Allen, W. J. and Allen, G. C., 2010. Environmental cycling and laboratory testing to evaluate the significance of moisture control for lime mortars. Construction and Building Materials, 24 (8), pp. 1392-1397.

Ball, R. J. and Allen, G. C., 2010. Load-dependent deformation and shrinkage in hydraulic lime mortars. International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, 3 (1), pp. 40-46.

Ball, R. J., El-Turki, A., Allen, W. J., Nicholson, J. A. and Allen, G. C., 2009. Deformation of NHL3.5 and CL90/PC hybrid mortars. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials, 162 (1), pp. 29-35.

El-Turki, A., Carter, M. A., Wilson, M. A., Ball, R. J. and Allen, G. C., 2009. A microbalance study of the effects of hydraulicity and sand grain size on carbonation of lime and cement. Construction and Building Materials, 23 (3), pp. 1423-1428.

Rajamma, R., Ball, R. J., Tarelho, L. A. C., Allen, G. C., Labrincha, J. A. and Ferreira, V. M., 2009. Characterisation and use of biomass fly ash in cement-based materials. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 172 (2-3), pp. 1049-1060.

El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J., Wang, C. F. and Allen, G. C., 2008. Effects of additives in lime-based mortar and paste. Journal of the Building Limes Forum, 15, pp. 48-56.

Raupp-Pereira, F., Ball, R. J., Rocha, J., Labrincha, J. and Allen, G., 2008. New waste based clinkers: Belite and lime formulations. Cement and Concrete Research, 38 (4), pp. 511-521.

Edwards, D. D., Allen, G. C., Ball, R. J. and El-Turki, A., 2007. Pozzolanic properties of glass fines in lime mortars. Advances in Applied Ceramics, 106 (6), pp. 309-313.

El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J. and Allen, G. C., 2007. The influence of relative humidity on structural and chemical changes during carbonation of hydraulic lime. Cement and Concrete Research, 37 (8), pp. 1233-1240.

Ball, R. J., El-Turki, A., Allen, W. J. and Allen, G. C., 2007. The stress cycling of hydraulic lime mortars. Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers, Construction Materials, 160 (2), pp. 57-63.

Collier, N. C., Wilson, M. A., Carter, M. A., Hoff, W. D., Hall, C., Ball, R. J., El-Turki, A. and Allen, G. C., 2007. Theoretical development and validation of a Sharp Front model of the dewatering of a slurry by an absorbent substrate. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 40, pp. 4049-4054.

El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J. and Allen, G. C., 2006. Chemical and mechanical properties of lime-based mortar materials. Journal of the Building Limes Forum, 13, pp. 71-87.

Luo, J., Ball, R. J. and Stevens, R., 2004. Gadolinia doped ceria/yttria stabilised zirconia electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cell applications. Journal of Materials Science, 39 (1), pp. 235-240.

Ball, R. J. and Stevens, R., 2003. Characterisation of Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9/3Y-TZP composite electrolytes-effects of weight % 3Y-TZP particles. Journal of Materials Science, 38 (7), pp. 1413-1423.

Ball, R. J. and Stevens, R., 2003. Design aspects of the valve regulated lead/acid battery positive electrode. Journal of Power Sources, 113 (2), pp. 228-232.

Ball, R. J., Evans, R., Thacker, E. L. and Stevens, R., 2003. Effect of valve regulated lead/acid battery positive paste carbon fibre additive. Journal of Materials Science, 38 (14), pp. 3013-3017.

Ball, R. J. and Stevens, R., 2002. Characterisation of Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9/3Y-TZP composite electrolytes - Effects of 3Y-TZP particle treatment. Journal of Materials Science, 37 (19), pp. 4137-4144.

Ball, R. J., Evans, R., Deven, M. and Stevens, R., 2002. Characterisation of defects observed within the positive grid corrosion layer of the valve regulated lead/acid battery. Journal of Power Sources, 103 (2), pp. 207-212.

Ball, R. J., Evans, R. and Stevens, R., 2002. Characterisation of separator papers for use in valve regulated lead/acid batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 104 (2), pp. 208-220.

Lawrence, E. L., Ball, R. J., Evans, R. and Stevens, R., 2002. Effect of soaking time on the positive active material and performance of the valve regulated lead/acid battery. Journal of Power Sources, 110 (1), pp. 125-132.

Ball, R. J., Kurian, R., Evans, R. and Stevens, R., 2002. Failure mechanisms in valve regulated lead/acid batteries for cyclic applications. Journal of Power Sources, 109 (1), pp. 189-202.

Ball, R. J., Evans, R. and Stevens, R., 2002. Finite element (FE) modelling of current density on the valve regulated lead/acid battery positive grid. Journal of Power Sources, 103 (2), pp. 213-222.

