UNIT CATALOGUE
 MECH0001: Experimental & engineering skills 1 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To consolidate the written and graphical presentation of experimental data, results and analysis. To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To introduce students to computer aided engineering. To teach basic keyboard skills, use of wordprocessors (including typesetting mathematics), spreadsheets, databases (including those for library), and the world wide web. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Interpret and communicate experimental results with analysis in a precise format. Carry out simple design tasks using CAD systems. Recognise and model potential observed uncertainty in engineering problems. Produce a typeset document including charts and graphics, use a spreadsheet including what-if calculations, formulae, graphs, charts and statistics. Search for information in online databases and the web. Content: Interpretation and communication of experimental results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems. Microsoft windows environment, touch typing tutor, Word 6, EXCEL, BIDS, Netscape 3 with Java.
 MECH0002: Mathematics 1 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To reinforce algebra and calculus skills. To introduce basic concepts with which the students may not be familiar. To provide a mathematical underpinning for subsequent work. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Handle circular and hyperbolic functions. Differentiate and integrate elementary functions. Use partial differentiation and complex numbers, vectors & matrices. Be able to sketch curves and use information from the calculus to analyse critical points. Use polar as well as cartesian co-ordinate systems. Content: Algebraic manipulation and roots of polynomials. Standard functions (sine, cosine, exponential, logarithm, trigonometric identities). Differentiation (derivative of a sum, product, quotient, function of a function, implicit, tangent, and normal to a curve, maxima, minima, points of inflexion). Partial fractions. Integration (use of partial fractions and substitution, integration by parts, areas and volumes of revolution). Curve sketching. Taylor and binomial expansions. Arithmetical and geometrical progressions. Polar co-ordinates. complex numbers. Introduction to vectors and matrices. Further methods of differentiation and integration; partial differentiation.
 MECH0003: Thermofluids 1 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to the concepts and basic equations of thermodynamics and fluid mechanics. After taking this unit the student should be able to : Understand the basic concepts of thermodynamics and fluid mechanics; apply the First Law of Thermodynamics to engineering problems; derive and apply the continuity equation and Bernoulli's equation to engineering problems. Content: Introduction and definitions of thermodynamics; properties; work and heat transfer; First Law of Thermodynamics; perfect gas; properties of a pure substance; use of tables and charts for properties. Fluid statics; pressure, forces and moments; fluid kinematics; continuity equation; Bernoulli's equation.
 MECH0004: Solid mechanics 1 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the fundamental principles of statics, kinematics and dynamics as applied in an engineering context. To develop judgement in system description and modelling. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the nature of statical determinacy and free body diagrams; analyse pin-jointed frames; formulate and solve equations of motion; apply Newton's laws to problems of nonconstant acceleration; calculate work done by forces and torques; understand power, efficiency, kinetic and potential energy of a mechanical system; find stresses and strains for simple cases of loading and displacement; analyse problems of rotational and combined motion. Content: .Statical determinacy; free body diagrams; pin-jointed frames; tension coefficients. Free body systems in dynamics; friction; Newton's laws; non-constant acceleration; energy and momentum. Stress and strain; statical indeterminacy; torsion. Rotational motion; moments of inertia; combined motion; geared systems.
 MECH0005: Applied engineering Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To integrate engineering science and applications within the different engineering disciplines. To offer an insight into challenging and interesting topics within engineering. To provide students within an insight into the different branches of engineering offered in the MEng programme. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Appreciate the relevance of the engineering science subjects in the context of their application to engineering technologies. Understand the focus of the different branches of engineering and their interrelationships. Make a more informed decision about the branch of engineering in which they chose to specialise. Content: History of technology. Personalities. The Institutions. The business as a system. Business structures and the influence of size and ownership. Concepts of value added. Concepts of behaviour and management. Aircraft wing design. Automotive engine design. Computer controlled manufacture. Product design. Factory planning. Manufacturing systems concepts.
 MECH0006: Design materials & manufacture 1 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX50 CW50 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide fundamental knowledge about metals, their structure and properties. To introduce students to the concept of visual thinking. To show the link between design and manufacture. To develop self-instructional learning skills. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Produce and interpret engineering drawings for manufacture and assembly to BS308. Make freehand engineering sketches. Define the key mechanical properties of metals. Compare and contrast some of the common metals used for engineering manufacture. Explain how the mechanical properties of metals can be related to their microstructure. Identify the features and limitations of the casting process. Use a workbook approach for self-learning. Content: Study guide. Introduction to manufacturing. Mechanical properties of metals. Selection of materials. Microstructure. Casting. Alloys. British Standards. Sketching. Dimensioning. Tolerancing. Layouts. Orthogonal, Isometric projections.
 MECH0007: Experimental & engineering skills 2 Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW20 PR70 OT10 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To provide an understanding of measurement techniques and instrumentation. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Give verbal presentations of experimental and technical work. Determine the most appropriate techniques for gathering information given an experimental configuration. Select suitable measuring techniques. Content: Interpretation and communication of experimental results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems.
 MECH0008: Mathematics & computing 2 Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW25 Requisites: MECH0008 replaced by UNIV0035. MECH0002 remains. UNIV0035 taught by both Mech Eng & Maths
 MECH0009: Thermofluids 2 Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to more basic equations of thermodynamics and fluid mechanics and to apply the equations to engineering problems. After taking this unit the student should be able to : Apply the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics to engineering problems; solve simple heat engine cycles; apply the continuity, momentum and Bernoulli's equations to engineering problems; use dimensional analysis; calculate isentropic flow in a nozzle. Content: Mixtures of gases and vapours; Second Law of Thermodynamics, reversibility and entropy; Carnot cycle; air standard cycles; vapour power cycles; heat pumps and refrigeration. Derivation and application of momentum equation; jet engines, propellers and wind turbines; dimensional analysis and similarity; speed of sound and Mach number; isentropic flow of a perfect gas in a nozzle.
 MECH0010: Solid mechanics 2 Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To promote further understanding of the fundamental principles of mechanics. To introduce engineering bending theory. To apply principles of dynamical modelling to different rotating and reciprocating machines. To introduce concepts of stress and strain transformation. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate shear forces, bending moments and deflections in beams. Determine the stress and strain states of simple structural forms; manipulate stress and strain transformation equations, and understand Mohr's circle. Analyse the state of balance of a system comprising rotating masses, and determine effects of unbalance. Analyse the motion of a rigid body in space using vector analysis. Calculate velocities and accelerations in a linkage mechanism. Content: Simple bending theory. Torque transmission/shear stress: clutches; belt drives. Balancing of rotating masses: flywheels; rotating and reciprocating machines. Slope and deflection of beams. Stress transformations and Mohr's circle. Pressure vessels. Introduction to spatial dynamics and degrees of freedom. Vector methods and theory of gyroscopes. Analysis of linkage mechanisms.
 MECH0012: Design materials & manufacture 2 Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX40 CW60 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the component elements of design. To provide an introduction to the processes of machining, forming and joining and the heat treatment of metals. To enable the student to become acquainted with the basic principles of design, and the design process in line with BS7000 and internationally agreed standards. To provide a holistic view of the process and decisions to be taken in real design problems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Analyse, select and integrate standard components into detailed designs. Develop a partial requirement specification from a design brief. Analyse a problem and select a solution from a range of alternatives. Produce detailed drawings of components to ensure that they perform the desired function and can be manufactured. Select from an extending range of traditional manufacturing processes. Content: The design process; principles of design; design controls. Elements: Springs, bearings, seals, fixing and fastening systems, power transmission systems. Electric motors. Design & Make Project, machining, forming, heat treatment, mechanical joints, liquid phase joints.
 MECH0013: Systems & control Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX85 PR15 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To examine the behaviour of a variety of physical systems commonly used in control applications. To develop an understanding of the operational behaviour of control systems, this to allow the application of classical control theory to system analysis and design. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Predict the behaviour of simple control systems. Determine a control systems frequency response and stability characteristics. Improve steady state and dynamic performance using compensation techniques. Content: System modelling. Open and closed loop control. Block diagram representation. Block diagram manipulation. Transfer functions and Laplace notation. Transient performance of simple systems. System errors. Frequency response representation of systems. Bode diagrams. System stability assessment using Bode diagrams. Compensation techniques. Use of computer software for system design. Microprocessor practical, Robot Control experiment.
 MECH0014: Modelling techniques 1 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To continue to develop algorithm design and programming techniques in Fortran77/90. To acquire a large variety of numerical and mathematical techniques to be used for those engineering problems modelled in terms of ODEs. To provide a strong mathematical and computational foundation for solving equations arising in the modelling of engineering systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand how the various standard ordinary differential equations (ODEs) arise in engineering. Understand and use numerical techniques in the solution of such ODEs. Understand and apply the techniques of Fourier series and transforms to ODEs. Understand the use of matrices in modelling vibrating systems and apply numerical solutions techniques for solving matrix equations and determining eigensolutions. Content: Numerical solution of ordinary differential evolution equations using Euler's method and the Runge-Kutta methods, including reduction to first order form and numerical stability analysis. Numerical solution of two-point ordinary differential boundary value problems using a direct method (the tridiagonal matrix algorithm) and an indirect method (the shooting method). Local and Global Truncation Errors: choosing a suitable numerical method and the improvement of accuracy. Gaussian Elimination: algorithm and code development, use a Least Squares fitting of experimental data, and in the determination of matrix eigenvalues. Normal modes of vibration in discrete and continuous systems: analytical and numerical methods. Lagrange's equations: theory, application in complex dynamical systems, and normal modes.
 MECH0015: Thermofluids 3 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop the students ability to apply the principals of thermodynamics, heat transfer and compressible gas flow to problems of engineering importance. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the thermodynamic principles, characteristics of gas turbines, steam turbines and IC engines, together with related energy conservation and environmental issues. Solve simple heat transfer problems (including steady-state and trained conduction in solids, convection, radiation, and the design of heat exchangers). Content: THERMODYNAMICS & COMBUSTION : Steam plant: superheating, reheating, CHP and combined cycles. Gas turbines and jet engines: intercooling, reheating and introduction to jet propulsion. Introduction to combustion, heat release, emissions and the environment. HEAT TRANSFER : Heat conduction: steady-state and transient conduction in solids (including composite slabs and cylinders). Convective heat transfer: dimensional analysis and empirical correlations. Introduction to radiation. Heat exchangers: design using the LMTD method.
 MECH0016: Solid mechanics 3 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the vibrations of mechanical systems in a one degree of freedom context. To introduce the theory of torsion in non-circular and open- sections, bending in unsymmetrical sections and the concept of fatigue failure. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Set up the equations of motion for systems with one degree of freedom; find natural frequencies of free motion; calculate rates of decay from viscous damping and vice versa; determine motions resulting from a sinusoidal force, unbalance and base excitation. Calculate shaft critical speeds. Find torsion stiffnesses and strengths for closed and open structural sections. Calculate second moments of area for unsymmetrical sections. Determine the fatigue life of some simple structural forms. Content: One degree of freedom systems: free and forced vibration; base excited motion; unbalance excitation; vibration isolation. Torsion of open and closed structural sections, unsymmetrical bending. Stress concentration, fatigue strength and cumulative damage in structural components.
 MECH0017: Solid mechanics 3 with French Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the vibrations of mechanical systems in a one degree of freedom context. To introduce the theory of torsion in non-circular and open- sections, bending in unsymmetrical sections and the concept of fatigue failure. To review the content of first year Solid Mechanics course in the French language. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Set up the equations of motion for systems with one degree of freedom; find natural frequencies of free motion; calculate rates of decay from viscous damping and vice versa; determine motions resulting from a sinusoidal force, unbalance and base excitation. Calculate shaft critical speeds. Find torsion stiffnesses and strengths for closed and open structural sections. Calculate second moments of area for unsymmetrical sections. Determine the fatigue life of some simple structural forms. Content: One degree of freedom systems: free and forced vibration; base excited motion; unbalance excitation; vibration isolation. Torsion of open and closed structural sections, unsymmetrical bending. Stress concentration, fatigue strength and cumulative damage in structural components. language review topics: Force and moments as vectors; 3D free body diagrams; 3D systems using vector analysis; principal of superpositioning.
 MECH0018: Design 3 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To show how engineering sub-assemblies comprise both standard and components. To demonstrate the importance of optimisation within an iterative design process in contrast to adequate design in terms of functionality, geometry and material selection. To show how a successful design can be achieved by integrating analytical skills from the engineering sciences. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Design a sub-assembly in detail using correctly selected components and design ancillary items to meet a requirement. Design an engineering product. Recognise the importance of completing comprehensive design analysis, component drawings and sub-assembly drawings in order to achieve a successful solution. Content: Embodiment design: To include shafts, coupling, keyway, welded and bolted joint design, bearing, pulley, gear analysis. combined loadings, design factors and optimisation techniques.
 MECH0019: Manufacturing 3 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0006, Pre MECH0012 Aims & Learning Objectives: A common thread will run throughout the unit, of linking materials selection and design over a range of mechanical engineering applications; the aims being: To extend and deepen from MECH0006 & 0012 the understanding of metals To introduce the processes for surface treatment by heat treatment and the application of coatings To introduce polymers and wood; their structure and properties together with methods of manufacturing artefacts from these materials. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Explain the structure-property relationships for commonly used alloys of steel and aluminium. Describe some of the commonly used techniques for surface hardening and coating materials and their applications. Explain in rudimentary terms the relation between polymer molecular structures and their structural and processing properties including elementary polymer composites. Describe a range of commonly used processes for the manufacture of polymer and polymer composite parts and explain the limitations of these processes. Content: Syllabus: Structure property relations and applications of alloy steels, stainless steels, aluminium alloys. Surface treatments and coating for metals. Polymers: structure property relations, manufacturing processes. Uni-directional composites; applications of the rule of mixtures for property calculation; manufacturing processes. Timber in engineering.
