Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering

Dr Paul Shepherd

Contact details

Room: 4ES 5.12
Tel: +44 (0) 1225 384406
Email: p.shepherd@bath.ac.uk

Personal website Twitter

PhD supervision

Interested in supervising students studying:

  • Digital architectonics
  • Structural optimisation
  • Complex geometry buildings
  • Parametric modelling in architecture

Dr Paul Shepherd

MA, PhD, PGCAPP, CSci, CMath, CEng, MICE, FIMA, SFHEA

Profile

Paul Shepherd is Senior Lecturer in Digital Architectonics. His research involves the development of new computer-based methods and tools for both architects and engineers to help with the creation, optimisation and realisation of complex geometry buildings.

Paul studied Mathematics at Cambridge before moving to Sheffield to complete a PhD in the Department of Civil & Structural Engineering. His work in the Fire Research Group involved developing highly non-linear finite element modelling techniques. Paul also collaborated with the University of Ulster on a parallel project involving a series of physical tests on restrained columns in fire and attended the Cardington tests, where a full-scale 8-storey building was repeatedly set on fire.

On completion of his PhD, Paul joined the Special Structures group of Buro Happold. He began by re-writing their in-house fabric structure analysis software and then using his program on structural engineering projects, particularly those involving fabric, or with complex geometry. He developed a special interest in the use of Parametric Modelling in the design process and went on to set up a specialist software and analysis group within the company, which used programming and mathematical modelling techniques to help develop solutions to complex engineering design problems. Some of the landmark projects Paul has worked on include the Stuttgart21 Rail Station, the Japan Pavilion for the Hanover2000 Expo and more recently the Emirates Stadium at Arsenal and the new Aviva Stadium at Lansdowne Road in Dublin.

Paul joined the University of Bath as a Research Fellow in 2007 and is now Senior Lecturer in Digital Architectonics. He is also a passionate science communicator and has a long track record in outreach work promoting Maths and Engineering to the public, and especially to high-school students.

Research

Paul’s research involves the development of new computer-based tools for both architects and engineers to help with the creation, optimisation and realisation of complex geometry buildings. Until very recently, computers had been used almost exclusively by the building industry as a form of electronic paper, helping designers to communicate their ideas, but not actually contributing to the design process itself. But with the recent development in computational speed, graphics and networking, this means that the full potential of the computer is being wasted.

By combining mathematical techniques such as Dynamic Relaxation, Multi-Objective Optimisation, Parametric Modelling and Surface Subdivision, Paul aims to facilitate the design of complex geometry forms, using computational techniques to improve the potential structural and environmental performance and constructability of the resulting shapes. He hopes that computers will become active participants in the design process, as well as providing a common platform on which all members of the design team can interactively share ideas and truly collaborate to create innovative and sustainable buildings.

Publications

Book Sections

Shepherd, P., 2014. Subdivision Surfaces. In: Adriaenssens, S., Block, P., Veenendaal, D. and Williams, C., eds. Shell Structures For Architecture. Routledge, pp. 295-300.

Shepherd, P. and Williams, C. J. K., 2010. British Museum Great Court. In: Burry, J. and Burry, M., eds. The New Mathematics of Architecture. New York: Thames & Hudson, pp. 122-125.

Articles

Dams, B., Sareh, S., Zhang, K., Shepherd, P., Kovac, M. and Ball, R., 2017. Aerial additive building manufacturing: three-dimensional printing of polymer structures using drones. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials

Lee, A. D., Shepherd, P., Evernden, M. C. and Metcalfe, D., 2017. Optimizing the Cross-sectional Shapes of Extruded Aluminium Structural Members for Unitized Curtain Wall Facades. Structures, 10, pp. 147-156.

Malek, S., McRobie, A., Shepherd, P. and Williams, C., 2017. From a Weightless Bent Wire Coat Hanger to Shell Structures via the Beltrami Stress Tensor. Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures, 58 (1), pp. 39-50.