Ball, R. J., Kurian, R., Evans, R. and Stevens, R., 2002. Influence of positive active material type and grid alloy on corrosion layer structure and composition in the valve regulated lead/acid battery. Journal of Power Sources, 111 (1), pp. 23-38.

Ball, R. J., Kurian, R., Evans, R. and Stevens, R., 2002. Study of valve-regulated lead/acid batteries manufactured with different separator papers. Journal of Power Sources, 104 (2), pp. 234-240.

Lawrence, E. L., Ball, R. J., Evans, R. and Stevens, R., 2002. Under potential deposition of lead onto carbon fibres for use in lead/acid battery applications. Journal of Materials Science, 37 (21), pp. 4517-4520.

Ball, R. J. and Almond, D. P., 1998. Detection and measurement of impact damage in thick carbon fibre reinforced laminates by transient thermography. NDT and E International, 31 (3), pp. 165-173.

Conference or Workshop Items

Maskell, D., Ferreira Pinto Da Silva, C., Mower, K., Cheta, R., Dengel, A., Ball, R., Ansell, M., Thomson, A., Peter, U. and Walker, P., 2017. Bio-based plaster for improved indoor air quality. In: International Conference on Bio-Based Building Materials 2017, 2017-06-21 - 2017-06-23, France.

Thorneycroft, J., Savoikar, P., Orr, J. and Ball, R., 2016. Performance of concrete with recycled plastic as a partial replacement for sand.

Pesce, G., Molinari, M., Grant, R., Parker, S. and Ball, R., 2016. Experimental and computational study of the dissolution mechanism of Portlandite nano-crystals. In: Euro AFM Forum, 2016-06-22 - 2016-06-24, Ecole de physique, University of Geneva.

Ball, R., Pesce, G., Molinari, M., Grant, R., Parker, S. and Fletcher, I., 2016. Atomistic Modelling for the Study of Dissolution and Carbonation of Lime. In: 36th Cement and Concrete Science Conference, 2016-09-05 - 2016-10-06, Welsh Academy of Music and Drama, Cardiff University.

Pesce, G., Ball, R., Molinari, M., Grant, R. and Parker, S., 2016. Atomistic modelling for low-carbon cement and concrete technologies. In: International Workshop on Innovation in Low-carbon Cement & Concrete Technology, 2016-09-21 - 2016-09-24, University College.

Figueiredo, C., Lawrence, M. and Ball, R., 2016. Chemical and physical characterisation of three NHL 2 binders and the relationship with the mortar properties.

Figueiredo, C., Ball, R. and Lawrence, R., 2016. Is EN459-1 fit for purpose in the context of conservation? In: 36th Cement and Concrete Science Conference, 2016-09-05 - 2016-10-06, Welsh Academy of Music and Drama, Cardiff University.

Figueiredo, C., Lawrence, M. and Ball, R., 2016. Mechanical properties of standard and commonly formulated NHL mortars used for retrofitting. In: Emmitt, S. and Adeyeye, K., eds. International Conference on Integrated Design, 2016-06-29 - 2016-07-01, University of Bath. Bath, UK: University of Bath.

Grammatikos, S. A., Evernden, M. and Ball, R. J., 2016. Non-linear response of environmentally aged polymer composites:a physicochemical and mechanical study. In: 17th European Conference on Composite Materials, ECCM 2016, 2016-06-26 - 2016-06-30. European Conference on Composite Materials, ECCM.

Mustard, G., Zhang, H. and Ball, R., 2016. Stabilization of air pollution control residues by utilizing geopolymerisation to produce secondary building materials. In: 36th Cement and Concrete Science Conference, 2016-09-05 - 2016-10-06, Welsh Academy of Music and Drama, Cardiff University.

Pesce, G. and Ball, R., 2015. Radiocarbon dating of lime mortars. In: 2015 Conference and Gathering of the Building Limes Forum, 2015-09-18 - 2015-09-19, Clare College.

Pesce, G., Ball, R., Grant, R., Yeandel, S. and Parker, S., 2015. Atomistic modelling for the construction industry. In: 35th Cement and Concrete Science Conference (CCSC35), 2015-08-26 - 2015-08-28, Scotland.

Mustard, G., Ball, R. and Wang, W., 2015. Characterisation of three UK municipal solid waste incineration ashes for use as secondary construction materials. In: 35th Cement and Concrete Science Conference (CCSC35), 2015-08-26 - 2015-08-28, Scotland.

Archila Santos, H., Pesce, G., Ansell, M. and Ball, R., 2015. Limeboo: Lime as a Replacement for Cement in Wall-Framing Systems with Bamboo-Guadua (Bahareque Encementado). In: 16th International Conference on Non-conventional Materials and Technologies (NOCMAT 2015), 2015-08-10 - 2015-08-13.