 MECH0020: Experimentation & applied engineering Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW50 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To illustrate the systems approach to engineering. To illustrate the integration of engineering science, control, electronics, design, materials, manufacture and business for product-based engineering applications. To demonstrate the interaction of the different engineering disciplines in the design of products. To develop the student's understanding of laboratory practice and of instrumentation using microcomputers including signal processing and analysis techniques. To provide an understanding of the design of experiments. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Appreciate the breadth of application of science and technological subjects to engineering product design and development. Understand the interrelationships of different disciplines within engineering. Use common types of analogue and digital transducers, proprietary signal conditioning cards, PC-based interface cards and microprocessor systems in experimentation. Design experiments from a statistical viewpoint. Content: LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS IN : Microprocessor control. Control of a robot arm. Engine Test. Aerofoil test. Flexible Manufacturing System. Space Frame. SUPPORTING LECTURES ON : Digital and Analogue Transducers and Interfacing. Aliasing and Filtering. Design of Experiments and Significance Testing. Topics as appropriate to support individual experiments. DEMONSTRATIONS OF MEASUREMENT AND SIGNAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES : Laser-Doppler Anemometry. Mechanical Vibrations. PRODUCT AND SYSTEM INVESTIGATIONS ON : Aircraft High Lift Flap system and Undercarriage System. Automobile Active Suspension System. Product Packaging. Flexible Manufacturing System/Guided Vehicle/Robot. Logic-based Autonomous Machine. Hip replacement Prosthesis or Ergonomics & Human/System Interaction.
 MECH0021: Modelling techniques 2 Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To continue to develop algorithm design and programming techniques in Fortran77/90. To acquire a large variety of numerical and mathematical techniques to be used for those engineering problems modelled in terms of PDEs. to provide a strong mathematical and computational foundation for solving equations arising in the modelling of engineering systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand how the various standard partial differential equations (PDEs) arise in engineering. Understand and use numerical techniques in the solution of such PDEs. Understand and apply the techniques of Fourier series and transforms to PDEs. Content: Fourier's equation of heat conduction: derivation, numerical solution and analytical solutions. Laplace's equation and Poisson's equation: derivation, numerical solution, the equations in polar co-ordinates. Wave equation: derivation, D'Alembert's solution, separation of variables solution. Fourier series: application in ODEs and PDEs governing various engineering systems. Fourier Transforms: definition, general results, application in solving ODEs and PDEs.
 MECH0022: Thermofluids 4 Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop the students ability to apply the principles of fluid dynamics to problems of engineering importance at high and low speeds. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate the flow over an arbitrary two-dimensional aerofoil by a variety of techniques with various degrees of approximation. Calculate the skin friction and drag caused by boundary-layer flow over external surfaces. Calculate the pressure losses in duct/pipe networks, estimate the performance of fluid machines, and match the characteristics of a pump to its load. Content: INVISCID FLOW: Stream functions: flow around simple non-lifting shapes. Free and forced vortices. Rotational/irrotational flows. Vorticity, circulation and lift. Aerofoil characteristics. VISCOUS FLOWS: Introduction to viscous flows, external and internal. Laminar and turbulent boundary layers in zero pressure gradients. Transition. Effect of pressure gradient, including flow separation. FLUID SYSTEMS: Pipe flows and networks, including the calculation of losses. Characteristics of positive displacement and rotodynamic machines. Matching of fluid machines and networks. Cavitation. Water hammer and surge.
 MECH0023: Solid mechanics 4 Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the students knowledge of the vibrations of mechanical systems into the multi-degree of freedom context. To examine techniques for the reduction of vibrations. To introduce more advanced concepts of stress analysis and structures, including buckling and finite element analysis. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Determine buckling loads for simple one degree of freedom systems and elastic columns. Formulate equations of motion from simple Lagrangian functions. Formulate mass, damping and stiffness matrices. Obtain natural frequencies and mode shapes of multi-degree of freedom systems. Find the response of systems with several degrees of freedom to harmonic excitation. Describe practical ways of reducing vibration. Produce simplified finite element formulations. Content: Introduction to buckling: one degree of freedom systems; column buckling. Lagrangian methods: virtual work and energy. Vibrations in multi-degree of freedom systems; practical control measures. Introduction to finite element analysis.
 MECH0024: Mécanique générale Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX75 OR25 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To help the students understand the French notation and mathematical methods for problem solving by teaching the subject entirely in the French language and hence contribute to their technical communication ability. To extend the students knowledge in the field of mechanics and to introduce more sophisticated methods used in design and stress analysis. To introduce additional methods of analysis in the fields of structures, kinematics, kinetics and analytical mechanics and to develop judgement in selecting the most suitable approach to analysing mechanical problems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate forces, stresses, strains and deflections in increasingly complex structural forms; calculate the conditions for buckling; describe complex motions of particles and bodies using vector analysis; formulate equations of motion using vector analysis; analyse the motion of a rigid body in space using vector analysis; calculate work done by forces/torque; determine kinetic and potential energy of a system; reason out and discuss in the language any problems encountered by the course. Content: Structures: Stress and strain, tensile load, compression, bending, torsion, buckling, fatigue, energy, introduction to finite element analysis. Kinematics: Cartesian, polar, natural, cylindrical, spherical co-ordinates, motion of particle, motion of body. Lagrange methods. Kinetics: Newtons law, momentum, moment of momentum, moment of inertia, kinetic and potential energy.
 MECH0025: Design 4 Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to the techniques and constraints of professional design practice, with an emphasis on concurrent design practice. To make the student aware of standard design methods, key aspects of a specification and systematic methods for problem solving. To make the student aware of the special features of design embodiment; including the stages in developing a product after the design stage; problems and benefits of working in a team; ergonomics and aesthetics issues. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Produce a detailed design specification. Apply standard design methods and value engineering techniques. Incorporate and specify new materials and finishing methods. Cost and specify development and quality requirements. Produce complete product or machine design. Work in a small design team to design a product or system for the market place. Produce technical sales literature. Content: ASPECTS OF CONCURRENT ENGINEERING: Specifications, design methods and value engineering. Design for:- safety, ergonomics, life cycle design, automatic assembly, reliability. REFINEMENT PROCESSES: Material selection and applications and finishes. Costing, quality assurance and design development.
 MECH0026: Manufacturing 4 Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To gain an understanding of the broad context of manufacturing systems in relation to the technology and management issues of manufacturing. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the fundamentals of automation and robotics. Understand the technical and managerial processes required to turn a design into an economically viable and marketable product. Content: Automation including robotic applications. Translating a design into manufacturing system requirements. MANUFACTURING SYSTEM DESIGN - Process planning, time and cost estimating, Make or buy decisions, Factory layouts and work flow. OPERATION AND CONTROL OF MANUFACTURE - Production control, Quality control, Cost control, and Financial reporting, Purchasing, Information systems, Maintenance. THE MANUFACTURING SUPPORT FUNCTIONS AND THEIR ROLE - Human resources, Legal, Finance. NOTE : It is intended that this module is partially taught on an integrated basis, by following a product that has already been detail designed through a manufacture until it is ready for market.
 MECH0027: Digital electronics & signal processing Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX50 CW50 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide a practical understanding of digital electronics, logic and signal processing and introduce related design methods; to introduce the concept of signals and describe methods for their processing and recording. After this unit the student should be able to: Use Logic Gates to implement simple designs, appreciate functional similarities and differences between Logic families. Describe the elements of information coding and simple signal conversion. Specify and select suitable instrumentation equipment for a variety of control and data collection purposes. Content: Logic gates: AND, NOT, OR, XOR, NAND; timing diagrams, function tables, Karnaugh maps; decoders, latches, flip-flops; optoelectronics; registers; programmable logic arrays; buffers and busses; binary, BCD, 2's complement, IEEE floating point representations; Von Neumann and non-standard computer architectures. Operational amplifiers, non-ideal characteristics and circuit applications; noise sources, interference, shielding and grounding techniques, filtering; signal conversion, modulation and multiplexing; examples of transducer families including strain gauges, piezo and digital devices; signal conditioning circuits; transducer and system performance, and selection criteria.
 MECH0028: Electrical drives Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX50 CW50 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an understanding of various electrical devices and methods for their selection in a variety of engineering applications, and to introduce the concepts of performance of electro-mechanical systems and the use of simulation techniques. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe the principles of various drives and their selection criteria for practical application in product design. Apply drive selection techniques and evaluate performance for particular applications. Make use of appropriate manufacturers' catalogues. Content: Stepper motors and servo motors:: types, operational characteristics and models; control techniques for stepper and servo motors; motion control, intelligent indexer control; modern drives for stepper and servo motors; determination and characterisation of load cycles; drive selection criteria for various product applications; auxiliary elements of an electro-mechanical drive system; safety, reliability, performance, cost, size/weight and efficiency; simulation tools for the assessment of performance; design of drive systems for classical applications; manufacturers' catalogues and their use in product design; hybrid drive systems (electrical, mechanical, hydraulic); current trends and practices in mechatronic system drives.
 MECH0029: Control systems Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0013 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an understanding of the techniques available for the analysis and design of practical continuous-time control systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Interpret a control system specification. Predict the behaviour of practical continuous-time control systems involving linear and non-linear elements. Describe the principal features of microprocessor-controlled systems. Content: Analysis of control system transient response using Laplace transforms. Estimation of continuous-time transient response using the s-plane. Control system design using Root Locus Method. Parameter sensitivity using Root Locus Method. Linearisation of non-linear systems. System design specifications. Control systems design and analysis software. Performance assessment of systems using the Nichols chart. Integrator wind-up and feedback compensation techniques. Introduction to microprocessor control.
 MECH0030: Structural mechanics Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0023 or pre MECH0024, or pre MECH0071 Aims & Learning Objectives: To broaden the understanding of Solid Mechanics to include material and geometric nonlinearity. To introduce concepts of bending and stretching in plate and shell structures. To introduce the elements of incremental and deformation plasticity theory. To underline the importance of energy and energy absorption in the general context. To introduce post-buckling theory. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate stresses and deformations in thick cylindars under a variety of loading conditions. Understand the nature of plastic yielding. Determine deflections and critical loads of laterally loaded and in-plane loaded plates respectively. Determine load-deflection responses of simple plastic mechanisms and their relation to energy absorption. Understand some of the implications of nonlinear effects in structural systems. Content: Stresses and deformation of pressurised thick cylinders. Yield criteria. Introduction to incremental plasticity. Linear bending and buckling theory for circular and retangular plates. Deformation theory of plasticity. Plastic mechanisms. Energy absorbtion. Introduction to crashworthiness. Phenomenology of post-buckling. Von Karman large deflection plate equations.
 MECH0031: Thermofluid systems Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0022 Aims & Learning Objectives: To understand how thermodynamic and fluid mechanics are applied to machines and engine cycles. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate the pressure losses in duct/pipe networks, estimate the performance of fluid machines, and match pump characteristics to its load; calculate the thermodynamic properties of gas-vapour mixtures; perform combustion calculations involving dissociation; carry out second law analysis of a power plant; understand the effects of power generation on the environment. Content: Pipe flows and networks, including the calculation of losses; characteristics of positive-displacement and rotodynamic machines; matching fluid machines and networks; cavitation; water hammer and surge; gas vapour mixtures; air-conditioning systems; second law; irreversibility; combined cycles; CHP; the environment.
 MECH0032: Aerodynamics Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0022 Aims & Learning Objectives: To improve the students' understanding of viscous flow, compressible flow and external aerodynamics. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Apply the boundary layer equations to laminar and turbulent flow. Determine the drag contribution from an arbitrary shaped body. Calculate the aerodynamics characteristics of aerofoils in supersonic flow. Predict the load distributions over an arbitrary three-dimensional wing. Content: INTRODUCTION TO TURBULENCE. Drag of bluff and streamlined bodies. Laminar and turbulent flow over flat places. COMPRESSIBLE FLOW: oblique shocks and expansion waves; shock expansion theory for aerofoils. THREE DIMENSIONAL LIFTING SURFACES: horseshoe vortex model, lifting line models, Vortex Lattice Method.
 MECH0033: Mechanical vibrations & noise Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce quantitative aspects of noise control and to give an appreciation of some of the problems involved. To acquaint the student with more advanced aspects of vibration. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate sound pressure level given relevant power and material data. Estimate the reduction in sound pressure level that could be achieved by the use of a barrier or enclosure. Convert equations of motion into principal coordinates. Describe how to measure normal modes of structures. Apply harmonic balance to solve Rayleighs equation to obtain limit cycle solutions and also to solve Duffings equation and thus to explain jump phenomena. Content: Response of the ear, noise exposure, code of practice; noise isolation and absorption; barriers and enclosures; modal analysis and testing; nonlinearity.
 MECH0034: Mécanique vibratoire Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Ex MECH0072 Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the students' knowledge in the field of vibrations by teaching the subject entirely in the French language and to consolidate the students understanding of the French notation and mathematical methods for problem solving. To provide a knowledge of mechanical vibrations with one degree of freedom, multi degrees of freedom and continuous systems with an infinite number of degrees of freedom. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Derive the equation of motion of vibrating systems by using analytical and Lagrangian methods; calculate or approximate the natural frequency of conservative and dissipative mechanical systems; describe possible mode shapes of mechanical systems by using matrix methods; formulate mass, damping and stiffness matrices; reason out and discuss in the language any problems encountered by the course. Content: Lagrange methods. Vibrations 1: One degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 2: Multi degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 3: Vibrations of linear elastic continuum, longitudinal-, torsional- and bending vibration, work and energy methods, Rayleigh method, Dunkerley method.
 MECH0035: Computer-integrated manufacturing & data management Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Pre MECH0029 or MECH0042 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an appreciation of how manufacturing objectives can be achieved through computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) and engineering data management (EDM). To gain an understanding of the range of CIM processes and life-cycle product/process information within an engineering enterprise. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Demonstrate knowledge of business best practices for CIM and EDM; formulate a company's strategy for CIM and EDM. Propose viable CIM system designs to meet business objectives; apply concurrent engineering methodologies; assess the choices for process planning, assembly, production management and quality management. Identify users, sources and drivers for data integration; understand standards and systems for engineering data representation and exchange; assess the suitability of an EDM system for a company. Content: Business case for CIM and EDM. Design for manufacture. Concurrent engineering. Computer networks, protocols and databases for EDM and CIM. Group technology. Computer Aided process planning. Flexible manufacturing, assembly and cell design. Computer Aided quality control and inspection. Production management, MRP and MRP-II. Product life-cycle process, requirements for EDM. Product data exchange, IGES, STEP(ISO 10303). Integrated modelling of product and process information. Maintenance of legacy data, configuration management. Case study in EDM. Strategy, selection and implementation.
