UNIT CATALOGUE
 ARCH0001: Acoustics & sound control Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To strengthen the link between theory and design. Objectives: To complement previous acoustics courses with an understanding of the analytical methods and practical techniques for the acoustic design of buildings. Content: Wave theory: plane and spherical waves Standing waves. Propagation across medium boundaries. Vibration in buildings: free and forced vibration. Damping. Machine motion, inertial bases Traffic noise. Sound insulation case studies. Ventilation noise design: - ductborne and regenerated noise Speech in offices Open plan offices
 ARCH0002: Continuum mechanics 1 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce continuum mechanics and its application to elasticity, plasticity and fluid mechanics. Content: The unit is complementary to other units describing the numerical methods which would be used to solve the equations. Equations in three dimensions using 'Timoshenko notation'. Stress functions. Compatability equations. Two dimensional elasticity: derivation of del4phi=0 and solutions using polynomials. Reworking of this using cartesian tensor notation to demonstrate its utility. Plasticity: Tresca and von Mises yield criteria. Outline proof of upper and lower bound theorems. Application to indentation problems. Derivation of Navier-Stokes equations in fluid mechanics.
 ARCH0003: Building environment 1 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: Introduction to basic concepts and general design issues. Objectives: To provide a basic vocabulary which enables a sensible discussion of environmental issues. To make students aware of the effects of physical impingements upon the body. The introduction of principal design variables. To use calculations at a basic level sufficient to enable students to make informed decisions about the orientation of buildings, the choice of building envelope and satisfactory internal conditions. Content: Lighting Seeing: Receptors, stimulus, sensation, adaption, contrast, perceptual constancies Design criteria: Seeing the world as it is, performance, critical detail, contrast, light level. Units: Radiant flux, luminous flux, illuminance, luminous exitance. Calculations: Average illuminance, average daylight factor. Natural light: Light environments, sunlight and daylight availability, sunpath diagrams. Windows: Design criteria for windows, area, distribution, position, shape, details. Thermal Comfort: Physiology and metabolism, work performance, criteria, comfort charts. Air quality: airborne contaminants, O2, CO2, bacteria, odours , ventilation needs. Climate: Global, macro, micro, built form related to climate, design values. Properties: radiation, convection, conduction, water vapour Units: Temperature, irradiance, humidity, moisture content Fabric: heat gain and loss, U-values, condensation, Building Regulations, peak temps. Acoustics Hearing: The experience of sound and the auditory system. Sound: Its nature, Frequency and wavelength, measurement and quantification. Units: Decibels, addition of sound levels. Sound propagation: In free space, within rooms, Reverberation and the Sabine equation. Sound insulation: Transmission and absorption. Insulation and mass.
 ARCH0004: Building environment 2 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0003 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: A review of some design methods encountered in practice. Objectives: To gain a basic understanding of all principal concerns in buildings including both the modification of external environment using the building envelope and creation of good internal conditions by appropriate building design and the incorporation of necessary electrical and mechanical systems. To be able to do simple calculations as well as apply the knowledge to design projects. Content: Lighting Daylight: Daylight factors at a point, Waldram diagrams, no sky lines. Shading: Design of solar shading to exclude sunlight. Units of light: Point sources, luminous intensity, luminance, calculation of illuminance. Light sources: Efficacy, life, colour, rendering, optical size, physical size, flicker, lumen maintenance, starting time, restart time, wattages available, cost. Installations: Choice of luminaire, illuminance ratios, uniformity, regular arrays, lumen method, discomfort glare, disability glare, reflected glare, vector/scalar ratios. Acoustics Sound and noise analysis. Propagation of sound: Outside. Sound reflection, diffraction and diffusion. Sound absorption. Sound level and reverberation in rooms. Transmission and insulation: Single partitions. Sound propagation in and out of buildings. Cavity constructions. Flanking transmission. Impact noise insulation. Acoustic design for speech and music: Sightline design, acoustic faults. Outside and enclosed theatres. Concert hall design including the traditional rectangular hall. Thermal Energy: Requirements for heating and cooling, assessments, targets, efficiency. Spaces: Zones of discomfort, action of heat emitters, co-ordination, safety. Ventilation: Natural, mechanical, systems, mixing, distribution patterns. Materials: Choosing appropriate characteristics for walls, ceilings, floors and roofs. Solar heating: Windows, atria, sun spaces, active collection and storage. Heat production: Electricity, oil, gas, centralised and distributed boiler plant, emission control. Sick building syndrome: Causes, avoidance. Air-conditioning: Essential psychrometrics, comfort cooling, ventilation, full air-conditioning. All air systems: High & low velocity, single duct, dual duct, variable air volume/temperature. Air /chilled water: High and low velocity, fan coil, induction, terminal reheat, chilled surfaces. Plant: Central vs. distributed, space requirements, water chillers, cooling towers, air-cooled condensers, air handling units, fresh air intakes, exhausts.
 ARCH0005: Building environmental modelling Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Pre ARCH0004, Pre ARCH0086 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To provide students with an understanding of the analytical techniques that are needed to validate the passive control of the building environment. Objectives: To introduce Computational Fluid Dynamics to investigate natural air flows in and around buildings, to include buoyancy effects and pressure driven flow. To introduce the dynamic thermal modelling of the building fabric to include finite difference methods of modelling transient heat flow through structures and radiance methods of establishing solar irradiances incident upon room surfaces. The use of commercially available software packages to provide experience of methods used in practice, and also their use in simple examples in order to provide experience of the relative degree to which different design variables affect the environmental conditions. Issues related to the combining of the two analytical techniques are introduced and discussed in relation to the solving of practical problems in design. Content: Computational Fluid Dynamics: Industrial applications of CFD, revision of fluid dynamics, (boundary layers, separation and turbulence), mesh generation, derivation governing equations, finite volume discretisation, solution method (pressure correction) for the Navier-Stokes Equations, turbulence modelling. Revision of heat transfer, thermal conductivity, thermal capacity and thermal diffusivity. Surface heat transfer coefficients, convective and radiant modes combined. Sol_air temperatures. Thermal modelling using Degree Days, Admittance, Response factors. Finite difference method of modelling transient heat flow, lumped parameters, Biot no, Fourier no., incorporation of surface heat transfer effects. Use of commercial software packages. Investigation of displacement ventilation.
 ARCH0006: Civil engineering construction Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: The course covers the practical, safety and organisational aspects of civil engineering construction and is intended to present an overview of procedures in the industry. Content: Early roads (Roman to Macadam) and Bridges (beams, arches, trusses to steel and concrete). Present organisation and procedure - DOT, Welsh Office, etc. RCU's and County Councils - rules, codes, memoranda. Road Alignment horizontal curves, vertical curves, gradients, sight lines. Pavement Design rigid, flexible, vertical curves, gradients, sight lines. Bridge Design types of crossing, relationship to strata, factors affecting choice of materials and construction, headroom, loading rules. Cut and fill/embankments factors affecting excavation and fill (costs, suitability of fill, difficulties of excavation programme etc), calculations for cut and fill, slopes of embankments, compaction. Piers and caissons, box foundations buoyancy rafts and basements, piers, open caissons, box caissons, pneumatic caissons. Methods of construction. Excavating below water table or in water sheet cofferdams, diaphragms, underwater construction, well-pointing, pumping. Excavations in cohesive and non-cohesive soils methods of excavation and shoring, means of determining forces and bending moments in shoring systems. Tunnelling in rock and in soft ground types of machines, immersed tubes. Safety and Health on construction sites, good practice and relationship to law.
 ARCH0007: Civil engineering hydraulics 1 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop the student's knowledge and understanding of open channel flow beyond that covered in Fluid Mechanics, and give the student a knowledge of civil engineering structures in which that understanding is applied. Content: Open channel flow: normal flow, critical flow, Froude Number, surges, hydraulic jump, broad crested weir, narrowing channel, gradually varied flow, backwater curve and surface profiles. Hydraulic structures: dams, spillways, stilling basins, draw off towers, constant velocity channel, settlement tanks, flow dividers.
 ARCH0008: Civil engineering hydraulics 2 Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0007 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To give the students some knowledge and understanding of Water Engineering applied to coastal, estuary and river engineering. To give the students a knowledge of Public Health Engineering including water supply, drainage and treatment. Learning objectives: The succesful student should be able to: - demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the factors and relationships affecting groundwater, including replenishment, contamination and extraction - demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the main factors affecting the design of civil engineering works on coasts - demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the application of open-channel hydraulics to river and canal engineering - demonstrate knowledge of the factors influencing the design of hydro-electric and tidal power schemes - demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the main elements of water supply, sewage disposal, and surface water drainage systems. Content: a) Water Engineering Hydrology: hydrological cycle, meteorology, groundwater, surface run-off, analysis and forecasting. Groundwater: wells, groundwater movement, groundwater contamination, dispersion and diffusion. Coastal Engineering: Wave action, sediment transport, natural bays, defences and protection, coastal structures, wave power. River and canal engineering: optimum cross-section, unlined channels, alluvial channels, river modelling. Hydro-electric power, tidal power. b) Public Health Engineering Sanitation: Appliances, materials and components; sanitary incinerators and mascerators; sanitary provision. Discharge pipe systems, terminal velocities, pressure variation in stacks. Water supply: sources of water, purity, hardness, water consumption, methods of treatment; corrosion, sludge, micro-organism control in water and steam systems, supply networks; supply installations, estimation of demand and sizing, simultaneous demand. Drainage: foul and surface water drainage; materials and components; sizing and design; ventilation; sewage lifting. Sewage disposal and drainage: water cycle, rainfall, run off, soakaways, sewerage systems, chemical and biological methods of treatment, small plants; problems with various effluents, septic tanks, disposal to rivers or sea outfalls. Environmental risk assessment, pollution
 ARCH0009: Computer aided design 1 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: This course is intended to introduce students to the use of CAD software in the construction industry and to develop skills using AutoCAD for Windows. In addition students will be given an introduction to the campus network and to the sofware available on machines throughout the University. By the end of the course student should be able to use AutoCAD to construct 2D drawings and 3D models of their design projects. Content: By the end of the course student should be able to use AutoCAD to construct 2D drawings and 3D models of their design projects. The course is taught through illustrated lectures, tutorial exercises which students work through in their own time and tutorial classes where they receive help in the CAD Studio.
 ARCH0010: Computer aided design 2 Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0009 Aims & Learning Objectives: Content: The course will consist of introductory lectures on advanced AutoCAD modelling techniques and optimising design projects for use in 3DStudio. By the end of the course students should be confident in the use of 3DStudio for assigning textured materials with lighting and camera effects to produce rendered stills or animations. The course will be taught through illustrated lectures and tutorials in the CAD studio alongside small projects worked through in the students own time. Submission can either be in the form of rendered stills or a short animation.
 ARCH0011: Conservation of historic buildings Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To give the student sufficient specialist knowledge and insight to enable participation in design and appraisal of engineering work on historic buildings. Objectives: To familiarise the student with issues affecting the structural conservation of historic buildings. To teach the correct methodological approach. To encourage an interest in historic and architectonic issues. To encourage a flair for investigation supported by sound structural knowledge. Content: The mechanics of historic materails, and the assessment of their properties in situ and in the laboratory. The use of analytical tools in the interpretation of the structural condition of existing buildings. The methodology for the analysis of historic buildings: - the collectin of data from different fields of analysis (history, architectonic quality, visual inspection, survey and in situ testing, crack pattern interpretation and structural analysis). - interpretation of data to produce a final judgement on causes of damage and present safety level, with examples Choice and implementation of structural conservation techniques. Level of alteration of existing structure, reversibility of new work, homogeneity of old and new materials, with direct involvement in project work. Dedicated seminars will be used throughout the course, given by representatives of English Heritage and engineering companies.
 ARCH0012: Construction 2.2 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0014 Aims & Learning Objectives: The aims are to demonstrate how to integrate construction, building services and engineering into the Design Studio, and to establish standards of technical ('working') drawing technique of a standard that may be expected in the first Professional Placement ARCH0064. The learning objectives are to provide students with good examples of modern constructional practice, and to assess their ability to apply good practice to a specific building type. Content: Lectures by representatives of specialist sectors of the building industry. Preparation of a 1:20 uncut sectional working drawing of a building (usually multi-storey in height) designed during Design Studio 2.1 or 2.2: ARCH0017/18. To be presented together with structural diagrams, building services diagrams, 'U'-value calculations and full descriptive notation.
 ARCH0013: Construction 3 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0012 Aims & Learning Objectives: Content: Materials Metals, glass, coatings and finishes, plastics and insulants. Performance Criteria Principles: joint and support design. Systems Structural gasket and panel, structural and silicone glazed, pressure plate and components. Case Studies Hong Kong Bank, B3 + B8 Stockley Park etc. Site Visit Stockley Park, Taywood Engineering, Elemeta. Design Project Tutorial sessions related to the joint 3rd year design project.
 ARCH0014: Construction & materials Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide a basic understanding of building construction and materials, sufficient to allow students to integrate this knowledge into their design work. Content: This course will take place within the studio, and will be co-ordinated as much as possible with other studio projects. The basic human need for shelter. Natural and man-made materials and textures. Foundations: strip, raft, piled foundations. Columns. External walls in masonry and brick. Bonding, insulation, coursing, dimensions, junctions. Eaves, gables and ridges. Flat roofs, parapets and eaves. Wall openings. Windows and doors. Jambs, sills, heads, thresholds, sizes and frames. Glazing. Suspended timber floors. Concrete floors. Stairs and ramps. Internal walls and partitions. Junctions and finishes. Glazed walls and roofs. Curtain walling. Timber construction. The Segal method. Cladding materials and techniques. Detailed 3-dimensional studies of junctions.
