Text only University | Catalogues for 2004/05 | for UGs | for PGs

# Department of Mechanical Engineering, Unit Catalogue 2004/05

### ME10001: Experimental & engineering skills 1

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To consolidate the written and graphical presentation of experimental data, results and analysis. To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To introduce students to computer aided engineering. To teach basic keyboard skills, use of wordprocessors (including typesetting mathematics), spreadsheets, databases (including those for library), and the world wide web. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Interpret and communicate experimental results with analysis in a precise format. Carry out simple design tasks using CAD systems. Recognise and model potential observed uncertainty in engineering problems. Produce a typeset document including charts and graphics, use a spreadsheet including what-if calculations, formulae, graphs, charts and statistics. Search for information in online databases and the web. Content: Interpretation and communication of experimental results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems. Microsoft windows environment, touch typing tutor, Word 6, EXCEL, BIDS, Netscape 3 with Java.

### ME10002: Mathematics 1

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To reinforce algebra and calculus skills. To introduce basic concepts with which the students may not be familiar. To provide a mathematical underpinning for subsequent work. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Handle circular and hyperbolic functions. Differentiate and integrate elementary functions. Use partial differentiation and complex numbers, vectors & matrices. Be able to sketch curves and use information from the calculus to analyse critical points. Use polar as well as cartesian co-ordinate systems. Content: Algebraic manipulation and roots of polynomials. Standard functions (sine, cosine, exponential, logarithm, trigonometric identities). Differentiation (derivative of a sum, product, quotient, function of a function, implicit, tangent, and normal to a curve, maxima, minima, points of inflexion). Partial fractions. Integration (use of partial fractions and substitution, integration by parts, areas and volumes of revolution). Curve sketching. Taylor and binomial expansions. Arithmetical and geometrical progressions. Polar co-ordinates. complex numbers. Introduction to vectors and matrices. Further methods of differentiation and integration; partial differentiation.

### ME10003: Thermofluids 1

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to the concepts and basic equations of thermodynamics and fluid mechanics. After taking this unit the student should be able to : Understand the basic concepts of thermodynamics and fluid mechanics; apply the First Law of Thermodynamics to engineering problems; derive and apply the continuity equation and Bernoulli's equation to engineering problems. Content: Introduction and definitions of thermodynamics; properties; work and heat transfer; First Law of Thermodynamics; perfect gas; properties of a pure substance; use of tables and charts for properties. Fluid statics; pressure, forces and moments; fluid kinematics; continuity equation; Bernoulli's equation.

### ME10004: Solid mechanics 1

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the fundamental principles of statics, kinematics and dynamics as applied in an engineering context. To develop judgement in system description and modelling. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the nature of statical determinacy and free body diagrams; analyse pin-jointed frames; formulate and solve equations of motion; apply Newton's laws to problems of nonconstant acceleration; calculate work done by forces and torques; understand power, efficiency, kinetic and potential energy of a mechanical system; find stresses and strains for simple cases of loading and displacement; analyse problems of rotational and combined motion. Content: Statical determinacy; free body diagrams; pin-jointed frames; tension coefficients. Free body systems in dynamics; friction; Newton's laws; non-constant acceleration; energy and momentum. Stress and strain; statical indeterminacy; torsion. Rotational motion; moments of inertia; combined motion; geared systems.

### ME10005: Applied engineering

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To integrate engineering science and applications within the different engineering disciplines. To offer an insight into challenging and interesting topics within engineering. To provide students within an insight into the different branches of engineering offered in the MEng programme. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Appreciate the relevance of the engineering science subjects in the context of their application to engineering technologies. Understand the focus of the different branches of engineering and their interrelationships. Make a more informed decision about the branch of engineering in which they chose to specialise. Content: History of technology. Personalities. The Institutions. The business as a system. Business structures and the influence of size and ownership. Concepts of value added. Concepts of behaviour and management. Aircraft wing design. Automotive engine design. Computer controlled manufacture. Product design. Factory planning. Manufacturing systems concepts.

### ME10006: Design materials & manufacture 1

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX50CW50
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide fundamental knowledge about metals, their structure and properties. To introduce students to the concept of visual thinking. To show the link between design and manufacture. To develop self-instructional learning skills. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Produce and interpret engineering drawings for manufacture and assembly to BS308. Make freehand engineering sketches. Define the key mechanical properties of metals. Compare and contrast some of the common metals used for engineering manufacture. Explain how the mechanical properties of metals can be related to their microstructure. Identify the features and limitations of the casting process. Use a workbook approach for self-learning. Content: Study guide. Introduction to manufacturing. Mechanical properties of metals. Selection of materials. Microstructure. Casting. Alloys. British Standards. Sketching. Dimensioning. Tolerancing. Layouts. Orthogonal, Isometric projections.

### ME10007: Experimental & engineering skills 2

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: PR80OT20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10001
 Aims: To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To provide an understanding of measurement techniques and instrumentation. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Give verbal presentations of experimental and technical work. * Determine the most appropriate techniques for gathering information given an experimental configuration. * Select suitable measuring techniques. Skills: Experimentation and report writing. Content: Interpretation and communication of experiemtnal results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems.

### ME10009: Thermofluids 2

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10003
 Aims: To introduce the student to more basic equations of fluid mechanics and to apply the equations to engineering problems. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to:Understand the basic concepts of fluid mechanics; apply the continuity, momentum and Bernoulli's equations to engineering problems; use dimensional analysis. Skills: Problem solving and numeracy (taught and assessed). Content: Stress and viscosity; fluid statics; pressure, forces and moments; fluid kinematics; continuity equation; Bernoulli equation; Bernoulli equation with losses and external work; momentum equation for a control volume; dimensional analysis and similarity; introduction to Flight.

### ME10010: Solid mechanics 2

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To promote further understanding of the fundamental principles of mechanics. To introduce engineering bending theory. To apply principles of dynamical modelling to different rotating and reciprocating machines. To introduce concepts of stress and strain transformation. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate shear forces, bending moments and deflections in beams. Determine the stress and strain states of simple structural forms; manipulate stress and strain transformation equations, and understand Mohr's circle. Analyse the state of balance of a system comprising rotating masses, and determine effects of unbalance. Analyse the motion of a rigid body in space using vector analysis. Calculate velocities and accelerations in a linkage mechanism. Content: Simple bending theory. Torque transmission/shear stress: clutches; belt drives. Balancing of rotating masses: flywheels; rotating and reciprocating machines. Slope and deflection of beams. Stress transformations and Mohr's circle. Pressure vessels. Introduction to spatial dynamics and degrees of freedom. Vector methods and theory of gyroscopes. Analysis of linkage mechanisms.

### ME10012: Design materials & manufacture 2

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX40CW60
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the component elements of design. To provide an introduction to the processes of machining, forming and joining and the heat treatment of metals. To enable the student to become acquainted with the basic principles of design, and the design process in line with BS7000 and internationally agreed standards. To provide a holistic view of the process and decisions to be taken in real design problems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Analyse, select and integrate standard components into detailed designs. Develop a partial requirement specification from a design brief. Analyse a problem and select a solution from a range of alternatives. Produce detailed drawings of components to ensure that they perform the desired function and can be manufactured. Select from an extending range of traditional manufacturing processes. Content: The design process; principles of design; design controls. Elements: Springs, bearings, seals, fixing and fastening systems, power transmission systems. Electric motors. Design & Make Project, machining, forming, heat treatment, mechanical joints, liquid phase joints.

### ME10130: Experimental & engineering skills 1 with French

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW20PR70OR10
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To consolidate the written and graphical presentation of experimental data, results and analysis. To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To introduce students to computer aided engineering. To introduce students to technical vocabulary in the French language. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Interpret and communicate experimental results with analysis in a precise format. Carry out simple design tasks using CAD systems. Recognise and model potential with observed uncertainty in engineering problems. Explain simple physical phenomena in French. Read and understand simple technical texts in French. Content: Interpretation and communication of experimental results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems. Technical language

### ME10131: Experimental & engineering skills 2 with French

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW20PR70OR10
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To provide an understanding of measurement techniques and instrumentation. To extend technical vocabulary in French. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Give verbal presentations of experimental and technical work. Determine the most appropriate techniques for gathering information given an experimental configuration. Select suitable measuring techniques. Explain the working of simple engineering machines in French. Read and understand engineering articles of a general nature in French. Content: Interpretation and communication of experimental results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems. Technical language

### ME10132: Experimental & engineering skills 1 with German

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW20PR70OR10
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To consolidate the written and graphical presentation of experimental data, results and analysis. To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To introduce students to computer aided engineering. To introduce students to technical vocabulary in the German language. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Interpret and communicate experimental results with analysis in a precise format. Carry out simple design tasks using CAD systems. Recognise and model potential with observed uncertainty in engineering problems. Explain simple physical phenomena in German. Read and understand simple technical texts in German. Content: Interpretation and communication of experimental results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems. Technical language.

### ME10133: Experimental & engineering skills 2 with German

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW20PR70OR10
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an appreciation of practical engineering skills. To provide an understanding of measurement techniques and instrumentation. To extend technical vocabulary in German. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Give verbal presentations of experimental and technical work. Determine the most appropriate techniques for gathering information given an experimental configuration. Select suitable measuring techniques. Explain the working of simple engineering machines in German. Read and understand engineering articles of a general nature in German. Content: Interpretation and communication of experimental results and analysis. Experimental techniques and measurement techniques. Uncertainty in engineering problems. Technical language.

### ME10138: Mathematics for Electrical Engineering 1

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims: This is the first of two first year units intended to lead to confident and error free manipulation and use of standard mathematical functions and relationships in the context of engineering mathematics. Proofs, where introduced, are of a constructive kind, i.e. they are examples of useful and standard methods of wide applicability in the technical problems of communication, control, electronics and power systems. The unit will consolidate and extend topics met at A-level, so that students may improve their fluency and understanding of applicable mathematics. Tutorial sessions will be conducted to enable students to develop solving skills and their mathematical intuition. Learning Outcomes: Fluency in the basic concepts of calculus, complex numbers, ordinary differential equations and matrix manipulations. An understanding of the meaning of Fourier Series and how to determine Fourier Series representations of periodic functions. Skills: As 'Learning Outcomes' but also includes (i) error-free manipulation, (ii) logical and tidy presentation of mathematical arguments and (iii) the avoidance of slovenly constructs such as the double negative. Content: Complex numbers: Definition, conjugate, addition, multiplication and division, modulus and argument, polar form, solution of quadratic equations, De Moivre's theorem, roots. Differentiation: Definition as a limiting process, standard differential of products and quotients, function of a function rule, maxima, minima and critical points, parametric differentiation. Integration: Definition, inverse of differentiation, standard integrals, use of substitution, use of partial fractions, integration by parts, mean and RMS. Matrices and vectors: Definition of matrix, addition and compatibility, multiplication (definition and why), definition of determinant, solution of linear systems using Cramer's rule, Gauss-Jordan and Gaussian Elimination (comparative speed of algorithms). Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations: Categorisation of ODEs (order, linear/nonlinear, IVP/BVP), Separation of Variables and Integrating factor for 1st order ODEs, solution of higher order equations with constant coefficients using Particular Integrals and Complementary Functions, Cauchy-Euler equations, systems of linear equations. Fourier Series: Definition and interpretation, use of symmetries of functions, solution of ODE systems.

### ME10139: Mathematics for Electrical Engineering 2

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW40EX60
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10138
 Aims & Learning Objectives: This is the second of two first year units intended to develop the confident use of engineering mathematics. It is intended to introduce students to the use of mathematical modelling and analysis in the solution of problems in electronic and electrical engineering. Many of the topics are supported by the use of MATLAB Content: Probability and Statistics: Simple probability, compound events, complementary events, independant events, addition and multiplication laws. Probability density function, cumulative distribution, discrete and continuous variables, binomial distribution, Gaussian disribution. Sequences: Definition, ecplicit form and recurrence relations, limits, arithmetic and geometric progressions, solution of recurrence relations. Series: Sums of series, Binomial expansions, Taylors series, D'Alembert's convergence test, radius of convergence. Numerical methods: Root finding using as hoc and Newton-Raphson methods, convergence properties of such iteration schemes, repeated roots. Numerical integration, Trapezium and Simpson's rules, order of accuracy, improvement of accuracy using Richardson's Extrapolation. Vectors: Definition, sum, modulus, unit vector, scalar and vector products, co-planarity and independence, scalar triple product, equations of lines and planes, distances between points and lines, points and planes, and between lines.

### ME10144: Fluid mechanics 1

 Credits: 3
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take AR10059
 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To give students a knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of fluid mechanics. Objectives: By the end of the course, the student should be able to: * determine hydrostatic forces * relate viscosity to buoyancy in considering the settlement of particles * describe the principles and practice of pressure measurement * understand the basic principles of fluid flow and the analysis of different types of flow Content: Properties of fluids Hydrostatics Forces on submerged surfaces Bouyancy and stability Hydrodynamics Bernoulli Equation Applications of Bernoulli Momentum Equation Hagen-poiseuille Laminar/Turbulent Flow Pipe friction, losses

### ME10196: Mathematics & computing 1

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To reinforce algebra and calculus skills. To introduce basic concepts with which the students may not be familiar. To provide a mathematical underpinning for subsequent work. To teach basic keyboard skills, use of wordprocessors (including typesetting mathematics), spreadsheets, databases (including those for library), and the world wide web. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Handle circular and hyperbolic functions. Differentiate and integrate elementary functions. Use partial differentiation and complex numbers, vectors & matrices. Be able to sketch curves and use information from the calculus to analyse critical points. Use polar as well as cartesian co-ordinate systems. Produce a typeset document including charts and graphics; Use a spreadsheet including what-if calculations, formulae, graphs, charts and statistics. Search for information in online databases and the web. Content: Algebraic manipulation and roots of polynomials. Standard functions (sine, cosine, exponential, logarithm, trigonometric identities). Differentiation (derivative of a sum, product, quotient, function of a function, implicit, tangent, and normal to a curve, maxima, minima, points of inflexion). Partial fractions. Integration (use of partial fractions and substitution, integration by parts, areas and volumes of revolution). Curve sketching. Taylor and binomial expansions. Arithmetica l and geometrical progressions. Polar co-ordinates. complex numbers. Introduction to vectors and matrices. Further methods of differentiation and integration; partial differentiation. Microsoft windows environment, touch typing tutor, Word 6, Excell, BIDS , Netscape 3 with Java.

### ME10232: Materials science 1 (EG10040)

 Credits: 3
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop a lively interest in the available range of building materials, founded on an understanding of their microstructure and properties and their practical advantages and limits. Content: Building materials. Resources, usage and cost.. Mechanical properties; stress, strain, strength stiffness, strain energy, toughness. Bonding and Packing of Atoms The periodic table. Primary (ionic, covalent, and metallic) and secondary (dipolar) bonding. Packing of equal and unequal size atoms. Imperfections in crystals. Point and line defects, grain boundaries. Metals and Alloys Iron and steel; phase diagram for Fe-C system, Heat treatment of steels. Alloy steels. Other metals. Glass, Ceramics and Concrete Glass structure, composition. and properties. Volume-temperature relationships. Traditional and engineering ceramics. Sheet silicates. Clay bodies. Manufacture of cement. Special cements. Setting and strength of concrete. Stone as a building material. Polymeric Material and Wood Polymerisation. Amorphous and crystalline polymers. Thermosets and thermoplastics. Structure and deformation of the wood cell. Properties of timber and its products.

### ME10233: Introduction to Electrical Engineering Materials (EG10042)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an introduction to materials types, microstructures and properties. To show the influence of materials selection on the design and manufacture of components or structures. To provide an understanding of the properties of magnetic, dielectric and insulating materials. Content: Atomic structure and interatomic bonding; structure of crystalline solids; metals, alloys, ceramics, polymers, glasses; microstructure, control of microstructure, outline of manufacturing methods; mechanical properties of materials, ductility, dislocations, brittle fracture; selection of materials, design. Origins of magnetism, ferromagnetism, domain formation, magnetisation, hysteresis, hard and soft magnets, permanent magnet materials, transformer core, eddy current loss; ferrimagnetism, ferrites, ferrite applications; electrical insulation, insulator materials, breakdown phenomena; capacitor types, dielectric properties, ferroelectrics, capacitor selection; piezoelectric materials, piezoelectric ceramics, PZT, applications, quartz, crystal resonators.

### ME10234: Properties of materials & instrumentation lab I (EG10055)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: PR100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop practical and organisational skills for labarotory work. To introduce the principles of report writing, materials properties and instrumentation. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Produce structured laboratory reports on engineering properties, microstrucutre, corrosion and fracture behaviour of materials in hand-written or computer format. Content: Introduction to writing laboratory reports including presentation, structure, style and treatment of experimental results. Demonstration of workshop practice. A series of 4 laboratory practicals, working in groups of 2-4 students which introduce a selection of the following: * Engineering Properties * Microscopy, materials structure * Fracture * Transducer use and electrical measurement

### ME10236: Sports applications laboratory (EG10065)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW60ES20OT20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: Students will be involved in the practical and theoretical studies of the techniques, strategies, technology and organisation of sports. They will have the opportunity to become involved with a number of sports from the perspective of the player, technologist and manager. Content: At the beginning of the course each student will set his/her targets and choose the sports in which he/she will become involved from the wide selection available. Each sport will be analysed in terms of performance, rules and regulations, strategy, equipment, training methods, organisation and competition. A dissertation will be produced at the end of the semester and the student will give a short presentation of his work to his/her peers.

### ME10237: Historical & contemporary studies in sport (EG10066)

 Credits: 3
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX70CW30
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: The aim of this Unit is to consider the origins of sport and their bearing on the culture of modern sporting activities. After taking this Unit the student should be able to: Describe a variety of historical factors which have influenced sport and exercise in the UK. Conduct primary historical research into the development of sport and exercise locally. Content: The nature and origins of sport, competition and exercise sports. Twentieth century sports initiatives, mass participation and related social issues.

### ME10238: Solid body mechanics 1 (EG10067)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the fundamental principles of statics, kinematics and dynamics as applied in a sports engineering context. Introduce the concept of reactions and bending moments. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Determine stresses and strains for direct static and impact loading cases. Understand the nature of equilibrium and static determinacy and produce free body diagrams; produce shear force and bending moment diagrams for beams; formulate and solve equations of motion; apply Newton's laws to problems of non-constant acceleration; calculate work done by forces; understand power, efficiency, kinetic and potential energy of a system. Content: Centroids of two and three dimensional shapes; Direct stress and strain; Impact loads: Static determinacy; free body diagrams; Shear force and Bending moment diagrams; Friction, drag and rolling resistance; Newton's laws and particle motion; Work and energy; Impulse, Momentum. and Coefficient of Restitution.