 MECH0036: Manufacturing processes & analysis 1 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0019 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide a knowledge and understanding of the newer and more advanced forming and fabrication processes, their analysis and modelling. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Compare and contrast advanced forming and fabrication processes and inform on their limitations and effective use. Select appropriate machine tool and process equipment. Select manufacturing process routes for economic manufacture. Content: The precise range of processes covered each year will vary. Typically 3 or 4 external lecturers will also be giving lectures. Typically the range of processes will include: * Elements of plasticity and metal forming processes * Welding processes * Rapid prototyping * Powder route for manufacture * Ceramic route for manufacture
 MECH0037: Internal combustion engine technology Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0015 Aims & Learning Objectives: To examine the technology, operation and application of IC engines. To analyse the criteria governing IC engine design, performance, combustion and emissions. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Discuss the parameters that define IC engine performance, identify the distinct operating characteristics of different classifications of IC engines; understand and predict the thermodynamic and mechanical constrains governing design; explain the environment issues concerning future IC engine developments. Content: Thermodynamic and mechanical principals; combustion and fuels; spark and compression ignition engines; turbocharging; fuelling systems; induction, in-cylinder and exhaust processes; emission formation and reduction/prevention; automotive emission legislation, casestudies; introduction to IC engine simulation techniques.
 MECH0038: Power transmissions Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0021, Pre MECH0023 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give an appreciation of the factors which govern the choice of powertrain systems, continuously variable and fixed ratio. To give an appreciation of tribological requirements for power transmissions. To appreciate the features of hydrodynamic lubrication. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Select gear ratios for given vehicle performance (hill climb, maximum speed, constant engine speed band, fixed speed between gear changes). Use a fuel map to select a gear for minimum fuel consumption at a given speed or the optimum gear at any speed with a continuously variable transmission. utilise either an external gearset or an epicyclic gearset to achieve a given gear ratio. Select tooth module; calculate bending and contact stress. Appreciate the features of hydrokinetic and hydrostatic transmission to achieve specified performance. Choose a hydrodynamic bearing to bear a specified load. Content:
 MECH0041: Aircraft stability & control Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0022 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give an understanding of the principles of aircraft stability and the significance of the permitted centre of gravity limits which must be considered when loading an aircraft. To enable the student to understand and analyse both flight test and wind tunnel results pertaining to aircraft static stability. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Estimate stability margins for any given conventional or tail-less aircraft. Analyse and interpret both wind tunnel and flight test results concerned with aircraft static stability and trim. Content: Rigid aircraft behaviour. Basic specification of forces and moment on an aircraft. Properties of aerofoils and controls. Static stability criterion. Static and manoeuvre margins, both stick fixed and stick free. Flight test measurements and wind tunnel analysis. Springs and weights in the elevator circuit. Power assistance for the pilot and artificial feel. Dynamic stability: an introduction. Stability derivatives.
 MECH0042: Manufacturing systems techniques Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Pre MECH0026 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop expertise in the design of manufacturing systems. To develop expertise in CNC programming and CAD/CAM integration. To develop skills in synthesising and analysing the elements required in the design of work cells. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Plan the operations required to manufacture and assemble products. Produce NC part programs and robot path programs and use integrated CAD/CAM software. Design suitable work holding arrangements. Design plant layout and materials handling systems. Establish effective working methods. Design integrated workplace environments. Content: Process planning and time estimating. Assembly planning. Quality planing. The design and choice of jigs, fixtures, tooling and gauges. Historical aspects of NC. Types of NC system. Machine tool controllers. Machine level programming. APT part programming. computer aided part programming. Integrated CAD/CAM systems. Plant layout techniques. To-from analysis. Materials handling and work movement methodologies. Work Study, method study, work measurement, activity sampling, ergonomics. system design and evaluation, metology and gauging systems.
 MECH0043: Computer aids for design Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX50 CW50 Requisites: Pre MECH0021, Pre MECH0025 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an understanding of the use of CAD in the overall design process. to provide an understanding of the different types of modeller and their applications. To give experience in the use of CAD techniques. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe the different types of CAD modelling systems, what they offer and their application to the overall design process. Understand the CAD requirements of typical companies. Appreciate how CAD techniques can be applied to different application areas. Content: Computer aids for design and their relation to design needs. Basic two and three dimensional drafting entities, input techniques, manipulation, storage within system. Transformations, views, co-ordinate systems. Introduction of free-form curves and surfaces. Use of solid modelling. graphics interface languages, user interface, parametrics. Company requirements and operation. Application of CAD technique in industry. Design support for other CAE systems and data exchange. The number of students taking this course each year is likely to be more than can be accommodated in a single session of the practical class. In this case, there will be one lecture per week and the practical session will be run twice. Students will be expected to undertake reading to complement material covered in lectures. A reading list will be provided.
 MECH0045: Aerospace structures & aeroelasticity Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Pre MECH0023 Aims & Learning Objectives: To teach appropriate techniques for the stress analysis and failure prediction of aircraft structures. To gain an understanding of divergence and classical flutter. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Design aircraft structures by accounting for static strength, buckling and fatigue failure. Recognise the importance of divergence and flutter in the analysis and design of aircraft. Use, and have a basic understanding of, computer packages for structural analysis and design. Content: Shear flow and shear centre of open and close sections. Analysis of bolted joints under shear and bending loads. Fracture strength and crack propogation, including safe-life and damage-tolerant design. Strength and rigidity of plates under pressure and lateral loads. Shear buckling and tension fields - analysis and design of ribs and spars. Compression buckling of stiffened panels - analysis and design of wing and fuselage panels. Analysis and design of composite aircraft structures. Wing divergence and classical flutter. Use of computer packages for structural analysis and design.
 MECH0046: Manufacturing automation, modelling & simulation Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Pre MECH0026 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an understanding of the use and benefits of modelling and simulation in manufacturing systems design and operation. To teach the students the building blocks of automation and how to apply these in the design of robotic and automated systems. To examine the advanced and technical aspects of current automation technology. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Model and simulate the operation of a small manufacturing system. Use simulation as a manufacturing system design technique. Justify the use of manufacturing modelling and simulation. Understand the techniques required for the specification of robotic and automated cells. Appreciate the use of sensing (including vision) in advanced robot control. Undertake a cost evaluation for proposed systems and be able to recommend hard or flexible automation. Specify the safety requirements within an automated environment. Examine design for automated assembly. Content: MODELLING & SIMULATION: Definitions. types of models. Modelling methodologies. Validation and Verification. Justification, benefits and uses of simulation. MODELLING MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS: Discrete event and continuous approaches to simulation. Discrete event computer languages. Visually interactive simulation. Use of mathematical and statistical models, distributions and random numbers, queuing models and inventory systems. Modelling breakdowns, conveyors, work flow and tool flow. Utilisation statistics. Model verification and validation. Simulation of manufacturing systems. MODELLING PRODUCTS: Geometric models. Product data models. Neutral formats and data exchange. API for manufacturing software libraries. INFORMATION MODELS: Information flows within manufacture. Levels of detail. IDEF models. Automation Peripherals (eg: Vibratory bowl feeders). Sensors (eg: limit switches, proximity switches, photoelectric sensors). Robot Sensing & Machine Vision. Grippers & Tooling. Hard V's Flexible Automation. Robot Control. Safety. Applications (eg: Aerospace, Automotive, Pharmaceutical & Electronics). Mobile Robots. Current Research Advancements.
 MECH0047: Powertrain & transportation systems Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre MECH0037, Pre MECH0038 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the students to the broader social and economic factors which govern the design and development of vehicles and transportation systems. To provide a knowledge of alternative automotive powertrain systems and advanced engine developments. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Identify and understand the different alternative automotive propulsion systems and their operating characteristics. Describe the advanced IC engine developments taking place with regard to achieving lower fuel consumption and emissions. Explain the impact of environmental and social issues on transport legislation and vehicle manufacture. Discuss the requirements and implications of life cycle design and costs on vehicle design and development. Content: Technology implications of developing alternative automotive propulsion systems IC engine emission characteristics and emission reduction developments. Use of alternative fuels, technological and resource implications: Natural gas, Bio-gas, Methane, Hydrogen. Alternative automotive powertrains including regenerative and hybrid systems. Life cycle management: design of vehicles, recycling and cost issues. The industrial base for vehicle manufacturing and the drivers for technological change. The global and legislative perspective on transport issues. Environmental aspects and the use of natural resources.
 MECH0048: Global design Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Pre MECH0025 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the problems and effects of distributed working. To provide an understanding of the changes in design work practices. To introduce new computer and communications systems for global working. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the requirements of remote and global working. Develop the skills to allow design activities to be planned and performed. Understand the communications technology in its execution. Recognise the changes in approach necessary to allow this form of working to be successfully adopted. Content: CUSTOMS AND PRACTICES IN DESIGN: Changes brought about by global communication. COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS: Means for vision and voice exchange. Data exchange. Graphical communications. Exchange of geometric modelling data. Design management and design by rules. CASE STUDY WORK: Establishment of communications between remote sites. Determination of appropriate procedures. Creation of design specification and design schemes. Product and data refinement through creation of cells. Problem management and ownership on distributed systems.
 MECH0049: Innovation and advanced design Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: EX50 CW50 Requisites: Pre MECH0068 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an understanding of the processes whereby the effect of a product can be evaluated. To provide an understanding of innovation in an industrial context. To introduce a number of innovation techniques, particularly the TRIZ methodology. To introduce a number of advanced design techniques and methodologies, including design management techniques to enable the innovation process to be executed and managed. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the processes of innovation. Use a number of innovation methods and techniques Apply the processes to the development of new products. Understand the effects of change on the processes and markets. Understand the concept of a product architecture and will be able to apply a number of advanced techniques such as QFD, DFM, and DFA to their work. Understand the economics of product development, and the impact of time and cost overruns Content: Discipline in innovation, Creative processes, TRIZ, Inventive principles, Predictable evolution, Function analysis, Marketing innovation, Case studies,. The product development process and problem definition for innovation,. Project trade offs. Quality function deployment. Design for manufacture, assembly and life cycles. Product architecture. Incremental design strategies. Managing design information. Product development team studies. Case studies.
 MECH0050: Special topics in aerodynamics Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0032 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce specialist topics in aerodynamics to the student. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Recognise the differences between fixed and rotary wing aerodynamics; apply analytical methods for the prediction of thrust and power for single main rotor helicopters; appreciate the main features and implications of rotor articulation; understand the generation of lift and thrust by flapping wings and the importance of scaling and wing loading with relation to power requirements; be able to design a micro-air-vehicle capable of carrying a specified payload; derive and solve the linear wave equation for moving and stationary sources; calculate the effect of solid surfaces on radiated sound; predict approximately the noise generated by aircraft propulsion systems. Content: Actuator disc and blade element theories for a helicopter main rotor in hover, vertical and forward flight; non-ideal aerodynamic effects; qualitative description of rotor articulation; strucutre; materials and mechanics of wings in animals; mechanics of flapping; non-steady lift generation; scaling effects, power and hovering; design of micro-air-vehicles; fundamental acoustics (the wave equation, source mechanisms, moving sources and the Doppler effect); effect of solid boundaries (reflection from plane wall, vibrating bodies, Rayleigh's integral); aircraft noise, periodic (propellers and rotors), randon (jets).
 MECH0051: Advanced control Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: Requisites: Pre MECH0029 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give an understanding of sampled data system theory with reference to the digital control of dynamical systems. To provide an introduction to modern control theory and to explore the links between this and classical control. To show how modern control techniques can be used to control physical systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Evaluate the behaviour of single input/single output digital control systems and determine system stability. Understand the problems associated with sampling signals. Select appropriate methods to improve control systems performance. Understand the key features of neural and fuzzy controllers. Represent and analyse both continuous-time and discrete-time systems described in state variable forms. Content: Nature of sampled signals; selection of sample rate; aliasing; prefiltering. The Z transform. Open-loop and closed-loop digital control; stability of closed-loop digital systems. Root locus; estimation of the transient response using the Z-plane. Frequency response of discrete-time systems. Digital design techniques; approximation methods; digital PID controllers. Adaptive control. State representation of physical systems; non-uniqueness of states. Controllability and observability. Time response of continuous- and discrete-time systems. Observers and state feedback; modal control. Parameter estimation. Introduction to neural networks and fuzzy control.
 MECH0053: Aircraft dynamics, stability & control Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0041 or MECH0029 OR MECH0032 Aims & Learning Objectives: To enable the student to derive from the first principals of mechanics the six degree of freedom equations of motion for a rigid body, and hence to understand the inherent coupling between the lateral and longitudinal motions. To give a knowledge and understanding of the aerodynamic forces and moments that comprise the stability derivatives. To enable the student to derive the equations of motion for a conventional aircraft. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Derive the equations of motion and the longitudinal transfer function for a conventional aircraft. Estimate stability derivatives. solve the longitudinal and lateral characteristic equations, and obtain periodic times and times to double/half amplitude of the modes of motion. Assess divergence boundaries for aircraft undergoing rapid roll (inertia coupling). Content: Extended theory of longitudinal static stability; compressibility and distortion effects. Dynamic stability. Equations of motion. Linearisation of equations. Separation of longitudinal and lateral modes of motion. Stability derivatives in detail. Approximations to longitudinal SPO and phugoid. Longitudinal and directional stability. Rolling subsidence, spiral and Dutch roll motions. Inertia cross-coupling effects. Spinning. Stability and control aspects of variable geometry aircraft. Handling and comfort criteria. Control configured vehicles - the impact of active control technology. Automatic control - An introduction to stability augmentation systems (SAS), longitudinal and lateral - longitudinal autopilot - Automatic landing systems.
 MECH0054: Computational fluid dynamics Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX50 CW50 Requisites: Pre MECH0031 or MECH0039 or Pre MECH0037 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the full Navier-Stokes equations and give the physical significance of each term in the equations. To introduce the student to CFD techniques appropriate for practical engineering applications (the finite-volume method). To introduce the student to the use of commercial CFD packages, the importance of validation and the need for caution in applying the underlying models for turbulent flow. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Use CFD codes to compute 2D flows and understand the physical significance of the solutions. Compute rates of heat transfer and shear stress. Set up viscous fluid flow and heat transfer problems using a commercial code (with regular and possibly body-fitted grids), and extract features of the computed solutions for interpretation and validation. Contents: LAMINAR FLOW: Navier-Stokes equations and energy equations; physical significance of the terms. Discretisation and solution of the non-linear equations using the finite-volume method. Pressure-velocity coupling. Alternative mesh structures. TURBULENT FLOW: Introduction to computational models of turbulence. Application to the computation of developing boundary layers and recirculation flows. Limitations of the current generation of turbulence models.