 ARCH0015: Design studio 1.1 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To give students the basic dawing and model making skills required in subsequent project work. To provide an introduction to the design process. Content: The conventions of architectural and engineering drawing. Orthographic, planometric, isometric and oblique projections. Freehand survey drawing. An introduction to perspective. Consideration of spatial, structural, environmental and constructional issues in the design of a small building.
 ARCH0016: Design studio 1.2 Semester 2 Credits: 24 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0015 Aims & Learning Objectives: To continue, through a series of short structured projects, the exploration of fundamental theoretical and historical themes in architecture begun with the reading programme in Semester 1. The aim of these projects is to provoke students to ask - and suggest some answers to - the basic question, what is this activity called 'architecture' which we propose to devote our careers to? In the process they will also acquire and develop skills in design and communication. Content: Four major project-programmes are undertaken, each comprising four discrete projects which are separately criticized and assessed. The first programme is a creative application of the themes of the Semester 1 reading programme. The second is devoted to materials, which the four projects explore at a technical, environmental, ecological and emotive level. The third concentrates on the spatial structure and historical evolution of the house, taken as a paradigm for architecture in general (Alberti's house-city analogy). The final project explores the perception of architecture and the problems of communicating the architectural experience through a number of examples.
 ARCH0017: Design studio 2.1 Semester 1 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0016 Aims & Learning Objectives: The unit aims to provide students with specific design skills (as listed in the unit contents), and provide further experience of design process. The learning objectives are to assess the readiness of students for their first placement experience (Professional Placement 1). Content: The design and detailing of an interior space. The achievement of quality in space. Materials and the junctions between them. Development of presentation skills. Housing theory through study of housing precedents: through a visit to a British or European city. Housing as an element of urban design The enclosure, planning and detailing of external space Site analysis. There will be a joint design project with engineering students.
 ARCH0018: Design studio 2.2 Semester 2 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0017 Aims & Learning Objectives: Apart from the acquisition of design skills listed in the unit contents, this unit gives continuing experience of the design process, and in particular prepares students for their first placement (Professional Placement 1) Content: The design and detailing of an interior space The achievement of quality in space Materials and junctions between them Development of presentation skills Housing theory Study of housing precedents through a visit to a British or European city Housing as an element of urban design The enclosure, planning and detailing of external space Site analysis There will be a joint design project with students of engineering in the year.
 ARCH0019: Design studio 3.1 Semester 1 Credits: 15 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0018, Co ARCH0093 Aims & Learning Objectives: The third year studio syllabus exploits the international profile of the year. The studio furthers the individual student's capacity for independent architectural thought and its application at all stages of the design process. The studio explores the relationship between culture, urban form and architecture, allowing students from diverse cultural backgrounds to share their understanding and experiences, as well as the coherent presentation of ideas through suitable media, and on open group discussion of these ideas. The studio develops skills in working as individuals and as members of a team. Content: A series of design projects, including a joint design project with students of engineering in the year.
 ARCH0020: Design studio 3.2 Semester 2 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0019 Aims & Learning Objectives: The third year studio syllabus exploits the international profile of the year. The studio furthers the individual student's capacity for independent architectural thought and its application at all stages of the design process. The studio explores the relationship between culture, urban form and architecture, allowing students from diverse cultural backgrounds to share their understanding and experiences, as well as the coherent presentation of ideas through suitable media, and on open group discussion of these ideas.The studio develops skills in working as individuals and as members of a team. Content: A series of design projects, including a joint design project with students of engineering in the year.
 ARCH0021: Design studio 4.1 Semester 1 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0019 Aims & Learning Objectives: Content: Part of the year is spent in a joint project with students of engineering, leading to the award of the Basil Spence Prize for the best multidisciplinary teamwork. In addition, students of architecture will undertake: The development of design strategies for a significant public space, related to - The detailed design of a large building with high structural and environmental demands, typically a performance space. This design will be used, where possible, as a vehicle for assessment for the technical modules in years 3/4.
 ARCH0022: Design studio 4.2 Semester 2 Credits: 30 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0021 Aims & Learning Objectives: Content: Part of the year is spent in a joint project with students of engineering, leading to the award of the Basil Spence Prize for the best multidisciplinary teamwork.In addition, students of architecture will undertake:The development of design strategies for a significant public space, related to - The detailed design of a large building with high structural and environmental demands, typically a performance space. This design will be used, where possible, as a vehicle for assessment for the technical modules in years 3/4.
 ARCH0023: BEng Dissertation Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: OR100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To assess the ability of students for original and individual thought and application to a substantial project/ programme of work. Content: A substantial work of research presented as a short thesis, normally entailing experimental and analytical or numberical modelling and their practical application to a researched topic. This preliminary unit represents the background reading and planning for the investigation. Assessment will be together with Dissertation Completion, but a formal presentation must be made by each student describing the background, aims, and proposed methods of their dissertation, which will carry 50% of the mark for this unit.
 ARCH0024: Continuum mechanics 2 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To give a brief introduction to cuvilear co-ordinates and tensors which are useful for any advanced work in continuum mechanics, the finite element method, or shell theory. To stimulate the students interest in physics and its relation to some important areas of current engineering research. Content: Revisio of Navier-Stokes equations and introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics. Curvilinear co-ordinates, covariant and contravariant base vectors, metric tensor. Tensor product. Tensors in cuvilenear co-ordinates. Properties of symmetric second order tensors - principal values and directinos, Mohr's circles in three dimensions. Definition of stress and strain in curvilinear co-ordinates. Christoffel symbols and covariant differentiation. Equilibrium equations in curvilinear co-ordinates. Constiutive equations in elasticity, plasticity and fluid mechanics using curvilinear co-ordinates. Geometry of surfaces, metric tensor, second fundamental form, normal curvature and twist, mean and Gaussian curvature. Order of covariant differentiation, Reimann-Christoffel tensor. Gauss's theorem and the Codazzi equations. Membrane equilibrium equations. Application to shell and tension structures. Discussion of ccurvilinear co-ordinates in 4-dimensional space-time, the Bianci relations, the Ricci tensor, the Einstein tensor and the General Theory of Relativity.
 ARCH0025: BEng Dissertation completion Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: DS100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: As for Dissertation. Content: The main part of the dissertation work, following on from the 'Dissertation' unit.
 ARCH0026: Facade engineering construction Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To give a knowledge and understanding of the design and construction of building facades. Objectives: To give an understanding of the various structural and environmental requirements of facades. To give a knowledge of the various methods used in facade construction, and of how they meet design requirements. Content: Design principles Windows, curtain walling, slope glazing, overcladding. Front sealed, drained and ventilated and pressure equalised systems. Materials Glass, aluminium, steel, PVC.U, G.R.P., G.R.C., bricks, natural stone, precast concrete, finishes, sealants, gaskets. Performance criteria Water penetration, air leakage, wind, thermal mass and insulation, condensation, acoustics, building movement, thermal movement, ventilation, fire, security, blast. Specification and contracts Nature of the industry, construction/manufacturing, specification, contracts, installation. Detailing Joints, anchorages, stick systems, panellised systems, untied systems, tolerances.
 ARCH0027: Electrical engineering Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To give the student a basic knowledge of those aspects of electrical engineering most pertinent to civil engineering and building design. Content: Basic units, electromagnetic theory, AC generation, phasor diagram, power factor, three phase supply, transformer characteristics, AC machines, power electronics
 ARCH0029: Environmental design Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0004 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To improve students confidence to use building environmental design as a major positive factor in the design of buildings. Objectives: To examine in some detail the objectives of design using examples from practice. The course will use the joint design project as a vehicle for the early lectures in the course. Content: Lighting Design: Designed appearance, enclosure, structure, rational use of colour. Combined lighting: Exploitation of natural light, control of electric lighting. Design criteria: Establishing criteria, isolation of variables, effects of experimentation. Display: Art galleries, museums, principles of design, conservation. Nightime lighting: Security, floodlighting of buildings. Green buildings: Integrated design. Acoustics Principles of internal room acoustic design. Acoustic design of lecture and drama theatres. Multi-purpose hall design. Noise control in buildings. Case histories of internal acoustic and noise control design. Guidance for the final year joint design project. Thermal Choice between passive and active control of internal environment. incorporating major Building services.
 ARCH0030: Facade engineering Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the knowledge and understanding gained in Facade Engineering Construction by examining the engineering issues involved in current developments in Window and Cladding Technology. Content: Brittle materials, anchorages and fixings Engineering use of adhesives Structural/ cladding interaction Structural use of glass Heat transfer, thermal capacity, component temperatures, shading, moisture and condensation Advanced glazing Durability, weathering
 ARCH0031: Fire & construction safety Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the subject of Fire Engineering and develop previous course material concerning construction safety on site and in design considerations for the future use of building structures. Content: An introduction to fire engineering including the nature of fire, the mechanism of combustion and the behaviour of its products. The behaviour of people in fire is examined, the interaction between fire, buildings and other enclosures and the principles of escape and survival studies. The course goes on to examine safety in the context of the construction site, the industry and application of legislation and the development of safety policies and management systems.
 ARCH0033: Geology Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX90 CW10 Requisites: Co ARCH0212 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give a general knowledge of geological processes appropriate to the needs of a civil engineer, and to teach basic methods of interpretation of simple geological maps Content: Soil and rock description. Particle size classification. Definitions of voids ratio, Moisture content, density, Atterberg Limits with explanation of their relevance. Plate tectonics, volcanoes and earthquakes. Formation and characteristics of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. Intrepretation of simple geological maps, producing accurate cross-sections for inclined and faulted strata, includingg unconformities, and sketch cross-sections for folded strata. To be able to appreciate the topography from the geology in common situations. Processes of weathering, erosion and transportation. The formation of sediments in different environments and key characteristics. Intrepretation of simple geological maps, producing accurate cross-sections for inclined and faulted strata, includingg unconformities, and sketch cross-sections for folded strata. To be able to appreciate the topography from the geology in common situations. The Hydrological cycle and occurrence of ground water.
 ARCH0034: Geotechnical engineering Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Co ARCH0214 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give an understanding of the behaviour of piled foundations, and of the principles, theory and methods used in their design and analysis. Content: Earth Retaining Structures Soil as fill. Reinforced soil. Piling : construction and design of single piles and pile groups. Types of pile and appropriate analytical methods, related to site investigation methods. Calculation of working loads and settlements.
 ARCH0035: History & theory 1.2 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: The aim of this unit is to introduce students of architecture to architectural literature, and to enable them to read this literature effectively, and to use it when developing work in the studio. The learning objectives are to provide students with key texts that have influenced the course of architectural history, and to assess their ability to identify the relationship between architectural ideas and form. Content: Following the structured reading that will have taken place in the first semester, students will be invited to implement what they have learned through special projects within the design studio.
 ARCH0036: History & theory 2 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: The aim of this course is to enable students to use their basic knowledge of achitectural history and theory to develop their own opinions, and to understand the theoretical issues that confront us today. The course's title is 'Architecture after Modernism'. Content: Each week students will examine a text selected from an established writer, starting chronologically with Robert Venturi. The range of texts will provide students with a thorough working knowledge of contemporary issues. Following presentation of the selected texts by the students themselves, there will be a structured discussion in which all students will be encouraged to participate. Assessment will be through the presentation of a script of each student's presentation. Typical subjects areas covered will be: Venturi; Urban Theorists; PostModerns in Britain; Urban Reconstruction; Privatisation
 ARCH0038: History & theory 4 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: ES75 CW25 Requisites: Pre ARCH0036 Aims & Learning Objectives: Designed to complement the project work set in the studio, this unit aims to introduce a range of analytical theories and formal research techniques associated with the proportional design of buildings. Students are assessed on their knowledge of the application of proportional systems to buildings through history, in relation to a design project in the studio. Content: Lectures providing a thorough grounding in the history of the use of proportion in architectural design based on recent texts on proportional history and theory. The course is assessed in two modes: by an essay to be completed at the end of the semester; and by a studio project in which students use principles of proportion in their design work.
 ARCH0039: History & theory 5 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: An introductory course examining the effect of theoretical positions on design activity and the kind of explanation which can be put forward for architectural solutions. Content: The area and nature of theories; boundary between history and theory and between practice and theory. Building types as equivalent of biological species; 18th and 19th century French history. Activity and space links in primative functionalism; the importance of the brief. Space and activity as unrelated phenomena; flexibility as a determinant; the architecture of Mies van der Rohe. Categories of space as in served and servant spaces; the architecture of Louis Kahn. Defined criteria and solutions for aspects of the environment; Christopher Alexander's 'Pattern Language'. Popper's hypothetico - deductive theory and its implications; model selection and model shifts. The library as a building type; development of the library plan. The museum as a building type; analysis of characteristics. Case studies of Louis Kahn and Carlo Scarpa.
 ARCH0040: History and Theory 1.1 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: The unit aims to provide a summary of key architectural movements from classical to modern times, alongside an overview of the historical development of civil engineering. The learning objectives are to provide students with good examples of constructions that have influenced the course of building history, and to assess their ability to identify the factors that determine the quality and contribution of such buildings to society. Content: Different lecturers from within the Department will provide a series of discrete lectures in which the period, movement or area of activity is examined through key buildings and structures.