### ME10239: Solid body mechanics 2 (EG10070)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10238
 Aims & Learning Objectives: Gain further understanding of the fundamental principles of statics and dynamics. Understand engineering simple bending and torsion theories and loading in pin jointed frames. Also understand the concepts of rotary motion, rotary power and forces in pulley and geared transmission systems. After taking this Unit the student should be able to: Calculate second moments of area for simple shapes; Calculate stresses and deflections in simple beams. Determine the shear stress and twist of circular bars in torsion; Determine the member forces in frames; Determine stresses and strains in pressure vessels; Calculate torque and angular speeds in transmission systems; Determine linear and angular velocities and accelerations in simple mechanisms. Content: Thin walled pressure vessel theory; Second moments of area; Engineers' bending theory; slope and deflection of beams; Pin jointed frames; Simple torsion; Rotational motion and centrifugal force; Rope slippage and Pulley belt forces; Geared transmission systems; Analysis of linkage mechanisms.

### ME10240: Design & manufacture (EG10071)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10242 and take XX10006
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the commonly used manufacturing processes and show how they can influence the design of sports and exercise equipment. To acquaint the student with the design process and show the importance of iterative thinking and generating alternative ideas by undertaking projects. To demonstrate the importance of the specification in relation to sports equipment design and manufacture. After taking this Unit the student should be able to: Develop a requirement specification from a design brief. Analyse a problem and select a solution from a range of alternatives. Produce concept sketches and detailed drawings of components to ensure that they perform the desired function and can be best manufactured. Select from an extensive range of manufacturing processes for use in the design process. Content: Commonly used manufacturing processes - machining, grinding, casting, forming and joining. Surface finishes, limits and fits. The design process, functionality and Requirement Specification writing. Project activity: To include a Design for Manufacture exercise and also a Design and Make sports equipment exercise.

### ME10241: Materials & manufacture (EG10073)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX50OT50
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce structure/property/manufacturing process relationships in metals, polymers and ceramics. To develop self instructional learning skills. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe the classification of materials in terms of atomic and molecular structure. Define key mechanical properties of engineering materials. Explain how mechanical properties can be related to their microstructure. Describe some of the commonly used processes for the manufacture of engineering materials and parts. Content: Study guide for self instructional learning. Mechanical properties of materials including, strength, stiffness, elastic and plastic behaviour, fracture toughness. Manufacturing process such as moulding/casting, machining, forming.

### ME10242: Introduction to design (EG10074)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to the importance of producing engineering drawings to a national standard for adequately conveying design for the purpose of manufacture. To encourage visual thinking in relation to the engineering of sports equipment and draw an awareness of the importance of functional requirements and aesthetics in their design and manufacture. After taking this Unit the student should be able to: Produce and interpret engineering drawings for manufacture and assembly. Make freehand sketches of engineering components. Content: Drawing conventions in relation to orthographic projection views, dimensioning and use of sections. Single part and assembly drawings produced manually and using the AutoCAD package. Sketching and Isometric projections. British Standards relating to products and safety.

### ME10243: Instrumentation & measurement I (EG10091)

 Credits: 3
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an introduction to measurement, instrumentation and signal processing. After taking this unit the student should be able to: i) match an indicating instrument or data recorder to a given signal source and estimate the accuracy of the indicated output; ii) select a suitable transducer type for a particular measurement application iii) describe the shielding and guarding techniques that are necessary to keep extraneous signals in the environment from affecting the signals in a measurement system. Content: Transducers for a range of measurements, such as: displacement, strain, acceleration, force, velocity, torque; operating principles, characteristics, selection based on application requirements. Measurement of voltage, current and resistance. Use of bridge circuits. Matching of instruments to signal sources. Thevenin's therom. Explanation of concepts of accuracy, systematic and random errors, noise, linearity and repeatability of measurements. Signal amplification; amplifier types, signal buffers, instrumentation amplifiers and active filters. Amplifier errors and drift. AC characteristics, band-width, signal-to-noise ratio. Brief description of guarding and shielding techniques.

### ME10244: Introduction to medical engineering (EG10105)

 Credits: 3
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment:
 Requisites:
 Content: TBA

### ME10245: Materials science 1 (for Sports Technology students) (EG10118)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW40EX60
 Requisites:
 Aims: To develop an interest in the available range of engineering materials based on an understanding of the relationships between atomic structure, microstructure and properties and their practical advantages and limits. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the properties of metals, glass, ceramics, concrete and polymers based on bonding, crystal structure and microstructure. Understand the iron-carbon systems and the principles of plastic deformation and strengthening in metals and alloys. Describe processing methods of metals, ceramics and polymers. Calculate materials properties from stress strain curves and the maximum flaw size and time dependent properties of brittle materials. Skills: problem solving and numeracy (taught and assessed). Content: The periodic table and bonding (ionic, covalent, metallic, secondary), packing of atoms including metallic crystal systems (BCC, FCC. HCP). Imperfections in crystals (vacancies, dislocations, grain boundaries). Metals and alloys - the iron/carbon phase diagram (austenite, ferrite, cemetite, and martensite). Properties and applications of plain carbon steels. Welding processes. Metal processing. Glass structure, compostition and properties. Volume-temperature relationships. Traditional and engineering ceramics, processing and properties. Brittle fracture and distribution of strength in brittle materials. Conctrete manufacture and properties, degredation mechanisms. Polymer materials, amorphous and crystalline polymers, thermosets and thermoplastics. Polymer processing methods.

### ME20013: Systems & control

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX85PR15
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To examine the behaviour of a variety of physical systems commonly used in control applications. To develop an understanding of the operational behaviour of control systems, this to allow the application of classical control theory to system analysis and design. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Predict the behaviour of simple control systems. Determine a control systems frequency response and stability characteristics. Improve steady state and dynamic performance using compensation techniques. Content: System modelling. Open and closed loop control. Block diagram representation. Block diagram manipulation. Transfer functions and Laplace notation. Transient performance of simple systems. System errors. Frequency response representation of systems. Bode diagrams. System stability assessment using Bode diagrams. Compensation techniques. Use of computer software for system design. Microprocessor practical, Robot Control experiment.

### ME20014: Modelling techniques 1

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX60CW40
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take XX10118
 Aims: To continue to develop algorithm design and programming techniques in C++. To acquire a large variety of numerical and mathematical techniques to be used for those engineering problems modelled in terms of ODEs. To provide a strong mathematical and computational foundation for solving equations arising in the modelling of engineering systems. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Understand how the various standard ordinary differential equations (ODEs) arise in engineering. * Understand and use numerical techniques in the solution of such ODEs. * Understand and apply the techniques of Fourier series, Laplace transforms and transforms to ODEs. * Understand the use of object orientation and its relation to C++ classes. Skills: Problem solving, numeracy. Content: Numerical solution of ordinary differential evolution equations using Euler's method and the Runge-Kutta methods, including reduction to first order form and numerical stability analysis. Numerical solution of two-point ordinary differential boundary value problems using a direct method (the tridiagonal matrix algorithm and an indirect method (the shooting method). Local and Global Truncation Errors: choosing a suitable numerical method and the improvement of accuracy. Translating engineering problem statements in English into ODEs, and hence into C++ software. C++ classes, private and public member data and functions, constructors and destructors and their relationship with memory management, data hiding, and Fourier Series and Laplace transforms.

### ME20015: Thermofluids 3

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop the students ability to apply the principals of thermodynamics, heat transfer and compressible gas flow to problems of engineering importance. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the thermodynamic principles, characteristics of gas turbines, steam turbines and IC engines, together with related energy conservation and environmental issues. Solve simple heat transfer problems (including steady-state and trained conduction in solids, convection, radiation, and the design of heat exchangers). Content: THERMODYNAMICS & COMBUSTION : Steam plant: superheating, reheating, CHP and combined cycles. Gas turbines and jet engines: intercooling, reheating and introduction to jet propulsion. Introduction to combustion, heat release, emissions and the environment. HEAT TRANSFER : Heat conduction: steady-state and transient conduction in solids (including composite slabs and cylinders). Convective heat transfer: dimensional analysis and empirical correlations. Introduction to radiation. Heat exchangers: design using the LMTD method.

### ME20016: Solid mechanics 3

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the vibrations of mechanical systems in a one degree of freedom context. To introduce the theory of torsion in non-circular and open- sections, bending in unsymmetrical sections and the concept of fatigue failure. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Set up the equations of motion for systems with one degree of freedom; find natural frequencies of free motion; calculate rates of decay from viscous damping and vice versa; determine motions resulting from a sinusoidal force, unbalance and base excitation. Calculate shaft critical speeds. Find torsion stiffnesses and strengths for closed and open structural sections. Calculate second moments of area for unsymmetrical sections. Determine the fatigue life of some simple structural forms. Content: One degree of freedom systems: free and forced vibration; base excited motion; unbalance excitation; vibration isolation. Torsion of open and closed structural sections, unsymmetrical bending. Stress concentration, fatigue strength and cumulative damage in structural components.

### ME20017: Solid mechanics 3 with French

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the vibrations of mechanical systems in a one degree of freedom context. To introduce the theory of torsion in non-circular and open- sections, bending in unsymmetrical sections and the concept of fatigue failure. To review the content of first year Solid Mechanics course in the French language. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Set up the equations of motion for systems with one degree of freedom; find natural frequencies of free motion; calculate rates of decay from viscous damping and vice versa; determine motions resulting from a sinusoidal force, unbalance and base excitation. Calculate shaft critical speeds. Find torsion stiffnesses and strengths for closed and open structural sections. Calculate second moments of area for unsymmetrical sections. Determine the fatigue life of some simple structural forms. Content: One degree of freedom systems: free and forced vibration; base excited motion; unbalance excitation; vibration isolation. Torsion of open and closed structural sections, unsymmetrical bending. Stress concentration, fatigue strength and cumulative damage in structural components. language review topics: Force and moments as vectors; 3D free body diagrams; 3D systems using vector analysis; principal of superpositioning.

### ME20018: Design 3

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To show how engineering sub-assemblies comprise both standard and components. To demonstrate the importance of optimisation within an iterative design process in contrast to adequate design in terms of functionality, geometry and material selection. To show how a successful design can be achieved by integrating analytical skills from the engineering sciences. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Design a sub-assembly in detail using correctly selected components and design ancillary items to meet a requirement. Design an engineering product. Recognise the importance of completing comprehensive design analysis, component drawings and sub-assembly drawings in order to achieve a successful solution. Content: Embodiment design: To include shafts, coupling, keyway, welded and bolted joint design, bearing, pulley, gear analysis. combined loadings, design factors and optimisation techniques.

### ME20019: Manufacturing 3

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10006 and take ME10012
 Aims & Learning Objectives: Introduce the student to the elements of the theory of plasticity and the mechanics of metal removing processes. To provide an understanding of the processes employed in the manufacture of non-metallic parts. To increase the student knowledge and appreciation of surface processing treatment.After taking this module the student should be able to:Show understanding of material yielding and its application in material shaping. Calculate the forces acting on cutting tools and select optimum operating conditions. Describe some of the commonly used techniques for surface treatment. Select the appropriate surface hardening, coating or smoothing process to some industrial products. Describe a range of polymer processing methods and explain the limitations of their applications. Content: Syllabus: Plastic deformation and idealised stress-strain curves Yield Criteria and plastic work Force analysis in metal cutting Tool life and tool failure Cutting Force measurements Surface treatment: case hardening, coating and smoothing Types and properties of polymers Industrial techniques for polymer processing.

### ME20020: Experimentation & applied engineering

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: PR60CW40
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10005 and take ME10007
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To illustrate the systems approach to engineering.To illustrate the integration of engineering science, control, electronics, design, materials, manufacture and business for product-based engineering applications.To demonstrate the interaction of the different engineering disciplines in the design of products. To develop the student's understanding of laboratory practice and of instrumentation using microcomputers including signal processing and analysis techniques.To provide an understanding of the design of experiments.After taking this unit the student should be able to:Appreciate the breadth of application of science and technological subjects to engineering product design and development. Understand the interrelationships of different disciplines within engineering. Apply material from other science and technological units to experimentation content. Content: Laboratory experiments in : Engine Test. Aerofoil test. Flexible Manufacturing System. Space Frame. Supporting lectures on: Topics as appropriate to support individual experiments and investigations. Product and system investigations on: Aircraft High Lift Flap system and Undercarriage System. Automobile Active Suspension System. Product Packaging. Flexible Manufacturing System/Guided Vehicle/Robot. Logic-based Autonomous Machine. Hip replacement Prosthesis or Ergonomics & Human/System Interaction.

### ME20021: Modelling techniques 2

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX60CW40
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20014
 Aims: To continue to develop algorithm design and programming techniques in C++. To acquire a large variety of numerical and mathematical techniques to be used for those engineering problems modelled in terms of PDEs. To provide a strong mathematical and computational foundation for solving equations arising in the modelling of engineering systems. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Understand how the various standard partial differential equations (PDEs) arise in engineering. * Understand and use numerical and analytical techniques in the solution of such PDEs. * Understand and apply the techniques of Fourier series and transforms. * Understand and apply pointers, class inheritance and polymorphism in C++. Skills: Problem solving, numeracy. Content: Fourier's equation of heat conduction: derivation, numerical solution and analytical solutions. Laplace's equation and Poisson's equation: derivation, D'Alembert's solution, separation of variables solution, numerical solution using Method of Characteristics. Fourier series: application in ODEs and PDEs governing various engineering systems. Fourier Transforms: definition, general results, application in solving ODEs and PDEs. C++ pointers, base classes, derived classes and polymorphism.

### ME20022: Thermofluids 4

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20015
 Aims: To develop the student's ability to apply the principles of fluid dynamics to problems of engineering importance at high and low speeds. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate the flow over an arbitrary two-dimensional aerofoil by a variety of techniques with various degrees of approximation. Calculate the skin friction and drag caused by boundary-layer flow over external surfaces. Calculate the pressure losses in duct/pipe networks. Understand the effects of compressibility on fluid flow and solve engineering problems dealing with high-speed aerodynamics. Skills: Problem solving and numeracy (taught and assessed). Content: INVISCID FLOW: Stream functions: flow around simple non-lifting shapes. Free and forced vortices. Rotational/irrotational flows. Vorticity, circulation and lift. Aerofoil characteristics. VISCOUS FLOWS: Introduction to viscous flows, external and internal. Laminar and turbulent boundary layers in zero pressure gradients. Transition. Effect of pressure gradient, including flow separation. COMPRESSIBLE FLOW: Mach number and speed of sound. Shock waves. Area-change. Flow through a converging-diverging nozzle. Application to rockets and aerospace engineering. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE: History of fluid dynamics and flight in the 20th and 21st century.

### ME20023: Solid mechanics 4

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the students knowledge of the vibrations of mechanical systems into the multi-degree of freedom context. To examine techniques for the reduction of vibrations. To introduce more advanced concepts of stress analysis and structures, including buckling and finite element analysis. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Determine buckling loads for simple one degree of freedom systems and elastic columns. Formulate equations of motion from simple Lagrangian functions. Formulate mass, damping and stiffness matrices. Obtain natural frequencies and mode shapes of multi-degree of freedom systems. Find the response of systems with several degrees of freedom to harmonic excitation. Describe practical ways of reducing vibration. Produce simplified finite element formulations. Content: Introduction to buckling: one degree of freedom systems; column buckling. Lagrangian methods: virtual work and energy. Vibrations in multi-degree of freedom systems; practical control measures. Introduction to finite element analysis.

### ME20024: Mecanique generale

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX75OR25
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To help the students understand the French notation and mathematical methods for problem solving by teaching the subject entirely in the French language and hence contribute to their technical communication ability. To extend the students knowledge in the field of mechanics and to introduce more sophisticated methods used in design and stress analysis. To introduce additional methods of analysis in the fields of structures, kinematics, kinetics and analytical mechanics and to develop judgement in selecting the most suitable approach to analysing mechanical problems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate forces, stresses, strains and deflections in increasingly complex structural forms; calculate the conditions for buckling; describe complex motions of particles and bodies using vector analysis; formulate equations of motion using vector analysis; analyse the motion of a rigid body in space using vector analysis; calculate work done by forces/torque; determine kinetic and potential energy of a system; reason out and discuss in the language any problems encountered by the course. Content: Structures: Stress and strain, tensile load, compression, bending, torsion, buckling, fatigue, energy, introduction to finite element analysis. Kinematics: Cartesian, polar, natural, cylindrical, spherical co-ordinates, motion of particle, motion of body. Lagrange methods. Kinetics: Newtons law, momentum, moment of momentum, moment of inertia, kinetic and potential energy.

### ME20025: Design 4

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to the techniques and constraints of professional design practice, with an emphasis on concurrent design practice. To make the student aware of standard design methods, key aspects of a specification and systematic methods for problem solving. To make the student aware of the special features of design embodiment; including the stages in developing a product after the design stage; problems and benefits of working in a team; ergonomics and aesthetics issues. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Produce a detailed design specification. Apply standard design methods and value engineering techniques. Incorporate and specify new materials and finishing methods. Cost and specify development and quality requirements. Produce complete product or machine design. Work in a small design team to design a product or system for the market place. Produce technical sales literature. Content: ASPECTS OF CONCURRENT ENGINEERING: Specifications, design methods and value engineering. Design for:- safety, ergonomics, life cycle design, automatic assembly, reliability. REFINEMENT PROCESSES: Material selection and applications and finishes. Costing, quality assurance and design development.

### ME20026: Manufacturing 4

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX60CW40
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To gain an understanding of the broad context of manufacturing systems in relation to the technology and management issues of manufacturing. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the fundamentals of automation and robotics. Understand the technical and managerial processes required to turn a design into an economically viable and marketable product. Content: Automation including robotic applications. Translating a design into manufacturing system requirements. MANUFACTURING SYSTEM DESIGN - Process planning, time and cost estimating, Make or buy decisions, Factory layouts and work flow. OPERATION AND CONTROL OF MANUFACTURE - Production control, Quality control, Cost control, and Financial reporting, Purchasing, Information systems, Maintenance. THE MANUFACTURING SUPPORT FUNCTIONS AND THEIR ROLE - Human resources, Legal, Finance. NOTE : It is intended that this module is partially taught on an integrated basis, by following a product that has already been detail designed through a manufacture until it is ready for market.