 MECH0055: Energy & the environment Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX70 ES15 CW15 Requisites: Pre MECH0068 Aims & Learning Objectives: To understand the energy balances within the major regions of the world, and their environmental consequences. To introduce assessment techniques for evaluating projects in terms of energy use and environmental impact. To understand the relationship between alternative energy technologies and the societies in which they develop and to participate in discussion of energy and environmental options. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Evaluate the life cycle of major energy projects, and present the results in a form that will enable decision makers to fully comprehend their energy and environmental consequences. Develop the key features of appropriate energy strategies for countries from different regions of the world in terms of their economic development, indigenous energy resources, and environmental consequences. Participate in local and national debates over large scale development projects with an understanding of limitations placed on them by economic, physical, and environmental constraints. Content: ENERGY RESOURCES : Fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, coal); Primary electricity (hydro and nuclear power); Renewable energy sources; Substitutable and non-substitutable resources. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION : Pollutant emissions from fossil fuel combustion; Environmental impact of nuclear power; local, regional and global effects. ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES : Cost/benefit analysis; First and second law (energy and exergy) thermodynamic analysis; Life-cycle assessment; Environmental impact assessment. ENERGY AND SOCIETY : The technology-society relationship; Alternative energy technologies; Energy conservation; Energy and transport. ENERGY STRATEGIES : Major world producers and users; Energy systems modelling; energy and the third world; Case study; comparative energy studies of selected industrialised and developing countries.
 MECH0056: Engineering plasticity Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW20 Requisites: Pre MECH0019 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give students a firm grasp of the principles of engineering plasticity and its application in manufacturing, structural design and failure. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Use the theory of plasticity for the development and understanding of material plastic behaviour in a range of engineering manufacturing and structural situations. Content: Stress, Strain and yielding in 2D and 3D systems. Equivalent stress and strain. Flow rules for rigid plastic, elastoplastic and viscoplastic material behaviour. Experimental methods for characterising plastic behaviour and determining constitutive equations. Elastic plastic problems such as autofrettage, plastic bending and spring back. Structural collapse, plastic hinges and crashworthiness of vehicles. Instability, ductile failure. Thermal and frictional effects, explosives and armoury. Modelling software for plastic and viscous flow problems.
 MECH0057: Finite element analysis Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: EX50 CW50 Requisites: Pre MECH0030 or Pre MECH0045 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop the students' appreciation of the mathematical basis of the finite-element method. To develop the critical use of commercial finite-element software. To develop finite element methods for the study of vibrations. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the mathematical formulation of the finite element method when applied to linear problems. Use a commercially available finite-element package to analyse linear stress-strain problems in solid bodies. Critically assess the approximate solutions so produced. Use a commercially available element package to model vibration problems. Content: Introduction to finite elements as applied to a continuum; displacement formulation. shape functions; numerical integration; Hands-on use of a commercially available finite element package to solve problems in linear stress analysis. Pre and post processing. Model definition if 1D, 2D, 3D representations, symmetry, choice of element type, mesh density requirements. Model validation by comparison with exact analytical solution. Examples in modal analysis.
 MECH0058: Fluid power Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0022 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give the sudent an understanding of transmission and control of power using hydraulic and pneumatic systems typical of mobile and industrial applications. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Analyse the operation of hydraulic and pneumatic system components and select the correct type and size for a given duty. Derive the equations of motion for typical fluid power components and hence obtain their dynamic response. Design fluid power systems for simple applications. Content: Types of hydraulic fluid and their physical properties. Hydraulic pump and motor types. Hydrostatic transmissions. Hydraulic pressure and flow control valves. Accumulators. Valve and pump controlled hydraulic systems; efficiency. Hydraulic and pneumatic circuit design. Contamination control. Electro-hydraulic valves and their use in servo systems; servo system compensation methods. Dynamic analysis of components and systems; compressibility and stiffness in hydraulic systems; use of the small perturbation method. Compressible flow through restrictors; pneumatic valve characteristics; performance of pneumatic cylinders; valve controlled systems
 MECH0059: Geometric modelling Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0021 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the ideas used in fully three dimensional CADCAM systems. To give hands-on experience in writing software for such systems. To introduce the ideas of constraint and rule based systems. To illustrate constraint modelling and its applications. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the fundamental concepts of geometric modelling and the algorithms and data structures used in it. Understand the implications for efficiency and the domain of these algorithms. Write programs for such things as ray tracing to produce three dimensional graphics. Understand the ideas of constraint modelling and resolution. Use a constraint modelling system to simulate, analysis and optimise a mechanism system. Content: Wire frame and other precursors to geometric models. Boundary representation models. Set theoretic (or CSG) models. Parametric curves and bi-parametric patches, the Bernstein basis. Bezier curves, B-splines and NURBS, implicit solids and surfaces. Non-manifold geometric models. feature recognition. Machining geometric models. Rapid prototyping and geometric modelling. The medial axis transform and FE mesh generatic.. Blends and fillets. Minkowski sums. Kernal modellers, APIs and GUIs. Rendering geometric models, volume visualisation. Numerical accuracy problems in geometric models. Integral properties of geometric models. Procedural shape definition. Types of engineering constraints. Constraint based systems. Techniques for constraint resolution, optimisation methods. Form of a constraint modelling system, its underlying language and structure. Constraint based description of mechanism and their performance. Mechanism selection, storage of catalogues. Case study examples.
 MECH0060: Heat transfer Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Pre MECH0031 or Pre MECH0039 or Pre MECH0037 Aims & Learning Objectives: To reinforce the student's ability to model conduction in solids and radiation between surfaces. To introduce the student to convective heat transfer and to the solution of engineering heat transfer problems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the concepts and equations governing heat transfer by conduction and radiation, and to be able to solve heat transfer problems of engineering importance. Understand the concepts and equations governing convective heat transfer, and to be able to solve heat transfer problems of engineering importance. Content: HEAT CONDUCTION AND THERMAL RADIATION : Review of conduction, convection and radiation. Derivation of general equation of conduction. Analytical and numerical solution of selected steady-state and transient conduction problems. Blackbody and greybody radiation, solar radiation, view factors, radiant heat exchange between surfaces. Formulation of radiation equations for numerical solution and application to engineering problems. CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER : Review of basic concepts of buoyancy-driven and forced convection. Derivation of the boundary-layer momentum and energy equations for laminar flow. Turbulence and its effects on heat transfer. The Reynolds analogy between shear stress and heat flux. Solution of the laminar and turbulent boundary-layer equations and applications to engineering problems. The conjugate problem: combined conduction, convection and radiation
 MECH0061: Biomechanics Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0023 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to applications of mechanics in a biological and clinical context. To provide an insight into the forces and motions in human joints, and the mechanical properties of a variety of hard and soft tissues. To give an appreciation of the functional requirements of replacement joints and fracture fixation systems. To impart an awareness of the materials and manufacturing technology associated with the design of replacement joints and fracture fixture systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Relate the principles of mechanics to biological tissues, the major load bearing joints and to the management of fractures, to appreciate the range of technology used in the medical device industry and the problems associated with the performance of artificial joints and fracture fixation systems in the aggressive environment of the human body. Content: Biomechanics of Biological Tissues; Biomechanics of bone, articular cartilage, ligament and muscle. Kinematics and Dynamics of Natural Joints; Anatomical structure of synovial joints, joint forces, the hip and knee. Biomaterials; General requirements, biocompatibility, lubrication and wear. Artificial Joints; engineering and clinical considerations, methods of fixation, functional adaptation of implant/bone composite structures. Biomechanics of Fracture Fixation; Process of fracture healing, methods of fracture fixation and stabilisation, load sharing aspects of fracture fixation.
 MECH0062: Nonlinear solid mechanics Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: Requisites: Pre MECH0023 Aims & Learning Objectives: To compare and contrast fundamentals of nonlinear statics and dynamics. To introduce typical nonlinear behaviour such as periodic, quasiperiodic and chaotic responses in statical and dynamical systems. To promote understanding of concepts of buckling and vibration, as found for example in aeroelastic divergence and flutter. To introduce some available computer packages and demonstrate their place in analysis and design. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Recognise the general importance of nonlinearities in both statics and dynamics. Understand physically stable and unstable responses in the post-buckling range. Perform post-buckling analysis of simple structural forms. Understand the basis of, and use of, standard computer packages. Appreciate sub and superharmonic behaviour. Establish the conditions for which amplitude jump can occur. Content: Elements of nonlinear statics and dynamics. Periodicity, quasiperiodicity and chaos in simple statics and dynamics problems. Stability and vibration analysis in linear and nonlinear regimes. Introduction to nonlinear FE and other structural analysis computer packages. Vibration of an elastic cable due to support excitation. Duffing equation. Superharmonic and subharmonic response. Jump phenomenon.
 MECH0064: Systems modelling & simulation Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre MECH0029 or Pre MECH0033 or Pre MECH0041 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the students of procedures for establishing mathematical models of engineering systems. To introduce commercial software packages for the solution of the mathematical models and to examine the relative merits of different approaches. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Make the realistic judgements necessary to develop mathematical models of complex engineering systems. Undertake a critical appraisal of the simulation results and to have an appreciation of the limitations imposed by the assumptions made and the method of solution adopted. Apply commercial software packages for the prediction of engineering systems performance. Content: Role of simulation in design. Analysis of dynamic systems in the time domain and frequency domain. Linearisation methods. Modelling of discontinuities and non-linearities. Bathfp modelling. Simulink and Matlab modelling. System identification.
 MECH0065: Tribology Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: Requisites: Pre MECH0022, Pre MECH0023 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give students an appreciation of the principal modes of lubrication and their relation to the operational environment and supporting structure. To make students aware of the methods of analysis used in liquid and gas lubrication and the use of such analysis in the design process. To give an analytical background to the selection and operation of bearings containing rolling elements. To enable students to prepare schemes for the lubrication of gears. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Assess the factors affecting the choice and operation of lubricated systems (eg: of bearings, piston rings and skirts). Analyse idealised film lubrication arrangements. Design film lubricated bearings to carry specified loads using formulae and/or data sheets. Content: Materials, lubricants and major forms of lubrication. Reynolds equation. Analysis of hydrodynamic and hydrostatic slipper, journal and thrust bearings. Wedge films and squeeze films. Design constraints. Types of bearings. Design of hydrodynamic journal bearings and hydrostatic thrust bearings. Design for piston ring and piston skirt lubrication. Elastohydrodynamic lubrication. Gas bearings. Ball and roller bearing characteristics, life, load capacity selection. Gear lubrication (spur, helical and introduction to hypoid). Introduction to biomedical lubrication systems.
 MECH0066: Turbomachinery Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0031 or Pre MECH0039 or Pre MECH0037 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the fundamental thermodynamics and fluid mechanics associated with the design and analysis of compressible flow turbomachines associated with gas turbines and turbochargers, and to develop an appreciation of the design constraints. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Sketch enthalpy-entropy diagrams to describe the thermodynamic and flow process in all components of a turbomachine. Sketch velocity diagrams to show the velocity vectors at critical stations through a turbomachine. Define appropriate efficiencies for each component and appreciate the underlying loss generating processes. Identify the aerodynamic and non-aerodynamic factors which constrain the design of gas turbines and turbochargers. Develop the conceptual design of an axial flow turbine and radial flow compressors and turbines. Content: (Common section 16 hours) Fundamental gas dynamics as required for turbomachines. Steady flow energy equation, Euler turbomachinery equation. Definition of efficiencies. Non-dimensional performance and design parameters for gas turbines and turbochargers. Simple radial equilibrium. Slip factors of centrifugal compressors. Turbochargers (8 hours): Radial turbines. Turbine and compressor matching. OR Gas Turbines (8 hours): fundamental aspects of axial flow gas turbines. Axial flow compressors. Combustors and turbine cooling.
 MECH0067: Vehicle dynamics Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To give the student an appreciation of factors affecting vehicle ride comfort and handling. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe and analyse the operation of a vehicle suspension and predict vehicle ride behaviour and steady state handling performance. Explain the physical principles of road vehicle aerodynamic design. Content: Disturbance and sensitivity. Basic suspension systems. System frequencies - bounce, pitch and roll. Anti-pitch and anti-squat. Tyre behaviour. Front/rear suspensions - Springs and dampers. Roll centre. Steady state handling characteristics. Airflows. Drag & Lift. Economy & Performance. Aerodynamic Design.
 MECH0068: Group business & design project Semester 2 Credits: 30 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW90 Requisites: Pre MECH0020, Pre MECH0026 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give each student the experience of a real design situation as part of a group. To locate the contribution of the engineer, whether in design, R & D, manufacture, in the context of securing the firms broad commercial goals by means of effective product and market related policies and practices, including promotion and distribution. After taking this unit, the student should be able to: - Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the technical process that is engineering design. - Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the commercial aspects of engineering. - Work in a multi-disciplinary team. Content: Phase 1 - Business Processes for Engineers 16.5% Phase 2 - Commercial/Technical Feasibility Study 33.5% Phase 3 - Detail Design/Detailed Commercial Study 50% Note: The detail requirements are available from the department.
 MECH0069: MEng engineering project Semester 2 Credits: 30 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To enable the student to show creativity and initiative in carrying out a demanding investigation or design project within a specific topic area. To enable the student to synthesise information from both within the total course and from external sources. To enable the student to communicate effectively a major piece of project work. To give the student experience in working in a research environment or on an industry based design project. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Plan, organise and conduct an engineering project to meet the requirements of the initial aims; present all stages of the project work via written documentation and oral presentations. Content: The final year engineering projects will either be defined as "Design" or "Research" in content. Whether classified as design or research, projects may be undertaken on an individual or a linked basis. RESEARCH PROJECTS will contain at least 2 of the 3 following elements - analytical, computational, experimental aspects. DESIGN PROJECTS will contain specification, design, analysis, manufacture and test work.