 ARCH0041: History/ Case studies civil and structural engineering Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Co ARCH0215 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To strengthen the basic understanding of structures given to the students in Structures 1 by relating it to the history of civil and structural engineering, and to the design of specific structures through case studies. Objectives: The student should axquire a knowledge of the history of civil and structural engineering. The student should acquire an understanding of the way in which that history, together with an understanding of statics, informs the design of structures. Content: A range of lecturers from within and outside the School will give a series of discrete lectures examining a period of historical development or the design of a specific structure.
 ARCH0042: Industrial placement 1 Semester 2 Credits: 15 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: RT100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0006, Pre ARCH0213, Pre ARCH0082, Co ARCH0067 Aims & Learning Objectives: To gain experience and knowledge of civil engineering in practice, and to report on an area of interest. Content: Practical experience and first hand observation of civil engineering and construction, preferably on a construction site as an employee of a contractor, but possibly as an employee of a consultant with visits to sites. The student is supported in finding an employer, but the School cannot guarantee that every student will be employed. All students will be given an academic supervisor for the duration of the unit. Students who obtain employment in the UK will normally be visited at their place of work; otherwise, communication will be maintained by other means. Should a student fail to find a job, they would be expected to carry out a relevent study in the area in which they live; their supervisor will discuss this study with them, and give guidance where required. Students will be assessed for the award of the credits on the basis of a report on one aspect of the work they have done.
 ARCH0043: Industrial placement 2 Semester 2 Credits: 18 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: RT100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To gain experience and knowledge of civil engineering design in practice, and to report on an area of interest. Content: Practical experience and first hand observation of civil engineering desgn, preferably in a consulting practice. The student is supported in finding an employer, but the School cannot guarantee that every student will be employed. All students will be given an academic supervisor for the duration of the unit. Students who obtain employment in the UK will normally be visited at their place of work; otherwise, communication will be maintained by other means. Should a student fail to find a job, they would be expected to carry out a relevant study in the area in which they live; their supervisor will discuss this study with them, and give guidance where required. Students will be assessed for the award of the credits on the basis of a report on one aspect of the work they have done.
 ARCH0044: Industrial placement M2 Semester 1 Credits: 24 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: RT100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To gain experience and knowledge of civil engineering design in practice, and to report on an area of interest. Content: Practical experience and first hand observation of civil engineering desgn, preferably in a consulting practice. The student is supported in finding an employer, but the School cannot guarantee that every student will be employed. All students will be given an academic supervisor for the duration of the unit. Students who obtain employment in the UK will normally be visited at their place of work; otherwise, communication will be maintained by other means. Should a student fail to find a job, they would be expected to carry out a relevant study in the area in which they live; their supervisor will discuss this study with them, and give guidance where required. Students will be assessed for the award of the credits on the basis of a report on one aspect of the work they have done.
 ARCH0045: Industrial project IP1 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: RT100 or CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To give experience in solving a real industrial problem under both industrial and academic supervision. Content: Structural or Environmental Engineering Design carried out in industry with academic links, following or during the second industrial placement M2. For students who are unable to gain an industrial placement the project IP1 will be undertaken as a sponsored project on behalf of one of the companies who would normally employ students. In this case the project will be undertaken wholly at the University (in labs or CAD labs) during the first part of term 2 and before commencement of Semester 2.
 ARCH0046: Industrial project IP2 Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To give further experience in solving a real industrial problem under both industrial and academic supervision. Content: Structural or Environmental Engineering Design linked with industry sponsorship, following on from Industrial Project IP1, but for all students based in the University under closer academic supervision.
 ARCH0047: Laboratory 1 Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: PR100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0082, Pre ARCH0076, Pre ARCH0004, Pre MECH0134 Aims & Learning Objectives: To consolidate material covered in lecture-based units and demonstrations, and to introduce good civil and environmental engineering laboratory and practical techniques. To develop skills in the writing up and analysis of practical work. Content: Laboratory experiments and exercises in geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, fluid mechanics, acoustics and lighting
 ARCH0048: Laboratory 2 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: PR100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce more sophisticated laboratory techniques including electronic instrumentation and data logging, and to give experience of some of the methods and apparatus referred to in lecture modules. Content: Laboratory experiments and exercises in geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, fluid mechanics, acoustics and lighting
 ARCH0049: Landscape Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To raise awareness of the physical environment around buildings and its modification, through passive and active technical means. Content: Understanding the Site: An introduction to the principles of landscape assessment and the basic methods of recording and analysing site specific landscape and ecology information so that it can be used effectively in the design process. Landscape Design theory: Including an outline understanding of landscape design history from prehistory to today and an introduction to contemporary landscape planning and design. Ecology: Introduction to the basic principles of ecology with an emphasis on the planning and design of ecological landscapes. Landscape and Buildings: Providing a basic outline of how landscapes influence the design of buildings including consideration of energy conservation, setting, daylighting, access, external spaces, choice of materials and colours, construction methods, orientation, views and long term management. Technical details: An introduction to the basic principles of landscape detailing to include consideration of paving, planting, boundaries and edges, changes in level and water features.
 ARCH0050: Lighting Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: Lighting for civil engineering projects and overall building form. Objectives: Introduction to external lighting which may be experienced by practicing civil engineers. The calculation of sky factors to enable rapid estimation of sky components in order to assess the adequacy of window design. Content: Applications: Streetlighting, Floodlighting,Tunnel lighting, Sports lighting, Light sources: Discharge light sources, luminaires. Theory: Adaption time, apparent brightness, unit hemisphere, vector summation method.
 ARCH0051: Lightweight structures Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an understanding of the theory and practical design of lightweight wide-span structures, particularly tensile membranes, cable networks, grid shells, air-supported and pneumatic structures. Content: Characteristics, behaviour and analytical methods for funicular cable structures subject to uniform and non-uniform loadings. Effects of elastic extensino, temperature effects, support settlements and cable slip. Matrix methods for geometric and material non-linear cable and membrane structures. Incremental, Newton-Raphson and modified N-R methods. Zero stiffness controls in the iteration process. Implicit and explicit integration vector methods. Dynamic Relaxation applied to shell, space and tension structures. Form-finding controls. Kinetic and viscous damping. Behaviour and modelling of prestressed fabric membranes. Crimp interchange and on-off non-linear material properties modelling. Computer Aided Design packages for form-finding and analysis of membrane, cable network, grid shell and pneumatic structures. Wind load response and numerical and physical modelling. Practical design aspects for steelwork, membrane and foundation design, steelwork detailing and steelwork and membrane fabrication patterning. Assembly and on-site construction procedures. The course will entail design project studies embracing conceptual and structural engineering dsign and detailing using both CAD and physical modelling methods.
 ARCH0052: Management 1 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: An introductory course concerning the management of the construction industry and the roles and responsibilities of the professions. Content: Procurement of construction work tendering, design and build, project management. Contractors and sub-contractors. Organisation of construction sites - the roles of architect, engineer, contractor, project manager. The importance of construction sequence, time, critical paths. The course is designed to develop the individual's concept of employment, professional duties and the 'business of business' by: 1. Ensuring an understanding of the various ways in which the design team may be structured. 2. Demonstrating the role and differing levels of the professional's responsibility within each structure. 3. Generating an understanding of sole trader, partnership and corporate entities. 4. Examining the laws governing employment. 5. Discussing personal promotion in terms of the use of technology, e.g. the use of computer technology for the presentation of c.v.'s and the like.
 ARCH0053: Management 2 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0052 Aims & Learning Objectives: These courses are designed to ensure an understanding of the Architect's authority under the terms of the standard forms of contract and the effect that the exercising of that authority may have on the client in terms of time and money. Content: The course will further examine the Architect's responsibility and liability, in law, for the adverse effects of decisions and actions that may ultimately be proven to have been made wrongfully. This course will further generate an appreciation of due legal process.
 ARCH0054: Management 2C Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0213 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give a general knowledge of legal and contract obligations in the construction industry. At the end of the unit, the student should be able to demonstrate a knowledge of the following areas at a level to provide appropriate preparation for employment as a graduate in the construction industry: - the management roles of the engineer; - basic management theory; - business management in construction; - methods of civil engineering procurement; - processes and roles on construction sites; - construction hazards and their management / responsibility for safety Content: Structure of business organisations. The Engineer as Manager Management theory: Organisational culture Handy's paradoxes of modern organisational life. Changing patterns of organisation and their relevance to construction. Decision-making models: rationalist, Carnegie, incremental, 'garbage can'. Business management in construction: Corporate policy, objectives, strategies, tactics, marketing. The tender process: Procurement of design, consultancy contracts, methods of payment Construction contracts (design and build; subcontracting; design, build and operate). Environmental impact of construction: Overview Construction and operation (energy, pollution, ecology, resources, recycling, sustainability) Environmental Impact Assessment (process, EC and UK approaches, methods, monitoring, risk assessment) Life cycle costing Value management & engineering Construction sites: Basic terminology of construction techniques and plant. Organisation of construction sites Roles of architect, engineer, contractor, project manager. Buildability, method statements, access to workface, commissioning, international variations Construction health and safety: Safety law and regulations, safety management systems, construction hazards, cost of accidents, CDM. Economics of safety (financial and non-financial costs of accidents, ethical standards).
 ARCH0055: Management 3C Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0054 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give students a knowledge of the economics of the construction industry. At the end of the unit, the student should be able to demonstrate a knowledge of the following areas at a level to provide appropriate preparation for employment as a graduate in the construction industry: - law of torts - contract law - company law - employment law - a systematic approach to human resources and motivation/responsibility for safety - operational research - project planning and control. Content: Introduction to English law and legal system Law of torts Negligence Design liability Introduction to CDM regulations Insurance and Litigation; the ethical context and the legal context. Contract Law: Creation of a contract document Defects in a contract, termination Parties to a contract Introduction to construction contracts. Company law (types of business organisation; setting up a limited company; appointment and responsibilities of directors; meetings, financing a company, partnership, insolvency, bankruptcy) Employment law (contract of employment; rights and duties; statutory regulation of remuneration; legal constraints on terms and conditions of employment; termination of employment) Human resources and motivation: Theories of motivation Responsibility for safety Team building, conflict, leadership, group theory, power and influence, conduct of meetings. Human Resource Management Performance appraisal. Introduction to operations research techniques: Queuing theory Simulation Linear programming Dynamic programming Introduction to project planning and control: Planning, activity planning, logic, critical path networks, resource analysis, GANTT Charts & PERT charts
 ARCH0056: Management 4C Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0055 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give students a working knowledge of project and business management in the construction industry. At the end of the unit, the student should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the following areas, at a level which provides adequate preparation for making a full contribution to the management of construction projects: - organisations, teams, structures and responsibilites; - operations management; - estimation and bills of quantities; - contract procedures; - quality assurance; - risk analysis and management; - management of safety; - dealing with organisational change. Content: Project management: Anatomy of a project, project boundaries, multi-project planning. Defining the project, the design brief. Leadership and teams, project organisation. Structure of a design team Professional responsibilities within different structures. Operations management: Management of safety Product, plant, processes, programs, people Estimation and bills of quantities: Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement Preparing bill items and taking-off quantities Operational estimations; measurement, valuation and claims, role of method-related charges Preparation of contract documents Contract procedures: Conditions of contract (ICE 5th and 6th ed., NEC), Parties to the contract, duties and responsibilities; running the contract, programmes, Certificates, durations; paying for work, variations, claims; disputes resolution. Quality Assurance: Principles of QA Quality auditing TQM (principles and practice; Implementing quality management in a construction firm. Risk analysis and management: Forecasting, sensitivity, mean expected values, decision strategies. Managing uncertainty and variation. Organisational change 'New Thinking' in organisational theory and practice Implementation in construction Industrial relations Use of computers in construction management.
 ARCH0059: Mathematics 1 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide a general mathematical basis for the development of engineering subjects at first year level of the civil engineering courses. Content: Elementary functions Exponential and logarthmic functions, hyperbolic functions and inverses in logarithmic form, inverse circular functions. Differentiation and its applications Maximum and minimum values, inflection points, tangents, normals, curvature, solution of non-linear equations using Newton's method, limits. Integration and its applications General revision of techniques, by parts, use of partial fractions, substitution, length of curves, areas and volumes, first and second moments, centre of gravity, parallel and perpendicular axes theorem.
 ARCH0060: Mathematics 2 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide a general mathematical basis for the development of engineering subjects at first year level of the civil engineering courses. Content: Infinite series Maclaurin and Taylor's series, binomial expansion, ideas of convergence, geometrical series, comparison, ratio and integral tests, l' Hôpital's rule. Complex numbers Complex plane, Cartesian, polar and exponential forms, algebra of complex numbers, de Moivre's theorem multiple roots, complex logarithm. Statistics Basic descriptive statistics, his-tograms, stem-and-leaf plots, cumulative frequency, measure of location and dispersion, mean, mode and median, upper and lower quartiles, variance and standard deviation. Concept of probability, exclusivity, dependence and independence of events, conditional probability. Binomial and Poisson distributions.
 ARCH0061: Mathematics 3 & computing Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide a general mathematical basis for the development of engineering subjects at second year level of the civil engineering courses. Content: Differential equations Simple first order using separation of variables and integrating factor. Linear equations with constant coefficients using trial method for particular integral. Simultaneous equations. Application of differential equations to mechanical systems and structural problems. Numerical solution of first order equations. Functions of several variables Partial differentiation. Small errors. Taylor's theorem. Maxima and minima. Method of least squares. Regression. Determinants and matrices Properties of determinants. Matrix algebra. Solution of simultaneous equations using the matrix inverse. Cramer's rule and Gauss elimination. Consistency. An introduction to the principles and techniques of computer programming using C++.