### ME20070: Solid mechanics 3 with German

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the vibrations of mechanical systems in a one degree of freedom context. To introduce the theory of torsion in non-circular and open- sections, bending in unsymmetrical sections and the concept of fatigue failure. To review the content of first year Solid Mechanics course in the German language. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Set up the equations of motion for systems with one degree of freedom; find natural frequencies of free motion; calculate rates of decay from viscous damping and vice versa; determine motions resulting from a sinusoidal force, unbalance and base excitation. Calculate shaft critical speeds. Find torsion stiffnesses and strengths for closed and open structural sections. Calculate second moments of area for unsymmetrical sections. Determine the fatigue life of some simple structural forms. Content: One degree of freedom systems: free and forced vibration; base excited motion; unbalance excitation; vibration isolation. Torsion of open and closed structural sections, unsymmetrical bending. Stress concentration, fatigue strength and cumulative damage in structural components. language review topics: Force and moments as vectors; 3D free body diagrams; 3D systems using vector analysis; principal of superpositioning.

### ME20071: Allgemeine mechanik

 Credits: 5
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX75OR25
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To help the students understand the German notation and mathematical methods for problem solving by teaching the subject entirely in the German language and hence contribute to their technical communication ability. To extend the students knowledge in the field of mechanics and to introduce more sophisticated methods used in design and stress analysis. To introduce additional methods of analysis in the fields of structures, kinematics, kinetics and analytical mechanics and to develop judgement in selecting the most suitable approach to analysing mechanical problems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate forces, stresses, strains and deflections in increasingly complex structural forms; calculate the conditions for buckling; describe complex motions of particles and bodies using vector analysis; formulate equations of motion using vector analysis; analyse the motion of a rigid body in space using vector analysis; calculate work done by forces/torque; determine kinetic and potential energy of a system; reason out and discuss in the language any problems encountered by the course. Content: Structures: Stress and strain, tensile load, compression, bending, torsion, buckling, fatigue, energy, introduction to finite element analysis. Kinematics: Cartesian, polar, natural, cylindrical, spherical co-ordinates, motion of particle, motion of body. Lagrange methods. Kinetics: Newtons law, momentum, moment of momentum, moment of inertia, kinetic and potential energy.

### ME20120: Industrial placement

 Credits: 60
 Level: Intermediate
 Assessment:
 Requisites:

### ME20134: Fluid mechanics 2

 Credits: 3
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10144
 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To give students a knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of fluid mechanics. Objectives: By the end of the course, the student should be able to: * analyse flows in a network of pipes * understand and be able to apply dimensional analysis * understand the fluid mechanics principles which govern the behaviour of hydraulic machines Content: Networks, branched pipes Dimensional Analysis Hydraulic Machines Euler equation Radial flow machines Axial flow machines Water Hammer/surge Cavitation

### ME20198: Mathematical modelling 1

 Credits: 3
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take XX10052
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop programming techniques in C++. To acquire a variety of numerical and mathematical techniques to be used for engineering problems modelled in terms of ODEs. To provide a strong mathematical and computational foundation for solving equations arising in the modelling of engineering systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Explain how the various standard ordinary differential equations (ODEs) arise in engineering. Use numerical techniques in the solution of such ODEs. Understand and apply the techniques of Fourier series and transforms to ODEs. Content: Numerical solution of ordinary differential evolution equations using Euler's method and the Runge-Kutta methods, including reduction to first order form and numerical stability analysis. Numerical solution of two-point ordinary differential boundary value problems using a direct method (the tridiagonal matrix algorithm) and an indirect method (the shooting method). Local and Global Truncation Errors: choosing a suitable numerical method and the improvement of accuracy. Gaussian Elimination: algorithm and code development, use a Least Squares fitting of experimental data, and in the determination of matrix eigenvalues.

### ME20199: Mathematical modelling 2

 Credits: 3
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To continue to develop algorithm design and programming techniques in C++. To acquire a large variety of numerical and mathematical techniques to be used for those engineering problems modelled in terms of PDEs. To provide a strong mathematical and computational foundation for solving equations arising in the modelling of engineering systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Explain how the various standard partial differential equations (PDEs) arise in engineering. Us numerical techniques in the solution of such PDEs. Content: Derivation and numerical solution of Fourier's equation of heat conduction, Laplace's equation, Poisson's equation and Wave equation.

### ME20246: Metals & alloys (EG20009)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10232 or take ME10245
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the principles of alloy constitution and show their application to the thermal and mechanical treatment of engineering alloys. On completion the student should be able to identify common types of alloy phase, describe strengthening mechanisms in alloys systems, interpret simple binary phase diagrams, describe the effects of heat treatments on steels, Al and Ti alloys., describe the process of 'shape memory' in specific alloy systems. Content: The properties and structure of metals, dislocations and strengthening methods of metals including solid solution strengthening, precipitation hardening, grain size (Hall-Petch) and cold work using high strength alloy steels, aluminium alloys and titanium alloys as specific examples. Solid solutions and intermetallic phases. Phase diagrams of binary systems, invariant reactions. Equilibrium microstructures using tie lines and lever rule. Coring. Departures from equilibrium, quenching, hardenability and tempering of steels. Shape memory alloys.

### ME20248: Introduction to materials for sports science (EG20030)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To understand the science underlying the use of materials in applications used in sport. To appreciate the nature of the physical stresses imposed on materials, both natural and artificial, and how the materials react to stresses. To explore the use of high technology advanced materials in sports applications. Content: An introduction to mechanical properties: the nature of elastic stress and elastic strain. The elastic limit. Types of stress and strain. Elastic compliance. Plastic deformation and fracture. Energy absorption during loading and fracture, energy release. Specific stress and specific strain. Compare and contrast metals, ceramics and polymers as sporting materials. The limitations of homogeneous materials. Composite materials and why they are used in sport. The law of mixtures for composite materials. Natural and artificial composites; several examples of each, outlining the structure and properties. Comparison of natural composites ( wood, bone, skin etc) with artificial composites. Case studies of sports equipment , e.g. sport shoes, football studs, racquets, vaulting pole, sports bicycle; the method of construction and the performance advantages that ensue.

### ME20249: Industrial training (EG20032)

 Credits: 60
 Level: Intermediate
 Assessment:
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: Please see the Director of Studies for more detailed information about the Aims & Learning Objectives of the Industrial training year.

### ME20250: Solid body mechanics 3 (EG20075)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80PR20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10238 and take ME10239
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To expand on statics and dynamics knowledge gained in first year Solid Mechanics courses to cover more advanced structural mechanics topics and to introduce dynamics topics dealing with vibrations as applied to sports engineering applications. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Determine Euler buckling loads for sections in compression; Calculate stresses and deflections of beams made from composite materials; Calculate shear stresses and twist in non-circular bars; Determine resonant frequencies in single and two degree of freedom systems. Content: Buckling of struts; Bending of composite beams; Torsion of bars made from non-circular sections; Principles of vibration, resonance, single, two and three degrees of freedom systems; whirling and balancing of shafts. Associated Laboratory experiments: Euler Buckling Loads, Measurement of Natural Frequencies.

### ME20251: Fluid mechanics & aerodynamics (EG20076)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX80PR20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give the students a knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of fluid mechanics and aerodynamics. After taking this unit the students should be able to: Determine hydrostatic forces, buoyancy describe the principles and practice of pressure measurement, understand the basic principles of fluid flow and the analysis of different types of flow. Determine the drag contribution from an arbitrary shaped body. Content: Hydrostatic Equation, Forces on Submerged Surfaces, Bouyancy, Bernoulli Equation, Momentum Equation, Laminar/Turbulent Flow Laminar and turbulent flow Drag of bluff and streamlined bodies.

### ME20252: Sports materials (EG20077)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10241
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To identify and describe the behaviour of engineering metal alloys, polymers, fibres, textiles, wood species and ceramics used in sport. To examine the performance of these materials in sports applications using case studies. Content: Metal alloys: extension of the introductory treatment in year 1 to encompass the more exotic materials currently being used in sport. Polymers, fibres and textiles: structure and properties of polymers, polymerisation, linear, branched and cross-linked polymers, rubbers (elastomers), viscoelasticity, glass transition temperature, creep, stress relaxation, hysteresis, damping. Fibre structure, melt spinning, cold drawing, ultra-stiff fibres, carbon and aramid fibres. Textiles, flexible fibre assemblies, weaving, design of 2-D and 3-D weaves, non-wovens, textile terminology, synthetic and natural fibres and fabrics, comfort factors in clothing. Wood: structure and properties of wood, density, mechanical properties, hardness, impact resistance, moisture-dependence, natural durability and preservation, selection, countries of origin, environmental issues, sustainability. Ceramics: structure and properties, fracture behaviour, statistics of strength for mechanical design, enhancement of toughness. Case studies. Tennis, badminton and squash rackets; Rowing boats; Sports shoes and clothing; Golf balls and clubs.

### ME20253: Sports technology group project (EG20078)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: ES80OR20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide experience of seeking, retrieval, organisation and presentation of information in a technological field. To provide experience of working in a group and of being responsible for a significant part of a project. To provide an opportunity to analyse the functional requirements of an item of sports equipment and the ways in which they are met in existing products. To explore the links between design, manufacture and choice of materials in the development of sports equipment. To provide an opportunity to make an oral presentation on a researched subject. On completion of the unit the student should be able to: prepare an in-depth critical technical assessment of a piece of equipment and be able to make a coherent oral presentation of researched material. Content: Small groups of students will be assigned to study a specific piece of sports equipment. Wherever possible, the assignments will be based on the student's sporting speciality. Under the direction of a supervisor, the groups will work on the preparation of a technical report covering the function, structure, manufacture and fitness for purpose of commercially available examples of the assigned item of sports equipment. An oral presentation of the group's findings will be made at a conference within the Department.

### ME20254: Polymers & composites (EG20080)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW20EX80
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce polymers and polymer matrix composite materials and show their application in engineering applications. On completion the student should be able to classify polymers as thermoplastics or thermosets, have some idea of relating structure to properties to applications and understand the principles of fiber reinforcement of polymers which result in the strength, stiffness and toughness of engineering composites. Content: Polymers Homopolymers, copolymers,linear, crosslinked, tacticity, plastics, rubbers, fibres, molecular weight.; Glass transition temperature effect of structure.; Molecular motion: nature of vitrification; Viscoelasticity effect of temperature rate and structure; Crystallinity. Morphology effect of molecular structure; Elastomers. Chemical nature, vulcanisation; Stereospecific polymerisation, kinetic theory of rubber elasticity; Additives. Fillers, plasticisers, antistatic agents; Degradation: thermal, ultra-violet, stabilisers. Composites History of composite materials. Categorization into particle- and fibre-reinforced systems. Nature of fibre reinforcement (glass, carbon, Kevlar fibres and whiskers) and matrix materials (thermosets, thermoplastics and metal alloys). Comparison of mechanical properties with other engineering materials. Anisotropy. Longitudinal and transverse elastic moduli of FRPs, Rule of Mixtures, hybrid composites. Determination of modulus of elasticity at any angle. Strength of composites parallel and perpendicular to fibres, Krenchel coefficients. Load transfer in composites, interfacial shear, critical fibre lengths, critical aspect ratio. Inter-laminar shear strength. Toughness of composites, Cook-Gordon effect, fracture energy of composites. Fatigue and creep of composites, S-N curves, residual strength, damage mechanisms. Engineering applications for composites, fabrication, joining and repair. Designing with composites, application of software. Natural fibre composites and structural timber composites.

### ME20255: Materials testing and evaluation (EG20081)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW20EX80
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide introduction to the techniques that are commonly used for measuring the mechanical properties of materials. To provide an introduction to the techniques that are commonly used for the identification or evaluation of materials. To provide an understanding of the principles that the techniques are based upon and an appreciation of their areas of application. On completion of the course the student should be able to select an appropriate measurement technique to provide specified materials property information and have an appreciation of the interpretation, accuracy and reproducibility of the technique's output. Content: Mechanical testing techniques for measurement of the elastic moduli and strengths of materials subjected to: tensile; bending; torsional and compressive loading. Techniques for the measurement of toughness, hardness, friction, wear, fatigue and creep. Dynamical mechanical measurements of polymers and composites. Statistical techniques employed in mechanical properties data analysis: normal distribution; sample size; Weibull distribution. Techniques employed in the identification and evaluation of materials: optical microscopy, sample preparation, image analysis; infrared and ultraviolet spectroscopy; powder X-ray diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction materials index; scanning electron microscope, electron probe microanalysis. Nondestructive testing: dye penetrant, magnetic particle, X-ray, eddy current, ultrasonics.

### ME20256: Sports technology topics (EG20083)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims: To investigate issues of design, function, athlete/equipment coupling, performance, manufacture, materials selection and marketing for a selected sports product, system or technology, e.g. golf clubs, ice sport technology. Learning Objectives: After taking this unit the student should be able to identify critical issues relating to the specific sports product, system or technology in relationship to function, performance and compatibility with the athlete. Innovative aspects of the design of the equipment, materials selection options and possibly marketing strategies will be understood. Skills: Intellectual skills include the development of critical abilities needed to retrieve and assess information (taught and facilitated). Professional skills include the ability to appreciate the scientific, engineering, design, manufacturing and business principles relevant to the sports industry (taught and facilitated). Practical skills include the development of the students' competence in oral and written communication (assessed). Key skills include self-learning and web-based learning (facilitated). Content: The student will select a Sports Technology Topic and a sports product, system or technology will be taken and analysed with respect to features such as strength, stiffness, durability, vibration characteristics, inertia, forces and moments, materials, design, manufacture, fitness for purpose and market appeal. Alternatively an individual sports system or technology will be thoroughly analysed. Emphasis will be placed on aspects of innovation in the development and design of a new sports product, system or technology.

### ME20257: Sports technology management 1 (EG20084)

 Credits: 3
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX70CW30
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give an appreciation of the contextual factors involved in sports technology management After taking this Unit the student should be able to: Explain the contextual issues within which a sports equipment manufacturer operates. Content: Special features of sport; strategic planning; organisational culture and change management; financial management; marketing management; legal factors; contextual studies (human resource management, player management, facility management, event management, sports performance development issues).

### ME20258: Sports technology management 2 (EG20085)

 Credits: 3
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX70CW30
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20257
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give students an understanding of the contributions made by engineers and technologists towards a firm achieving its commercial goals by means of effective product and market-related policies and practices. After taking this Unit the student should be able to: Describe the commercial aspects of sports equipment manufacturing. Content: Special features of sport equipment manufacture; strategic planning; organisational culture and change management; financial management; marketing management; legal factors.

### ME20259: Laboratory Programme II (EG20092)

 Credits: 3
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: PR100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To familiarise the student with the methods available for the measurement and observation of materials structures and properties. To develop practical and organisational skills for laboratory work. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Set up and carry out experiments to determine the microscopic structure and mechanical properties of metals and polymers. Set up methods of electrical signal measurement, recording and processing. Set up experiments to carry out vibration analysis of equipment. Content: Electron and Optical microscopy of metals and polymers. Spectroscopy. Mechanical properties and testing of materials, electrical measurements and data logging, vibration analysis.

### ME20260: Instrumentation & measurement II (EG20103)

 Credits: 3
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10243
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an introduction to measurement, instrumentation and signal processing. After taking this Unit the student should be able to: (i) understand the characteristics of elementary AC circuits and components (ii) be able to use LVDTs and capacitance transducers; (iii)understand the characteristics of elementary digital circuits and components (iv) be able to set up timing devices and circuits. Content: Elements of AC theory, capacitors and inductors, mutual inductance, transformers. The linearly variable differential transformer (LVDT) application and associated instrumentation. Capacitance transducers. Electrical noise, AC bridges, advantages of narrow bandwidth amplification and detection. Resonant circuits, Q, oscillators, quartz crystal oscillators. Elements of digital circuits, gates, truth tables, counters. Timing, light gates and their integration with digital counter circuits.

### ME20261: IT packages (EG20117)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims: To understand the operation and application of standard software packages used in engineering. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: Make use of a range of widely used software packages to investigate engineering problems. Appreciate the ways in which software packages are used to analyse engineered products. Skills: Intellectual skills include the development (assessed). Key skills include self-learning and software-based learning (facilitated). Content: The unit will be a hands-on introduction to the principles and operation of commercially available engineering software packages. The capabilities of the packages will be introduced by examples of their application to realistic engineering problems. The packages included will be selected from: Electrical circuit simulation. Statistical analysis. Materials selection. Solid modelling/FEAMotion analysis. Image analysis. Mathematical analysis.

### ME20262: Introduction to biomechanics and biomaterials (EG20122)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce students to the basic concepts in biomechanics and biomaterials including the applications of solid mechanics within a biomechanics context, the principles relating to biomaterials such as biocompatibility, bioactivity, and the use of biomaterials within the body. After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles and applications of biomechanics and biomaterials within a medical engineering context. Content: Systems of levers within the body. Determination of joint loading from external and muscular loading. Mechanical properties of soft and hard tissues. Types of implants and the materials commonly used to manufacture them. Gait analysis and determination of loading on implants. Implant testing methods; British and ISO standards. In-vivo and in-vitro experimentation. Ethical issues relating to animal and human experimentation.

### ME20263: Materials science 2 (EG20125)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX60CW40
 Requisites:
 Aims: This unit develops from the introductory ideas of structure of materials presented in the first year and uses those ideas to show how the basic mechanics and physical properties of constructional materials are determined by their molecular and crystaline nature. The unit forms a basis for the further development of an understanding of design aspects of materials at the macroscopic rather than the atomic level. The unit identifies a number of aspects of the behaviour of building materials of specific importance to the engineer, with emphasis being on problems of design and selection of materials for given service conditions. Learning Outcomes: The successful student will be able to demonstrate an enhanced understanding of the relationship between microstructure and properties, and an understanding of behaviour which affects the long term performance of construction materials. Skills: Ability to apply knowledge of properties and modes of failure of materials to civil engineering design. Content: * Classification of engineering materials according to type and properties. * Elastic behaviour, linear and non-linear. The elastic moduli, anistropy; elastic properties of crystals and polycrystals; composite materials. rubber elasticity. * Viscoelastic behaviour and time dependent effects. * Strength of engineering materials. Theoretical and actual strenghts of solids; improving the strength of real materials. Problems of designing with brittle materials. * Longer term effects. Fatigue and creep (introductory). * Durability of metals and plastics. Corrosion and environmental attack (introductory). * Engineering design: The process of engineering design in relation to materials evaluation and selection; relevance of measured properties to service conditions. * Short-term mechanical effects: Time-dependent behaviour of metals, plastics, concrete, timber; creep and fatigue; combined effects of fatigue and corrosion. * Long term chemical behaviour: Durability and ageing; changes in materials properties in service conditions. Corrosion and protection of metals and alloys; environmental degredation of plastics; chemical degradation of concrete - sulphate attack, conversion of HAC etc.; biodeterioration of timber and protection methods; flammability and fire damage to building materials. Long term stability of adhesives and adhesive bonds.