 MECH0070: Solid mechanics 3 with German Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the vibrations of mechanical systems in a one degree of freedom context. To introduce the theory of torsion in non-circular and open- sections, bending in unsymmetrical sections and the concept of fatigue failure. To review the content of first year Solid Mechanics course in the German language. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Set up the equations of motion for systems with one degree of freedom; find natural frequencies of free motion; calculate rates of decay from viscous damping and vice versa; determine motions resulting from a sinusoidal force, unbalance and base excitation. Calculate shaft critical speeds. Find torsion stiffnesses and strengths for closed and open structural sections. Calculate second moments of area for unsymmetrical sections. Determine the fatigue life of some simple structural forms. Content: One degree of freedom systems: free and forced vibration; base excited motion; unbalance excitation; vibration isolation. Torsion of open and closed structural sections, unsymmetrical bending. Stress concentration, fatigue strength and cumulative damage in structural components. language review topics: Force and moments as vectors; 3D free body diagrams; 3D systems using vector analysis; principal of superpositioning.
 MECH0071: Allgemeine mechanik Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: EX75 OR25 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To help the students understand the German notation and mathematical methods for problem solving by teaching the subject entirely in the German language and hence contribute to their technical communication ability. To extend the students knowledge in the field of mechanics and to introduce more sophisticated methods used in design and stress analysis. To introduce additional methods of analysis in the fields of structures, kinematics, kinetics and analytical mechanics and to develop judgement in selecting the most suitable approach to analysing mechanical problems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate forces, stresses, strains and deflections in increasingly complex structural forms; calculate the conditions for buckling; describe complex motions of particles and bodies using vector analysis; formulate equations of motion using vector analysis; analyse the motion of a rigid body in space using vector analysis; calculate work done by forces/torque; determine kinetic and potential energy of a system; reason out and discuss in the language any problems encountered by the course. Content: Structures: Stress and strain, tensile load, compression, bending, torsion, buckling, fatigue, energy, introduction to finite element analysis. Kinematics: Cartesian, polar, natural, cylindrical, spherical co-ordinates, motion of particle, motion of body. Lagrange methods. Kinetics: Newtons law, momentum, moment of momentum, moment of inertia, kinetic and potential energy.
 MECH0072: Schwingungslehre Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Ex MECH0033, Ex MECH0034 Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the students knowledge in the field of vibrations by teaching the subject entirely in the German language and to consolidate the students understanding of the German notation and mathematical methods for problem solving. To provide a knowledge of mechanical vibrations with one degree of freedom, multi degrees of freedom and continuous systems with an infinite number of degrees of freedom. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Derive the equation of motion of vibrating systems by using analytical and Lagrangian methods; calculate or approximate the natural frequency of conservative and dissipative mechanical systems; describe possible mode shapes of mechanical systems by using matrix methods; formulate mass, damping and stiffness matrices; reason out and discuss in the language any problems encountered by the course. Content: Lagrange methods. Vibrations 1: One degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 2: Multi degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 3: Vibrations of linear elastic continuum, longitudinal-, torsional- and bending vibration, work and energy methods, Rayleigh method, Dunkerley method.
 MECH0120: Industrial placement Academic Year Credits: 60 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Please see the Director of Studies for more information about the industrial placement year.
 MECH0127: Numerical analysis Semester 1 Credits: 4 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX CW Requisites:
 MECH0128: Integrated industrial business & design project Semester 2 Credits: 30 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW90 Requisites: Pre MECH0020, Pre MECH0026 This unit is available to students instead of MECH0068 - Group business and design project, subject to satisfactory project arrangements being made - please see the Director of studies for details. Aims & Learning Objectives: To give each student the experience of a real engineering environment on placement in either the UK or abroad. To locate the contribution of the engineer, whether in design, R & D, manufacture, in the context of securing the firms broad commercial goals by means of effective product and market related policies and practices, including promotion and distribution. After taking this unit, the student should be able to: - Demonstrate experience, knowledge and understanding of 'real' engineering - Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the technical process that is engineering design - Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the commercial aspects of engineering - Work in a multi-disciplinary team. Content: Phase 1 - Business Processes for Engineers Phase 2 - Commercial/Technical Feasibility Study Phase 3 - Detail Design/Detailed Commercial Study Note: The detailed requirements for the UK based and non-UK based programmes are available from the Department of Mechanical Engineering.
 MECH0129: BEng project activity Semester 2 Credits: 30 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW90 Requisites: Pre MECH0020, Pre MECH0026 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give each student the experience of a real design situation as part of a group. To locate the contribution of the engineer, whether in design, R & D, manufacture, in the context of securing the firms broad commercial goals by means of effective product and market related policies and practices, including promotion and distribution. To enable the student to show creativity and initiative in carrying out a demanding investigation or design project within a specific topic area. To enable the student to synthesise information from both within the total course and from external sources. To enable the student to communicate effectively a major piece of project work. To give the student experience in working in a research environment or on an industry based design project. After taking this unit, the student should be able to: - Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the technical process that is engineering design - Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the commercial aspects of engineering - Work in a multi-disciplinary team - Plan, organise and conduct an engineering project to meet the requirements of the initial aims; present all stages of the project work via written documentation and oral presentations. Content: Research projects may be undertaken on an individual or a linked basis. They will contain at least 2 of the 3 following elements - analytical, computational, experimental aspects. Projects may be undertaken with students on other degree schemes Group design and business project 50% Engineering project 50% Note: DETAILED project requirement descriptions are available from the department.
 MECH0130: Experimental & engineering skills 1 with French Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW20 PR70 OR10 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To consolidate the written and graphical presentation of experimental data, results and analysis. To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To introduce students to computer aided engineering. To introduce students to technical vocabulary in the French language. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Interpret and communicate experimental results with analysis in a precise format. Carry out simple design tasks using CAD systems. Recognise and model potential with observed uncertainty in engineering problems. Explain simple physical phenomena in French. Read and understand simple technical texts in French. Content: Interpretation and communication of experimental results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems. Technical language
 MECH0131: Experimental & engineering skills 2 with French Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW20 PR70 OR10 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To provide an understanding of measurement techniques and instrumentation. To extend technical vocabulary in French. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Give verbal presentations of experimental and technical work. Determine the most appropriate techniques for gathering information given an experimental configuration. Select suitable measuring techniques. Explain the working of simple engineering machines in French. Read and understand engineering articles of a general nature in French. Content: Interpretation and communication of experimental results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems. Technical language
 MECH0132: Experimental & engineering skills 1 with German Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW20 PR70 OR10 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To consolidate the written and graphical presentation of experimental data, results and analysis. To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To introduce students to computer aided engineering. To introduce students to technical vocabulary in the German language. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Interpret and communicate experimental results with analysis in a precise format. Carry out simple design tasks using CAD systems. Recognise and model potential with observed uncertainty in engineering problems. Explain simple physical phenomena in German. Read and understand simple technical texts in German. Content: Interpretation and communication of experimental results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems. Technical language.
 MECH0133: Experimental & engineering skills 2 with German Semester 2 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW20 PR70 OR10 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To provide an understanding of measurement techniques and instrumentation. To extend technical vocabulary in German. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Give verbal presentations of experimental and technical work. Determine the most appropriate techniques for gathering information given an experimental configuration. Select suitable measuring techniques. Explain the working of simple engineering machines in German. Read and understand engineering articles of a general nature in German. Content: Interpretation and communication of experimental results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems. Technical language.
 MECH0137: Mathematics for Materials 2 Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce basic mathematical techniques and show their use for different applications. To review and extend ideas of geometry, co-ordinate geometry, vectors and complex numbers. To introduce ordinary differential equations and methods for their solution. Content: Geometry and co-ordinate geometry: geometric proof, review of triangle, circle and polygon theorem; equations of lines, planes and simple curves in cartesian co-ordinates; polar, cylindrical and spherical co-ordinate systems; applications. Vectors: vector algebra, position vectors, scalar and vector products: triple products, geometric applications. Complex numbers: Argand diagram, manipulation of complex numbers; rexp (jq). Differential equations: variable separable; linear second order with constant coefficients; response of first and second order systems to step and sinusoidal input; simultaneous linear differential equations.
 MECH0138: Mathematics for Electrical Engineering 1 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW40 EX60 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: This is the first of two first year units intended to lead to confident and error free manipulation and use of standard mathematical functions and relationships in the context of engineering mathematics. Proofs, where introduced, are to be of a constructive kind, i.e. they are examples of useful and standard methods of wide applicability in the technical problems of communication, control, electronics and power systems. The unit will consolidate and extend topics met at A-level, so that students may improve their fluency and understanding of appicable mathematics. Tutorial sessions will be conducted to enable students to develop solving skills. Many of the topics are supported by the use of MATLAB. Content: Complex numbers: Definition, conjugate, addition, multiplication and division, modulus and argument, polar form, solution of quadratic equations, De Moivre's theorem, roots. Differentiation: Definition as limiting process, standard differential of products and quotients, function of a function rule, maxima, minima and critical points, parametric differentiation. Integration: Definition, rule, maxima, minima and critical points, parametric differentiation. Integration: Definition, inverse of differentiation, standard integrals, use of substitution, use of partial fractions, integration by parts, mean and RMS. Matrices and vectors: Definition of matrix, addition and compatability, multiplication (definition and why), definition of determinant, solution of linear systems using Cramer's rule, Gauss-Jordan and Gaussian Elimination (comparative speed of algorithms). Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations: Catagorisation of ODEs (order, linear/nonlinear, IVP/BVP), Separation of Variables and Integrating factor for 1st order ODEs, solution of higher order equations with constant coefficients using Particular Integrals and Complementary Functions, Cauchy-Euler equations, systems of linear equations. Fourier Series: Definition and interpretation, use of symmetries of functions, solution of ODE systems.
 MECH0139: Mathematics for Electrical Engineering 2 Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: CW40 EX60 Requisites: Pre MECH0138 Aims & Learning Objectives: This is the second of two first year units intended to develop the confident use of engineering mathematics. It is intended to introduce students to the use of mathematical modelling and analysis in the solution of problems in electronic and electrical engineering. Many of the topics are supported by the use of MATLAB Content: Probability and Statistics: Simple probability, compound events, complementary events, independant events, addition and multiplication laws. Probability density function, cumulative distribution, discrete and continuous variables, binomial distribution, Gaussian disribution. Sequences: Definition, ecplicit form and recurrence relations, limits, arithmetic and geometric progressions, solution of recurrence relations. Series: Sums of series, Binomial expansions, Taylors series, D'Alembert's convergence test, radius of convergence. Numerical methods: Root finding using as hoc and Newton-Raphson methods, convergence properties of such iteration schemes, repeated roots. Numerical integration, Trapezium and Simpson's rules, order of accuracy, improvement of accuracy using Richardson's Extrapolation. Vectors: Definition, sum, modulus, unit vector, scalar and vector products, co-planarity and independence, scalar triple product, equations of lines and planes, distances between points and lines, points and planes, and between lines.
 MECH0140: Machines and Products in Society Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW40 EX60 Requisites: Pre MECH0068 Aims & Learning Objectives: To discuss the safety, legal, environmental, product protection aspects of machines and products. After taking this unit the student should be able to; Understand the legal issues controlling design of machinery; carry out a detailed hazard analysis and risk assessment; understand the use of design standards to achieve a safe design; appreciate environmental considerations; understand means for product/process protection. Content: Safety and legal requirements; EC directives, standards, risk assessment, design for safety, employee protection, product liability, contamination. Environmental: noise and vibration, packaging waste, recycling. Product/process protection: patent system, trade marks, copyright legislation.
 MECH0141: Advanced Machinery Design Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To understand and design product handling systems to meet packaging and processing requirements. After taking this unit students should be able to: Design machine systems to meet handling and product requirements. Consider all functions and control aspects of design together with machine/product interactions. Undertake issues of evaluation of user requirements and safety. Content: Development of complete machine system requirements. Motion generating systems to include cams, mechanisms and actuators. Generation of drive and control systems. Undertake evaluation of process requirements and control of machines. Machine product material and people interaction issues.
 MECH0142: Advanced Machinery Processes Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX60 CW40 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide a basic understanding of machine processes employed in the packaging industry and their integration into a product generating facility. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand and compare the issues involved in creating packaging for different products and forms. To be able to describe appropriate processes and systems for the manufacture and appreciate their strengths and limitations. Content: INTRODUCTION to packaging requirements and machine processes. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: Covering aspects of liquids, granules, soft and rigid objects. MATERIALS AND FORMS: To cover machine systems such as fillers, sealers, erectors, check weighers, intermediate handling equipment, stacking labelling and coding. PROCESS REQUIREMENTS: Covering aspects of product generation, machine sequencing, finishing and inspection, palletisation, work practices and ergonomics.
 MECH0143: Manufacturing processes and analysis 2 Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: Requisites: Pre MECH0019 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide a knowledge and understanding of the newer and more advanced material removal processes, their analysis and modelling. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Compare and contrast advanced material removal processes and inform on their limitations and effective use. Select appropriate machine tool and process equipment. Select manufacturing process routes for economic manufacture. Content: The precise range of processes covered each year will vary. Typically 3 or 4 external lecturers will also be giving lectures. Typically the range of processes will include: * Advanced machining technology * EDM * ECM * Water jet cutting * Laser cutting * Grinding * Metrology/Inspection
 MECH0144: Fluid mechanics 1 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre ARCH0059 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To give students a knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of fluid mechanics. Objectives: By the end of the course, the student should be able to: - determine hydrostatic forces - relate viscosity to buoyancy in considering the settlement of particles - describe the principles and practice of pressure measurement - understand the basic principles of fluid flow and the analysis of different types of flow Content: Properties of fluids Hydrostatics Forces on submerged surfaces Bouyancy and stability Hydrodynamics Bernoulli Equation Applications of Bernoulli Momentum Equation Hagen-poiseuille Laminar/Turbulent Flow Pipe friction, losses
 MECH0145: Introduction to hydraulic circuits & components Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: ES30 PR60 OR10 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To provide familiarisation with fluid power circuits in a practical way by introducing the participants to the main hydraulic components, their performance characteristics and the standard symbols used for their representation on circuit diagrams. After taking this unit the student should be able to: read circuit diagrams and understand the principles of circuit operation, in relation to the performance of the individual components themselves. Contents Control of Linear Motion: Load, friction and inertia effects. Directional control, speed control, acceleration and deceleration, pressure controls and related circuits. Pressure losses and energy considerations, electronically operated valves. Pumps and Motors: Types and characteristics, volumetric and mechanical efficiencies, torque and power, effects of cavitation. Control of Rotary Motion: Motor systems, hydrostatic transmission.