 ARCH0062: Mathematics 4 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide a general mathematical basis for the development of engineering subjects at third year level of the civil engineering courses. Content: Fourier series Full and half-range series. Odd and even functions, odd harmonics. Laplace Transforms Basic theory for simple functions, derivatives and integrals, step and impulse functions. Solution of differential equations. Periodic functions. Convolution integral. Elementary vector analysis Basic definitions and algebra. Scalar and vector products. Equations of lines and planes. Geometrical interpretations, orientation of planes, volumes of solids. Partial Differential Equations Separation of variables, Laplace's equation, diffusion and wave equations. Numerical analysis Solution of non-linear equations, zeros of polynomials, both real and com-plex. Finite differences, interpolation using Lagrange and Newton difference formulae. Error estimation, splines, Chebychev polynomials. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations. Euler, improved Euler, Runge-Kutta methods. Accuracy and stability. Initial and boundary value problems.
 ARCH0063: Numerical modelling Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide practice in the computational formulation and solution of engineering problems; principally related to structures but including field problems such as seepage and fluid flow. Content: The theoretical basis for computer packages used or demonstrated will be studied and students will develop their own (simplified) computer programs or routines for the numerical methods employed. These will cover step-by-step integration methods for the modelling of structural dynamics, heat transfer and potential flow problems. Individual projects will be undertaken to cover one of these areas and will be presented in seminar groups covering all aspects.
 ARCH0064: Professional placement 1 Semester 2 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims and objectives are stipulated as part of an RIBA Practice Logbook to be completed by the student and his/her employer. Content: The thin sandwich system at Bath offers students of architecture the opportunity to experience a range of employment in architectural practices, or on other activities that are related to the academic and professional nature of the course.The Department will support all students in their search for placements, and will in particular offer guidance in the preparation of applications. However, employment is not guaranteed, and students who are not successful will be encouraged to pursue activities that will form a useful contribution to their development. Students will be assessed for the award of the cedits attached to this unit on the basis of a written report on the work they have done.
 ARCH0065: Professional placement 2 (Bath) Semester 2 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims and objectives are stipulated as part of an RIBA Practice Logbook to be completed by the student and his/her employer. Content: The thin sandwich system at Bath offers students of architecture the opportunity to experience a range of employment in architectural practices, or on other activities that are related to the academic and professional nature of the course.The Department will support all students in their search for placements, and will in particular offer guidance in the preparation of applications. However, employment is not guaranteed, and students who are not successful will be encouraged to pursue activities that will form a useful contribution to their development. Students will be assessed for the award of the cedits attached to this unit on the basis of a written report on the work they have done.
 ARCH0066: Professional placement 2 (Socrates) Semester 2 Credits: 21 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Content:
 ARCH0067: Project C1 Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Co ARCH0042 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce students to the art of resolving apparently conflicting architectural and engineering requirements in the context of a simple building. Content: Structural and Environmental Engineering Design linked with architecture and engineering studio Precedent lectures are used to discuss relevent examples. Suitable buildings might include a woodworking shop used for training, a small exhibition space, or a visitor centre with spans typically up to 10m. Structural issues should cover the overall conceptual design, choice of apprpriate materials, sizing of members and connection details, and simple foundation design. Environmental issues should concentrate on light, sound and energy control. The proportion of time spent on common group working with the architectural students is about 25% (at the early stages of the project).
 ARCH0068: Project C2 Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop skills in integration of engineering and architectural objectives to produce creative and competent designs. Content: Structural and Environmental Engineering Design linked with architectures studio. Precedent lectures are used to discuss relevent examples. Suitable buildings might include a community centre, an electronics factory with spans typically up 15m. Structural issues should include the integration of architectural and environmental aspects in the complete conceptual design, the design to codes of practice of all principal members, connection details and construction aspects, and the design of foundations. Environmental issues should include optimal use of daylight, solar heating, natural ventilation, noise from surroundings. The proportion of time spent on group working with the architectural students is up to 50% (in the first half of the project development).
 ARCH0069: Project C3/1 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To give students experience in developing a complex scheme working in teams with architecture students. Content: Precedent lectures are used to discuss relevent examples. The building type will have more complex planning problems and potential for elegance to suit the needs of the architects. There should be environmental conditions to consider, ie air conditioning/ natural ventilation to compare, and lighting and acoustic problems. Types of building which are suitable include autitoria based (theatre, opera house, concert hall - all have potential for interesting structures, eg cable, domes, frameworks etc), museum (differing types from art galleries to 'Exploratory' type, and libraries, requiring exclusion of noise and good lighting ), industrial (eg brewery, with the process providing a problem), or sports complex. All have air conditioning / natural ventilation, potential for interest visually as well as in services and structure, and heavy foundation loads. The project will be tutored both by academic staff and industrial visiting tutors.
 ARCH0070: Project M4 Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce students to the wider urban issues and how they affect structural, environmental and architectural design, and give them some experience of resolving those issues. Content: Joint design work with BArch students involving consideration of civil, structural and environmental engineering design issues in a broad urban context. Normally a real current development project will be used for this brief, and the project will involve the full structural, geotechnical and environmental design for a particular building or small complex of buildings within the development. Precedent lectures are used to discuss relevent examples, and the work is tutored by visiting architects and engineers.
 ARCH0071: Project C3/2 Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop further the project designed in Project C4 Content: The development and structural engineering design of particular aspects of project C4 to professional levels of competence. This more detailed design development is carried out by students individually and will usually also give rise to a substantial revision of the conceptual design. Alternatively, entirely new aspects are developed; the itention in either case is to assess ingenuity and engineering design competence. Precedent lectures are used to discuss relevent examples. The project is tutored by both academic and industrial visiting tutors.
 ARCH0072: Project M1 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To give experience in considering both structural and environmental engineering issues in the context of a simple building, with particular emphasis on those areas covered in the co-requisite units. Content: Application of structural and environmental engineering design in a simple building
 ARCH0073: Project M2 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Integrated design of a building which can be handled in a simple way architecturally but which gives rise to realistic problems of integration of structure, environmental and services requirements. Content: Structural and Environmental Engineering Design, with particular emphasis on problems of integration.
 ARCH0075: Socrates Exchange & Placement (BSc) Academic Year Credits: 60 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0018 Aims & Learning Objectives: This exchange programme with 12 other European Schools of Architecture provides students with an opportunities to study abroad. Students on this unit learn directly about the architectural values of the institution being visited through design project work and lectures, as well as from travel within the country. The Placement allows them to then extend these experiences into the work-place. They also have an opportunity to perfect their language skills - particularly the technical language relating to design and practice. Content: This is tailored to the requirements of the individual student, partly by the Socrates co-ordinators (here and at the host university), and according to the units being offered by the host institutions. Exchange students complete design projects which is first assessed by the host institution, and marks and a report on each student are sent to Bath. On returning to Bath each student is required to submit their portfolio of designs and Placement logbook to the Socrates co-ordinator for inspection and assessment.
 ARCH0076: Soil mechanics 1 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an understanding of the behaviour of soil, and the factors that influence that behaviour. Content: Seepage, Darcy's law of permeability, definitions of effective stresses and pore water pressure. Introductory flow net, principles. Non-linear stress-strain character of soils, consolidation of natural deposits, normally consolidated and over-consolidated materials. The critical state model, isotopic and one-dimensional consolidation, drained and undrained soil behaviour.
 ARCH0077: Soil mechanics 2 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX75 CW25 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To gain a knowledge of the way in which the understanding developed in Soil Mechanics 1 can be applied to the design of foundations and soil structures, and how the necessary information is obtained in practice. Content: The shear strength of soils and applications to retaining wall design, slope stability. Site investigation and laboratory testing. Slope stability analysis. Foundation design - stress distributions, bearing capacity and settlement calculation, related to site investigation techniques.
 ARCH0079: Structures 1 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To make students aware of the role played by structure in the design and building process. To introduce the concepts of statics and load carrying mechanisms, sufficient for an elementary appraisal of structures. To familiarise students with different types of structural materials and assemblies. Content: Enclosure of space, spatial forms and structures. Functional and environmental loads on structures; real and design loads, and the concepts of structural safety. Stable structures and structural mechanisms. Newton's laws, free body diagrams, triangles of forces and reciprocal figures. Static equilibrium and free body diagrams. The concepts of forces and moments in structural members. Equilibrium of loads, forces and moments in simple structures; external and internal constraints. Traditional building materials, their characteristics, and concepts of structural connections. Reinforced Concrete, masonry, timber and steel. Introduction to load carrying action of trusses, beams, arches, cables and columns. The concepts of stress, section sizes and shapes. Pin-jointed trusses: resolving at joints and method of sections; physical behaviour and structural form and efficiency. Direct stresses and strains; Young's Modulus. Direct determination of deflections in simple trusses. Beams and free body diagrams, bending moments and shear forces. Bending stresses in beams, section shape and structural efficiency; web action and the concept of shear stresses. Overall efficiency of beams and simple bridges. Combined bending and axial loading in short columns; the middle third; wall construction; slender columns and stability concepts. Hanging chains and funicular shapes; simple suspension systems. Voussoir arches and masonry domes. Three pin arches and portal frames. The above topics concentrate on a broad overview of structural concepts and will be supported by laboratory demonstrations, tutorial classes and case studies emphasising the relation between structural and architectural concepts, structural safety and examples of structural failures.
 ARCH0080: Structures 2 Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX70 CW30 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an analytical understanding of the statics and mechanics of statically determinate structures and structural mechanisms. To introduce students to the internal action of structures, stresses and strains, and the comparative action of statically determinate and indeterminate structures. To consider in greater detail the range of structures examined conceptually in Structures 1. To develop a physical and analytical understanding of stresses and strains in two (and three) dimensions, and of the three-dimensional action of structures and components. Content: The action of statically determinate and indeterminate structures; concepts of redundancy and redistribution of forces; construction tolerances, temperature effects and settlements. Bending moment and shear force diagrams for beams; comparison of statically determinate and continuous beams. Bending and shearing stresses in beams; concept of principal stresses, stress trajectories and analolgies with truss action; structural form efficiency. Centroid, neutral axis, section modulus and beam sectional shape efficiency. Analysis of suspension systems subject to uniform and non-uniform loading; funicular polygons. Analysis of three-pin arches and portals; consideration of thrust lines; comparison with two-pin and fixed systems. Voussoir arches, thrust lines, and their mechanism of collapse. Deflected forms and bending moments in portal and framed structures; weak beam/ strong column and strong beam solutions (physical action and approximate analysis). Young''s modulus and Poisson''s ratio; shear modulus; elastic and plastic behaviour; brittle failure and fatigue. Internal stress equilibrium; Mohr''s circle for stresses and strains; principal stresses and strains. Failure and safety criteria for common structural materials. Theory of bending of beams; moment/curvature relations and analysis of deflections. Shear stresses and shear flow in beams; fabricated and composite beams; welds and shear connectors. Bending of asymmetric sections. Torsion of thin-walled closed sections. Shear centre; torsion of thin-walled open sections; warping constraints in torsion. Stresses due to combined bi-axial bending, torsion and axial loading in structural members. Euler buckling load for columns; differing end constraints; imperfections, eccentric loading and initial curvatures. Plastic moment and reduced plastic moment; concepts of plastic failure mechanisms. Plastic analysis of continuous beams, portals and pitched portal frames; failure mechanisms and instantaneous centres. Approximate elastic analysis and plastic analysis of vierendeel girders and multi-storey frames.
 ARCH0081: Structures 2A Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0079 Aims & Learning Objectives: To consider the historical development of various classes of structures and their form efficiency. To consider in more detail bridging and vaulting systems through the examination of works by acclaimed engineers. Content: The historical development and action of various classes of structural forms: suspension chains, cable structures and prestressed mechanisms; funicular vaults, gothic cathedrals and flying buttresses; beams, arches and shells; trusses, girders and space frames; the historical development of high-rise buildings. The bridges of Telford, Brunel, Eiffel, Maillert, Leonhardt and Calatrava. The Forth Bridge, Saltash Bridge and Brooklyn Bridge Conceptual thinking in two and three dimensions. Gothic cathedrals, fan vaulting and modelling. The structures of Nervi, Candella and Torroja. Structure in nature. Funicular forms, Frei Otto and Antonio Gaudi. The concept of ideal structural form, Maxwell and Mitchell. The constraints of real construction.
 ARCH0082: Structures 3 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop analytical and conceptual understanding of structural action through the use of compatability methods (virtual work and flexibility analysis). To develop an appreciation of the importance of construction tolerances and foundation settlements. To develop understanding of structural analysis using equilibrium methods. Content: Virtual work and the Unit Load method for calculating deflections. Maxwell's reciprocal theorem and influence lines. Flexibility Analysis of statically indeterminate truss and frame structures. Lack of fit, support settlements and temperature effects. Virtual work extended to beams subject to bending, shear and torsion. Torsional and shear deflection of beams. Derivation of slope deflection relations. Application of the slope/deflection method to continuous beams, pitched portals and sway frames.