### ME30029: Control systems

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20013 and take ME20022
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an understanding of the techniques available for the analysis and design of practical continuous-time control systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Interpret a control system specification. Predict the behaviour of practical continuous-time control systems involving linear and non-linear elements. Describe the principal features of microprocessor-controlled systems. Content: Analysis of control system transient response using Laplace transforms. Estimation of continuous-time transient response using the s-plane. Control system design using Root Locus Method. Parameter sensitivity using Root Locus Method. Linearisation of non-linear systems. System design specifications. Control systems design and analysis software. Performance assessment of systems using the Nichols chart. Integrator wind-up and feedback compensation techniques. Introduction to microprocessor control.

### ME30030: Structural mechanics

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20023 or (take ME20024 or take ME20071)
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To broaden the understanding of Solid Mechanics to include material and geometric nonlinearity. To introduce concepts of bending and stretching in plate and shell structures.To introduce the elements of incremental and deformation plasticity theory.To underline the importance of energy and energy absorption in the general context.To introduce post-buckling theory. After taking this unit, the student should be able to:Calculate stresses and deformations in thick cylinders under a variety of loading conditions. Understand the nature of plastic yielding. Determine deflections and critical loads of laterally loaded and in-plane loaded plates.Determine load-deflection responses of simple plastic mechanisms and their relation to energy absorption. Understand some of the implications of nonlinear effects in structural systems. Content: Stresses and deformation of pressurised thick cylinders. Yield criteria. Introduction to incremental plasticity. Linear bending and buckling theory for circular and rectangular plates. Deformation theory of plasticity. Plastic mechanisms. Energy absorption. Introduction to crashworthiness. Phenomenology of post-buckling.

### ME30031: Thermofluid systems

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20022
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To understand how thermodynamic and fluid mechanics are applied to machines and engine cycles. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate the pressure losses in duct/pipe networks, estimate the performance of fluid machines, and match pump characteristics to its load; calculate the thermodynamic properties of gas-vapour mixtures; perform combustion calculations involving dissociation; carry out second law analysis of a power plant; understand the effects of power generation on the environment. Content: Pipe flows and networks, including the calculation of losses; characteristics of positive-displacement and rotodynamic machines; matching fluid machines and networks; cavitation; water hammer and surge; gas vapour mixtures; air-conditioning systems; second law; irreversibility; combined cycles; CHP; the environment.

### ME30032: Aerodynamics

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20022
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To improve the students' understanding of viscous flow, compressible flow and external aerodynamics. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Apply the boundary layer equations to laminar and turbulent flow. Determine the drag contribution from an arbitrary shaped body. Calculate the aerodynamics characteristics of aerofoils in supersonic flow. Predict the load distributions over an arbitrary three-dimensional wing. Content: INTRODUCTION TO TURBULENCE. Drag of bluff and streamlined bodies. Laminar and turbulent flow over flat places. COMPRESSIBLE FLOW: oblique shocks and expansion waves; shock expansion theory for aerofoils. THREE DIMENSIONAL LIFTING SURFACES: horseshoe vortex model, lifting line models, Vortex Lattice Method.

### ME30033: Mechanical vibrations & noise

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 In taking this unit you cannot take ME30072 and before taking this unit you must take ME20023
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce quantitative aspects of noise control and to give an appreciation of some of the problems involved. To acquaint the student with more advanced aspects of vibration. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate sound pressure level given relevant power and material data. Estimate the reduction in sound pressure level that could be achieved by the use of a barrier or enclosure. Convert equations of motion into principal coordinates. Describe how to measure normal modes of structures. Apply harmonic balance to solve Rayleighs equation to obtain limit cycle solutions and also to solve Duffings equation and thus to explain jump phenomena. Content: Response of the ear, noise exposure, code of practice; noise isolation and absorption; barriers and enclosures; modal analysis and testing; nonlinearity.

### ME30035: Global product development

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX60CW40
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20026
 Aims: To introduce strategic, cultural, organisational and technological aspects of product development in a global context, including consideration of knowledge management issues, models of hte new product introduction (NPI) process, management of the NPI process, product development strategies, sustainable development issues and relevant communications and information technologies to support distributed working. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Describe the historic context of global product development. * Outline strategic, organisational, human and cultural factors that should be taken into account when developing products for a global market. * Describe approaches to sustainable development. * Outline key concepts of (digital) communications technology. * Describe and apply techniques for data exchange in computer-aided engineering. * Outline communications issues in product development, and understand where computer-supported collaborative work (CSCW) may be applied in this context. Skills: Communication (taught/facilitated/assessed), IT, working with others. Content: Product development - historical and cultural context. Human aspects of GPD: communities of practice; critical situations; methods for knowledge sharing, cultural issues; Strategic aspects of GPD: managing the design process; product platform and strategy; mass customisation; late and local configuration, issues of and approaches to sustainable development. Communications technology: historical background, carriers, transmission; networks - LANs, WANs; standards - ISO, TCP/IP. Data representation and exchange: data and information in engineering; data types; mark-up languages; CAD data exchange. Computer-supported co-operative work (CSCW): dimensions of communication in design; classification of CSCW approaches; critical assessment of the technologies.

### ME30036: Manufacturing processes & analysis

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20019
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to the application of analytical, numerical and experimental techniques to the simulation and modelling of manufacturing processes. To provide the students with an appreciation and understanding of advanced non-traditional material removal processes and application of beam technology in industry.After taking this module the student should be able to:Compare and contrast methods of analysis and their application in the manufacturing of metallic parts. Apply appropriate simulation and modelling techniques to selected manufacturing processes. Select appropriate tool and operational parameters to non-traditional processing operations. Content: Syllabus: Introduction to analytical and numerical analysis in manufacturing Work formulae Force equilibrium methods Slip line field theory Limit analysis Upper and Lower Bound Techniques Numerical methods Visio-plasticity Non-traditional material cutting operations; ECM, EDM, water jet cutting Beam technology applications (e.g. Laser, Ion, Ultrasonic) and their industrial application to welding and metal removal.

### ME30037: Internal combustion engine technology

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20015 and take ME20022
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To examine the technology, operation and application of IC engines. To analyse the criteria governing IC engine design, performance, combustion and emissions. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Discuss the parameters that define IC engine performance, identify the distinct operating characteristics of different classifications of IC engines; understand and predict the thermodynamic and mechanical constrains governing design; explain the environment issues concerning future IC engine developments. Content: Thermodynamic and mechanical principals; combustion and fuels; spark and compression ignition engines; turbocharging; fuelling systems; induction, in-cylinder and exhaust processes; emission formation and reduction/prevention; automotive emission legislation, casestudies; introduction to IC engine simulation techniques.

### ME30041: Aircraft stability & control

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20022
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give an understanding of the principles of aircraft stability and the significance of the permitted centre of gravity limits which must be considered when loading an aircraft. To enable the student to understand and analyse both flight test and wind tunnel results pertaining to aircraft static stability. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Estimate stability margins for any given conventional or tail-less aircraft. Analyse and interpret both wind tunnel and flight test results concerned with aircraft static stability and trim. Content: Rigid aircraft behaviour. Basic specification of forces and moment on an aircraft. Properties of aerofoils and controls. Static stability criterion. Static and manoeuvre margins, both stick fixed and stick free. Flight test measurements and wind tunnel analysis. Springs and weights in the elevator circuit. Power assistance for the pilot and artificial feel. Dynamic stability: an introduction. Stability derivatives.

### ME30042: Manufacturing systems techniques

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX60CW40
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20026
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop expertise in the design of manufacturing systems. To develop expertise in CNC programming and CAD/CAM integration. To develop skills in synthesising and analysing the elements required in the design of work cells. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Plan the operations required to manufacture and assemble products. Produce NC part programs and robot path programs and use integrated CAD/CAM software. Design suitable work holding arrangements. Design plant layout and materials handling systems. Establish effective working methods. Design integrated workplace environments. Content: Process planning and time estimating. Assembly planning. Quality planing. The design and choice of jigs, fixtures, tooling and gauges. Historical aspects of NC. Types of NC system. Machine tool controllers. Machine level programming. APT part programming. computer aided part programming. Integrated CAD/CAM systems. Plant layout techniques. To-from analysis. Materials handling and work movement methodologies. Work Study, method study, work measurement, activity sampling, ergonomics. system design and evaluation, metology and gauging systems.

### ME30043: Computer aids for design

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX50CW50
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20021 and take ME20025
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an understanding of the use of CAD in the overall design process. to provide an understanding of the different types of modeller and their applications. To give experience in the use of CAD techniques. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe the different types of CAD modelling systems, what they offer and their application to the overall design process. Understand the CAD requirements of typical companies. Appreciate how CAD techniques can be applied to different application areas. Content: Computer aids for design and their relation to design needs. Basic two and three dimensional drafting entities, input techniques, manipulation, storage within system. Transformations, views, co-ordinate systems. Introduction of free-form curves and surfaces. Use of solid modelling. graphics interface languages, user interface, parametrics. Company requirements and operation. Application of CAD technique in industry. Design support for other CAE systems and data exchange. The number of students taking this course each year is likely to be more than can be accommodated in a single session of the practical class. In this case, there will be one lecture per week and the practical session will be run twice. Students will be expected to undertake reading to complement material covered in lectures. A reading list will be provided.

### ME30045: Aerospace structures

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX75CW25
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20023 or (take ME20024 or take ME20071)
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To teach appropriate techniques for the loading, stress analysis and failure prediction of aircraft structures .After taking this unit the student should be able to:Determine critical gust and manoeuvre load cases.Design aircraft structures by accounting for static strength, buckling and fatigue failure. Use, and have a basic understanding of, computer packages for structural analysis and design. Content: Gust and manoeuvre envelope. Shear force, bending moment and torque diagrams. Shear flow and shear centre of open and close sections. Fracture strength and crack propagation, including safe-life and damage-tolerant design. Shear buckling and tension fields - analysis and design of ribs and spars. Compression buckling of stiffened panels - analysis and design of wing and fuselage panels. Use of computer packages for structural analysis and design.

### ME30058: Fluid power

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20022
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give the student an appreciation of the transmission of power using hydraulic and pneumatic systems. To give detail of typical applications in moblie and industrial fields. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Analyse the operation of fluid power system components and select the correct type and size for a given duty. Derive the equations of motion for typical fluid power systems and hence obtain their dynamic response. Design fluid power systems for simple applications. Content: Types of hydraulic fluid and their physical properties, contamination control. Hydraulic pump and motor types, flow and pressure control valves, accumulators and hydrostatic transmissions. Valve and pump controlled hydraulic circuits and their design, system efficiency considerations. Fliud compressibility, system stiffness, basic linearisation techniques, dynamic analysis and response characteristics. Servo systems and electrohydraulic valves. Flow fluctuation and noise effects.

### ME30059: Geometric modelling

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20021
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the ideas used in fully three dimensional CADCAM systems. To give hands-on experience in writing software for such systems. To introduce the ideas of constraint and rule based systems. To illustrate constraint modelling and its applications. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the fundamental concepts of geometric modelling and the algorithms and data structures used in it. Understand the implications for efficiency and the domain of these algorithms. Write programs for such things as ray tracing to produce three dimensional graphics. Understand the ideas of constraint modelling and resolution. Use a constraint modelling system to simulate, analysis and optimise a mechanism system. Content: Wire frame and other precursors to geometric models. Boundary representation models. Set theoretic (or CSG) models. Parametric curves and bi-parametric patches, the Bernstein basis. Bezier curves, B-splines and NURBS, implicit solids and surfaces. Non-manifold geometric models. feature recognition. Machining geometric models. Rapid prototyping and geometric modelling. The medial axis transform and FE mesh generatic.. Blends and fillets. Minkowski sums. Kernal modellers, APIs and GUIs. Rendering geometric models, volume visualisation. Numerical accuracy problems in geometric models. Integral properties of geometric models. Procedural shape definition. Types of engineering constraints. Constraint based systems. Techniques for constraint resolution, optimisation methods. Form of a constraint modelling system, its underlying language and structure. Constraint based description of mechanism and their performance. Mechanism selection, storage of catalogues. Case study examples.

### ME30061: Biomechanics

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20023 or take ME20024 or take ME20071
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to applications of mechanics in a biological and clinical context. To provide an insight into the forces and motions in human joints, and the mechanical properties of a variety of hard and soft tissues. To give an appreciation of the functional requirements of replacement joints and fracture fixation systems. To impart an awareness of the materials and manufacturing technology associated with the design of replacement joints and fracture fixture systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Relate the principles of mechanics to biological tissues, the major load bearing joints and to the management of fractures, to appreciate the range of technology used in the medical device industry and the problems associated with the performance of artificial joints and fracture fixation systems in the aggressive environment of the human body. Content: Biomechanics of Biological Tissues; Biomechanics of bone, articular cartilage, ligament and muscle. Kinematics and Dynamics of Natural Joints; Anatomical structure of synovial joints, joint forces, relating to various joints including; hip, knee, wrist, ankle and spine. Artificial Joints; engineering and clinical considerations, methods of fixation, functional adaptation of implant/bone composite structures. Biomechanics of Fracture Fixation; Process of fracture healing, methods of fracture fixation and stabilisation, load sharing aspects of fracture fixation.

### ME30067: Vehicle dynamics

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30033
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give the student an appreciation of factors affecting vehicle ride comfort and handling. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe and analyse the operation of a vehicle suspension and predict vehicle ride behaviour and steady state handling performance. Explain the physical principles of road vehicle aerodynamic design. Content: Disturbance and sensitivity. Basic suspension systems. System frequencies - bounce, pitch and roll. Anti-pitch and anti-squat. Tyre behaviour. Front/rear suspensions - Springs and dampers. Roll centre. Steady state handling characteristics. Airflows. Drag & Lift. Economy & Performance. Aerodynamic Design.

### ME30068: Group business & design project - I

 Credits: 12
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 2 (Weeks 1 - 6)
 Assessment: CW90
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20020 and take ME20026
 Aims: To give each student the experience of a real design situation as part of a group. To locate the contribution of the engineer, whether in design, R & D, manufacture, in the context of securing the firms broad commercial goals by means of effective product and market related policies and practices, including promotion and distribution. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the technical process that is engineering design. * Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the commercial aspects of engineering. * Work in a multi-disciplinary team. Skills: Working in a team, problem solving, numeracy, communication. Content: Evaluation study. Business lectures. Business game. Case studies. Seminar.

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX60CW40
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide a basic understanding of machine processes employed in the packaging industry and their integration into a product generating facility. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand and compare the issues involved in creating packaging for different products and forms. To be able to describe appropriate processes and systems for the manufacture and appreciate their strengths and limitations. Content: INTRODUCTION to packaging requirements and machine processes. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: Covering aspects of liquids, granules, soft and rigid objects. MATERIALS AND FORMS: To cover machine systems such as fillers, sealers, erectors, check weighers, intermediate handling equipment, stacking labelling and coding. PROCESS REQUIREMENTS: Covering aspects of product generation, machine sequencing, finishing and inspection, palletisation, work practices and ergonomics.

### ME30195: Life support engineering

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20023 or take ME20024 or take ME20071
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to applications of technology in life support systems used in clinical and other situations including diving and aerospace. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Have an understanding of some of the engineering principles associated with life support systems. An ability to formulate basic models of life support systems and set operating parameters associated with systems such as anaesthetic equipment, micro-gravity situations etc. Content: Principles of life support systems. Anaesthesia workstations including ventilators and vaporisers, breathing systems and waste gas absorbers; dialysis and filtration systems; patient and machine monitoring systems. Space applications; gas production, storage and delivery; microgravity and bone loss. Life support applications in mountaineering, diving, remote environments including an introduction to modelling the system components.

### ME30195: Life support engineering

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20023 or take ME20024 or take ME20071
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to applications of technology in life support systems used in clinical and other situations including diving and aerospace. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Have an understanding of some of the engineering principles associated with life support systems. An ability to formulate basic models of life support systems and set operating parameters associated with systems such as anaesthetic equipment, micro-gravity situations etc. Content: Principles of life support systems. Anaesthesia workstations including ventilators and vaporisers, breathing systems and waste gas absorbers; dialysis and filtration systems; patient and machine monitoring systems. Space applications; gas production, storage and delivery; microgravity and bone loss. Life support applications in mountaineering, diving, remote environments including an introduction to modelling the system components.

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW40EX60
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide: * An understanding of the various business processes required to operate a manufacturing business. * A knowledge of business economics and its use in decision making. * An understanding of project costing * An understanding of various business processes such as TQM, change management and BPR * A knowledge of business strategy. * An understanding of marketing strategy and techniques After taking this unit, the student should be able to: * Analyse supply and demand data. * Carry out financial appraisals of engineering projects * Take part in the implementation of TQM, BPR and other operations management techniques. * Write a mission statement and analyse and develop an engineering businesses strategy. * Analyse market data and develop alternative marketing strategies. Content: Syllabus: Business Economics - supply demand, elasticity, financial markets. Project Accounting - Cost cash flow, ROI NPV, resource planning . Marketing - Price, the marketing mix, advertising, promotion, budgets. Operations - TQM, change management, BPR, SUR and other initiatives. Strategy - Missions, objectives, internal and external analysis, options, implementation.

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW40EX60
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide: * An understanding of the various business processes required to operate a manufacturing business. * A knowledge of business economics and its use in decision making. * An understanding of project costing * An understanding of various business processes such as TQM, change management and BPR * A knowledge of business strategy. * An understanding of marketing strategy and techniques After taking this unit, the student should be able to: * Analyse supply and demand data. * Carry out financial appraisals of engineering projects * Take part in the implementation of TQM, BPR and other operations management techniques. * Write a mission statement and analyse and develop an engineering businesses strategy. * Analyse market data and develop alternative marketing strategies. Content: Syllabus: Business Economics - supply demand, elasticity, financial markets. Project Accounting - Cost cash flow, ROI NPV, resource planning . Marketing - Price, the marketing mix, advertising, promotion, budgets. Operations - TQM, change management, BPR, SUR and other initiatives. Strategy - Missions, objectives, internal and external analysis, options, implementation.