 MECH0147: Component selection for hydraulic systems Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To enable the student to appreciate the factors which influence the specification and performance of hydraulic components. To provide guidance in their selection and the basis for the sizing of actuators, valves, pumps, motors, filters, accumulators, and associated equipment with the requirements of the load and duty cycle in mind. After taking this unit the student should be able to: select a satisfactory supply system for low energy loss and noise levels with good controllability and give an understanding of the factors affecting overall system performance by examining interactions between system components. Contents Actuator Systems: Flow considerations, Pressure losses, Valve flow characteristics. Supply Systems: Sizing of accumulators, Selection of heat exchangers. Rotating Systems: Pump and motor characteristics, Hydrostatic transmissions. Noise and Vibration: Sources of noise in hydraulic system. Methods of noise and vibration reduction. Fluid Management: Classification of contamination levels, Filters and their selection, Fluid sampling techniques.
 MECH0148: Hydraulic systems design Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW40 PR50 OR10 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To build on the work of the FP1 and FP2 units by concentrating on various aspects that influence the design of hydraulic systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Select components for the design of hydraulic systems. Understand and analyse the performance of such systems. Content: Determination of System Loads: Concept of load locus, Duty cycles for various applications. Systems Technology: Valve control of actuators, Electrohydraulic valves, Displacement control for pumps and motors, Power economy. System Analysis: Fluid compressibility effects, Servo control dynamics. Design Exercises: Examples of linear actuator and motor applications, Use of Bathfp hydraulic system computer simulation package.
 MECH0150: Introduction to control for electrohydraulic systems Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: PR30 EX70 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide the basic groundwork in control theory and its application for the evaluation of electrohydraulic systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Design and predict the behaviour of practical control systems involving hydraulic actuation. Analyse the stability and apply compensation of such systems. Content: System Analysis: Simple valve controlled actuator, First order system, Block diagrams, Frequency response, Effect of fluid compressibility and load inertia on the valve controlled actuator, Codas control systems software. Stability: Nyquist criterion, Bode plot, Nichols chart, Compensation. Hydraulic Equipment: Electrohydraulic valves, Pump controlled systems.
 MECH0151: Control systems Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To develop an understanding of the techniques available for the analysis and design of practical continuous-time control systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Interpret a control system specification. Predict the behaviour of practical continuous-time control systems involving linear and non-linear elements. Describe the principal features of microprocessor-controlled systems. Contents Analysis of control system transient response using Laplace transforms. Estimation of continuous-time transient response using the s-plane. Control system design using Root Locus Method. Parameter sensitivity using Root Locus Method. Linearisation of non-linear systems. System design specifications. Control systems design and analysis software. Performance assessment of systems using the Nichols chart. Integrator wind-up and feedback compensation techniques. Introduction to microprocessor control.
 MECH0153: Thermofluids 5 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To extend student understanding of the thermodynamics of compressible flow in ducts, combustion and power generation and their effects on the environment. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate the effects of compressibility in the flow through ducts with friction and heat transfer; Understand the thermodynamics of compressible flow through an isothermal duct. Calculate the thermodynamic properties of gas-vapour mixtures: perform combustion calculations involving dissociation; carry out second law analysis of power plant; understand the effects of power generation on the environment. Contents Adiabatic constant area flow with friction; heat addition in steady inviscid one dimensional flow; isothermal compressible flow in ducts; gas-vapour mixtures, air conditioning systems; combustion; second law, irreversibility and availability; combined cycles, CHP; the environment.
 MECH0154: Aerodynamics Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To improve the students' understanding of viscous flow, compressible flow and external aerodynamics. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Apply the boundary layer equations to laminar and turbulent flow. Determine the drag contribution from an arbitrary shaped body. Calculate the aerodynamics characteristics of aerofoils in supersonic flow. Predict the load distributions over an arbitrary three-dimensional wing. Contents INTRODUCTION TO TURBULENCE. Drag of bluff and streamlined bodies. Laminar and turbulent flow over flat places. COMPRESSIBLE FLOW: oblique shocks and expansion waves; shock expansion theory for aerofoils. THREE DIMENSIONAL LIFTING SURFACES: horseshoe vortex model, lifting line models, Vortex Lattice Method.
 MECH0155: Mechanical vibrations & noise Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To introduce quantitative aspects of noise control and to give an appreciation of some of the problems involved. To acquaint the student with more advanced aspects of vibration. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate sound pressure level given relevant power and material data. Estimate the reduction in sound pressure level that could be achieved by the use of a barrier or enclosure. Convert equations of motion into principal coordinates. Describe how to measure normal modes of structures. Apply harmonic balance to solve Rayleighs equation to obtain limit cycle solutions and also to solve Duffings equation and thus to explain jump phenomena. Contents Response of the ear, noise exposure, code of practice; noise isolation and absorption; barriers and enclosures; modal analysis and testing; nonlinearity.
 MECH0156: Mechanique vibratoire Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX64 CW36 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To extend the students' knowledge in the field of vibrations by teaching the subject entirely in the French language and to consolidate the students understanding of the French notation and mathematical methods for problem solving. To provide a knowledge of mechanical vibrations with one degree of freedom, multi degrees of freedom and continuous systems with an infinite number of degrees of freedom. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Derive the equation of motion of vibrating systems by using analytical and Lagrangian methods; calculate or approximate the natural frequency of conservative and dissipative mechanical systems; describe possible mode shapes of mechanical systems by using matrix methods; formulate mass, damping and stiffness matrices; reason out and discuss in the language any problems encountered by the course. Contents Lagrange methods. Vibrations 1: One degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 2: Multi degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 3: Vibrations of linear elastic continuum, longitudinal-, torsional- and bending vibration, work and energy methods, Rayleigh method, Dunkerley method.
 MECH0157: Scheingungslehre Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX64 CW36 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To extend the students knowledge in the field of vibrations by teaching the subject entirely in the German language and to consolidate the students understanding of the German notation and mathematical methods for problem solving. To provide a knowledge of mechanical vibrations with one degree of freedom, multi degrees of freedom and continuous systems with an infinite number of degrees of freedom. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Derive the equation of motion of vibrating systems by using analytical and Lagrangian methods; calculate or approximate the natural frequency of conservative and dissipative mechanical systems; describe possible mode shapes of mechanical systems by using matrix methods; formulate mass, damping and stiffness matrices; reason out and discuss in the language any problems encountered by the course. Contents Lagrange methods. Vibrations 1: One degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 2: Multi degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 3: Vibrations of linear elastic continuum, longitudinal-, torsional- and bending vibration, work and energy methods, Rayleigh method, Dunkerley method.
 MECH0158: Computer-integrated manufacturing & data management Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX48 CW52 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To develop an appreciation of how manufacturing objectives can be achieved through computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) and engineering data management (EDM). To gain an understanding of the range of CIM processes and life-cycle product/process information within an engineering enterprise. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Demonstrate knowledge of business best practices for CIM and EDM; formulate a company's strategy for CIM and EDM. Propose viable CIM system designs to meet business objectives; apply concurrent engineering methodologies; assess the choices for process planning, assembly, production management and quality management. Identify users, sources and drivers for data integration; understand standards and systems for engineering data representation and exchange; assess the suitability of an EDM system for a company. Contents Business case for CIM and EDM. Design for manufacture. Concurrent engineering. Computer networks, protocols and databases for EDM and CIM. Group technology. Computer Aided process planning. Flexible manufacturing, assembly and cell design. Computer Aided quality control and inspection. Production management, MRP and MRP-II. Product life-cycle process, requirements for EDM. Product data exchange, IGES, STEP(ISO 10303). Integrated modelling of product and process information. Maintenance of legacy data, configuration management. Case study in EDM. Strategy, selection and implementation.
 MECH0159: Manufacturing processes & analysis Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX48 CW52 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To provide a knowledge and understanding of the newer and more advanced forming and fabrication processes, their analysis and modelling. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Compare and contrast advanced forming and fabrication processes and inform on their limitations and effective use. Select appropriate machine tool and process equipment. Select manufacturing process routes for economic manufacture. Contents The precise range of processes covered each year will vary. Typically 3 or 4 external lecturers will also be giving lectures. Typically the range of processes will include: * Elements of plasticity and metal forming processes * Welding processes * Rapid prototyping * Powder route for manufacture * Ceramic route for manufacture
 MECH0161: Internal combustion engine technology Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To examine the technology, operation and application of IC engines. To analyse the criteria governing IC engine design, performance, combustion and emissions. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Discuss the parameters that define IC engine performance, identify the distinct operating characteristics of different classifications of IC engines; understand and predict the thermodynamic and mechanical constrains governing design; explain the environment issues concerning future IC engine developments. Contents Thermodynamic and mechanical principals; combustion and fuels; spark and compression ignition engines; turbocharging; fuelling systems; induction, in-cylinder and exhaust processes; emission formation and reduction/prevention; automotive emission legislation, casestudies; introduction to IC engine simulation techniques.
 MECH0162: Power transmissions Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To give an appreciation of the factors which govern the choice of powertrain systems, continuously variable and fixed ratio. To give an appreciation of tribological requirements for power transmissions. To appreciate the features of hydrodynamic lubrication. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Select gear ratios for given vehicle performance (hill climb, maximum speed, constant engine speed band, fixed speed between gear changes). Use a fuel map to select a gear for minimum fuel consumption at a given speed or the optimum gear at any speed with a continuously variable transmission. utilise either an external gearset or an epicyclic gearset to achieve a given gear ratio. Select tooth module; calculate bending and contact stress. Appreciate the features of hydrokinetic and hydrostatic transmission to achieve specified performance. Choose a hydrodynamic bearing to bear a specified load.
 MECH0166: Aircraft stability & control Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To give an understanding of the principles of aircraft stability and the significance of the permitted centre of gravity limits which must be considered when loading an aircraft. To enable the student to understand and analyse both flight test and wind tunnel results pertaining to aircraft static stability. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Estimate stability margins for any given conventional or tail-less aircraft. Analyse and interpret both wind tunnel and flight test results concerned with aircraft static stability and trim. Contents Rigid aircraft behaviour. Basic specification of forces and moment on an aircraft. Properties of aerofoils and controls. Static stability criterion. Static and manoeuvre margins, both stick fixed and stick free. Flight test measurements and wind tunnel analysis. Springs and weights in the elevator circuit. Power assistance for the pilot and artificial feel. Dynamic stability: an introduction. Stability derivatives.
 MECH0167: Computer aids for design Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX40 CW60 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To provide an understanding of the use of CAD in the overall design process. to provide an understanding of the different types of modeller and their applications. To give experience in the use of CAD techniques. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe the different types of CAD modelling systems, what they offer and their application to the overall design process. Understand the CAD requirements of typical companies. Appreciate how CAD techniques can be applied to different application areas. Contents Computer aids for design and their relation to design needs. Basic two and three dimensional drafting entities, input techniques, manipulation, storage within system. Transformations, views, co-ordinate systems. Introduction of free-form curves and surfaces. Use of solid modelling. graphics interface languages, user interface, parametrics. Company requirements and operation. Application of CAD technique in industry. Design support for other CAE systems and data exchange. The number of students taking this course each year is likely to be more than can be accommodated in a single session of the practical class. In this case, there will be one lecture per week and the practical session will be run twice. Students will be expected to undertake reading to complement material covered in lectures. A reading list will be provided.
 MECH0169: Aerospace structures & aeroelasticity Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX64 CW36 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To teach appropriate techniques for the stress analysis and failure prediction of aircraft structures. To gain an understanding of divergence and classical flutter. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Design aircraft structures by accounting for static strength, buckling and fatigue failure. Recognise the importance of divergence and flutter in the analysis and design of aircraft. Use, and have a basic understanding of, computer packages for structural analysis and design. Contents Shear flow and shear centre of open and close sections. Analysis of bolted joints under shear and bending loads. Fracture strength and crack propagation, including safe-life and damage-tolerant design. Strength and rigidity of plates under pressure and lateral loads. Shear buckling and tension fields - analysis and design of ribs and spars. Compression buckling of stiffened panels - analysis and design of wing and fuselage panels. Analysis and design of composite aircraft structures. Wing divergence and classical flutter. Use of computer packages for structural analysis and design.
 MECH0170: Manufacturing automation, modelling & simulation Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX48 CW52 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To develop an understanding of the use and benefits of modelling and simulation in manufacturing systems design and operation. To teach the students the building blocks of automation and how to apply these in the design of robotic and automated systems. To examine the advanced and technical aspects of current automation technology. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Model and simulate the operation of a small manufacturing system. Use simulation as a manufacturing system design technique. Justify the use of manufacturing modelling and simulation. Understand the techniques required for the specification of robotic and automated cells. Appreciate the use of sensing (including vision) in advanced robot control. Undertake a cost evaluation for proposed systems and be able to recommend hard or flexible automation. Specify the safety requirements within an automated environment. Examine design for automated assembly. Contents MODELLING & SIMULATION: Definitions. types of models. Modelling methodologies. Validation and Verification. Justification, benefits and uses of simulation. MODELLING MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS: Discrete event and continuous approaches to simulation. Discrete event computer languages. Visually interactive simulation. Use of mathematical and statistical models, distributions and random numbers, queuing models and inventory systems. Modelling breakdowns, conveyors, work flow and tool flow. Utilisation statistics. Model verification and validation. Simulation of manufacturing systems. MODELLING PRODUCTS: Geometric models. Product data models. Neutral formats and data exchange. API for manufacturing software libraries. INFORMATION MODELS: Information flows within manufacture. Levels of detail. IDEF models. Automation Peripherals (eg: Vibratory bowl feeders). Sensors (eg: limit switches, proximity switches, photoelectric sensors). Robot Sensing & Machine Vision. Grippers & Tooling. Hard V's Flexible Automation. Robot Control. Safety. Applications (eg: Aerospace, Automotive, Pharmaceutical & Electronics). Mobile Robots. Current Research Advancements.