 ARCH0083: Structures 4 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Development of matrix methods of analysis and computer techniques for structural analysis. To advance the student's knowledge and ability in the plastic analysis of structures, including multibay frames and the yield line analysis of slabs. Content: Derivation of moment distribution / relaxation concepts. Application of the moment distribution method to frame structures. Matrix Methods: stiffness analysis of pin-jointed space trusses and rigidly jointed frames. Organisation of stiffness method for computation. Introduction to finite element method. Finite element method: Shape functions. Application of virtual work and the Rayleigh-Ritz method to the derivation of stiffness and load matrices. Compatibility requirements between elements. Plane stress, plane strain and three dimensional elements. Simple plate bending elements. Finite element analysis of complete structures; compatibility of in-plane and bending displacements. Application of Finite Element Computer Package to analysis of frame and slab structures. Plastic analysis of frames: Upper and lower bound solutions. Instantaneous centres, combined mechanisms for multibay and multistorey frames. Plastic analysis of slabs and yield line theory: equilibrium and energy methods, isotropic and orthotropic slabs, skew reinforcement. Iterative methods, "Affine" methods.
 ARCH0084: Structures 5 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Co ARCH0214 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop the understanding and application of design procedures for various materials (particularly steel and concrete) related to professional codes of practice. To cover the effects of vibrations and issues affecting the stability of structures. Content: Reinforced concrete: beams - T & L beams, doubly reinforced beams, crack widths. Slabs - two way span slabs, flat slabs, strip theory. Columns - combined compression and bending, compression and tension control, derivation of design graphs, moment increase due to slenderness. Prestressed concrete: derivation of losses, elastic and ultimate analysis. Introduction to shear and end blocks. Structural steel: lateral torsional buckling. Local buckling of webs, web stiffeners. Combined shear and bending. Column design. Plastic sizing of elements. Structural timber: properties of timber, strength of joints, slenderness, notching, combined stresses, glued laminated members. Masonry: strengths and partial safety factors, stress block, slenderness, arching. Wind loading, tensile stresses, precompression. Tables of panel moments. Composites. Vibrations Single degree of freedom systems: free vibrations, response to step load, sinusoidal load and seismic and inertial excitation. Dynamic loads: random loads. Earthquakes, rigid model and aeroelastic model wind tunnel tests. Natural frequencies and mode shapes or buckling loads and mode shapes with a variety of end conditions. Orthogonality conditions. Damping and response to loads including moving loads. Multi degree of freedom systems: lateral vibrations of beams under constant axial load. Discussion of post buckled stability via single degree of freedom models. Interaction of buckling and plasticity; lateral torsional buckling of beams. Modal analysis for vibrations and buckling of structures; eigenvalues, eigenvectors and othogonality conditions. Damping and geometric stiffness.
 ARCH0085: Structures 6 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Pre ARCH0084 Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend previously introduced structural theory and analysis to an appropriate level for a broad coverage of finite element methods. To develop the understanding and application of finite element methods to a range of structural systems. To extend understanding of, and the ability to apply plasticity methods for the analysis of structures. Content: Numerical methods: revision of matrix methods of analysis as applied to pin jointed trusses, rigidly jointed frames, and finite element modelling of continuum structures. Isoparametric elements, plate and shell elements. Finite element analysis of complete structures; compatiblity of in-plane and bending displacements. Classical plate theory. Plate buckling and buckling of thin-walled box-beams. Non-linear behaviour of structures, geometric and material non-linearity; Newton-Raphson and incremental solution methods. Computer finite element modelling of non-linear problems. Plasiticity theory: yield and failure criteria, 3-D Mohr's circle of stress, hydrostatic and deviatoric stresses. C-curves and the pi-plane. Tresca and von Mises yield criteria. The flow rule, normality and convexity. Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion. The upper and lower bound theorems. Shakedown. Torsion, indentation, axial and shear effects for metallic structures. Concrete plasticity, upper-bound flexural and shear analysis, lower-bound strut-and-tie methods.
 ARCH0086: Thermodynamics Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0004, Pre ARCH0061 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an introduction to the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics and their implications for the use of energy in buildings. At the end of the unit, the student should be able to demonstrate: - an understanding of the 1st law of thermodynamics and its application to open and closed systems - an understanding of entropy - an ability to apply a knowledge and understanding of property relationships for pure substances to simple power, refrigeration and heat pump cycles - an understanding of the 2nd law of thermodynamics and thermodynamic efficiency - an understanding of psychrometrics, and an ability to analyse air conditioning processes - a knowledge of vapour power processes - a knowledge of refrigeration and heat pump systems - a knowledge of types of compressors, their characteristics, and their use in air conditioning systems - a knowledge of fuel types, combustion, and efficiency. Content: Power generation and the environment. Energy resources and the effects of fossil fuel combustion. Renewable energy sources and their possibilities for future use. Definitions, 1st law of thermodynamics for closed systems, thermodynamic properties of the perfect gas, relationship between internal energy and specific heat at constant volume. Work transfer in closed systems for constant volume, constant pressure, hyperbolic and polytropic processes; adiabatic reversible process for perfect gas. 1st law of thermodynamics for open systems and the Steady Flow Energy Equation; enthalpy and entropy changes for a perfect gas; relationship between enthalpy and specific heat at constant pressure. Applications of the SFEE to power and refrigeration plant. Introduction to entropy, isentropic efficiency, entropy as a measure of irreversibility, entropy changes in a perfect gas. Property relationships for pure substances, two property rule, phase diagram. T-s, p-h and h-s diagrams. Applications to simple power, refrigeration and heat pump cycles. 2nd law of thermodynamics, Entropy and Clausius inequality, Carnot cycle; corollaries to the 2nd law, absolute temperature scale and thermodynamic efficiency. Mixtures of gases and vapours , introduction to psychrometrics and condensation. Psychrometrics: analysis of air conditioning processes. Vapour power cycles: steam turbine cycles , power cycles and CHP. Refrigeration and heat pump systems; multistage vapour compression cycles, refrigerant properties. Absorption refrigeration: analysis of LiBr systems; comparison with NH3 systems. Compressors: compressor types and applications, analysis and characteristics of compressors, compressors for air conditioning. Fuels and combustion: introduction to fuel types, classification and properties; combustion processes, combustion equations, stoichiometric analysis, combustion efficiency.
 ARCH0087: Surveying 1 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Co ARCH0212 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give students the knowledge and skills required to carry out an engineering survey of a small site. Content: Object and application of surveys - basic functions of survey instruments - survey planning - assessment of accuracy. Measurements of distance - direct tape measurements - cumulative errors in chainage measurements and corrections applied. Principles of electronic methods of distance measurement. Measurement of level - types of levels - levelling procedures and methods of booking - errors - reciprocal levelling - recording and plotting levels. Measurement of angles - principles and operations of the theodolite - scope of use - instrument errors and adjustments. Usage of theodolite and computation for tacheometry, traverse surveys, triangulation. After a series of initial practice periods with survey instruments the course concludes with a survey project consisting of the measurment of a closed traverse around a land plot and its detailed mapping.
 ARCH0088: Surveying 2 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: PR60 CW40 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the student's knowledge of surveying by giving them an understanding of how terrerial and aerial photogrammetry can be used in support of engineering projects. Content: Photogrammetry Definition, history, uses and application of photogrammetry. Photographic measurements, coordinate systems, scale and relief displacement. Stereoscopic viewing, depth perception, the human eye, principle of parallax. Terrestrial photogrammetry. Geometry of photo pairs, intersection procedures for computation of coordinates for parallel and angled camera sights. Planning air photography, flight map, required photo scale, end and side flap. Surveying accuracy / errors Differences between random and systematic errors, observations not equally precise, assessment of accu-racy. Sources of Errors in photogrammetry and plain survey work. Assessment of acceptable tolerances in construction and building. Laboratory / practical work Measurement of point coordinates on Terrestrial photographs. Practical Terrestrial camera exercise for comparative appraisal of method's accuracy. Air photo studies, stereoscopic methods of parallax measurement, elevations by parallax differences. Review of photogrammetric equipment, camera requirements, comparators.
 ARCH0089: Thermofluids Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: The movement of energy and fluids in buildings. Content: Dimensionless analysis and similarity : Introduction to the principles of dimensionless analysis; determination of dimensionless groups; use of dimensionless groups in experimental investigation. Turbo-machinery Performance characteristics of rotodynamic machines; centrifugal, axial and mixed flow pumps and fans; use of specific speed for pump selection; simple applications of network machine systems. Euler one dimensional theory for axial and centrifugal turbomachines. Introduction to heat transfer :General conduction equation, 2-D steady state solutions; 1-D unsteady state, lumped parameter approach, Biot and Fourier numbers. Convection : Velocity and temperature boundary layers, calculation of convection coefficients, use of dimensionless parameters in heat transfer, analogies between momentum and heat transfer; dimensionless correlations in forced and natural convection. Radiation : Laws of radiant heat transfer, radiation properties of real materials, geometric factors. Radiation networks in buildings. Extended surfaces : Analysis of heat transfer from fins, overall U-value for extended surfaces. Heat exchangers : Analysis of parallel and counterflow exchangers, log mean temperature difference and Transfer Unit approaches, fouling factors. Heat recovery devices used in buildings
 ARCH0093: Urban studies report Semester 1 Credits: 9 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Co ARCH0019 Aims & Learning Objectives: The aims of this course are twofold: firstly, to introduce students to issues of urban design, to the ideas and ideals which have shaped cities in Europe and America. Secondly, to introduce students to the methodology of academic writing. Content: The course will be taught through one introductory lecture covering the 20th century literature on city development, and through subsequent supervisions agreed between the students and their tutors. The students will be required to select a region or 'neighbourhood' of a city in Europe or America and to discuss the changes to the structure of that city region over the last 50 years (ie post war), emphasising the shifting relationship between monuments and fabric, between nature and built form, emphasising wherever possible the competing 'visions' of the city which have shaped the chosen area in the second half of the 20th century.
 ARCH0094: Urban studies dissertation (Socrates) Semester 2 Credits: 9 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Content:
 ARCH0095: Wind & earthquake engineering Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To enable understanding of the use of power spectra analysis in the design of structures (e.g., how do you plan wind tunnel tests to give the information necessary to predict the rms acceleration of a building caused by the peak ten minutes of a storm with a return period of five yers?). Content: The nature of wind, flow around angular, curved and streamlined bodies. Vorticity and turbulence. The effect of terrain. Introduction to the statistics of extremes, return periods, gusts, etc.. Introduction to codes and standards. Wind tunnel testing. Comfort criteria limiting sway of tall buildings. Introduction to aero-elasticity, flutter, galloping and divergence. Aero elastic wind tunnel tests. The causes of eartquakes, prediction of ground movements. Effects of earthquakes on buildings and other structures. Introduction to codes and standards. Rules for the design of earthquake resistant buildings and structures. Description of wind and earthquake loads using power spectra. 'Reconstitution' of load from power spectrum. Fourier tansform, auto-correlation and cross-correlation. Use of modal analysis to predict the root mean square building acceleration from power spectrum of load. The use of tuned mass dampers to reduce the motion of tall buildings.
 ARCH0096: Socrates exchange (MArch) Semester 1 Credits: 24 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: SOCRATES Exchange This exhange programme with 12 other European Schools of Architecture provides students with an opportunity to study abroad from October to December. As the usual exchange period for Bath students occurs in year 3 of the BSc in General Architectural Studies, it is usual for incoming students to the BArch course from other UK institutions to take advantage of SOCRATES at this time. Students on the programme learn from first-hand experience about the architectural values of another European country, by travelling within the country, and perfecting their knowledge of its language. The unit is undertaken prior to commencement of units based at the University. Content: The content of the SOCRATES Exchange is tailored to the requirements of the individual student in collaboration of the host institution in which the student is placed. SOCRATES Exchange students complete project work which is assessed by the host institution and marks and a report are sent to Bath. On returning to Bath each student is to submit their Socrates portfolio for inspection by the Director of Studies of the MArch programme.
 ARCH0097: Placement MArch Semester 1 Credits: 24 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Graduation in the BSc in General Architectural Studies takes place in march of the year preceding the commencement of the MArch programme. The unit is undertaken prior to commencement of units based at the University. The unit provides practical experience of architectural design and/or building construction. It develops integrated design and professional practice skills introduced during the first degree in architecture, and introduces students to specialist activities, which will be developed during the MArch programme. More detailed aims and objectives are stipulated in the RIBA Practice Logbook that every student is required to complete, with his/her employer, as partial fulfilment of this unit. On the successful completion of this unit students will have demonstrated an ability to integrate design and professional skills in an architectural practice. Content: The Placement is tailored to the requirements of the individual student in collaboration of the host office in which the student is placed, and in line with the checklist of activities compiled in the RIBA Practice Logbook. The Wessex Region RIBA Professional Practice Officer, who also scrutinises and counter-signs the RIBA Practice Logbook completed by the student, visits placement students in their work place when it is considered necessary to do so.
 ARCH0098: Design studio 5.1 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To emphasise the role of architectural design and planning in an urban, UK context. To encourage an understanding of the historical and cultural evolution of the city being studied and provide an overview - through text and drawings - of its present condition. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate through drawings, models and written reports an understanding of the relationship between individual buildings and the development of a particular city. Content: The exploration of architecture within a UK urban context explored through Architectural Design. It involves a short fieldtrip to study a UK town or city. Collection by groups of visual, historical, social and cultural information relating to its urban development. Presentation by groups of drawings photographs and models of the past and present character and future potential of the area. Written documentation as necessary supportive of visual and verbal presentations. Specialist expertise will be provided by visiting Architectural, Landscape, Environmental and Structural Engineering consultants, and visiting design critics will be invited at appropriate times during the project.