### ME30217: Vehicle Engineering

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims: To provide knowledge relating to vehicle design and an understanding of the operation and performance of the important sub-systems. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to:Understand the vehicle design process. Analyse the performance of transmission and driveline systems. Understand the fluid power aspects of sub-system components. Analyse aspects of vehicle and powertrain control. Understand the operation and performance of braking systems. Understand the principles of vehicle performance testing. Skills: Problem solving and numeracy (taught and assessed). Content: Vehicle design; manufacturing processes; materials selection; transmissions; driveline; servo-hydraulics; control; performance testing; braking systems.

### ME30218: Aircraft propulsion

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20015 and take ME20022
 Aims: To provide knowledge of the development, performance and design of gas-turbine aeroengines. To apply the fundamentals of fluid mechanics and thermodynamics to the performance and design of aircraft and aeroengines. To introduce the basic mechanics of turbomachinery. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to:Understand the fundamental differences between the performance characteristics of turbojet, turbofan and turboprop engines. Analyse thermodynamic cycles for turboprop, turboshaft, turbojet and turbofan engines. Understand principles and performance of compressor, turbine, combustor, intake and exhaust nozzle. Calculate performance of engines at design and off-design conditions. Understand basic turbomachinery design. Skills: Problem solving and numeracy (taught and assessed). Content: Birth of jet engine; engine classification; operational envelope; thrusts and efficiencies; thermodynamic cycles (turboshaft, turbojet, turbofan); combustors; intakes (subsonic and supersonic), afterburners and nozzles; design and off-design performance; turbine cooling.

### ME30219: Aircraft performance & design

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20015 and take ME20022
 Aims: To introduce the basic mechanics of flight and the factors affecting the design of fixed-wing aircraft. To provide a broad outline of the performance characteristics of aircraft engines and their impact on aircraft performance. To introduce methods for the initial sizing of aircraft using principal design parameters. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to:Predict the performance of a fixed-wing aircraft in level, climbing and turning flight; understand and apply aircraft specifications within the Airworthiness Regulations; calculate take-off and landing distances and understand the balance field length concept. Construct a constraints diagram for the critical flight phases for estimation of wing and engine requirements. Skills: Problem solving and numeracy (taught and assessed). Content: Standard atmosphere and aircraft speed definitions; level flight, climb and field performance; use of a drag polar; range equations and turning flight. Performance characteristics of thrust and power producing engines. Take-off and landing distance calculations, WAT limits and the balanced field length. Payload-range diagrams and constraints diagrams for preliminary aircraft sizing; considerations for aircraft design.

### ME30227: Engineering project - BEng

 Credits: 18
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30068
 Aims: To enable the student to effectively communicate a major piece of project work. To give the student experience in working in a research environment or on an industry based design project. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Plan, organise and conduct an engineering project to meet the requirements of the initial aims; present all stages of the project work via written documentation and oral presentations. Skills: Problem solving, numeracy, communication. Content: Projects may be undertaken on an individual or a linked basis.Projects will normally contain at least 2 of the following elements - analytical, computational, experimental aspects.

### ME30264: Materials selection in engineering design (EG30022)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To co-ordinate previous studies of structural materials, first by an introduction to the classes of engineering materials followed by consideration of composite materials. Examination of the selection of materials for real engineering applications follows. On completion, the student should be able to: describe the various types of engineering materials, fibre composites, their manufacture and characteristics; discuss theoretical models for strength and stiffness of composites; describe the overall process of engineering design, and the place in it of materials selection; deduce from standard test results the materials information required for design; analyse materials requirements and propose solutions to the selection problem in specified design situations. Content: Introduction to engineering materials, composites and their applications in engineering. Nature of engineering materials, of fibre composite materials, manufacturing processes, elastic behaviour; elements of classical thin laminate theory, strength, toughness; the use of commercial software for designing with composites. The design process; the designer and materials selection. Design aspects of elastic properties, strength and fracture toughness. Design procedures for creep in metals and plastics, extrapolation methods. Fatigue, master diagrams for design purposes, damage accumulation laws, application of fracture mechanics, designing against fatigue. Non-destructive evaluation of materials and component quality. Selection of a manufacturing process. Formalised procedures for materials selection.

### ME30265: Biomedical & natural materials (EG30028)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: This course aims to give an appreciation of a range of topics that relate to the structure and properties of natural materials and the way in which natural and synthetic materials are linked at the interface between medicine and engineering. Content: 1. Biological materials The importance of the structure/properties relationship in 'engineering' materials. Mechanical properties - units and definitions. Stress, strain, Young's modulus, density, specific mechanical properties, toughness, elastic and viscoelastic deformation, damping. The principal hard and soft tissues in the body and their main anatomical functions: bone, teeth, cartilage, tendons & ligaments, skin, arterial wall, cervical tissue. Chemical and physical compositions: main chemical constituents - hydroxyapatite, dentine and enamel, aminoacids and mucopolysaccharides, proteoglycans (proteins), collagen, elastin. Crystalline and amorphous structures, polymers and composites. Performance of natural materials under stress: brittleness and toughness, yielding (plastic behaviour), fatigue, creep (viscoelasticity), rubbery behaviour, damping. Efficiency of bone structures. Mechanical response of hard and soft tissues in terms of their structures. 2. Prosthetics Use of biomaterials for replacement and repair of hard and soft tissues. Functional considerations - forces on joints, cyclic loading, wear and tear, body environment Materials used for implant purposes - metals, alloys, ceramics, polymers, composites Applications in the fields of orthopaedics, cardiovascular, dental, ocular, drug delivery and wound healing Evaluation of biomaterials - biocompatibility testing, corrosion, wear, deterioration. Students must have A-level Physics or Chemistry in order to undertake this unit. Natural science students must take EG20030 in conjunction with this unit.

### ME30266: Aerospace Materials (EG30061)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 This unit is only for students registered on engineering or science degrees. Aims & Learning Objectives: The aim of the unit is to give engineering students an understanding of the nature of aerospace materials and how this determines their successful application in aerospace structures and machines. The learning objectives will include:- *An appreciation of the properties of engineering materials and how they arise. *An understanding of key areas of manufacturing technology which allow fabrication of the critical engineering component. *The importance of the correct choice of material and the factors limiting the service life of the component. *The significance of the manufacturing route in determining the economics and engineering viability of the component. *Methods for fault detection and life prediction. Content: Introduction, history and classification of aerospace materials. Materials for airframes-Aluminium Alloys; manufacturing route, heat treatments, properties, joining techniques. Titanium Alloys. Super-plastic forming. Diffusion bonding. Production, properties and applications Stainless and Maraging steels. Properties, fabrication and applications. Alloys and components for aeroengines. Manufacturing processes, properties, applications and failure modes. Steel, Titanium alloys, Honeycombs, High temperature alloys. Polycrystalline, directionally solidified and single crystal blades. Future technology. Thermal barrier coatings. Principles, processing and performance. Long Fibre Composites. Critical Fibre length. Aerospace manufacturing processes. Types of fibre and matrix. Composite honeycombs. Composites and design. Comparison of carbon fibre composites and aluminium alloys. Laminate analysis/ design. Material coupling. Failure criteria (strength and stiffness). Repair Systems. Metal matrix Composites. Degradation processes and control. NDT, its role in quality control and in in-service inspection of aircraft. Review of types of defect found in aircraft and their hazards. X-ray inspection, sources, recording, sensitivity, radiation safety. Dye penetrant crack detection. Ultrasonic testing, ultrasonic wave propagation and reflection. Transducers, coupling. A-scan, b-scan, c-scan, shear wave and surface wave inspection techniques. Electrical methods, eddy current, potential drop, magnetic methods. Special inspection problems posed by composite materials. "The ageing aircraft programme".

### ME30268: The practice of engineering and technology: the human and social dimension (EG30104)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW40ES60
 Requisites:
 Aims: To familiarise the student with the organisation of science, engineering and technology as collective human enterprises, laying some emphasis on areas associated particularly with technical communication, funding, and professional ethics where there may be differences of opinion and potential conflict. Learning Outcomes: After taking the unit students should inter alia be able to discuss science technology and engineering as collective human enterprises, making reference to such aspects as technical communication, funding, and professional, social and environmental responsibility; take a responsible part in a group project; play a responsible part in an oral presentation of the findings of a group project; recognise the inherently mutable nature of the prevailing social paradigm; engage fairly with matters of controversy and formulate their own opinions. Skills: Facilitated - intellectual, practical, key Content: Contemporary science & engineering: organisation, funding, communication, and professional responsibility. Ethics and values: some principles and implications. Sustainability: implications for science, engineering & technology; Professional responsibility / social responsibility: duty to employer, the Public Interest, environmental preservation. Reasoning and "truth" in science, engineering and in other disciplines: politics, economics, ethics. Science, technology, engineering and progress The prevailing social paradigm: other paradigms? Funding of science & engineering: possible conflicts of interest, piper and tune? Openness of research. Publication of science & engineering: guest authorship, ghost writing, financial interest. Intellectual property: and the public good, patenting of natural products.

### ME30269: Finite element analysis (EG30106)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20250
 Aims: To understand the mathematical basis of the finite element analysis (FEA). To develop the critical use of commercial finite element software. To develop finite element methods for the study of stress analysis. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe the mathematical formulation of the finite element method when applied to linear elastic problems. Use a commercially available finite-element package to analyse linear stress-strain problems in solid bodies. Critically assess the approximate solutions so produced. Skills: Intellectual skills include the development of the ability to construct finite element models of engineering components, to input physical constants and to predict response of the component to an external input such as stress or increase in temperature. (taught and facilitated). Professional skills include the ability to operate a finite element package in an engineering environment (taught and facilitated). Practical skills include the development of the students' competence in the operation of an FEA package (assessed). Key skills include self-learning and software-based learning (facilitated). Content: Review of numerical analysis methods in engineering. Stress analysis fundamentals of stress strain relations, compatibility. Matrix stiffness method. Manual application to simple structural problems. Elements types, nodes and meshing. Use of ANSYS to solve linear stress analysis problems. Pre and post processing. Comparisons with exact solutions.

### ME30270: Group design project 1 (EG30107)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims: To enable the student to show creativity and initiative in carrying out a design project within a specific topic area. To give each student the experience of a real design situation as part of a group. To explore the contribution of the technologist or engineer, whether in the design, R&D or manufacture of a commercial product. To examine the role of the technologist or engineer in the context of market related policies and practices including promotion and distribution. Learning Outcomes: On completion, the student should be able to communicate effectively on a major piece of project work. The student should be able to work effectively within a team recognising their own and others' contributions. The student should be able to analyse a problem, synthesise information both from within the course and from external sources and apply their knowledge to an industry based design project. Skills: Facilitated intellectual, professional, practical key skills. Content: Each group will be assigned a specific design project. They will work in a multidisciplinary team to plan, organise and conduct a project to meet the requirements of the original aims. The work will be presented at designated stages in the form of oral presentations, drawings and written documentation.

### ME30271: Group design project 2 (EG30108)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW80OR10OT10
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30270
 Aims: To enable the student to show creativity and initiative in carrying out a design project within a specific topic area. To give each student the experience of a real design situation as part of a group. To explore the contribution of the technologist or engineer, whether in the design, R&D or manufacture of a commercial product. To examine the role of the technologist or engineer in the context of market related policies and practices including promotion and distribution. Learning Outcomes: On completion, the student should be able to communicate effectively on a major piece of project work. The student should be able to work effectively within a team recognising their own and others' contributions. The student should be able to analyse a problem, synthesise information both from within the course and from external sources and apply their knowledge to an industry based design project. Skills: Facilitated intellectual, professional, practical key skills. Content: Each group will be assigned a specific design project. They will work in a multidisciplinary team to plan, organise and conduct a project to meet the requirements of the original aims. The work will be presented at designated stages in the form of oral presentations, drawings, written documentation and a poster.

### ME30272: Instrumentation 3 (EG30109)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW50EX50
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10243 and take ME20260
 Aims: To provide an introduction to advanced instrumentation and measurement techniques employed in modern sports engineering. After taking this Unit the student should: (i) understand the advantages and areas of application of non contact instrumentation techniques. (ii) appreciate techniques available for data transmission; (iii) be aware of issues involved in the interfacing of measurement instruments to host computers; (iv) have an appreciation of the instrumentation system design process. Learning Outcomes: After taking the unit students should be capable of using advanced instrumentation and measurement techniques in the field of engineering. Skills: Facilitated -intellectual, practical, key. Content: Properties of laser light, semiconductor laser diodes, photodiodes, laser range finding, laser profilometry, optical fibres, interferometry, etalons, optical fibre strain gauge. Signal transmission methodologies: AM, FM, PCM, digital transmission protocols. Fibre optic transmission, elements of telemetry. Interfacing: data transfer control, serial and parallel interfaces, local area networks. Advances in Sports Engineering instrumentation, topics covered will be selected from: velocity measurement by doppler radar; uses of the Global Positioning System; transponder tag timing of sporting events; video image processing for motion analysis.

### ME30273: Surfaces & interfaces (EG30110)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW20EX80
 Requisites:
 Aims: To stimulate the intellectual development of students by encouraging their engagement with aspects of the science of surfaces and interfaces which have a practical bearing in the context of engineering. Learning Outcomes: After taking the unit students should inter alia be able to engage with aspects of the science of surfaces and interfaces which have a practical bearing in the context of engineering. Skills: Facilitated - intellectual, practical, key. Content: 1. Basic surface science Solid surface energies, spreading and wetting, multicomponent systems: surface excess, Langmuir-Blodget films 'Practical' surfaces: metals and polymers: importance of "clean" surfaces in joining technology. 2. Characterisation of solid surfaces: profilometry, contact angles, 3. Adhesion Theories of adhesion, pretreatments, interfacial tensions and interfacial forces.Tests of adhesion, mode of failure, environmental durability. Selection and use of adhesives, paints, coatings. 4. Joining technology for electrical components. Fluxes, surface preparation. 5. Degradation (corrosion) as surface -linked phenomena: cool (aqueous) corrosion of metals, hot corrosion of metals, degradation of polymers. 6. Tribology: friction, lubrication, wear, types of wear.

### ME30274: Individual sports engineering project 1 (EG30111)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims: To provide the student with the opportunity to show creativity and initiative in carrying out a demanding investigation within a specific topic area. To provide a thorough preparation for the final year experimental project in Semester 2. Learning Outcomes: On completion, the student should be able to write an extended literature review in the field of his project, define the objectives of the project and present detailed plans for an experimental programme in the relevant area. Skills: Facilitated intellectual, professional, practical key skills. Content: Each student will be assigned a project area and will prepare an extended critical review of the literature and plan an experimental programme relevant to the topic area. Each project may include design, analytical, computational and experimental aspects.

### ME30275: Individual sports engineering project 2 (EG30112)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW80OR20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30274
 Aims: To provide the student with the opportunity to show creativity and initiative in carrying out a demanding investigation within a specific topic area. To complete a final year experimental project and communicate the results effectively both in written form and as an oral presentation. Learning Outcomes: On completion, the student will have written an extended literature review in the field of his project, defined the objectives of the project and carried out an experimental programme in the relevant area. The student will have developed the skills necessary to communicate effectively the results of a major piece of project work both orally and in the form of a substantial report. Skills: Facilitated intellectual, professional, practical key skills. Content: Each student will execute an experimental programme relevant to the topic area which may include design, analytical and computational aspects.

### ME30276: Individual sports technology project 1 (EG30115)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims: To provide the student with the opportunity to show creativity and initiative in carrying out a demanding investigation within a specific topic area. To provide a thorough preparation for the final year experimental project in Semester 2. Learning Outcomes: On completion, the student should be able to write an extended literature review in the field of his project, define the objectives of the project and present detailed plans for an experimental programme in the relevant area. Skills: Facilitated intellectual, professional, practical key skills. Content: Each student will be assigned a project area and will prepare an extended critical review of the literature and plan an experimental programme relevant to the topic area. Each project may include design, analytical, computational and experimental aspects.

### ME30277: Individual sports technology project 2 (EG30116)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW80OR20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30276
 Aims: To provide the student with the opportunity to show creativity and initiative in carrying out a demanding investigation within a specific topic area. To complete a final year experimental project and communicate the results effectively both in written form and as an oral presentation. Learning Outcomes: On completion, the student will have written an extended literature review in the field of his project, defined the objectives of the project and carried out an experimental programme in the relevant area. The student will have developed the skills necessary to communicate effectively the results of a major piece of project work both orally and in the form of a substantial report. Skills: Facilitated intellectual, professional, practical key skills. Content: Each student will execute an experimental programme relevant to the topic area which may include design, analytical and computational aspects.

### ME30278: Group design project (EG30119)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW80OR10OT10
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30270
 Aims: To enable the student to show creativity and initiative in carrying out a design project within a specific topic area. To give each student the experience of a real design situation as part of a group. To explore the contribution of the technologist or engineer, whether in the design, R&D or manufacture of a commercial product. To examine the role of the technologist or engineer in the context of market related policies and practices including promotion and distribution. Learning Outcomes: On completion, the student should be able to communicate effectively on a major piece of project work. The student should be able to work effectively within a team recognising their own and others' contributions. The student should be able to analyse a problem, synthesise information both from within the course and from external sources and apply their knowledge to an industry based design project. Skills: Facilitated intellectual, professional, practical key skills. Content: Each group will be assigned a specific design project. They will work in a multidisciplinary team to plan, organise and conduct a project to meet the requirements of the original aims. The work will be presented at designated stages in the form of oral presentations, drawings, written documentation and a poster.

### ME30284: Materials science 2 (EG30041)

 Credits: 3
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX60CW40
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10232 or take ME10245
 Aims & Learning Objectives: This course develops from the introductory ideas of structure of materials presented in the first year and uses those ideas to show how the basic mechanics and physical properties of constructional materials are determined by their molecular and crystaline nature. The course forms a basis for the further development of an understanding of design aspects of materials at the macroscopic rather than the atomic level. The course identifies a number of aspects of the behaviour of building materials of specific importance to the engineer, with emphasis being on problems of design and selection of materials for given service conditions. Content: 1. Classification of engineering materials according to type and properties. 2. Elastic behaviour, linear and non-linear. The elastic moduli, anisotropy; elastic properties of crystals and poly-crystals; composite materials, rubber elasticity. 3. Viscoelastic behaviour and time dependent effects. 4. Strength of engineering materials. Theoretical and actual strengths of solids; improving the strength of real materials. Problems of designing with brittle materials. 5. Longer term effects. Fatigue and creep (introductory). 6. Durability of metals and plastics. Corrosion and environmental attack (introductory). Engineering design The process of engineering design in relation to materials evaluation and selection; relevance of measured properties to service conditions. Short-term mechanical effects Time-dependent behaviour of metals , plastics, concrete, timber; creep and fatigue; combined effects of fatigue and corrosion. Long term chemical behaviour Durability and ageing; changes in material properties in service conditions. Corrosion and protection of metals and alloys; environmental degredation of plastics; chemical degredation of concrete - sulphate attack, conversion of HAC etc.; biodeterioration of timber and protection methods; flammability and fire damage to building materials. Long term stability of adhesives and adhesive bonds.