 MECH0171: Powertrain & transport systems Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To introduce the students to the broader social and economic factors which govern the design and development of vehicles and transportation systems. To provide a knowledge of alternative automotive powertrain systems and advanced engine developments. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Identify and understand the different alternative automotive propulsion systems and their operating characteristics. Describe the advanced IC engine developments taking place with regard to achieving lower fuel consumption and emissions. Explain the impact of environmental and social issues on transport legislation and vehicle manufacture. Discuss the requirements and implications of life cycle design and costs on vehicle design and development. Contents Technology implications of developing alternative automotive propulsion systems IC engine emission characteristics and emission reduction developments. Use of alternative fuels, technological and resource implications: Natural gas, Bio-gas, Methane, Hydrogen. Alternative automotive powertrains including regenerative and hybrid systems. Life cycle management: design of vehicles, recycling and cost issues. The industrial base for vehicle manufacturing and the drivers for technological change. The global and legislative perspective on transport issues. Environmental aspects and the use of natural resources.
 MECH0172: Global Design Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX48 CW52 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To introduce the problems and effects of distributed working. To provide an understanding of the changes in design work practices. To introduce new computer and communications systems for global working. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the requirements of remote and global working. Develop the skills to allow design activities to be planned and performed. Understand the communications technology in its execution. Recognise the changes in approach necessary to allow this form of working to be successfully adopted. Contents CUSTOMS AND PRACTICES IN DESIGN: Changes brought about by global communication. COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS: Means for vision and voice exchange. Data exchange. Graphical communications. Exchange of geometric modelling data. Design management and design by rules. CASE STUDY WORK: Establishment of communications between remote sites. Determination of appropriate procedures. Creation of design specification and design schemes. Product and data refinement through creation of cells. Problem management and ownership on distributed systems.
 MECH0173: Research methodology Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites: Aims and Learning ObjectivesBy the end of the course students should be able to: *Structure existing knowledge in their field *Derive theory from qualitative data *Develop testable hypotheses *Compile cogent research proposals *Design experimental and observational programmes *Analyse experimental and observational results *Write publishable accounts of their research *Defend the philosophy underlying their adopted and preferred research practices Content Philosophy of the research process Structuring complex problems Deriving theory from qualitative research Developing research proposals Testing hypotheses by experiment or observations (3 periods) Managing research processes analysis of data (2 periods) Publishing research Scientific creativity
 MECH0176: Project scoping Semester 2 Credits: 12 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW90 OR10 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide direction at the start of the major project period. To put to practical use the tools developed in the generic courses Information, Research & Computer Management Systems and/or Concurrent Engineering/Business Process Re-Engineering. To provide experience in project management (possibly with financial implications such as the need to handle a budget). To design an experimental rig (where appropriate). To give a period of familiarization of software and hardware (where appropriate). To facilitate progress to the main part of the project without waste of time and effort. To provide an understanding of the engineering context of the research area. During this module the student will: Produce an interim report of 2000 - 3000 words covering project specifications, literature survey, initial design and/or experimentation. Read material from a list of text book chapters and general review articles as directed by the tutor. Discuss the reading material in one-to-one tutorial with the tutor on a fortnightly basis. Prepare a 2000 - 3000 word detailed review of the subject. Prepare and present a seminar on the subject.
 MECH0177: Innovation & advanced design Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX40 CW60 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To provide an understanding of the processes whereby the effect of a product can be evaluated. To provide an understanding of innovation in an industrial context. To introduce a number of innovation techniques, particularly the TRIZ methodology. To introduce a number of advanced design techniques and methodologies, including design management techniques to enable the innovation process to be executed and managed. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the processes of innovation. Use a number of innovation methods and techniques Apply the processes to the development of new products. Understand the effects of change on the processes and markets. Understand the concept of a product architecture and will be able to apply a number of advanced techniques such as QFD, DFM, and DFA to their work. Understand the economics of product development, and the impact of time and cost overruns. Contents Discipline in innovation, Creative processes, TRIZ, Inventive principles, Predictable evolution, Function analysis, Marketing innovation, Case studies. The product development process and problem definition for innovation. Project trade offs. Quality function deployment. Design for manufacture, assembly and life cycles. Product architecture. Incremental design strategies. Managing design information. Product development team studies. Case studies.
 MECH0178: Advanced control Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To give an understanding of sampled data system theory with reference to the digital control of dynamical systems. To provide an introduction to modern control theory and to explore the links between this and classical control. To show how modern control techniques can be used to control physical systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Evaluate the behaviour of single input/single output digital control systems and determine system stability. Understand the problems associated with sampling signals. Select appropriate methods to improve control systems performance. Understand the key features of neural and fuzzy controllers. Represent and analyse both continuous-time and discrete-time systems described in state variable forms. Contents Nature of sampled signals; selection of sample rate; aliasing; prefiltering. The Z transform. Open-loop and closed-loop digital control; stability of closed-loop digital systems. Root locus; estimation of the transient response using the Z-plane. Frequency response of discrete-time systems. Digital design techniques; approximation methods; digital PID controllers. Adaptive control. State representation of physical systems; non-uniqueness of states. Controllability and observability. Time response of continuous- and discrete-time systems. Observers and state feedback; modal control. Parameter estimation. Introduction to neural networks and fuzzy control.
 MECH0179: Aerospace systems Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites:
 MECH0181: Computational fluid dynamics Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX40 CW60 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To introduce the full Navier-Stokes equations and give the physical significance of each term in the equations. To introduce the student to CFD techniques appropriate for practical engineering applications (the finite-volume method). To introduce the student to the use of commercial CFD packages, the importance of validation and the need for caution in applying the underlying models for turbulent flow. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Use CFD codes to compute 2D flows and understand the physical significance of the solutions. Compute rates of heat transfer and shear stress. Set up viscous fluid flow and heat transfer problems using a commercial code (with regular and possibly body-fitted grids), and extract features of the computed solutions for interpretation and validation. Contents LAMINAR FLOW: Navier-Stokes equations and energy equations; physical significance of the terms. Discretisation and solution of the non-linear equations using the finite-volume method. Pressure-velocity coupling. Alternative mesh structures. TURBULENT FLOW: Introduction to computational models of turbulence. Application to the computation of developing boundary layers and recirculation flows. Limitations of the current generation of turbulence models.
 MECH0182: Engineering plasticity Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX64 CW36 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To give students a firm grasp of the principles of engineering plasticity and its application in manufacturing, structural design and failure. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Use the theory of plasticity for the development and understanding of material plastic behaviour in a range of engineering manufacturing and structural situations. Contents Stress, Strain and yielding in 2D and 3D systems. Equivalent stress and strain. Flow rules for rigid plastic, elastoplastic and viscoplastic material behaviour. Experimental methods for characterising plastic behaviour and determining constitutive equations. Elastic plastic problems such as autofrettage, plastic bending and spring back. Structural collapse, plastic hinges and crashworthiness of vehicles. Instability, ductile failure. Thermal and frictional effects, explosives and armoury. Modelling software for plastic and viscous flow problems.
 MECH0183: Finite element analysis Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX40 CW60 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To develop the students' appreciation of the mathematical basis of the finite-element method. To develop the critical use of commercial finite-element software. To develop finite element methods for the study of vibrations. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the mathematical formulation of the finite element method when applied to linear problems. Use a commercially available finite-element package to analyse linear stress-strain problems in solid bodies. Critically assess the approximate solutions so produced. Use a commercially available element package to model vibration problems. Contents Introduction to finite elements as applied to a continuum; displacement formulation. shape functions; numerical integration; Hands-on use of a commercially available finite element package to solve problems in linear stress analysis. Pre and post processing. Model definition if 1D, 2D, 3D representations, symmetry, choice of element type, mesh density requirements. Model validation by comparison with exact analytical solution. Examples in modal analysis.
 MECH0184: Fluid power Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To give the sudent an understanding of transmission and control of power using hydraulic and pneumatic systems typical of mobile and industrial applications. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Analyse the operation of hydraulic and pneumatic system components and select the correct type and size for a given duty. Derive the equations of motion for typical fluid power components and hence obtain their dynamic response. Design fluid power systems for simple applications. Contents Types of hydraulic fluid and their physical properties. Hydraulic pump and motor types. Hydrostatic transmissions. Hydraulic pressure and flow control valves. Accumulators. Valve and pump controlled hydraulic systems; efficiency. Hydraulic and pneumatic circuit design. Contamination control. Electro-hydraulic valves and their use in servo systems; servo system compensation methods. Dynamic analysis of components and systems; compressibility and stiffness in hydraulic systems; use of the small perturbation method. Compressible flow through restrictors; pneumatic valve characteristics; performance of pneumatic cylinders; valve controlled systems.
 MECH0186: Geometric modelling Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To introduce the ideas used in fully three dimensional CADCAM systems. To give hands-on experience in writing software for such systems. To introduce the ideas of constraint and rule based systems. To illustrate constraint modelling and its applications. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the fundamental concepts of geometric modelling and the algorithms and data structures used in it. Understand the implications for efficiency and the domain of these algorithms. Write programs for such things as ray tracing to produce three dimensional graphics. Understand the ideas of constraint modelling and resolution. Use a constraint modelling system to simulate, analysis and optimise a mechanism system. Contents Wire frame and other precursors to geometric models. Boundary representation models. Set theoretic (or CSG) models. Parametric curves and bi-parametric patches, the Bernstein basis. Bezier curves, B-splines and NURBS, implicit solids and surfaces. Non-manifold geometric models. feature recognition. Machining geometric models. Rapid prototyping and geometric modelling. The medial axis transform and FE mesh generatic.. Blends and fillets. Minkowski sums. Kernal modellers, APIs and GUIs. Rendering geometric models, volume visualisation. Numerical accuracy problems in geometric models. Integral properties of geometric models. Procedural shape definition. Types of engineering constraints. Constraint based systems. Techniques for constraint resolution, optimisation methods. Form of a constraint modelling system, its underlying language and structure. Constraint based description of mechanism and their performance. Mechanism selection, storage of catalogues. Case study examples.
 MECH0189: Nonlinear solid mechanics Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To compare and contrast fundamentals of nonlinear statics and dynamics. To introduce typical nonlinear behaviour such as periodic, quasiperiodic and chaotic responses in statical and dynamical systems. To promote understanding of concepts of buckling and vibration, as found for example in aeroelastic divergence and flutter. To introduce some available computer packages and demonstrate their place in analysis and design. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Recognise the general importance of nonlinearities in both statics and dynamics. Understand physically stable and unstable responses in the post-buckling range. Perform post-buckling analysis of simple structural forms. Understand the basis of, and use of, standard computer packages. Appreciate sub and superharmonic behaviour. Establish the conditions for which amplitude jump can occur. Contents Elements of nonlinear statics and dynamics. Periodicity, quasiperiodicity and chaos in simple statics and dynamics problems. Stability and vibration analysis in linear and nonlinear regimes. Introduction to nonlinear FE and other structural analysis computer packages. Vibration of an elastic cable due to support excitation. Duffing equation. Superharmonic and subharmonic response. Jump phenomenon.
 MECH0190: Systems modelling & simulation Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To introduce the students of procedures for establishing mathematical models of engineering systems. To introduce commercial software packages for the solution of the mathematical models and to examine the relative merits of different approaches. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Make the realistic judgements necessary to develop mathematical models of complex engineering systems. Undertake a critical appraisal of the simulation results and to have an appreciation of the limitations imposed by the assumptions made and the method of solution adopted. Apply commercial software packages for the prediction of engineering systems performance. Contents Role of simulation in design. Analysis of dynamic systems in the time domain and frequency domain. Linearisation methods. Modelling of discontinuities and non-linearities. Bathfp modelling. Simulink and Matlab modelling. System identification.
 MECH0191: Tribology Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To give students an appreciation of the principal modes of lubrication and their relation to the operational environment and supporting structure. To make students aware of the methods of analysis used in liquid and gas lubrication and the use of such analysis in the design process. To give an analytical background to the selection and operation of bearings containing rolling elements. To enable students to prepare schemes for the lubrication of gears. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Assess the factors affecting the choice and operation of lubricated systems (eg: of bearings, piston rings and skirts). Analyse idealised film lubrication arrangements. Design film lubricated bearings to carry specified loads using formulae and/or data sheets. Contents Materials, lubricants and major forms of lubrication. Reynolds equation. Analysis of hydrodynamic and hydrostatic slipper, journal and thrust bearings. Wedge films and squeeze films. Design constraints. Types of bearings. Design of hydrodynamic journal bearings and hydrostatic thrust bearings. Design for piston ring and piston skirt lubrication. Elastohydrodynamic lubrication. Gas bearings. Ball and roller bearing characteristics, life, load capacity selection. Gear lubrication (spur, helical and introduction to hypoid). Introduction to biomedical lubrication systems.
 MECH0192: Turbomachinery Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To introduce the fundamental thermodynamics and fluid mechanics associated with the design and analysis of compressible flow turbomachines associated with gas turbines and turbochargers, and to develop an appreciation of the design constraints. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Sketch enthalpy-entropy diagrams to describe the thermodynamic and flow process in all components of a turbomachine. Sketch velocity diagrams to show the velocity vectors at critical stations through a turbomachine. Define appropriate efficiencies for each component and appreciate the underlying loss generating processes. Identify the aerodynamic and non-aerodynamic factors which constrain the design of gas turbines and turbochargers. Develop the conceptual design of an axial flow turbine and radial flow compressors and turbines. Contents (Common section 16 hours) Fundamental gas dynamics as required for turbomachines. Steady flow energy equation, Euler turbomachinery equation. Definition of efficiencies. Non-dimensional performance and design parameters for gas turbines and turbochargers. Simple radial equilibrium. Slip factors of centrifugal compressors. Turbochargers (8 hours): Radial turbines. Turbine and compressor matching. OR Gas Turbines (8 hours): fundamental aspects of axial flow gas turbines. Axial flow compressors. Combustors and turbine cooling.
 MECH0193: Vehicle dynamics Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Aims & learning objectives To give the student an appreciation of factors affecting vehicle ride comfort and handling. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe and analyse the operation of a vehicle suspension and predict vehicle ride behaviour and steady state handling performance. Explain the physical principles of road vehicle aerodynamic design. Contents Disturbance and sensitivity. Basic suspension systems. System frequencies - bounce, pitch and roll. Anti-pitch and anti-squat. Tyre behaviour. Front/rear suspensions - Springs and dampers. Roll centre. Steady state handling characteristics. Airflows. Drag & Lift. Economy & Performance. Aerodynamic Design.