 ARCH0099: Design studio 5.2 Semester 2 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: The exploration of architecture within an a UK urban context explored through Architectural Design. The course builds on knowledge acquired during the first degree in architecture, with an emphasis on architectural design and planning in an urban context presented in unit Design Studio 5.1 (ARCH0098). Students are to demonstrate a competence in the integrated design of a range of building types while producing architecturally elegant designs. Content: The formulation of group and/or individual design briefs using material accumulated in Design Studio 5.1 (ARCH0098) for different building types (public and residential) in different locations within the established urban context. The design to be presented at a drawing scale not less than 1:100 through plans and sections of key examples of these types, and supplemented by models (physical and/or computer models). Designs will be developed with due regard to aesthetic and technical requirements pervailing nationally and especially within the urban context studied; and with due regard to the perceived long-term social and physical needs of the local community. Specialist expertise will be provided by visiting Architectural, Landscape, Environmental and Structural Engineering consultants.
 ARCH0100: Construction studies Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend awareness of high quality building construction through individual case studies of buildings selected by the unit co-ordinator and researched by individual students and presented for discussion in the form of an illustrated report and a physical or computer generated model. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to determine the constructional standards appropriate to specific building types, as shaped by current legislation and recognised good practice. Content: Lectures on the approaches of architects to six different building types in differing contexts. Individual tutorials to develop the design of building types which constitute Design Studio 5.2 (for MArch-Ft students) and 5.2a (for MArch-Pt students), and to understand the specific qualities and characteristics of the particular building being presented, in its cultural context. The content is identical for both cohorts of MArch students (Ft and Pt).
 ARCH0101: Management 5 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To demonstrate the need for advanced planning in the cost of construction works, and for the combined control of expenditure. To develop an understanding of estimating procedures, cost analyses and the impact of design changes upon costs. To provide an advanced knowledge of the practice of architecture, the place of the discipline in the construction industry, and the professional role of the architect. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate through discussion and in writing how the architect practices his professional responsibilities according to the demands of current legislation and RIBA practice guidelines. Content: To include 12 lectures on Building Cost Control (5A), and on Architectural Practice, Management & Law (5B). On Building Cost Control: the nature of cost planning and the preparation and use of viability studies; estimates of capital construction cost and cost analyses; sources of cost information; impact of design on cost and principles of cost control; cost reporting procedures and preparation of final accounts; cost benefit analysis, cost-in-use and life cycle costing. On Architectural Practice, Management and Law: sources of work, the appointment process, management and design process; areas of work for the architect, types of client, marketing, the strategic view of the profession; contracts of appointment, codes of conduct, fees, consultants, collateral warranties, registration acts; the RIBA Job Book, Planning ahead, pricing the job, tendering procedures for the architect, communication in the office, feedback and development; job getting, confirming the appointment, planning the work, pricing for fees, dealing with warranties and appointing other consultants.
 ARCH0102: Urban history & theory Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: OT100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide students with a background to historical and current debates about the city: what factors influence the formation of cities, and the role of the architect in shaping cities. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate through drawings, models and written reports the relationship between theory, practice and design development as it is being studied in unit Design Studio 5.2/5.2a. Content: The unit commences with lectures on Western Urban Ideals and continues with accounts of major world cities in the context of particular historical periods: The Idea of the Town in antiquity; Italian Renaissance urban planning; Stuart London, Georgian Bath and Edinburgh; East and West Coast USA; Current developments in the UK and Continental Europe. Student led seminars will explore the relationship between specific urban design theories and practice, and engage with tutors involved in the Design Studio.
 ARCH0103: Landscape & ecology Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To create an awareness of the physical environment around buildings, and to demonstrate a range of appropriate measures for modifying this environment, through passive and active, visual and technical means. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate in an essay, and in relation to a specific building type in the design project being explored in Design Studio 5.2/5.2a, the impact of Landscape & Ecology on architectural design. Content: The unit will comprise of introductory lectures relating prevalent landscape and ecological attitudes to the context of the urban situation being studied in Design Studio 5.2/5.2a. Tutorials will develop individual and group responses to such issues by students in the context of design problems that are part of these respective units.
 ARCH0104: Advanced computer imaging Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop Computer Aided Design (CAD) presentation techniques to an advanced level, so that students can appreciate the advantages (or otherwise) of available software and hardware, and experience at first-hand how best to present their own designs. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate their understanding of the application of different software packages in relation to their individual design project work. Content: The unit commences with lectures demonstrating different software visualisation packages and showing examples of their application. This is followed by workshop sessions during which time students are required to explore part of one of the building types being designed for Design Studio 5.2 (FT MArch students) and Design Studio 5.2a (PT MArch students), by passing their design into a 3-D visualisation package, selecting key view-points which are then lit and rendered to best explain the design concept and realisation of the building/component of the building design.
 ARCH0105: Western philosophers (Architectural theory) Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: OT100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To present the relationship between philosophy, the principal written architectural theories and architectural practice. To provide a forum for the discussion of cultural, aesthetic and philosophical issues relating to architectural design and society at large. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to realise the connection between theory and design process, and to express their understanding of this in writing, and in group presentations. Content: The unit commences with introductory lectures outlining the scope of the subject, followed by student led seminars at which seminar papers are submitted for discussion, and which explore the writings of selected themes.
 ARCH0106: Dissertation (MArch) Semester 1 Credits: 15 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: DS100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an opportunity for students to study an aspect of the history, theory or practice of architecture in depth, and to present this material primarily in written form. The dissertation is to take the form of an academic piece of writing structured with a clear argument that reaches a balanced conclusion. The dissertation should be written as a balanced review of archive material, or as a survey of a building and/or associated products. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate their use of written English and powers of reasoning and expression, and presentation skills in relation to the agreed topic. Content: Emphasis is to be placed on the cultural context of architecture, with particular to respect to the history, theory and urban design of architecture; or, on a technical aspect of architectural design or production. The dissertation is to be on a theme selected by the candidate and agreed to by the dissertation co-ordinators. It is to be written in English, have a maximum length of 8,000 words, and be illustrated as necessary. It is to be properly referenced, provided with a full bibliography and bound.
 ARCH0106: Dissertation (BArch) Semester 2 Credits: 18 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an opportunity for students to study an aspect of architecture in depth, and to present this material primarily in written form. The dissertation is to take the form of an academic piece of writing structured with a clear argument which reaches a balanced conclusion. It is intended to demonstrate an individual's use of written English and powers of reasoning and expression. Content: The dissertation should be written as a balanced review of archive material, or as a survey of a building and/or associated products. It is to comprise of around 8,000 words on a theme selected by the candidate and agreed to by the dissertation co-ordinators. Emphasis is to be placed on the cultural context of architecture, with particular to respect to the history, theory and urban design of architecture; or, on a technical aspect of architectural design or production. The dissertation is to be written in English and illustrated as necessary. It is to be poperly referenced and provided with a full bibliography. Each student will be appointed a supervisor, and the dissertation assessed by two readers.
 ARCH0107: Urban design studio 1 Semester 1 Credits: 9 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0098 Aims & Learning Objectives: The exploration of architecture within a European urban context explored through Architectural Design. The unit develops skills in urban analysis acquired during units Design Studio 5.1 and 5.2 (FT MArch students), and Design Studio 5.1 and 5.2a&b (PT MArch students), and relates the individual and group understanding of a specific urban environment (physical and cultural) to the development of a brief, which is used to shape an individual building design. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate through drawings, models and written reports their understanding of how the selected city was shaped by its unique history, culture and natural topography. Content: Field trip lasting not less than eight days to study a major European city. Collection in groups of visual, historical, social and cultural information relating to its urban development. Presentation singly, or in groups through sketch books, drawings, photographs and models of the past and present character and future potential of the area. Written documentation as necessary supportive of visual and verbal presentations.
 ARCH0108: Urban design studio 2 Semester 2 Credits: 21 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Students are to demonstrate a high level of competence in the integrated design of one building type in a major European urban setting, while producing an architecturally elegant design. The course builds on knowledge acquired during unit Design Studio 5.2 (ARCH0098) and Urban design studio 1 (ARCH0107). Content: The formulation of group and/or individual design briefs using material accumulated in Urban Design Studio 1 for one building type (public or residential) in one location within the established urban context. The design is to be presented at a drawing scale not less than 1:100 through plans and sections, and supplemented by models (physical and/or computer models). The design will be developed with due regard to the technical requirements pervailing in the UK and aesthetically in accordance with the urban context being studied; and with due regard to the perceived long-term social and physical needs of the local community. Specialist expertise will be provided by visiting Architectural, Landscape, Environmental and Structural Engineering consultants.
 ARCH0109: Urban design project reports Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0107 Aims & Learning Objectives: Design Project Reports will be used to explain the urban context of the European city under investigation in Urban design Studio 1 and 2a+b (ARCH0107 & ARCH0221 & ARCH0222, or ARCH0108), and to describe group and individual architectural and urban design responses to it. The unit aims to demonstrate the role of concise report writing in the presentation of architectural and urban ideas. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate their ability to summarise complex ideas concisely in writing and through appropriately selected images. Content: An illustrated A3-sized bound project report to be produced by a study group/or an individual student describing the cultural and physical context of the city as it was in the past, as it is now, and as it may be developed in the near future. An illustrated A4-sized bound project report describing the building type designed by each student and in its national, regional and local cultural and physical context.
 ARCH0110: Management 6 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0101 Aims & Learning Objectives: To determine some of the principles of policy organisation, planning and control that are present in project management in the construction industry. To encourage an understanding of the present strengths and weaknesses of project management, and to appreciate something of the cause and effect in business practice. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate through discussion and in writing how the architect practices his professional responsibilities according to the demands of current legislation and RIBA practice guidelines. Content: Lectures on Project Management and Building Cost Control: The business system and the market, project and enterprise; The participants in the project; Management control; Control of time, resources and money; Corporate Management; Team building.
 ARCH0112: Building services engineering Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Co ARCH0073 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To enable the design of mechanical and electrical services. Objectives: To understand the techniques available to design various air consitioning systems and choice of suitable plant. To provide tools needed design principal electrical service distribution systems. To consider the design of utility systems within buildings. Content: Design of heating systems Design of mechanical ventilation systems Design of air conditioning systems Coice of cooling plant and methods of heat rejection, Design of Utility systems, Design of hot and cold water services, Gas distribution Telephones and communiactions Waste systems and management. Design of electrical distribution systems, fault protection, harmonics, interference Emergency power generation Fire and security systems.
 ARCH0113: History & theory 1A Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce students to a number of key texts dealing with fundamental concepts in architecture: space, proportion, structure, ornament. Content: The Unit is an unsupervised reading programme. Students work in four groups, each reading and summarizing texts dealing with one of the four concepts.
 ARCH0114: Structures 4A Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0081 Aims & Learning Objectives: To reinforce the understanding of architectural students in the role of statics in determining the form efficiency of structural systems. Content: A number of architectural projects with significant qualities in their structural engineering and conceptual realisation are examined in the context of their statical actions as a whole and the influence of these actions on the construction detailing.
 ARCH0121: Management in construction Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0121: Management in construction Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0122: Economics in construction Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0122: Economics in construction Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0123: Construction law Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0123: Construction law Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0124: Managing organisations Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0124: Managing organisations Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0125: Pre-contract management Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0125: Pre-contract management Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0126: Corporate strategic planning Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0126: Corporate strategic planning Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0127: Dissertation workshop Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0127: Dissertation workshop Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0129: Management practice residential school Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0129: Management practice residential school Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0131: Environmental issues Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0131: Environmental issues Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0132: Design management Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0132: Design management Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0134: Property development & facilities management Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0134: Property development & facilities management Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0135: Operational research Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0135: Operational research Modular unit - no specific semester Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0142: Structural engineering & integrity Semester 1 Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX Requisites:
 ARCH0143: Building environmental engineering Semester 1 Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX Requisites:
 ARCH0146: Structural conservation Semester 1 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW55 EX45 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To provide an understanding of how structural principles have influenced the evolution of building forms and styles, and the ways in which structural failure can occur in historic buildings. Objectives: To give students an ability to undertake structural surveys, to diagnose structural faults, and to recommend appropriate methods of repair. Content: History of structures - The historical evolution of successful structural models and the relationship of structural principles to the development of architectural forms and styles. Subjects covered include: trusses and roof structures beams vaults and domes, walls, piers and columns. Survey techniques - A range of on-site survey techniques, including the use of advanced technology systems, to assess the characteristics of materials, to record crack patterns and to relate them to the structural characteristics of the form. Diagnosis - collating the survey material from all members of the building team in order to assess the appropriate remedial and conservation treatment for the structure. Repair techniques - the primary role of the designer in conservation is to assess the needs of the building, examine what possibilities are available, and consider the philosophy to be adopted in the repair. In this part of the course the student is made aware of the choices that exist to the designer and the factors that may influence the decision-making process. Fire prevention in historical buildings - the behaviour of historical structures in fire, and prevention methods available, including the development of low-cost sprinkler systems. Introduction of services into historical buildings - the role of the services engineer in building conservation in tackling the problems of introducing air handling and other environmental control and monitoring systems into historical buildings.
 ARCH0147: Materials construction and skills Semester 2 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW55 EX45 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To understand the physical and chemical properties of traditional building materials and the causes of their erosion and decay. Objectives: To have knowledge of the skills used in the application of traditional building materials and to be able to specify their use on conservation projects. Content: The following materials are considered in terms of their physical and chemical properties and how they decay, their availability and sourcing, the skills required for their application and the impact they have on the environment. Wall materials - stone, brick, lime products. Roof coverings - slate, stone, thatch, terracotta. Timber - timber frame buildings, roof trusses, joists, joinery, damp and beetle attack, dry rot, wildlife conservation. Metals - lead, cast and wrought iron Finishes - ornamental plaster, limewash and rendering, paints and colour. Hands-on days - visits may include experience of woodworking with traditional tools, lime and render, stone walling, ornamental plasterwork, thatching, hand-made brick manufacture, cast and wrought ironwork.