Hawkins, W., Orr, J., Ibell, T., Shepherd, P., Michael, H., Kromoser, B.`, Michaelski, A., Pedreschi, R., Schipper, H. R., Veenendaal, D., Wansdronk, R., West, M. and Pronk, A., 2016. Flexible formwork technologies: a state of the art review. Structural Concrete, 17 (6), pp. 911-935.

Harding, J. E. and Shepherd, P., 2016. Meta-Parametric Design. Design Studies

Webber, A., Orr, J., Shepherd, P. and Crothers, K., 2015. The effective length of columns in multi-storey frames. Engineering Structures, 102, pp. 132-143.

Bhooshan, S., Bhooshan, V., Sayed, M., Chandra, S., Richens, P. and Shepherd, P., 2015. Applying dynamic relaxation techniques to form-find and manufacture curve-crease folded panels. Simulation : Transactions of The Society for Modeling and Simulation International, 91 (9), pp. 773-786.

D'Amico, B., Kermani, A., Zhang, H., Shepherd, P. and Williams, C. J. K., 2015. Optimisation of cross-section of actively bent grid shells with strength and geometric compatibility constraints. Computers and Structures, 154, pp. 163-176.

Shepherd, P. and Richens, P., 2012. The case for subdivision surfaces in building design. Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures, 53 (4), pp. 237-245.

Shepherd, P. G. and Burgess, I. W., 2011. On the buckling of axially restrained steel columns in fire. Engineering Structures, 33 (10), pp. 2832-2838.

Shepherd, P., 2011. A Mathematician's Apogee. Mathematics Today, 47 (4), pp. 166-171.

Hudson, R., Shepherd, P. G. and Hines, D., 2011. Aviva Stadium: a case study in integrated parametric design. International Journal of Architectural Computing, 9 (2), pp. 187-204.

Shepherd, P. G., Hudson, R. and Hines, D., 2011. Aviva Stadium: a parametric success. International Journal of Architectural Computing, 9 (2), pp. 167-186.

Shepherd, P., 2011. Aviva Stadium - the use of parametric modelling in structural design. The Structural Engineer, 89 (3), pp. 28-34.

Ali, F. A., Shepherd, P., Randall, M., Simms, I. W., O'Connor, D. J. and Burgess, I., 1998. The effect of axial restraint on the fire resistance of steel columns. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 46 (1-3), 177.

Conference or Workshop Items

Hawkins, W., Orr, J., Ibell, T. and Shepherd, P., 2017. Developing an innovative lightweight concrete flooring system for sustainable buildings. In: IABSE Conference: Creativity and Collaboration, 2017-04-19 - 2017-04-20, University of Bath.

Dams, B., Wu, Y., Shepherd, P. and Ball, R., 2017. Forthcoming. Aerial additive building manufacturing of 3D printed cementitious structures. In: 37th Cement and Concrete Science Conference, 2017-09-11 - 2017-09-12, UCL.

Azzouz, A., Copping, A., Shepherd, P. and Duncan, A., 2016. Application of the ARUP BIM Maturity Measure:An Analysis of Trends and Patterns. In: ARCOM 2016, 2016-09-05 - 2016-09-07, Manchester.

Hawkins, W., Orr, J., Shepherd, P. and Ibell, T., 2016. Fabric formed concrete: physical modelling for assessment of digital form finding methods. In: 11th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering, 2016-08-29 - 2016-08-31, University of Tokyo.

Edum-Fotwe, K., Shepherd, P., Brown, M., Harper, D. and Dinnis, R., 2016. ARROW:Fast, Accurate and Sparse Automatic Façade Reconstruction from Unstructured Ground Laser-Scans. In: SIGGRAPH 2016, 2016-07-24 - 2016-07-28.

Shepherd, P., Edum-Fotwe, K., Brown, M., Harper, D. and Dinnis, R., 2016. QUALM:Quick, Unconstrained Approximate L-Shape Method. In: SIGGRAPH 2016, 2016-07-24 - 2016-07-28.

Azzouz, A., Shepherd, P. and Copping, A., 2016. Emergence of Building Information Modelling Assessment Methods. In: Integrated Design at 50: Building our Future, 2016-06-30 - 2016-07-01, University of Bath.