Pesce, G., Ball, R., Grant, R., Yeandel, S., Parker, S. and Molinari, M., 2015. Experimental Investigation for the Development and Validation of Atomistic Models in Construction. In: 16th International Conference on Non-conventional Materials and Technologies (NOCMAT 2015), 2015-08-10 - 2015-08-13.

Figueiredo, C., Ball, R. and Lawrence, M., 2015. Chemical and physical characterisation of some NHL binders and the correlation with the mechanical properties of conservation mortars. In: Euromat 2015, 2015-09-20 - 2015-09-24, Warsaw.

Grammatikos, S., Evernden, M. and Ball, R., 2015. Combined characterization of the effects of hot/wet aging on a pultruded GFRP plate. In: 20th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM 20), 2015-07-19 - 2015-07-24, Denmark.

Grammatikos, S., Evernden, M. and Ball, R., 2015. Effects of hygrothermal aging on pultruded glass fibre reinforced polymers:a complimentary study. In: Advanced Composites in Construction (ACIC 2015), 2015-09-09 - 2015-09-11.

Maskell, D., da Silva, C. F., Mower, K., Cheta, R., Dengel, A., Ball, R., Ansell, M., Walker, P. and Shea, A., 2015. Properties of bio-based insulation materials and their potential impact on indoor air quality.

Grammatikos, S., Ball, R. and Evernden, M., 2015. Structural deformation assessment of glass fibre reinforced polymers subjected to hygrothermal ageing. In: 18th International Conference on Composite Structures (ICCS18), 2015-06-15 - 2015-06-18.

Ferreira Pinto Da Silva, C. F., Maskell, D., Ball, R. and Ansell, M., 2014. The physical, chemical and mechanical properties of eco-materials for passive indoor environmental control. In: Advanced Building Skins Conference Proceedings of the 9th ENERGY FORUM, 2014-10-28 - 2014-10-29.

Pesce, G., Ball, R., Serrapede, M. and Denuault, G., 2014. In situ monitoring of pH changes in concrete and lime mortars. In: 34th Cement and Concrete Science Conference, 2014-09-14 - 2014-10-17, University of Sheffield.

Bernal, S., Ball, R., Hussein, O., Heath, A. and Provis, J., 2014. Paper sludge ash as a precursor for production of alkali-activated materials.

Bernal, S. A., Hussein, O. H., Mundra, S., Ball, R., Heath, A. and Provis, J. L., 2014. Alkali-activated binders based on biomass fly ash.

Bernal, S. A., Mundra, S., Hussein, O. H., Ball, R., Heath, A. and Provis, J. L., 2014. Biomass fly ash as precursor for alkali-activated materials.

Pesce, G., Ball, R., Parker, S. and Grant, R., 2014. Lime Based Materials in Construction: Experimental investigations for the development and validation of atomic models. Manado: Civil Engineering Department Sam Ratulangi University, pp. 29-36.

Giampiccolo, A., Ball, R., Ansell, M. and Maskell, D., 2014. Synthesis of Co-doped TiO2 nanostructures for novel photo-catalytic coatings. In: ENERGY FORUM on Advanced Building Skins, 2014-10-28 - 2014-10-29, Forum Bressanone, Via Roma 9 in Bressanone.

Ball, R. J. and Allen, G. C., 2013. Hydraulic lime mortars: A study of mechanical properties. In: Barnett, S., ed. Cement and Concrete Science Conference 2013, 2013-09-02 - 2013-09-03. Portsmouth: University of Portsmouth.

Kioy, S., Walker, P., Ball, R., Fodde, E., Peter, U. and Lesueur, D., 2012. Effects of dewatering on long term movement characteristics of lime mortars. In: 15th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference, 2012-06-03 - 2012-06-06.

Allen, G. C. and Ball, R., 2012. Mechanical properties of hydraulic lime mortars. In: Portuguese Association of Construction Mortar (APFAC), 4th Portuguese Conference on Mortars and External Thermal Insulation Composite Systems (ETICS), 2012-03-29 - 2012-03-30.

Pesce, G. L., Ball, R. J., Bowen, C. R., Kurchania, R. and Bhalla, S., 2012. Monitoring hydration in lime - metakaolin composites. In: Russell, M., ed. 32nd Cement & Concrete Science Conference, 2012-09-16 - 2012-09-17.

Pesce, G. L., Ball, R. J., Bowen, C. R., Kurchania, R. and Bhalla, S., 2012. Monitoring hydration in lime - metakaolin composites. In: Ferreira, V. M., Dias, A. B., Afonso, A. S. and de Brito, J., eds. Congress of Innovation on Sustainable Construction (CINCOS'12), 2012-09-19 - 2012-09-21.