 ARCH0148: History and theory Semester 1 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW55 EX45 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To provide students with a knowledge of the principles of classical architecture Objectives: To be able to analyse an historic building in terms of its architectural style and to design a simple classical building and detail the parts. Content: Renaissance theory - an introduction to Vitruvius, followed by reference to Alberti, Serlio and Palladio and other renaissance architectural treatises; a visual resume of major works by ancient, renaissance and later European architects. Classical design - a grounding in how to design simple classical buildings and an understanding the grammar of classical detailing. History of British domestic architecture and interiors - Suger and the origins of Gothic architecture; systematic design in medieval English architecture; Inigo Jones and Renaissance architecture in England; Sir Christopher Wren; the Baroque in English architecture and landscape design; Sir John Vanburgh and Nicholas Hawksmoor; English Palladianism; Robert Adam and Williams Chambers; Wyatt; Nash and Soane; Neo-classicism; Utilitarianism; Classical Revival and Gothic; Pugin; the Ecclesiologists and the Camden Society; Ruskin; Scott, Street and Burgess; the Pre-Raphaelites and the Aesthetic Movement; the role of the Arts and Crafts Movement; Art Nouveau; the Modern Movement in England; architecture and society in the twenties and thirties. History and philosophy of architectural conservation - Conservationist legislation in England from 1174 to the present day; cathedral conservation in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; William Morris and the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings; old sites and new buildings: changing attitudes to conservation in the twentieth century; Carlo Scarpa and the modernist school; the conservation officer's viewpoint. Building archaeology and research - sourcing the history of a building and the role of the architectural historian; the role of the archaeologist. Garden conservation and archaeology - this recently developed but important field is introduced with reference to gardens such as Hampton Court Physick Garden, Painswick Rococo Garden, Prior Park and Stowe.
 ARCH0149: The legislative framework Semester 2 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW45 EX55 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To provide students with knowledge of the legal and fiscal environment related to historic buildings Objectives: To be fully conversant with the law relating to historic buildings and to be able advise clients on their position with respect to building contracts and value added tax. To be able to deal with the pressure groups involved with historic buildings and sites Content: The law and listed buildings - planning legislation at a national level as it affects conservation; the listing of historic buildings; ancient monuments legislation; Building Regulations and conservation; comparisons with European and North American legislation. Listed building consent and appeals - the enquiry and appeals system; case study based on the City of Bath Conservation and development - an historical overview of changing attitudes and policies from the 1947 Town and Country Planning Act to the present day; conservation areas and areas of outstanding natural beauty; heritage management and urban renewal; archaeology and building conservation; English Heritage; the National Amenity Societies and the role of pressure groups; Building Preservation Trusts; the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings; the Victorian Society; the Georgian Group; the work of the Ancient Monuments Society; the Civic Trust and local amenity groups; the Ecclestiastical Architects' and Surveyors' Association; Association for Studies in the Conservation of Historic Buildings. Contracts in conservation work - the main contract; the construction management contract. Value added tax and listed buildings
 ARCH0150: Case studies & project work Semester 1 Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0150: Case studies & project work Semester 2 Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0151: Dissertation Semester 2 Credits: 30 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: DS100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: This is a work of 15-20,000 words, undertaken under the supervision of an appointed personal tutor, to provide the opportunity for specialist study within the field of historic building conservation Content: The study is of an agreed selected subject from an area related to the scope of course: structures and structural engineering; materials technology and conservation; the history and theory of architecture and conservation; the law relating to listed buildings; and urban management and the planning process.
 ARCH0152: Design, construction, systems, materials & finishes Semester 2 Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX Requisites:
 ARCH0153: Management, manufacture, fabrication & erection Semester 2 Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX Requisites:
 ARCH0156: Structural conservation Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: Requisites: Co ARCH0157
 ARCH0157: History & theory Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: Requisites: Co ARCH0156
 ARCH0158: Historical analysis 1 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: Requisites: Co ARCH0159
 ARCH0159: Research methodology Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: Requisites: Co ARCH0158
 ARCH0160: Dissertation (b) Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0161: Dissertation Semester 2 Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0162: Dissertation outline Semester 2 Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0164: Construction 2.1 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0014 Aims & Learning Objectives: This unit aims to encourage a better understanding of the connection between building design, the use of materials and the construction and assembly of buildings. The learning objectives are to provide students with good examples of modern constructional practice, and where to find these examples in the library and through other sources. Content: A series of 12 lectures, each on an element of building construction illustrated by extracts from construction text books, building trade (product) information, case studies and a range of completed buildings that are an important source in architectural history. Reference notes accompany each lecture providing information on sources used and available in the library.
 ARCH0204: Historical Analysis 1 Semester 1 Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0205: Research methodology Semester 1 Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0206: Historical Analysis 2 Semester 2 Credits: 0 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 ARCH0207: Bridge Engineering Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims and Learning Objectives: To develop an awareness and enthusiasm for the design, construction and assessment of various forms of bridge structures. The successful student should be able to demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the material given in the content. Content: The history of bridge engineering, from stone arches and rope-suspension bridges to the wholly plastic Aberfeldy Bridge and the 2km long span Akashi Bridge. Lessons learned from intermittent bridge collapses. Bridge components and their nomenclature. The choice of bridge types and suitablility at specific sites for reasons of constructability, aesthetics, economics, function and available materials. Issues involved in short, medium and long span bridge design. Bridge construction techniques available for various applications, and design of the bridge to allow for easier construction. Design loading on bridges, including dead, superimposed dead, traffic, wind, temperature, earthquake, etc. Elastic and plastic analysis techniques available for the design of various forms of bridge structure. Realistic strength assessment of existing highway bridges, so that needless demolition of adequate bridges may be prevented. Bridges of the future, from short-span to the Messina Crossing.
 ARCH0208: Structures design and construction Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0079 Aims and Learning Objectives: To introduce students to the concepts of limit state design and its practical application to reinforced concrete, steel, timber and masonry structural elements. To further develop analytical and conceptual understanding of structural action through the design of elements and simple structures. To introduce elements of construction technology as applied to reinforced concrete, steel, timber and masonry construction. To introduce principles of prestressed concrete. Content: Structral arrangements to resist vertical loading and wind loading. Design philosophies (Geometrical principles; P{ermissible stress; LFRD; Limit state). Codes of Practice, Standards, Building Regulations, British Standards, Euro-codes. Design loads and actions. Layout of calculations, drawings. Reinforced concrete design - materials; singly reinforced rectangular beams; doubly reinforced beams; non-rectangular sections; serviceability - deflection, cracking; shear; detailing of reinforcement; fire resistance; simple retaining wall design. Structural steel design - steel sections; materials; simple tension members; simple compression members; beam design (bending; lateral restraints; laterally restrained beams; laterally unrestrained beams; shear; deflections); bolted and welded connections. Structural timber - materials (grading, species); tension; compression; bending; connections. Structural masonry - materials; compression; bending; shear. Introduction to principles of prestressed concrete; section stresses; losses; load-balancing. Introduction to construction technology (steel, concrete, timber, masonry); temporary works used in concrete, steel, timber and masonry construction.
 ARCH0209: Architectural history & theory Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Aims & Objectives: To offer an introduction to historical and theoretical research in architecture, by analysing the ways in which architecture has been understood - as a practical and/or intellectual discipline - at different points in history. Students should acquire an overview about research methods, and how it is undertaken in research libraries and national archives. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate the knowledge they have acquired in verbal and written form. Content: Lectures and structured discussions will cover the following topics: an introduction to Bath's built fabric, showing how the buildings have been appropriated in different ways; the Philosophy of History; defining Legitimate Knowledge, Magic and Alchemy in architecture; and the shaping of history through historical method; the illustrated architecture book in history; Alberti and Vitruvius, the similarities and differences between key concepts in their two treatises; Dom Hans Van Der Laan's interpretation of Vitruvius' six fundamental principles; the notion of bodily perfection in classical antiquity and the 20th century; Richard Payne Knight's concern to abolish formulae and regulations in matters of taste. There will also be structured visits to the Building of Bath Museum and the County Records Bath.
 ARCH0210: Conservation of historic buildings Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Aims and learning objectives: An introduction to the range of philosophies and techniques concerning the repair and re-use of historic buildings, drawing on the resource of the classical city of Bath and its regional context. The unit introduces the range of tasks performed by conservation professionals from the repair of individual buildings through to the field of urban management, and describes the historic evolution of structures and the causes of, and remedies for structural defects and decay. The aim is to stimulate debate and to develop individual viewpoints on the issues raised. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate in essay form their knowledge of the subject covered. Contents: Lectures and discussion include: conservation and classicism in Bath, reviewing the phases of building in Bath, and examining some of the conservation techniques that have been applied locally; the ethics and aesthetics of architectural conservation and a discussion of society's influence on the emergence of twentieth century planning and conservation law; an historical outline of structural engineering, an overview of the history of structures and structural materials; causes of damage and decay in structures; the assessment of structural defects; and repair criteria and techniques; monitoring and maintenance, techniques for ongoing care and maintenance of building structures.
 ARCH0211: Environmental Design (Eng) Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Co ARCH0214 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To improve students confidence to use building environmental design as a major positive factor in the design of buildings.Objectives: To examine in some detail the objectives of design using examples from practice. The course will use the joint design project as a vehicle for the early lectures in the course. Content: LightingDesign: Designed appearance, enclosure, structure, rational use of colour.Combined lighting:Exploitation of natural light, control of electric lighting.Design criteria: Establishing criteria, isolation of variables, effects of experimentation.Display: Art galleries, museums, principles of design, conservation.Nightime lighting: Security, floodlighting of buildings.Green buildings: Integrated design. Acoustics: Principles of internal room acoustic design.Acoustic design of lecture and drama theatres.Multi-purpose hall design.Noise control in buildings.Case histories of internal acoustic and noise control design.Guidance for the final year joint design project.Thermal: Choice between passive and active control of internal environment. Value engineering.Implications on building design when incorporating major Building services. Fire: An introduction to fire engineering including the nature of fire, the mechanism of combustion and the behaviour of its products. The behaviour of people in fire is examined, the interaction between fire, buildings and other enclosures and the principles of escape and survival studies.
 ARCH0212: Surveying and Geology Field Course Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0059, Co ARCH0033, Co ARCH0087 Aims & Learning Objectives: To learn how to apply modern surveying techniques appropriate to a larger scale and rougher terrain than can be found on the university campus, and to gain experience in geological field observations. At the end of the course, the student should be able to: appreciate the requirements for carrying out geological and surveying observations in the field; carry out a limited range of geological field observations; understand the use of methods for surveying in rough terrain; appreciate the scale of some geological structures; be able to describe some geological structures and materials. Content: Surveying: Techniques for reconnaisance surveys. Use of total stations. Geology: Study of glacaited landforms. Study of coastal and fluvial systems. Study of patterns of discontinuities and description of materials in outcrops.
 ARCH0213: Management 1C Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: ES100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0014 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To provide students with a basic knowledge of the civil engineering profession and its place in society, and other basic skills needed for obtaining and successfully completing a first industrial placement. Objectives: By the end of the course, the student should be able to: Demonstrate an understanding of what is needed for good written and verbal communication skills, and an awareness of the requirements for the effective use of mass media and graphical communications. Demonstrate an outline understanding of the importance of the engineer's role in society, and some of the broader issues affecting an engineer's work. Demonstrate an understanding of the role of professional organisations, and the ethical and behavioural framework within which the engineer is expected to operate. Demonstrate a knowledge of the routes to corporate membership of ICE and IStructE, and the contribution to be made by the industrial placements. Demonstrate an ability to find and apply for a job. Demonstrate an ability to assume responsibility for their personal safety on a construction site. Content: Communication skills: Written communication skills (English usage; Word processing; Report writing) Verbal communication skills (e.g. Presentations; Interviews; Meetings; Conversation) Mass media Graphic communication skills (Data presentation) Organisation of the construction industry: Sectors, clients, designers, contractors, roles of the various parties The Engineer & Society: Role of the engineer Case studies of contentious engineering products The basics of English Law as applied to: Contracts Employment Professional responsibility Negligence Professional ethics: Professions professional organisations (ICE, IStructE) Code of ethics Professional behaviour Professional training: SARTOR Employer's role Sandwich training Looking for a job: Matching applicant's and employer's potentials Research Applications (C.V.s and covering letters) Personal safety on construction sites.
 ARCH0214: Project C3/M3 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: Requisites: Pre ARCH0073, Pre ARCH0083, Co ARCH0034, Co ARCH0084, Co ARCH0211 Aims & Objectives: To give students experience in developing a complex scheme working in teams with final year BSc architecture students or MArch students. At the end of the unit, the student should have demonstrated an ability to engage in interdisciplinary design of a complex scheme. Contents: Precedent lectures are used to discuss relevent examples. The building type will have more complex planning problems and potential for elegance to suit the needs of the architects. There should be environmental conditions to consider, ie air conditioning/ natural ventilation to compare, and lighting and acoustic problems. Types of building which are suitable include autitoria based (theatre, opera house, concert hall - all have potential for interesting structures, eg cable, domes, frameworks etc), museum (differing types from art galleries to Exploratory type, and libraries, requiring exclusion of noise and good lighting ), industrial (eg brewery, with the process providing a problem), or sports complex. All have air conditioning / natural ventilation, potential for interest visually as well as in services and structure, and heavy foundation loads. The project will be tutored both by academic staff and industrial visiting tutors.