### ME40034: Mecanique vibratoire

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 In taking this unit you cannot take ME30072 and before taking this unit you must take ME20024
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the students' knowledge in the field of vibrations by teaching the subject entirely in the French language and to consolidate the students understanding of the French notation and mathematical methods for problem solving. To provide a knowledge of mechanical vibrations with one degree of freedom, multi degrees of freedom and continuous systems with an infinite number of degrees of freedom. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Derive the equation of motion of vibrating systems by using analytical and Lagrangian methods; calculate or approximate the natural frequency of conservative and dissipative mechanical systems; describe possible mode shapes of mechanical systems by using matrix methods; formulate mass, damping and stiffness matrices; reason out and discuss in the language any problems encountered by the course. Content: Lagrange methods. Vibrations 1: One degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 2: Multi degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 3: Vibrations of linear elastic continuum, longitudinal-, torsional- and bending vibration, work and energy methods, Rayleigh method, Dunkerley method.

### ME40046: Manufacturing automation, modelling & simulation

 Credits: 5
 Level: Honours
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX60CW40
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30035 or take ME30029
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an understanding of the use and benefits of modelling and simulation in manufacturing systems design and operation. To teach the students the building blocks of automation and how to apply these in the design of robotic and automated systems. To examine the advanced and technical aspects of current automation technology. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Model and simulate the operation of a small manufacturing system. Use simulation as a manufacturing system design technique. Justify the use of manufacturing modelling and simulation. Understand the techniques required for the specification of robotic and automated cells. Appreciate the use of sensing (including vision) in advanced robot control. Undertake a cost evaluation for proposed systems and be able to recommend hard or flexible automation. Specify the safety requirements within an automated environment. Examine design for automated assembly. Content: Modelling and Simulation: Definitions. types of models. Modelling methodologies. Validation and Verification. Justification, benefits and uses of simulation. Modelling Manufacturing Systems: Discrete event and continuous approaches to simulation. Discrete event computer languages. Visually interactive simulation. Use of mathematical and statistical models, distributions and random numbers, queuing models and inventory systems. Modelling breakdowns, conveyors, work flow and tool flow. Utilisation statistics. Model verification and validation. Simulation of manufacturing systems. Modelling Products: Geometric models. Product data models. Neutral formats and data exchange. API for manufacturing software libraries. Information Models: Information flows within manufacture. Levels of detail. IDEF models. Automation Peripherals (eg: Vibratory bowl feeders). Sensors (eg: limit switches, proximity switches, photoelectric sensors). Robot Sensing & Machine Vision. Grippers & Tooling. Hard V's Flexible Automation. Robot Control. Safety. Applications (eg: Aerospace, Automotive, Pharmaceutical & Electronics). Mobile Robots. Current Research Advancements.

### ME40046: Manufacturing automation, modelling & simulation

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX60CW40
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30035 or take ME30029
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an understanding of the use and benefits of modelling and simulation in manufacturing systems design and operation. To teach the students the building blocks of automation and how to apply these in the design of robotic and automated systems. To examine the advanced and technical aspects of current automation technology. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Model and simulate the operation of a small manufacturing system. Use simulation as a manufacturing system design technique. Justify the use of manufacturing modelling and simulation. Understand the techniques required for the specification of robotic and automated cells. Appreciate the use of sensing (including vision) in advanced robot control. Undertake a cost evaluation for proposed systems and be able to recommend hard or flexible automation. Specify the safety requirements within an automated environment. Examine design for automated assembly. Content: Modelling and Simulation: Definitions. types of models. Modelling methodologies. Validation and Verification. Justification, benefits and uses of simulation. Modelling Manufacturing Systems: Discrete event and continuous approaches to simulation. Discrete event computer languages. Visually interactive simulation. Use of mathematical and statistical models, distributions and random numbers, queuing models and inventory systems. Modelling breakdowns, conveyors, work flow and tool flow. Utilisation statistics. Model verification and validation. Simulation of manufacturing systems. Modelling Products: Geometric models. Product data models. Neutral formats and data exchange. API for manufacturing software libraries. Information Models: Information flows within manufacture. Levels of detail. IDEF models. Automation Peripherals (eg: Vibratory bowl feeders). Sensors (eg: limit switches, proximity switches, photoelectric sensors). Robot Sensing & Machine Vision. Grippers & Tooling. Hard V's Flexible Automation. Robot Control. Safety. Applications (eg: Aerospace, Automotive, Pharmaceutical & Electronics). Mobile Robots. Current Research Advancements.

### ME40047: Powertrain & transportation systems

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30037 and take ME30217
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the students to the broader social and economic factors which govern the design and development of vehicles and transportation systems. To provide a knowledge of alternative automotive powertrain systems and advanced engine developments. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Identify and understand the different alternative automotive propulsion systems and their operating characteristics. Describe the advanced IC engine developments taking place with regard to achieving lower fuel consumption and emissions. Explain the impact of environmental and social issues on transport legislation and vehicle manufacture. Discuss the requirements and implications of life cycle design and costs on vehicle design and development. Content: Technology implications of developing alternative automotive propulsion systems IC engine emission characteristics and emission reduction developments. Use of alternative fuels, technological and resource implications: Natural gas, Bio-gas, Methane, Hydrogen. Alternative automotive powertrains including regenerative and hybrid systems. Life cycle management: design of vehicles, recycling and cost issues. The industrial base for vehicle manufacturing and the drivers for technological change. The global and legislative perspective on transport issues. Environmental aspects and the use of natural resources.

### ME40049: Innovation and advanced design

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX50CW50
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30068
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an understanding of the processes whereby the effect of a product can be evaluated. To provide an understanding of innovation in an industrial context. To introduce a number of innovation techniques, particularly the TRIZ methodology. To introduce a number of advanced design techniques and methodologies, including design management techniques to enable the innovation process to be executed and managed. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the processes of innovation. Use a number of innovation methods and techniques Apply the processes to the development of new products. Understand the effects of change on the processes and markets. Understand the concept of a product architecture and will be able to apply a number of advanced techniques such as QFD, DFM, and DFA to their work. Understand the economics of product development, and the impact of time and cost overruns Content: Discipline in innovation, Creative processes, TRIZ, Inventive principles, Predictable evolution, Function analysis, Marketing innovation, Case studies,. The product development process and problem definition for innovation,. Project trade offs. Quality function deployment. Design for manufacture, assembly and life cycles. Product architecture. Incremental design strategies. Managing design information. Product development team studies. Case studies.

### ME40050: Special topics in aerodynamics

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30032
 Aims: To introduce the basic concepts of helicopter flight and the fundamentals of rotor aerodynamics. To introduce the elements of acoustics relevant to aircraft noise. To introduce the fundamental elements of space flight. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: Discuss flow through a rotor and hence design considerations for a single main rotor helicopter. Apply analytical methods to predict the performance of a rotor. Derive the wave equation and elementary solutions. Calculate the noise radiated by simple aerodynamic sources. Characterise the noise from rotating sources. Develop a scaling law for jet noise. Describe different types of satellite and their applications; derive the basic equations of orbital motion; calculate velocity changes for typical transfer orbits; perform basic rocket performance calculations. Skills: Problem solving and numeracy (taught and assessed). Content: Introduction to rotor aerodynamics. Actuator disc and blade element theories. Thrust and power predictions of a rotor in hover, vertical and forward flight; performance of a single main rotor helicopter; recent advances and challenges in helicopter designs; the wave equation; acoustic source mechanisms; sound from solid bodies; sound from rotating sources; jet noise; satellite applications, orbital mechanics; orbital transfers; basic rocketry.

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30029
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give an understanding of sampled data system theory with reference to the digital control of dynamical systems. To provide an introduction to modern control theory and to explore the links between this and classical control. To show how modern control techniques can be used to control physical systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Evaluate the behaviour of single input/single output digital control systems and determine system stability. Understand the problems associated with sampling signals. Select appropriate methods to improve control systems performance. Understand the key features of neural and fuzzy controllers. Represent and analyse both continuous-time and discrete-time systems described in state variable forms. Content: Nature of sampled signals; selection of sample rate; aliasing; prefiltering. The Z transform. Open-loop and closed-loop digital control; stability of closed-loop digital systems. Root locus; estimation of the transient response using the Z-plane. Frequency response of discrete-time systems. Digital design techniques; approximation methods; digital PID controllers. Adaptive control. State representation of physical systems; non-uniqueness of states. Controllability and observability. Time response of continuous- and discrete-time systems. Observers and state feedback; modal control. Parameter estimation. Introduction to neural networks and fuzzy control.

### ME40054: Computational fluid dynamics

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX50CW50
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20022 or take ME30031
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the full Navier-Stokes equations and give the physical significance of each term in the equations. To introduce the student to CFD techniques appropriate for practical engineering applications (the finite-volume method). To introduce the student to the use of commercial CFD packages, the importance of validation and the need for caution in applying the underlying models for turbulent flow. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Use CFD codes to compute 2D flows and understand the physical significance of the solutions. Compute rates of heat transfer and shear stress. Set up viscous fluid flow and heat transfer problems using a commercial code (with regular and possibly body-fitted grids), and extract features of the computed solutions for interpretation and validation. Content: LAMINAR FLOW: Navier-Stokes equations and energy equations; physical significance of the terms. Discretisation and solution of the non-linear equations using the finite-volume method. Pressure-velocity coupling. Alternative mesh structures. TURBULENT FLOW: Introduction to computational models of turbulence. Application to the computation of developing boundary layers and recirculation flows. Limitations of the current generation of turbulence models.

### ME40055: Energy & the environment

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX60ES20CW20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30068
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To understand the energy balances within the major regions of the world, their environmental consequences and sustainability.To introduce assessment techniques for evaluating projects in terms of energy use and environmental impact.To understand the relationship between alternative energy technologies and the societies in which they develop and to participate in discussion of energy and environmental options.After taking this unit the student should be able to:Evaluate the life cycle of major energy projects, and present the results in a form that will enable decision makers to comprehend fully their energy and environmental consequences. Develop the key features of sustainable energy strategies for countries from different regions of the world in terms of their economic development, indigenous energy resources, and environmental consequences. Participate in local and national debates over large and small-scale development projects with an understanding of limitations placed on them by economic, physical, and environmental constraints. Content: Energy resources: Fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, coal); Primary electricity (hydro and nuclear power); Renewable energy sources; Substitutable and non-substitutable resources. Environmental protection: Pollutant emissions from fossil fuel combustion: local, regional and global effects; nuclear power and environmental sustainability: technologies, radioactive emissions and waste disposal; Environmental and related impacts of renewable energy systems.Assessment techniques: Cost/benefit analysis; First and second law (energy and exergy) thermodynamic analysis; Environmental life-cycle assessment; Qualitative environmental risks. Sustainable development: "People, planet and prosperity"; the sustainability equation; principles and practice of sustainable development; 'The Natural Step' and its system conditions; Environmental footprint analysis; Local Agenda 21: Sustainable energy options.Energy and society: The technology-society relationship; Alternative energy technologies; Energy conservation; Energy and transport.Energy strategies: Major world producers and users; Energy systems modelling; UK energy issues and. Strategies; Energy and the developing world: basic human needs, the role of biofuels, and 'appropriate' energy technologies; Case study: comparative energy studies of selected industrialised and developing countries.

### ME40057: Finite element analysis

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX50CW50
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30030 or take ME30045
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop the students' appreciation of the mathematical basis of the finite-element method. To develop the critical use of commercial finite-element software. To develop finite element methods for the study of vibrations. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the mathematical formulation of the finite element method when applied to linear problems. Use a commercially available finite-element package to analyse linear stress-strain problems in solid bodies. Critically assess the approximate solutions so produced. Use a commercially available element package to model vibration problems. Content: Introduction to finite elements as applied to a continuum; displacement formulation. shape functions; numerical integration; Hands-on use of a commercially available finite element package to solve problems in linear stress analysis. Pre and post processing. Model definition if 1D, 2D, 3D representations, symmetry, choice of element type, mesh density requirements. Model validation by comparison with exact analytical solution. Examples in modal analysis.

### ME40060: Heat transfer

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20022 or take ME30031 or take ME30037
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To reinforce the student's ability to model conduction in solids and radiation between surfaces. To introduce the student to convective heat transfer and to the solution of engineering heat transfer problems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the concepts and equations governing heat transfer by conduction and radiation, and to be able to solve heat transfer problems of engineering importance. Understand the concepts and equations governing convective heat transfer, and to be able to solve heat transfer problems of engineering importance. Content: HEAT CONDUCTION AND THERMAL RADIATION : Review of conduction, convection and radiation. Derivation of general equation of conduction. Analytical and numerical solution of selected steady-state and transient conduction problems. Blackbody and greybody radiation, solar radiation, view factors, radiant heat exchange between surfaces. Formulation of radiation equations for numerical solution and application to engineering problems. CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER : Review of basic concepts of buoyancy-driven and forced convection. Derivation of the boundary-layer momentum and energy equations for laminar flow. Turbulence and its effects on heat transfer. The Reynolds analogy between shear stress and heat flux. Solution of the laminar and turbulent boundary-layer equations and applications to engineering problems. The conjugate problem: combined conduction, convection and radiation

### ME40064: Systems modelling & simulation

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30029 or take ME30033 or take ME30041
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the students of procedures for establishing mathematical models of engineering systems. To introduce commercial software packages for the solution of the mathematical models and to examine the relative merits of different approaches. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Make the realistic judgements necessary to develop mathematical models of complex engineering systems. Undertake a critical appraisal of the simulation results and to have an appreciation of the limitations imposed by the assumptions made and the method of solution adopted. Apply commercial software packages for the prediction of engineering systems performance. Content: Role of simulation in design. Analysis of dynamic systems in the time domain and frequency domain. Linearisation methods. Modelling of discontinuities and non-linearities. Bathfp modelling. Simulink and Matlab modelling. System identification.

### ME40069: MEng engineering project

 Credits: 30
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To enable the student to show creativity and initiative in carrying out a demanding investigation or design project within a specific topic area. To enable the student to synthesise information from both within the total course and from external sources. To enable the student to communicate effectively a major piece of project work. To give the student experience in working in a research environment or on an industry based design project. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Plan, organise and conduct an engineering project to meet the requirements of the initial aims; present all stages of the project work via written documentation and oral presentations. Content: The final year engineering projects will either be defined as "Design" or "Research" in content. Whether classified as design or research, projects may be undertaken on an individual or a linked basis. RESEARCH PROJECTS will contain at least 2 of the 3 following elements - analytical, computational, experimental aspects. DESIGN PROJECTS will contain specification, design, analysis, manufacture and test work.

### ME40072: Schwingungslehre

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME20071
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the students knowledge in the field of vibrations by teaching the subject entirely in the German language and to consolidate the students understanding of the German notation and mathematical methods for problem solving. To provide a knowledge of mechanical vibrations with one degree of freedom, multi degrees of freedom and continuous systems with an infinite number of degrees of freedom. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Derive the equation of motion of vibrating systems by using analytical and Lagrangian methods; calculate or approximate the natural frequency of conservative and dissipative mechanical systems; describe possible mode shapes of mechanical systems by using matrix methods; formulate mass, damping and stiffness matrices; reason out and discuss in the language any problems encountered by the course. Content: Lagrange methods. Vibrations 1: One degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 2: Multi degree of freedom, conservative and dissipative systems, free and forced vibrations. Vibrations 3: Vibrations of linear elastic continuum, longitudinal-, torsional- and bending vibration, work and energy methods, Rayleigh method, Dunkerley method.

### ME40140: Machines and Products in Society

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW40EX60
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30068
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To discuss the safety, legal, environmental, product protection aspects of machines and products. After taking this unit the student should be able to; Understand the legal issues controlling design of machinery; carry out a detailed hazard analysis and risk assessment; understand the use of design standards to achieve a safe design; appreciate environmental considerations; understand means for product/process protection. Content: Safety and legal requirements; EC directives, standards, risk assessment, design for safety, employee protection, product liability, contamination. Environmental: noise and vibration, packaging waste, recycling. Product/process protection: patent system, trade marks, copyright legislation.

### ME40212: Biomimetics

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX50PR50
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take EG30022 or take EG30061
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the materials, structures and mechanisms of natural organisms.To show how organisms can be analysed as engineering structures using standard techniques.To extract principles of biological structures and reformulate them as engineering structures.To use concepts from biology to solve problems in engineering. After taking this unit, the student should be able to: Understand fundamental concepts of biological design such as scaling, hierarchy of structures and materials, designing for high strains and low loads, energy conservation, adaptive design, damage control. Understand the implications of biology for advanced engineering and product design. Content: Biological fibres, fillers and ceramics; composites; soft structures; inflatable structures; mechanical properties and testing; structural hierarchy; control of fracture; scaling; factors of safety; cellular materials; design of skeletons and other supportive structures; locomotion (walking, running, flying, swimming); power amplification mechanisms; design of plants, prestressing; deployable structures; design of simple robots; tough materials (armour, blast containment); design for fatigue; adaptive structures; smart materials; neutral networks; genetic algorithms and programming; structures made by animals and their environmental advantages; architecture;

### ME40213: Specialist design 1

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30043
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide the opportunity for creative long term design project work. To illustrate the totality of the product development process. To allow synthesis of information and skills from within other parts of the undergraduate programme and from external sources. To improve effective communication of a major piece of design project work.After taking this unit the student should be able to:prepare a project proposal, evaluate potential project proposals, conduct initial stages of a design project. Content: Students are expected (in consultation with supervisory staff) to generate their own project activity which should be appropriate for the current unit and to lead into the unit, Specialist Design Project II. The outline of the project is required by the end of week 2 at which stage it is reviewed by staff. The Department reserves the right to reject a proposed outline redirect the student. The outline should include details of tasks to be undertaken during the (first) semester. These could include: related background reading of selected texts and/or papers, market analysis; initial concept generation; preparation of a portfolio of existing and/or original design ideas; preparation of manufacturing drawings of designs to allow manufacture of proof of concept ideasStudents who do not complete this unit satisfactorily are not able to take the unit Specialist Design Project II in the following semester; instead they take the MEng Engineering Project ME40069.

