Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering

A new form of architecture for concrete structures

At a glance

Funding body: Leverhulme Trust
Researcher: Kaloyana Kostova
Supervisors: Tim Ibell (lead), Antony Darby, Mark Evernden
Dates: 2010-2013


The last twenty years of research in fabric cast concrete as a construction technique and architectural expression of forms have convincingly revealed the potential of flexibly-formed concrete and the need for further research in the structural behaviour of such elements.

Research studies carried out at Bath University related to prediction of form, structural design and optimisation of fabric-formed elements have shown promising results, however, the present methodology is limited only to beams and a significant consideration is not given to detailing issues. It is the aim of the current research project to go beyond that limit.


  • Demonstrate the feasibility of fabric cast concrete structural elements and systems by overcoming the problems identified in previous research.
  • Investigate the combination of using fabric formwork and low carbon concrete to further reduce the carbon-footprint of fabric-formed elements.
  • Develop a web-based design tool which would allow both predicting the fabric-formed geometry, optimisation and design of various structural systems and elements.