 ARCH0215: Energy, power supply and the environment Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX Requisites: Pre ARCH0059, Co ARCH0041 Aims & Objectives: Efficient use of energy, both in construction and in use, is an important factor in the design of civil engineering projects. Generation of electrical power is an important area of civil engineering, an important factor in energy use in buildings, and for some technologies a major problem in clearing up problems afterwards. This course aims to provide students with a knowledge of the generation and distribution of electricity, an understanding of the fundamental thermodynamic limitations of what can be done, and a broader knowledge of sources of energy and means of storage of energy. Objectives: At the end of the course the student should be able to: - give a brief explanation of means of converting other forms of energy into electrical power; - explain the material and environmental costs of a range of technologies using each of these means, and the inherent limitations on efficiencies; - give a brief explanation of the efficiency of converting electricity into other forms of energy - electric motors, pumps, heating and cooling; - explain technologies available for storage of electrical energy, considering the efficiency of storage and recovery; - explain the losses associated with power distribution over different distances, and the means employed for minimising those losses; - discuss the advantages and disadvantages of local generation of electricity, storage of energy, and regional, national and international electricity distribution. Content: The world's energy usage for developed and developing nations - the importance of power generation. Basic units for electricity and power. Electromagnetic theory. AC power generation, phasor diagram, power factor, three phase supply, transformer characteristics, Electricity distribution. The thermodynamics of power generation - 1st and 2nd Law considerations. Fossil fuels and their combustion - the resultant emissions. Efficient means of generating power using fossil fuels and heat engines. The effect on the environmente.g. the contribution to the Earth's heating load, the greenhouse effect and acid rain. Energy resources and the need to conserve fossil fuels. Nuclear fission power - advantages and disadvantages Discussion of state of development, costs and prospects for alternative energy sources: solar, wind, wave, tidal, geothermal, biomass, waste, nuclear fusion.
 ARCH0216: Management 5C Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: Requisites: Pre ARCH0055 Aims & Objectives: To develop an increased depth of understanding of construction project management by the examination of case studies. At the end of the unit, the succesful student should be able to write a critical appraisal of a construction project, demonstrating an understanding of the relationships between the engineering design and construction, the management process, including design and responsibility for safety, and the social, political and environmental contexts as appropriate. Content: Case studies in the management of significant current and/or historical construction projects presented by leading practitioners. The case studies will include both successful and problematic projects. Academics with appropriate experience in practice will also be involved and will co-ordinate the course.
 ARCH0217: MEng dissertation (6) Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW20 ES80 Requisites: Pre ARCH0073, Pre ARCH0007, Pre ARCH0077, Pre ARCH0083 Aims & Objectives: To assess the ability of students for original and individual thought and application to a substantial project/ programme of work. At the end of the unit, the student should be able to demonstrate the ability to design a short research programme. Content: A substantial work of research presented as a short thesis, normally entailing experimental and analytical or numberical modelling and their practical application to a researched topic. This preliminary unit represents the background reading and planning for the investigation. Assessment will be together with Dissertation Completion, but a formal presentation must be made by each student describing the background, aims, and proposed methods of their dissertation, which will carry 20% of the mark for this unit.
 ARCH0218: MEng dissertation completion (6) Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0217 Aims & Objectives: To assess the ability of students for original and individual thought and application to a substantial project/ programme of work. At the end of the unit, the student should be able to demonstrate the ability to design a short research programme, excecute it, and report on it. Content: The main part of the dissertation work, following on from the 'Dissertation' unit.
 ARCH0219: Design studio 5.2a Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0098 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide competence in the integrated design of a range of building types within an urban context. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to produce architectural designs suitable specifically to the environmental constraints defined in Design Studio 5.1 (ARCH0098). Content: The formulation of group and/or individual design briefs using material accumulated in Design Studio 5.1 (ARCH0098) for different building types (public and residential) in different locations within the established urban context. The design to be presented at a drawing scale not less than 1:100 through plans and sections of key examples of these types, and supplemented by models (physical and/or computer models). Designs will be developed with due regard to aesthetic and technical requirements prevailing nationally and especially within the urban context studied; and with due regard to the perceived long-term social and physical needs of the local community. Visiting Architectural, Landscape, Environmental and Structural Engineering consultants will provide specialist expertise.
 ARCH0220: Design studio 5.2b Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0098 Aims & Learning Objectives: The exploration of architecture within a UK urban context explored through Architectural Design. The unit builds on knowledge acquired during Design Studio 5.2a, and emphasises architectural design and planning in an urban context. On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate a competence in the integrated design of a range of building types expressed through drawings, models and verbal presentations, while producing architecturally elegant designs. Content: The integrated design and detailing of the design project developed in Design Studio 5.2a, and based on supplementary research into appropriate precedents. The design to be presented at a drawing scale not less than 1:50 through plans and sections of key details, and supplemented by models (physical and/or computer models). Designs will be developed with due regard to aesthetic and technical requirements prevailing nationally and especially within the urban context studied; and with due regard to the perceived long-term social and physical needs of the local community. Visiting Architectural, Landscape, Environmental and Structural Engineering consultants will provide specialist expertise.
 ARCH0221: Urban design studio 2a Semester 1 Credits: 9 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0107 Aims & Learning Objectives: The unit aims to build on knowledge acquired during unit Design Studio 5.2 a&b (ARCH0219 & ARCH0220) and Urban Design Studio 1 (ARCH0107). On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate a high level of competence in the integrated design of one building type in a major European urban setting, while producing an architecturally elegant design expressed through drawings, models and verbal presentations. Content: The formulation of group and/or individual design briefs using material accumulated in Urban Design Studio 1 for one building type (public or residential) in one location within an established urban context. The design is to be presented at a drawing scale not less than 1:500 through plans and sections, and supplemented by models (physical and/or computer models). Visiting Architectural, Landscape, Environmental and Structural Engineering consultants will provide specialist expertise.
 ARCH0222: Urban design studio 2b Semester 2 Credits: 15 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0221 Aims & Learning Objectives: The unit aims to build on knowledge acquired during unit Design Studio 5.2 a&b (ARCH0219 & ARCH0220) and Urban Design Studio 1 (ARCH0107), and Urban Design Studio 2a (ARCH0221). On the successful completion of this unit students will be able to demonstrate a high level of competence in the integrated design of one building type in a major European urban setting, while producing an architecturally elegant design expressed through drawings, models and verbal presentations. Content: The development of the building type presented in Urban Design Studio 2a (public or residential) in the agreed location within the established urban context. The design is to be presented at a drawing scale not less than 1:100 through plans and sections, and supplemented by models (physical and/or computer models). The design will be developed with due regard to the technical requirements prevailing in the UK and aesthetically in accordance with the urban context being studied; and with due regard to the perceived long-term social and physical needs of the local community. Visiting Architectural, Landscape, Environmental and Structural Engineering consultants will provide specialist expertise.
 ARCH0223: MEng dissertation (3) Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW20 ES80 Requisites: Pre ARCH0007, Pre ARCH0073, Pre ARCH0077, Pre ARCH0083 Aims & Objectives: To assess the ability of students for original and individual thought and application to a substantial project/ programme of work. At the end of the unit, the student should be able to demonstrate the ability to design a short research programme. Content: A substantial work of research presented as a short thesis, normally entailing experimental and analytical or numberical modelling and their practical application to a researched topic. This preliminary unit represents the background reading and planning for the investigation. Assessment will be together with Dissertation Completion, but a formal presentation must be made by each student describing the background, aims, and proposed methods of their dissertation, which will carry 20% of the mark for this unit.
 ARCH0224: MEng dissertation completion (9) Semester 2 Credits: 9 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0223 Aims & Objectives: To assess the ability of students for original and individual thought and application to a substantial project/ programme of work. At the end of the unit, the student should be able to demonstrate the ability to design a short research programme, excecute it, and report on it. Content: The main part of the dissertation work, following on from the 'Dissertation' unit.
 ARCH0225: Case studies I Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To provide an opportunity for students to see examples of conservation practice. Objectives: To provide a body of experience which will enable students to make decisions about which of the methods taught in the other units to apply in particular situations. Content: Each case study will comprise lectures, seminars and / or a visit, and will cover the philosophy upon which the conservation work is based, the architectural principles involved and a study of the techniques and technologies employed. The case studies will constantly change depending on current projects, but might include buildings such as: Acton Court, Bristol Clifton Suspension Bridge Hampton Court Huntingdon Chapel, Bath Nostell Priory Oakwood, Bath Prior Park, Bath Spencer House, London Theatre Royal, Bristol Uppark Windsor Castle Sir John Soane's Museum Wells Cathedral Winchester Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral
 ARCH0226: Case studies II Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To provide an opportunity for students to see examples of conservation practice. Objectives: To provide a body of experience which will enable students to make decisions about which of the methods taught in the other units to apply in particular situations. Content: Each case study will comprise lectures, seminars and / or a visit, and will cover the philosophy upon which the conservation work is based, the architectural principles involved and a study of the techniques and technologies employed. The case studies will constantly change depending on current projects, but might include buildings such as: Acton Court, Bristol Clifton Suspension Bridge Hampton Court Huntingdon Chapel, Bath Nostell Priory Oakwood, Bath Prior Park, Bath Spencer House, London Theatre Royal, Bristol Uppark Windsor Castle Sir John Soane's Museum Wells Cathedral Winchester Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral
 ARCH0227: Case studies III Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To provide an opportunity for students to see examples of conservation practice. Objectives: To provide a body of experience which will enable students to make decisions about which of the methods taught in the other units to apply in particular situations. Content: Each case study will comprise lectures, seminars and / or a visit, and will cover the philosophy upon which the conservation work is based, the architectural principles involved and a study of the techniques and technologies employed. The case studies will constantly change depending on current projects, but might include buildings such as: Acton Court, Bristol Clifton Suspension Bridge Hampton Court Huntingdon Chapel, Bath Nostell Priory Oakwood, Bath Prior Park, Bath Spencer House, London Theatre Royal, Bristol Uppark Windsor Castle Sir John Soane's Museum Wells Cathedral Winchester Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral
 ARCH0228: Case studies IV Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To provide an opportunity for students to see examples of conservation practice. Objectives: To provide a body of experience which will enable students to make decisions about which of the methods taught in the other units to apply in particular situations. Content: Each case study will comprise lectures, seminars and / or a visit, and will cover the philosophy upon which the conservation work is based, the architectural principles involved and a study of the techniques and technologies employed. The case studies will constantly change depending on current projects, but might include buildings such as: Acton Court, Bristol Clifton Suspension Bridge Hampton Court Huntingdon Chapel, Bath Nostell Priory Oakwood, Bath Prior Park, Bath Spencer House, London Theatre Royal, Bristol Uppark Windsor Castle Sir John Soane's Museum Wells Cathedral Winchester Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral
 ARCH0229: Natural building materials & methods Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW20 EX80 Requisites: Pre ARCH0082, Pre ARCH0208 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an awareness of and enthusiasm for building design and construction using natural materials and methods, and develop understanding and ability. On completion of the unit the successful student should be able to demonstrate: * a broad understanding of the context, characteristics, manufacture and applications of natural building materials; * sufficient knowledge and insight to design, specify and build with confidence using natural materials and methods. Content: Outline the main issues of sustainability relating to building materials: environmental impact; CO2 emissions; embodied energy; recycling of materials; role of natural materials; vernacular building methods and appropriate technology. Designing to take account of unfamiliar material properties and appropriate construction methods; designing in the absence of prescriptive codes of practice. These issues are then to be considered in relation to the following material types and construction methods. Depth of coverage may vary between these areas, and additional materials/technologies may be introduced into or removed from the unit with the development of appropriate technologies. Earthen construction: adobe; rammed earth; cob; compressed block; wattle & daub; soil mortars; material suitability; stability, durability, manufacture; characteristics; applications; design; case studies. Timber construction: natural 'green' timber construction; properties & characteristics; production and treatments; building technology; applications; traditional connections; design; case studies. Natural fibre construction: bamboo; straw bale; grasses and leaves; wool; turf roofs; animal skins; properties and characteristics; applications; building technology; design principles; case studies. Natural binders: pozzolans; gypsum; lime; sulphur concrete; production and characteristics; techniques (lime mortar; lime-crete); applications; design principles; case studies. Stone: materials (rock types); sources and extraction; environmental impact; properties; durability; applications (foundations, walls, roofs, and floors); design; case studies. Waste materials: waste paper and textiles; sewage sludge; coal wastes; blast furnace slag; bauxite waste; rubble; rice husks; coconut wastes; wood residues; water hyacinth; vegetable wastes; applications; case studies. Caves and underground dwellings; ice (igloos). A number of external expert speakers will be invited to deliver specialist lectures (e.g timber construction; use of lime). In addition, site visit(s) will be arranged to inspect particular case studies (e.g CAT, Wales). The coursework will comprise a small project in which students will be encouraged to innovate and explore further by designing a medium size building using entirely natural materials.
 ARCH0230: Computer aided design Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: This course is intended to introduce students to the use of CAD software in the construction industry and to develop skills using AutoCAD for Windows. In addition students will be given an introduction to the campus network and to the sofware available on machines throughout the University. By the end of the course student should be able to use AutoCAD to construct 2D drawings and 3D models of their design projects. Content: By the end of the course student should be able to use AutoCAD to construct 2D drawings and 3D models of their design projects. The course is taught through illustrated lectures, tutorial exercises which students work through in their own time and tutorial classes where they receive help in the CAD Studio.