Rajamma, R., Modolo, R. C., Ball, R. J., Labrincha, J., Ferreira, V. M. and Allen, G., 2010. Lignin in lime for water repellent mortars. In: APFAC, 3rd Congresso Portugues de Argamassas de Construção, 2010-03-18 - 2010-03-19.

Allen, G. C. and Ball, R. J., 2010. Mechanical properties of hydraulic lime mortars. In: APFAC, 3rd Congresso Portugues de Argamassas de Construção, 2010-03-18 - 2010-03-19.

Oliveux, G., Le Gal La Salle, E., Bailleul, J. L., Heard, P. J., Ball, R. J., Hallam, K. R. and Ghita, O., 2010. Recyclage par solvolyse des matériaux composites thermodurcissables du transport de surface. In: Materiaux 2010, 2010-10-18 - 2010-10-22.

Ball, R. J., El-Turki, A. and Allen, G., 2009. Influence of carbonation on the load dependent deformation of hydraulic lime mortars. In: 11th International Conference on Non-conventional Materials and Technologies (NOCMAT 2009), 2009-09-06 - 2009-09-09.

Abson, N. I., Allen, G., Ball, R. J. and El-Turki, A., 2009. Linseed fibre lime composites, effect of fibre pre-treatment. In: 11th International Conference on Non-conventional Materials and Technologies (NOCMAT 2009), 2009-09-06 - 2009-09-09.

El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J. and Allen, G. C., 2009. The effect of carbonation on the mechanical and microstructural properties of lime and cement mortars. In: 11th International Conference on Non-conventional Materials and Technologies (NOCMAT 2009), 2009-09-06 - 2009-09-09.

Edwards, D. D., Ball, R. J., Winter, R., El-Turki, A. and Allen, G. C., 2006. Pozzolanic properties of glass fines in lime mortars. In: 26th Cement & Concrete Science, 2006-09-11 - 2006-09-12.

El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J. and Allen, G. C., 2006. Simulated aging of lime mortars - A mechanical property, structural and compositional study. In: International Conference on Heritage, Weathering and Conservation (HWC-2006), 2006-06-21 - 2006-06-24.

El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J., Wang, C. F. and Allen, G. C., 2005. A study of novel lime based mortars consisting of lime, oyster shell lime, clay, sugar, sand and rice using Focused Ion Beam microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and mechanical testing. In: 10th Euroseminar on Microscopy Applied to Building Materials, 2005-06-21 - 2005-06-25.

El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J. and Allen, G. C., 2005. Carbonation of Natural Hydraulic Lime (NHL) 3.5. In: Cement Combinations for Durable Concrete, 2005-07-05 - 2005-07-07.

Allen, G. C., Heard, P. J., El-Turki, A., Ball, R. J., Soro, J., Gault, C. and Smith, A., 2005. Environmental scanning electron and focused ion beam microscopy of novel fillers and binders in cement-based composites. In: 10th Euroseminar on Microscopy Applied to Building Materials, 2005-06-21 - 2005-06-25.

Ball, R. J. and Stevens, R., 2002. Design aspects of the VRLA battery positive electrode. In: LABAT'02 International Conference on Lead Acid Batteries, 2002-06-10 - 2002-06-13.

Ball, R. J. and Stevens, R., 2002. Novel composite electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cell applications. In: 26th Annual Conference on Composites, Advanced Ceramics Materials ans Structures, 2002-01-01.

Ball, R. J. and Stevens, R., 2001. Fabrication of novel microstructures to enhance ionic conductivity and mechanical properties for solid oxide fuel cell electrolytes. In: 103rd Annual General Meeting of the American Ceramic Society, 2001-04-22 - 2001-04-25.

Ball, R. J. and Stevens, R., 2001. Lead oxide corrosion layer growth on the positive valve regulated lead/acid battery grid. In: 103rd Annual General Meeting of the American Ceramic Society, 2001-04-22 - 2001-04-25.

Almond, D. P., Ball, R. J., Dillenz, A., Busse, G., Krapez, J. C., Galmiche, F. and Maldague, X., 2000. Round Robin comparison II of the capabilities of various thermographic techniques in the detection of defects in carbon fibre composites. In: Quantitative Infrared Thermography (QIRT2000) Eurotherm Seminar 64, 2000-07-01.

Almond, D. P., Ball, R. J. and Hooker, J. D., 1998. The detection and measurement of impact in thick carbon fibre reinforced laminates by transient thermography. In: Quantitative Infrared Thermography (QIRT'98) Eurotherm Seminar 60, 1998-09-07 - 1998-09-10.

Thesis

Ball, R. J., 2000. Failure Mechanisms in Valve Regulated Lead Acid Batteries. Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)). University of Bath.

This list was generated on Mon Jun 26 10:30:38 2017 IST.