Ramsden, J., Keeling, T., Shepherd, P., Shea, A. and Sharma, S., 2015. SmartBuildingAnalyser:A parametric early-stage analysis tool for multi-objective building design. In: CIBSE Technical Symposium, 2015-04-16 - 2015-04-17, UK.

Xuereb Conti, Z., Shepherd, P. and Richens, P., 2015. Multi-objective Optimisation of Building Geometry for Energy Consumption and View Quality. Vienna: Vienna Technical University, pp. 287-294.

Jonas, K., Penn, A. and Shepherd, P., 2014. Designing with Discrete Geometry. In: 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, 2014-05-14 - 2014-05-16, Japan.

Jonas, K., Kobayashi, P. and Shepherd, P., 2013. From Generic to Specific:Prototyping a Computational Growth Model.

Shepherd, P. and Pearson, W., 2013. Topology optimisation of algorithmically generated space frames. In: International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium 2013, 2013-09-23 - 2013-09-27.

Harding, J., Joyce, S., Shepherd, P. and Williams, C., 2012. Thinking Topologically at Early Stage Parametric Design. In: Advances in Architectural Geometry 2012, 2012-09-27 - 2012-09-30.

Bak, A., Shepherd, P. and Richens, P., 2012. Intuitive interactive form finding of optimised fabric-cast concrete. In: Second International Conference on Flexible Formwork (icff2012), 2012-06-27 - 2012-06-29.

Georgiou, O., Shepherd, P. and Richens, P., 2011. Performance based interactive analysis. In: Design Modelling Symposium, 2011-10-07 - 2011-10-12.

Van De Straat, R., Shepherd, P. and Winslow, P., 2011. Computation and geometry in structural design and analysis. In: 2011 IASS Annual Symposium: IABSE-IASS 2011: Taller, Longer, Lighter, 2011-09-20 - 2011-09-23.

Fernandoy, J., Shepherd, P. and Richens, P., 2011. Geometry optimisation for adaptable lightweight structures in remote areas. In: 2011 IASS Annual Symposium: IABSE-IASS 2011: Taller, Longer, Lighter, 2011-09-20 - 2011-09-23.

Harding, J. and Shepherd, P., 2011. Structural form finding using zero-length springs with dynamic mass. In: 2011 IASS Annual Symposium: IABSE-IASS 2011: Taller, Longer, Lighter, 2011-09-20 - 2011-09-23.

Shepherd, P. and Richens, P., 2011. Subdivision surfaces for integrated design, analysis and optimisation. In: 2011 IASS Annual Symposium: IABSE-IASS 2011: Taller, Longer, Lighter, 2011-09-20 - 2011-09-23.

Dong, H., Barr, G., Blackburn, E., Grant, M., Piwek, P., Shepherd, P. and Collins, N., 2010. Inclusive data visualisation: a multidisciplinary approach. In: 3rd International Conference for Universal Design, 2010-10-30 - 2010-11-03.

Shepherd, P. and Richens, P., 2010. Subdivision surface modelling for architecture. In: International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium 2009, 2009-09-28 - 2009-10-02. Editorial de la Universitat Politécnica de Valencia, pp. 1206-1217.

Shepherd, P., 2009. Digital Architectonics: A framework for Façade Optimisation. In: Facade2009, 2009-11-27.

Shepherd, P., 2009. Digital Architectonics in Practice. In: 27th eCAADe Conference, 2009-09-16 - 2009-09-19.

Shepherd, P. and Hudson, R., 2007. Parametric Definition of Lansdowne Road Stadium. In: IASS Symposium 2007 - Structural Architecture, 2007-12-03 - 2007-12-06.

Gilbert, M., Darwich, W., Tyas, A. and Shepherd, P., 2005. Application of Large-scale Layout Optimization Techniques in Structural Engineering Practice. In: 6th World Congresses of Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 2005-05-30 - 2005-06-03.

Non-academic press

Shepherd, P., 2016. We could 3D print buildings using robots and drones – here’s how. The Conversation

This list was generated on Thu Aug 17 13:45:33 2017 IST.