 MECH0194: Practical instrumentation techniques Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: PR100 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide the basic groundwork in instrumentation and data acquisition techniques and their application. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe the operation of various types of transducer and instrumentation system. Select suitable transducers, signal conditioning and data acquisition systems for a particular application. Content: Transducers for measuring strain, speed, force, torque, displacement, velocity, acceleration, fluid flow, temperature, pressure. Operational amplifiers, filters and sigal conditioning. Interconnections and noise. Digital to analog converters, analog to digital converters, computer data acquisition systems. Practical applications in engineering systems relevant to individual MSc programmes.
 MECH0195: Life support engineering Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Undergraduate Masters Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Students must have taken one of the following in order to study this unit: MECH0023, MECH0024 or MECH0071. Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to applications of technology in life support systems used in clinical and other situations including diving and aerospace. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Have an understanding of some of the engineering principles associated with life support systems. An ability to formulate basic models of life support systems and set operating parameters associated with systems such as anaesthetic equipment, micro-gravity situations etc. Content: Principles of life support systems. Anaesthesia workstations including ventilators and vaporisers, breathing systems and waste gas absorbers; dialysis and filtration systems; patient and machine monitoring systems. Space applications; gas production, storage and delivery; microgravity and bone loss. Life support applications in mountaineering, diving, remote environments including an introduction to modelling the system components.
 MECH0196: Mathematics & computing 1 Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Level 1 Assessment: EX75 CW25 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To reinforce algebra and calculus skills. To introduce basic concepts with which the students may not be familiar. To provide a mathematical underpinning for subsequent work. To teach basic keyboard skills, use of wordprocessors (including typesetting mathematics), spreadsheets, databases (including those for library), and the world wide web. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Handle circular and hyperbolic functions. Differentiate and integrate elementary functions. Use partial differentiation and complex numbers, vectors & matrices. Be able to sketch curves and use informa tion from the calculus to analyse critical points. Use polar as well as cartesian co-ordinate systems. Produce a typeset document including charts and graphics; Use a spreadsheet including what-if calculations, formulae, graphs, charts and statistics. Search for information in online databases and the web. Content: Algebraic manipulation and roots of polynomials. Standard functions (sine, cosine, exponential, logarithm, trigonometric identities). Differentiation (derivative of a sum, product, quotient, function of a function, implicit, tangent, and normal to a curve, maxima, minima, points of inflexion). Partial fractions. Integration (use of partial fractions and substitution, integration by parts, areas and volumes of revolution). Curve sketching. Taylor and binomial expansions. Arithmetica l and geometrical progressions. Polar co-ordinates. complex numbers. Introduction to vectors and matrices. Further methods of differentiation and integration; partial differentiation. Microsoft windows environment, touch typing tutor, Word 6, Excell, BIDS , Netscape 3 with Java.
 MECH0197: Business economics Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: CW40 EX60 Requisites: Aims and Learning Objectives: To use the basic tools of economics to introduce students to the nature of the variety of competitive environments within which business firms have to operate. At the end of the unit students should be able to identify the cost and revenue curves of the firm, understand how the concept of elasticity is useful and identify the fundamental characteristics of the various forms of market structure. They should be able to apply their knowledge to the real world and make predictions about the likely outcome of various market interactions. Contents: Overview, demand, costs, representing the firm in a model, the competitive environment, strategic economics, government regulation, a broader perspective - the organisation of the firm and innovation competition.
 MECH0198: Mathematical modelling 1 Semester 1 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre UNIV0052 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop programming techniques in C++. To acquire a variety of numerical and mathematical techniques to be used for engineering problems modelled in terms of ODEs. To provide a strong mathematical and computational foundation for solving equations arising in the modelling of engineering systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Explain how the various standard ordinary differential equations (ODEs) arise in engineering. Use umerical techniques in the solution of such ODEs. Understand and apply the techniques of Fourier series and transforms to ODEs. Content: Numerical solution of ordinary differential evolution equations using Euler's method and the Runge-Kutta methods, including reduction to first order form and numerical stability analysis. Numerical solution of two-point ordinary differential boundary value problems using a direct method (the tridiagonal matrix algorithm) and an indirect method (the shooting method). Local and Global Truncation Errors: choosing a suitable numerical method and the improvement of accuracy. Gaussian Elimination: algorithm and code development, use a Least Squares fitting of experimental data, and in the determination of matrix eigenvalues.
 MECH0199: Mathematical modelling 2 Semester 2 Credits: 3 Contact: Level: Level 2 Assessment: CW100 Requisites: Pre MECH0198 Aims & Learning Objectives: To continue to develop algorithm design and programming techniques in C++. To acquire a large variety of numerical and mathematical techniques to be used for those engineering problems modelled in terms of PDEs. To provide a strong mathematical and computational foundation for solving equations arising in the modelling of engineering systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Explain how the various standard partial differential equations (PDEs) arise in engineering. Us numerical techniques in the solution of such PDEs. Content: Derivation and numerical solution of Fourier's equation of heat conduction, Laplace's equation, Poisson's equation and Wave equation.
 MECH0200: Aircraft performance & propulsion Semester 1 Credits: 5 Contact: Level: Level 3 Assessment: EX100 Requisites: Pre MECH0022, Pre MECH0025 Aims & learning objectives To introduce the basic mechanics of flight and the conceptual desigh of fixed-wing aircraft. To provide a broad outline of the performance characteristics of aircraft engines and their impact on aircraft performance. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Predict the performance of a fixed-wing aircraft in steady and accelerated flight; calculate a balanced field length; understand aircraft design specification within the Airworthiness regulations; understand the fundamental differences between the performance characteristics of turbojet, turbofan and turboprop engines; understand the basic thermo-fluid mechanics of aeroengines. Content Level flight; climb and field performance; payload range; the design process and the role of the Airworthiness regulations; drag polar estimates; turbojet cycle; propulsive, thermal and overall efficiencies of engines; effects of by-pass and fan pressure ratio on specific fuel consumption; turboprop engines and propellers; fundamentals of subsomic and supersonic intake systems; afterburners and combusters.
 MECH0201: Electromechanical energy conversion Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW30 EX70 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide familiarisation with the fundamentals of electrical drive theory and applications in a practical way by introducing the participants to the principles of electromechanical energy conversion, AC and DC electrical motors, power electronics and variable-speed drives. After taking this unit the student should be able to: read electrical circuit diagrams, understand the principles of electrical motor operation, appreciate the role of power electronic devices and circuits, understand the requirements for efficient variable-speed operation and motion control. Content: Electromagnetism : voltage, current, flux, force, torque; DC, AC, three-phase system; Electric motors: types, sizes, supply requirements, torque/speed characteristic, starting/overloading problems, possibilities for variable-speed operation. Power electronics: devices (thyristors, bipolar transistors, FETs, IGBTs), configurations, converters, PWM, applications Noise: airborne noise due to PWM; electro-magnetic interference (EMI) pollution. Motion control: speed/position control for both DC and AC motors, supply requirements, control algorithms. Exercises: simulation exercise; AC & DC drive design examples; DC drive exercise; laboratory work.
 MECH0202: Servo-electric drive performance & control Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW20 ES20 EX60 Requisites: Pre MECH0201 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide basic knowledge in application of control theory for electrical servo drives. To appreciate the factors which influence the specification and performance of components and sub-systems of electrical motor drive systems. To provide guidance in motor selection and converter selection. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Design and predict performance of a practical servo-electric motor drive system, including motor type and size, supply system (power converter) and control system. Model and analyse the designed system. Content: System components: motors, stepper motors, power electronic converters, sensors and instrumentation, control systems (analogue and digital). Motion control: principles, intelligent indexer control, multi-axis motion control. System analysis: block diagrams, frequency domain representation, plant stability. Modelling: all types of motors, power supplies, feedback devices. Control systems: motion control systems for DC and AC motors, scalar control, vector control, feedback processing, parameter estimation, condition monitoring, application of advanced control techniques. Exercises: case studies for DC and AC motors, design exercises (component selection & system modelling), computer-based exercises, laboratory work.
 MECH0203: Comparative analysis & synthesis of power transmission & motion control systems Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW45 PR45 OR10 Requisites: Pre MECH0201, Pre MECH0145 Aims & Learning Objectives: To increase appreciation of all types of Power Transmission and Motion Control Systems. To allow the engineers to compare various PTMC variants and select appropriate solutions. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Analyse the suitability of a PTMC system for the application. Select the most appropriate solutions taking due account of performance, flexibility, energy-efficiency, life-cycle costs and environmental impact. Perform basic design and predict the behaviour of hydraulic, electrical and mechanical systems. Content: Hydraulic systems: pumps, valves, actuators, motors, typical applications, case studies Pneumatic systems: pumps, valves, actuators, cleanliness issues, lubrication issues; case study. Electrical drive systems: AC and DC motors; power electronic converters; velocity control and position control, case study. Mechanical systems: types, applications, main features Control systems: basic requirements, processing and feedback hardware. Exercises: simulation exercises, hydraulic design exercise, DC drive design exercise, laboratory work.
 MECH0204: Information, research & computer management systems Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW75 OT25 Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide: Skills in literature and information searching using currently available databases; An understanding of computer systems architecture; The acquisition of transferable skills appropriate to doctoral level research work; An understanding of the relevance of Patents, Law, Ethics, Environmental issues and Standards relevant to research and to state of the art engineering practice. After taking this module the student should be able to: Perform a literature survey and prepare a critical analysis and presentation on an engineering topic. Prepare a critique on one of several staff research presentations. Prepare a proposal for research work and its subsequent exploitation on a selected topic Apply the constraints imposed by considerations of Patents, Law, Ethics, Environmental issues and Standards to an engineering project. Play an active role in the management of an engineering project. Apply appropriate methods of laboratory measurement, instrumentation and data collection. Use statistical methods to analyse experimental data. Content: Syllabus: The Bath Information and Data Service (BIDS), Web searching, other public database sources; Preparation of critical reviews of selected scientific papers; Seminar presentations; Distillation of research goals from literature reviews and industrial problems; Principles of measurement, instrumentation and data processing. Computer systems architecture, Multimedia, Internet.
 MECH0205: Reading unit Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: Requisites: Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims To provide: an understanding of a specific subject not encountered in a normal University taught course syllabus; an understanding of the engineering context of a specific subject or research area. Learning Objectives: After taking this unit the student should be able to: Read material from a list of text book chapters and general review articles as prepared by the tutor. Discuss the reading material in a one-to-one tutorial with the tutor on a weekly basis. Prepare a detailed review of the subject. Prepare a seminar on the subject. Content: This is specific to the subject area of each individual course.
 MECH0206: Energy & the environment Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX56 ES12 CW32 Requisites: Pre MECH0068 Aims & Learning Objectives: To understand the energy balances within the major regions of the world, and their environmental consequences. To introduce assessment techniques for evaluating projects in terms of energy use and environmental impact. To understand the relationship between alternative energy technologies and the societies in which they develop and to participate in discussion of energy and environmental options. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Evaluate the life cycle of major energy projects, and present the results in a form that will enable decision makers to fully comprehend their energy and environmental consequences. Develop the key features of appropriate energy strategies for countries from different regions of the world in terms of their economic development, indigenous energy resources, and environmental consequences. Participate in local and national debates over large scale development projects with an understanding of limitations placed on them by economic, physical, and environmental constraints. Content: ENERGY RESOURCES : Fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, coal); Primary electricity (hydro and nuclear power); Renewable energy sources; Substitutable and non-substitutable resources. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION : Pollutant emissions from fossil fuel combustion; Environmental impact of nuclear power; local, regional and global effects. ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES : Cost/benefit analysis; First and second law (energy and exergy) thermodynamic analysis; Life-cycle assessment; Environmental impact assessment. ENERGY AND SOCIETY : The technology-society relationship; Alternative energy technologies; Energy conservation; Energy and transport. ENERGY STRATEGIES : Major world producers and users; Energy systems modelling; energy and the third world; Case study; comparative energy studies of selected industrialised and developing countries.
 MECH0207: Aircraft performance & propulsion Semester 1 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: EX80 CW20 Requisites: Pre MECH0022, Pre MECH0025 Aims & learning objectives To introduce the basic mechanics of flight and the conceptual desigh of fixed-wing aircraft. To provide a broad outline of the performance characteristics of aircraft engines and their impact on aircraft performance. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Predict the performance of a fixed-wing aircraft in steady and accelerated flight; calculate a balanced field length; understand aircraft design specification within the Airworthiness regulations; understand the fundamental differences between the performance characteristics of turbojet, turbofan and turboprop engines; understand the basic thermo-fluid mechanics of aeroengines. Content Level flight; climb and field performance; payload range; the design process and the role of the Airworthiness regulations; drag polar estimates; turbojet cycle; propulsive, thermal and overall efficiencies of engines; effects of by-pass and fan pressure ratio on specific fuel consumption; turboprop engines and propellers; fundamentals of subsomic and supersonic intake systems; afterburners and combusters.
 MECH0208: Power transmission systems Semester 2 Credits: 6 Contact: Level: Postgraduate Assessment: CW45 ES45 OR10 Requisites: Aims & learning objectivesTo increase appreciation of all types of Power Transmission and Motion Control (PTMC) Systems. To allow the engineers to compare various PTMC variants and select appropriate solutions. After taking this unit the student should be able to: analyse the suitability of a PTMC system for the application. Select the most appropriate solutions taking due account of performance, flexibility, energy-efficiency, life-cycle costs and environmental impact. Perform basic design and predict the behaviour of hydraulic, electrical and mechanical systems. Content Basics: energy, power, needs for controllable and efficient transmission of power. Hydraulic systems: pumps, valves, actuators, motors, typical applications, case studies. Pneumatic systems: compressors, valves, actuators, cleanliness & lubrication issues; case study. Electrical drive systems: AC and DC motors; power electronic converters; velocity control and position control, case study. Mechanical systems: types, applications, main features. Control systems: basic requirements, processing and feedback hardware. Exercises: simulation exercises, hydraulic design exercise, DC drive design exercise, laboratory work.