### ME40214: Specialist design 2

 Credits: 30
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME40213
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide the opportunity for creative long term design project work. To illustrate the totality of the product development process. To allow synthesis of information and skills from within other parts of the undergraduate programme and from external sources. To improve effective communication of a major piece of design project work.After taking this unit the student should be able to:Plan project work, conduct the various stages of a design project, which may include procurement, test development, etc. present the results of a design project via written documentation and oral presentations. Content: Entry to this unit is dependent upon satisfactory completion of Specialist Design Project I. Students continue the work initially started in this previous unit under the guidance of a supervisor and are encouraged to produce design files as they proceed. Areas that may be involved in the project work include: creation of concept and/or prototype designs; detailed designs of some or more aspects of a proposed design; analysis of proposed designs; manufacture of a proposed design; testing of a physical prototype; other forms of assessment of design; consideration of full production of a design.

### ME40220: Aerospace structures II

 Credits: 5
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW33EX67
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30045
 Aims: To introduce advanced techniques of analysis and design of aircraft structures. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: Analyse and design an aircraft wing for aeroelastic considerations. Design and analyse composite structures. Analyse post-buckling behaviour of stiffened panels. Formulate structural optimisation problems. Describe various optimisation methods applicable to structural designs. Use appropriate optimisation methods to design structures for given requirements. Skills: Problem solving and numeracy (taught and assessed). Content: Wing divergence and classical flutter. Analysis and design of composite structures. Analysis of post-buckled stiffened panels. Formulation of structural optimisation problems. Optimisation methods in structural designs: mathematical programming and heuristic methods.

### ME40228: Group business & design project - II

 Credits: 18
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2 (Weeks 6 - 12)
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30068
 Aims: To give each student the experience of a real design situation as part of a group. This builds on the evaluation stage which is a pre-requisite for this unit leading to a detailed design that takes into account both engineering and commercial aspects. To present these results in written and oral form and to practising engineers at an exhibition. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Demonstrate detailed knowledge and understanding of the technical process that is engineering design. * Demonstrate detailed knowledge and understanding of the commercial aspects of engineering. * Work in a multi-disciplinary team. Skills: Working in a team, problem solving, numeracy, communication. Content: Detail Design/Detailed Commercial Study. Numerical analysis of machines. Design for manufacture. CADBusiness Plan. Exhibition presentation.

### ME40229: Integrated industrial project

 Credits: 18
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30068
 Aims: To give each student the experience of a real design environment on placement in either the UK or abroad. This builds on the evaluation stage which is a pre-requisite for this unit leading to a detailed design that takes into account both engineering and commercial aspects. To present these results in written and oral form and to practising engineers at an exhibition. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Demonstrate detailed knowledge and understanding of the technical process that is engineering design. * Demonstrate detailed knowledge and understanding of the commercial aspects of engineering. * Work in a multi-disciplinary team. Skills: Working in a team, problem solving, numeracy, communication. Content: Detail Design/Detailed Commercial Study. Numerical analysis of machines. Design for manufacture. CADBusiness Plan.

### : Masters sports engineering project 1 (EG40113)

 Credits: 12
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW80OR20
 Requisites:
 Aims: To provide the student with the opportunity to show creativity and initiative in planning and initiating work on a demanding Master's level experimental project in a specific topic area. To complete a literature survey within the chosen field and begin a programme of experiments. To communicate the results effectively in written form accompanied by engineering drawings where appropriate. Learning Outcomes: On completion, the student will have defined the objectives of the Master's level project, written a review in the field of his project and started preliminary experimental work on the experimental programme in the relevant area. The student will have developed the skills necessary to communicate effectively the results of their research in the form of a substantial report including detailed engineering analysis where relevant. Skills: Facilitated intellectual, professional, practical key skills. Content: Each student will execute an experimental programme relevant to the topic area which may include business, design, analytical and computational aspects.

### ME40280: Masters sports engineering project 2 (EG40114)

 Credits: 18
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW80OR20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME40279
 Aims: To provide the student with the opportunity to show creativity and initiative in planning and initiating work on a demanding Master's level experimental project in a specific topic area. To complete a literature survey within the chosen field and carry out an extensive programme of experimental work. To communicate the results effectively both in written form accompanied by engineering drawings where appropriate and orally in form of a presentation. Learning Outcomes: On completion, the student will have defined the objectives of the Master's level project, written a review in the field of the project, completed an extensive experimental programme of work and analysed the results appropriately. The student will have developed the skills necessary to communicate effectively the results of their research in the form of a substantial report including detailed engineering analysis where relevant and in the form of an oral presentation. Skills: Facilitated intellectual, professional, practical key skills. Content: Each student will execute an experimental programme relevant to the topic area which may include business, design, analytical and computational aspects.

### ME40281: Individual Master's project (EG40120)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW80OR20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you mus
 Aims: To provide the student with the opportunity to show creativity and initiative in carrying out a demanding investigation within a specific topic area. To complete an individual project and communicate the results effectively both in written form and as an oral presentation, accompanied by engineering drawings where appropriate. Learning Outcomes: On completion, the student will have defined the objectives of the project, written a review in the field of their project and carried out an experimental programme in the relevant area. The student will have developed the skills necessary to communicate effectively the results of a major piece of project work both orally and in the form of a substantial report including detailed drawings where relevant. Skills: Facilitated intellectual, professional, practical key skills. Content: Each student will execute an experimental programme relevant to the topic area which may include design, analytical and computational aspects.

### ME40282: Advanced sports engineering (EG40123)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims: To extend the intellectual development of master's level sports engineering students by exposing them to advanced aspects of sports engineering based on the understanding of core elements of science and engineering. Learning Outcomes: After taking the unit students should be able to apply level 3 engineering science to the analysis of the behaviour of sports equipment. Skills: Facilitated - intellectual, practical, key. Content:The unit is delivered as a series of case studies in advanced sports engineering topics. By way of example these might include: (1) The dynamic interaction between bats and balls, rackets and shuttlecocks, golf clubs and golf balls etc. (2) Circular motion including the analysis of spinning wheels, bicycles on banking, speed skaters and hammer throwing, using gyroscopic principles, moment of inertia, etc. (3) Force and energy control, including damping and impact in relation to shock absorption, mountain bike suspension, crumple zones, airbags, etc. (4) Aerodynamics or hydrodynamics of balls in flight, javelins, shuttlecocks, hammers and swimmers, exploring the principles of drag, lift, the Bernoulli effect, boundary layers, etc.

### ME40283: Sports vehicles (EG40124)

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME40282
 Aims: The unit aims to introduce the specialist technologies employed in the design, manufacture, assessment, performance and improvement of sports vehicles. The scope of the unit embraces human-powered ground, air and water-borne vehicles. Learning Outcomes: After taking the unit students should be able to execute the engineering design and construction of vehicles in the context of a specific sport. Skills: Facilitated - intellectual, practical, key. Content: The unit is delivered as a series of case studies on sports vehicles. Examples might include: (1) Bicycles: Motion, dynamics, balance, materials selection, gearing, manufacture. (2) Windsurfers and yachts: Aerodynamics, hydrodynamics, materials optimisation, textiles, composites, manufacture. (3) Hang gliders and gliders: Aerodynamics, lift, drag, materials selection, performance optimisation, record breaking. (4) Canoes and rowing boats: Hydrodynamics, wood versus composites, construction, weight minimisation, competition classes, white water canoeing. (5) Sledges and bobsleighs: Steel to ice interactions, friction, drag, design, centrifugal forces, classes of competition, materials of construction.

### XX10052: Mathematics & computing 2

 Credits: 6
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX75CW25
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10196
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the students previous knowledge of mathematics and provide the basic core of mathematical tools required throughout the engineering course. To introduce the student to statistical techniques used for data analysis. To give the student a sound basic knowledge of computer programming in C++ upon which they can subsequently build. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Employ elementary numerical methods for the solution of algebraic equations and integration. Set up and solve differential equations of typical engineering problems by analytical and numerical methods . Apply rules of partial differentiation to small increment and change of variable problems for functions of several variables. Solve simultaneous linear equations. Find eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. Interpret experimental data, carry out elementary statistical analysis and calculate best least-squares fit to data. Write well structured simple programs in C++. The lecture programme will be common with XX10118. Content: First and second order differential equations with step and sinusoidal input, including simultaneous differential equations. Linear algebra; vectors, matrices and determinants, Gaussian elimination, eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Newton-Raphson method, numerical integration, elementary nonlinear equations. Statistical analysis: normal distribution, probability, linear interpolation, curve fitting using least squares. C++: main variable types, input, output. Procedures, control stuctures.

### XX10118: Mathematics & computing 2

 Credits: 5
 Level: Certificate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX75CW25
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the students previous knowledge of mathematics and provide the basic core of mathematical tools required throughout the engineering course. To introduce the student to statistical techniques used for data analysis. To give the student a sound basic knowledge of computer programming in C++ upon which they can subsequently build. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Employ elementary numerical methods for the solution of algebraic equations and integration. Set up and solve differential equations of typical engineering problems by analytical and numerical methods. Apply rules of partial differentiation to small increment and change of variable problems for functions of several variables. Solve simultaneous linear equations. Find eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. Interpret experimental data, carry out elementary statistical analysis and calculate best least-squares fit to data. Write well structured simple programs in C++. Content: First and second order differential equations with step and sinusoidal input, including simultaneous differential equations. Linear algebra; vectors, matrices and determinants, Gaussian elimination, eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Newton-Raphson method, numerical integration, elementary nonlinear equations. Statistical analysis: normal distribution, probability, linear interpolation, curve fitting using least squares. C++: main variable types, input, output. Procedures, control stuctures.

### XX20007: Design & innovation 1

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME10240 and take ME10242
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To create and develop designs relating to sports applications made up of manufactured and/or standard components. To demonstrate the importance of optimisation within an iterative design process in terms of functionality, geometry and material selection. To show how a successful design can be achieved by integrating analytical skills from the engineering sciences. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Design sports equipment and/or products in detail using correctly selected components and design ancillary items to meet a requirement. Recognise the importance of completing comprehensive design analysis, component drawings and sub-assembly drawings in order to achieve a successful solution. Content: Embodiment design: To include shafts, couplings, keyway, fixings, bearings, pulleys, gear analysis. combined loadings, design factors and optimisation techniques.

### XX20008: Design & innovation 2

 Credits: 6
 Level: Intermediate
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take XX20007
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to the techniques and constraints of professional design practice, with an emphasis on concurrent design practice. To make the student aware of standard design methods, key aspects of a specification and systematic methods for problem solving. To make the student aware of the special features of design embodiment; including the stages in developing a product after the design stage; problems and benefits of working in a team; ergonomics and aesthetics issues. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Produce a detailed design specification. Apply standard design methods and value engineering techniques. Incorporate and specify new materials and finishing methods. Cost and specify development and quality requirements. Produce a complete product design. Work in a small design team to design sports equipment, product or system for the market place. Produce technical sales literature. Content: ASPECTS OF CONCURRENT ENGINEERING: Specifications, design methods and value engineering. Design for; safety, ergonomics, life cycle design, reliability. REFINEMENT PROCESSES: Material selection and applications and finishes. Costing, quality assurance and design development.

### ME50145: Introduction to hydraulic circuits & components

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: ES30PR60OR10
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide familiarisation with fluid power circuits in a practical way by introducing the participants to the main hydraulic components, their performance characteristics and the standard symbols used for their representation on circuit diagrams. After taking this unit the student should be able to: read circuit diagrams and understand the principles of circuit operation, in relation to the performance of the individual components themselves. Content: Control of Linear Motion: Load, friction and inertia effects. Directional control, speed control, acceleration and deceleration, pressure controls and related circuits. Pressure losses and energy considerations, electronically operated valves. Pumps and Motors: Types and characteristics, volumetric and mechanical efficiencies, torque and power, effects of cavitation. Control of Rotary Motion: Motor systems, hydrostatic transmission.

### ME50147: Component selection for hydraulic systems

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To enable the student to appreciate the factors which influence the specification and performance of hydraulic components. To provide guidance in their selection and the basis for the sizing of actuators, valves, pumps, motors, filters, accumulators, and associated equipment with the requirements of the load and duty cycle in mind. After taking this unit the student should be able to: select a satisfactory supply system for low energy loss and noise levels with good controllability and give an understanding of the factors affecting overall system performance by examining interactions between system components. Content: Actuator Systems: Flow considerations, Pressure losses, Valve flow characteristics. Supply Systems: Sizing of accumulators, Selection of heat exchangers. Rotating Systems: Pump and motor characteristics, Hydrostatic transmissions. Noise and Vibration: Sources of noise in hydraulic system. Methods of noise and vibration reduction. Fluid Management: Classification of contamination levels, Filters and their selection, Fluid sampling techniques.

### ME50148: Hydraulic systems design

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW40PR50OR10
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To build on the work of the FP1 and FP2 units by concentrating on various aspects that influence the design of hydraulic systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Select components for the design of hydraulic systems. Understand and analyse the performance of such systems. Content: Determination of System Loads: Concept of load locus, Duty cycles for various applications. Systems Technology: Valve control of actuators, Electrohydraulic valves, Displacement control for pumps and motors, Power economy. System Analysis: Fluid compressibility effects, Servo control dynamics. Design Exercises: Examples of linear actuator and motor applications, Use of Bathfp hydraulic system computer simulation package.

### ME50150: Introduction to control for electrohydraulic systems

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: PR30EX70
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide the basic groundwork in control theory and its application for the evaluation of electrohydraulic systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Design and predict the behaviour of practical control systems involving hydraulic actuation. Analyse the stability and apply compensation of such systems. Content: System Analysis: Simple valve controlled actuator, First order system, Block diagrams, Frequency response, Effect of fluid compressibility and load inertia on the valve controlled actuator, Codas control systems software. Stability: Nyquist criterion, Bode plot, Nichols chart, Compensation. Hydraulic Equipment: Electrohydraulic valves, Pump controlled systems.

### ME50151: Control systems

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims: To develop an understanding of the techniques available for the analysis and design of practical continuous-time control systems. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit students should be able to: * Interpret a control system specification. * Predict the behaviour of practical continuous-time control systems involving linear and non-linear elements. * Describe the principle features of microprocessor-controlled systems. Skills: Problem solving, numeracy, (taught and assessed). Content: Analysis of control system transient response using Laplace transforms. Estimation of continuous-time transient response using the s-plane. Control system design using Root Locus Method. Parameter sensitivity using Root Locus Method. Linearisation of non-linear systems. System design specifications. Control systems design and analysis software. Performance assessment of systems using the Nichols chart. Integrator wind-up and feedback compensation techniques. Introduction to microprocessor control.

### ME50152: Structural mechanics

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: * To broaden the understanding of Solid Mechanics to include material and geometric nonlinearity. * To introduce concepts of bending and stretching in plate and shell structures. * To introduce the elements of incremental and deformation plasticity theory. * To underline the importance of energy and energy absoprtion in the general context. * To introduce post-buckling theory. After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Calculate stresses and deformations in thick cylinders under a variety of loading conditions. Understand the nature of plastic yielding. * Determine deflections and critical loads of laterally loaded and in-plane loaded plates. * Determine load-deflection responses of simple plastic mechanisms and their relation to energy absorption. * Understand some of the implications of nonlinear effects in structural systems. Content: Stresses and deformation of pressurised thick cylinders. Yield critera. Introduction to incremental plasticity. Linear bending and buckling theory for circular and rectangular plates. Deformation theory of plasticity. Plastic mechanisms. Energy absorption. Introduction to crashworthiness. Phenomenology of post-buckling.

### ME50153: Thermofluid systems

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend student understanding of the thermodynamics of compressible flow in ducts, combustion and power generation and their effects on the environment. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate the effects of compressibility in the flow through ducts with friction and heat transfer; Understand the thermodynamics of compressible flow through an isothermal duct. Calculate the thermodynamic properties of gas-vapour mixtures: perform combustion calculations involving dissociation; carry out second law analysis of power plant; understand the effects of power generation on the environment. Content: Adiabatic constant area flow with friction; heat addition in steady inviscid one dimensional flow; isothermal compressible flow in ducts; gas-vapour mixtures, air conditioning systems; combustion; second law, irreversibility and availability; combined cycles, CHP; the environment.

### ME50154: Aerodynamics

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims: To improve students' understanding of viscous flow, compressible flow and external aerodynamics. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Apply the boundary layer equations to laminar and turbulent flow. * Determine the drag contribution from an arbitrary shaped body. * Calculate the aerodynamics characteristics of aerofoils in supersonic flow. * Predict the load distributions over an arbitrary three-dimensional wing. Skills: Problem solving, numeracy, written communication (taught and assessed), working independently. Content: INTRODUCTION TO TURBULENCE: drag of bluff and streamlined bodies. Laminar and turbulent flow over flat places. COMPRESSIBLE FLOW: oblique shocks and expansion waves; shock expansion theory for aerofoils. THREE DIMENSIONAL LIFTING SURFACES: horseshoe vortex model, lifting line models, Vortex Lattice Method.

### ME50155: Mechanical vibrations & noise

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce quantitative aspects of noise control and to give an appreciation of some of the problems involved. To acquaint the student with more advanced aspects of vibration. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Calculate sound pressure level given relevant power and material data. Estimate the reduction in sound pressure level that could be achieved by the use of a barrier or enclosure. Convert equations of motion into principal coordinates. Describe how to measure normal modes of structures. Apply harmonic balance to solve Rayleighs equation to obtain limit cycle solutions and also to solve Duffings equation and thus to explain jump phenomena. Content: Response of the ear, noise exposure, code of practice; noise isolation and absorption; barriers and enclosures; modal analysis and testing; nonlinearity.

### ME50158: Global product development

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW40EX60
 Requisites:
 Aims: To introduce strategic, cultural, organisational and technological aspects of product development in a global context, including product development techniques, supply chain and manufacturing considerations and relevant communications and information technologies. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Describe the historic context of global product development. * Outline strategic, organisational, human and cultural factors that should be taken into account when developing products for a global market. * Select and apply techniques for product and manufacturing planning and supply chain management. * Outline key concepts of (digital) communications technology. * Describe and apply techniques for data exchange in computer-aided engineering. * Outline communications issues in product development, and understand where computer-supported collaborative work (CSCW) may be applied in this context. Skills: Communication (taught/facilitated/assessed), IT, working with others. Content: Product development - historical and cultural context. Human aspects of GPD: communities of practice; critical situations; methods for knowledge sharing; Strategic aspects of GPD: managing the design process; product platform and strategy; mass customisation; late and local configuration. Product planning and supply chain management. Communications technology: historical background, carriers, transmission; networks - LANs, WANs; standards - ISO, TCP/IP. Data representation and exchange: data and information in engineering; data types; mark-up languages; CAD data exchange. Computer-supported co-operative work (CSCW): dimensions of communication in design; classification of CSCW approaches; critical assessment of the technologies.

### ME50159: Manufacturing processes & analysis

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to the application of analytical, numerical and experimental techniques to the simulation and modelling of manufacturing processes. To provide the students with an appreciation and understanding of advanced non-traditional material removal processes and application of beam technology in industry. After taking this module the student should be able to: * Compare and contrast methods of analysis and their application in the manufacturing of metallic parts. * Apply appropriate simulation and modelling techniques to selected manufacturing processes. Select appropriate tool and operational parameters to non-traditional processing operations. Content: Syllabus: * Introduction to analytical and numerical analysis in manufacturing * Work formulae * Force equilibrium methods * Slip line field theory * Limit analysis Upper and Lower Bound Techniques * Numerical methods * Visio-plasticity * Non-traditional material cutting operations; ECM, EDM, water jet cutting * Beam technology applications (e.g. laser, Ion, Ultrasonic) and their industrial application to welding and metal removal.

### ME50161: Internal combustion engine technology

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims: To examine the technology, operation and application of IC engines. To analyse the criteria governing IC engine design, performance, combustion and emissions. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * discuss the parameters that define IC engine performance; * identify the distinct operating characteristics of different classifications of IC engines; * understand and predict the thermodynamic and mechanical constrains governing design; * explain the environmental issues concerning future IC engine developments. Skills: Problem solving, numeracy, written communication (taught and assessed), working independently. Content: Thermodynamic and mechanical principals; combustion and fuels; spark and compression ignition engines; turbocharging; fuelling systems; induction, in-cylinder and exhaust processes; emission formation and reduction/prevention; automotive emission legislation, case studies; introduction to IC engine simulation techniques.

### ME50166: Aircraft stability & control

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give an understanding of the principles of aircraft stability and the significance of the permitted centre of gravity limits which must be considered when loading an aircraft. To enable the student to understand and analyse both flight test and wind tunnel results pertaining to aircraft static stability. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Estimate stability margins for any given conventional or tail-less aircraft. Analyse and interpret both wind tunnel and flight test results concerned with aircraft static stability and trim. Content: Rigid aircraft behaviour. Basic specification of forces and moment on an aircraft. Properties of aerofoils and controls. Static stability criterion. Static and manoeuvre margins, both stick fixed and stick free. Flight test measurements and wind tunnel analysis. Springs and weights in the elevator circuit. Power assistance for the pilot and artificial feel. Dynamic stability: an introduction. Stability derivatives.

### ME50167: Computer aids for design

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW50EX50
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an understanding of the use of CAD in the overall design process. to provide an understanding of the different types of modeller and their applications. To give experience in the use of CAD techniques. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe the different types of CAD modelling systems, what they offer and their application to the overall design process. Understand the CAD requirements of typical companies. Appreciate how CAD techniques can be applied to different application areas. Content: Computer aids for design and their relation to design needs. Basic two and three dimensional drafting entities, input techniques, manipulation, storage within system. Transformations, views, co-ordinate systems. Introduction of free-form curves and surfaces. Use of solid modelling. graphics interface languages, user interface, parametrics. Company requirements and operation. Application of CAD technique in industry. Design support for other CAE systems and data exchange. The number of students taking this course each year is likely to be more than can be accommodated in a single session of the practical class. In this case, there will be one lecture per week and the practical session will be run twice. Students will be expected to undertake reading to complement material covered in lectures. A reading list will be provided.

### ME50169: Aerospace structures & aeroelasticity

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW25EX75
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To teach appropriate techniques for the loading, stress analysis and failure prediction of aircraft structures. After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Determine critical gust and manoeuvre load cases. * Design aircraft structures by accounting for static strength, buckling and fatigue failure. * Use, and have a basic understanding of, computer packages for structural analysis and design. Content: Gust and manoeuvre envelope. Shear force, bending moment and torque diagrams. Shear flow and shear centre of open and close sections. Fracture strength and crack propagation, including safe-life and damage-tolerant design. Shear buckling and tension fields - analysis and design of ribs and spars. Compression buckling of stiffened panels - analysis and design of wing and fuselage panels. Use of computer packages for structural analysis and design.

### ME50170: Manufacturing automation, modelling & simulation

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW40EX60
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an understanding of the use and benefits of modelling and simulation in manufacturing systems design and operation. To teach the students the building blocks of automation and how to apply these in the design of robotic and automated systems. To examine the advanced and technical aspects of current automation technology. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Model and simulate the operation of a small manufacturing system. Use simulation as a manufacturing system design technique. Justify the use of manufacturing modelling and simulation. Understand the techniques required for the specification of robotic and automated cells. Appreciate the use of sensing (including vision) in advanced robot control. Undertake a cost evaluation for proposed systems and be able to recommend hard or flexible automation. Specify the safety requirements within an automated environment. Examine design for automated assembly. Content: MODELLING & SIMULATION: Definitions. types of models. Modelling methodologies. Validation and Verification. Justification, benefits and uses of simulation. MODELLING MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS: Discrete event and continuous approaches to simulation. Discrete event computer languages. Visually interactive simulation. Use of mathematical and statistical models, distributions and random numbers, queuing models and inventory systems. Modelling breakdowns, conveyors, work flow and tool flow. Utilisation statistics. Model verification and validation. Simulation of manufacturing systems. MODELLING PRODUCTS: Geometric models. Product data models. Neutral formats and data exchange. API for manufacturing software libraries. INFORMATION MODELS: Information flows within manufacture. Levels of detail. IDEF models. Automation Peripherals (eg: Vibratory bowl feeders). Sensors (eg: limit switches, proximity switches, photoelectric sensors). Robot Sensing & Machine Vision. Grippers & Tooling. Hard V's Flexible Automation. Robot Control. Safety. Applications (eg: Aerospace, Automotive, Pharmaceutical & Electronics). Mobile Robots. Current Research Advancements.

### ME50173: Research methodology

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: By the end of the course students should be able to: * Structure existing knowledge in their field * Derive theory from qualitative data * Develop testable hypotheses * Compile cogent research proposals * Design experimental and observational programmes * Analyse experimental and observational results * Write publishable accounts of their research * Defend the philosophy underlying their adopted and preferred research practices. Content: *Philosophy of the research process *Structuring complex problems *Deriving theory from qualitative research *Developing research proposals *Testing hypotheses by experiment or observations (3 periods) *Managing research processes *analysis of data (2 periods) *Publishing research *Scientific creativity

### ME50176: Project scoping

 Credits: 12
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW90OR10
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: *To provide direction at the start of the major project period. *To put to practical use the tools developed in the generic courses Information, Research & Computer Management Systems and/or Concurrent Engineering/Business Process Re-Engineering. *To provide experience in project management (possibly with financial implications such as the need to handle a budget). *To design an experimental rig (where appropriate). *To give a period of familiarization of software and hardware (where appropriate). *To facilitate progress to the main part of the project without waste of time and effort. *To provide an understanding of the engineering context of the research area. During this module the student will: *Produce an interim report of 2000 - 3000 words covering project specifications, literature survey, initial design and/or experimentation. *Read material from a list of text book chapters and general review articles as directed by the tutor. *Discuss the reading material in one-to-one tutorial with the tutor on a fortnightly basis. *Prepare a 2000 - 3000 word detailed review of the subject. *Prepare and present a seminar on the subject.

### ME50177: Innovation & advanced design

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW50EX50
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide an understanding of the processes whereby the effect of a product can be evaluated. To provide an understanding of innovation in an industrial context. To introduce a number of innovation techniques, particularly the TRIZ methodology. To introduce a number of advanced design techniques and methodologies, including design management techniques to enable the innovation process to be executed and managed. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the processes of innovation. Use a number of innovation methods and techniques Apply the processes to the development of new products. Understand the effects of change on the processes and markets. Understand the concept of a product architecture and will be able to apply a number of advanced techniques such as QFD, DFM, and DFA to their work. Understand the economics of product development, and the impact of time and cost overruns. Content: Discipline in innovation, Creative processes, TRIZ, Inventive principles, Predictable evolution, Function analysis, Marketing innovation, Case studies. The product development process and problem definition for innovation. Project trade offs. Quality function deployment. Design for manufacture, assembly and life cycles. Product architecture. Incremental design strategies. Managing design information. Product development team studies. Case studies.

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give an understanding of sampled data system theory with reference to the digital control of dynamical systems. To provide an introduction to modern control theory and to explore the links between this and classical control. To show how modern control techniques can be used to control physical systems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Evaluate the behaviour of single input/single output digital control systems and determine system stability. Understand the problems associated with sampling signals. Select appropriate methods to improve control systems performance. Represent and analyse both continuous-time and discrete-time systems described in state variable forms. Understand the key features of neural and fuzzy controllers. Content: Nature of sampled signals; selection of sample rate; aliasing; prefiltering. The Z transform. Open-loop and closed-loop digital control; stability of closed-loop digital systems. Root locus; estimation of the transient response using the Z-plane. Frequency response of discrete-time systems. Digital design techniques; approximation methods; digital PID controllers. Adaptive control. State representation of physical systems; non-uniqueness of states. Controllability and observability. Time response of continuous- and discrete-time systems. Observers and state feedback; modal control. Parameter estimation. Introduction to neural networks and fuzzy control.

### ME50181: Computational fluid dynamics

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW50EX50
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the full Navier-Stokes equations and give the physical significance of each term in the equations. To introduce the student to CFD techniques appropriate for practical engineering applications (the finite-volume method). To introduce the student to the use of commercial CFD packages, the importance of validation and the need for caution in applying the underlying models for turbulent flow. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Use CFD codes to compute 2D flows and understand the physical significance of the solutions. Compute rates of heat transfer and shear stress. Set up viscous fluid flow and heat transfer problems using a commercial code (with regular and possibly body-fitted grids), and extract features of the computed solutions for interpretation and validation. Content: LAMINAR FLOW: Navier-Stokes equations and energy equations; physical significance of the terms. Discretisation and solution of the non-linear equations using the finite-volume method. Pressure-velocity coupling. Alternative mesh structures. TURBULENT FLOW: Introduction to computational models of turbulence. Application to the computation of developing boundary layers and recirculation flows. Limitations of the current generation of turbulence models.

### ME50183: Finite element analysis

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW50EX50
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop the students' appreciation of the mathematical basis of the finite-element method. To develop the critical use of commercial finite-element software. To develop finite element methods for the study of vibrations. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the mathematical formulation of the finite element method when applied to linear problems. Use a commercially available finite-element package to analyse linear stress-strain problems in solid bodies. Critically assess the approximate solutions so produced. Use a commercially available element package to model vibration problems. Content: Introduction to finite elements as applied to a continuum; displacement formulation. shape functions; numerical integration; Hands-on use of a commercially available finite element package to solve problems in linear stress analysis. Pre and post processing. Model definition if 1D, 2D, 3D representations, symmetry, choice of element type, mesh density requirements. Model validation by comparison with exact analytical solution. Examples in modal analysis.

### ME50185: Dissertation

 Credits: 30
 Level: Masters
 Dissertation period
 Assessment: DS100
 Requisites:
 Content: Dissertation

### ME50186: Geometric modelling

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the ideas used in fully three dimensional CADCAM systems. To give hands-on experience in writing software for such systems. To introduce the ideas of constraint and rule based systems. To illustrate constraint modelling and its applications. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the fundamental concepts of geometric modelling and the algorithms and data structures used in it. Understand the implications for efficiency and the domain of these algorithms. Write programs for such things as ray tracing to produce three dimensional graphics. Understand the ideas of constraint modelling and resolution. Use a constraint modelling system to simulate, analysis and optimise a mechanism system. Content: Wire frame and other precursors to geometric models. Boundary representation models. Set theoretic (or CSG) models. Parametric curves and bi-parametric patches, the Bernstein basis. Bezier curves, B-splines and NURBS, implicit solids and surfaces. Non-manifold geometric models. feature recognition. Machining geometric models. Rapid prototyping and geometric modelling. The medial axis transform and FE mesh generatic.. Blends and fillets. Minkowski sums. Kernal modellers, APIs and GUIs. Rendering geometric models, volume visualisation. Numerical accuracy problems in geometric models. Integral properties of geometric models. Procedural shape definition. Types of engineering constraints. Constraint based systems. Techniques for constraint resolution, optimisation methods. Form of a constraint modelling system, its underlying language and structure. Constraint based description of mechanism and their performance. Mechanism selection, storage of catalogues. Case study examples.

### ME50187: Heat transfer

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW20EX80
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To reinforce the student's ability to model conduction in solids and radiation between surfaces. To introduce the student to convective heat transfer and to the solution of engineering heat transfer problems. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Understand the concepts and equations governing heat transfer by conduction and radiation, and to be able to solve heat transfer problems of engineering importance. Understand the concepts and equations governing convective heat transfer, and to be able to solve heat transfer problems of engineering importance. Content: HEAT CONDUCTION AND THERMAL RADIATION : Review of conduction, convection and radiation. Derivation of general equation of conduction. Analytical and numerical solution of selected steady-state and transient conduction problems. Blackbody and greybody radiation, solar radiation, view factors, radiant heat exchange between surfaces. Formulation of radiation equations for numerical solution and application to engineering problems. CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER : Review of basic concepts of buoyancy-driven and forced convection. Derivation of the boundary-layer momentum and energy equations for laminar flow. Turbulence and its effects on heat transfer. The Reynolds analogy between shear stress and heat flux. Solution of the laminar and turbulent boundary-layer equations and applications to engineering problems. The conjugate problem: combined conduction, convection and radiation.

### ME50190: Systems modelling & simulation

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the students of procedures for establishing mathematical models of engineering systems. To introduce commercial software packages for the solution of the mathematical models and to examine the relative merits of different approaches. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Make the realistic judgements necessary to develop mathematical models of complex engineering systems. Undertake a critical appraisal of the simulation results and to have an appreciation of the limitations imposed by the assumptions made and the method of solution adopted. Apply commercial software packages for the prediction of engineering systems performance. Content: Role of simulation in design. Analysis of dynamic systems in the time domain and frequency domain. Linearisation methods. Modelling of discontinuities and non-linearities. Bathfp modelling. Simulink and Matlab modelling. System identification.

### ME50193: Vehicle dynamics

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To give the student an appreciation of factors affecting vehicle ride comfort and handling. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Describe and analyse the operation of a vehicle suspension and predict vehicle ride behaviour and steady state handling performance. Explain the physical principles of road vehicle aerodynamic design. Content: Disturbance and sensitivity. Basic suspension systems. System frequencies - bounce, pitch and roll. Anti-pitch and anti-squat. Tyre behaviour. Front/rear suspensions - Springs and dampers. Roll centre. Steady state handling characteristics. Airflows. Drag & Lift. Economy & Performance. Aerodynamic Design.

### ME50194: Practical instrumentation techniques

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: PR100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide the basic groundwork in instrumentation and data acquisition techniques and their application.After taking this unit the student should be able to:Describe the operation of various types of transducer and instrumentation system.Select suitable transducers, signal conditioning and data acquisition systems for a particular application. Content: Transducers for measuring strain, speed, force, torque, displacement, velocity, acceleration, fluid flow, temperature, pressure. Operational amplifiers, filters and signal conditioning. Interconnections and noise. Digital to analog converters, analog to digital converters, computer data acquisition systems. Practical applications in engineering systems relevant to individual MSc programmes.

### ME50201: Electromechanical energy conversion

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW30EX70
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide familiarisation with the fundamentals of electrical drive theory and applications in a practical way by introducing the participants to the principles of electromechanical energy conversion, AC and DC electrical motors, power electronics and variable-speed drives. After taking this unit the student should be able to: read electrical circuit diagrams, understand the principles of electrical motor operation, appreciate the role of power electronic devices and circuits, understand the requirements for efficient variable-speed operation and motion control. Content: Electromagnetism : voltage, current, flux, force, torque; DC, AC, three-phase system; Electric motors: types, sizes, supply requirements, torque/speed characteristic, starting/overloading problems, possibilities for variable-speed operation. Power electronics: devices (thyristors, bipolar transistors, FETs, IGBTs), configurations, converters, PWM, applications Noise: airborne noise due to PWM; electro-magnetic interference (EMI) pollution. Motion control: speed/position control for both DC and AC motors, supply requirements, control algorithms. Exercises: simulation exercise; AC & DC drive design examples; DC drive exercise; laboratory work.

### ME50202: Servo-electric drive performance & control

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW20ES20EX60
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME50201
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To provide basic knowledge in application of control theory for electrical servo drives. To appreciate the factors which influence the specification and performance of components and sub-systems of electrical motor drive systems. To provide guidance in motor selection and converter selection. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Design and predict performance of a practical servo-electric motor drive system, including motor type and size, supply system (power converter) and control system. Model and analyse the designed system. Content: System components: motors, stepper motors, power electronic converters, sensors and instrumentation, control systems (analogue and digital). Motion control: principles, intelligent indexer control, multi-axis motion control. System analysis: block diagrams, frequency domain representation, plant stability. Modelling: all types of motors, power supplies, feedback devices. Control systems: motion control systems for DC and AC motors, scalar control, vector control, feedback processing, parameter estimation, condition monitoring, application of advanced control techniques. Exercises: case studies for DC and AC motors, design exercises (component selection & system modelling), computer-based exercises, laboratory work.

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment:
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims To provide: an understanding of a specific subject not encountered in a normal University taught course syllabus; an understanding of the engineering context of a specific subject or research area. Learning Objectives: After taking this unit the student should be able to: Read material from a list of text book chapters and general review articles as prepared by the tutor. Discuss the reading material in a one-to-one tutorial with the tutor on a weekly basis. Prepare a detailed review of the subject. Prepare a seminar on the subject. Content: This is specific to the subject area of each individual course.

### ME50206: Energy & the environment

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW20ES20EX60
 Requisites:
 Before taking this unit you must take ME30068
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To understand the energy balances within the major regions of the world, their environmental consequences and sustainability. . To introduce assessment techniques for evaluating projects in terms of energy use and environmental impact. To understand the relationship between alternative energy technologies and the societies in which they develop and to participate in discussion of energy and environmental options. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Evaluate the life cycle of major energy projects, and present the results in a form that will enable decision makers to fully comprehend their energy and environmental consequences. Develop the key features of sustainable energy strategies for countries from different regions of the world in terms of their economic development, indigenous energy resources, and environmental consequences. Participate in local and national debates over large and small-scale development projects with an understanding of limitations placed on them by economic, physical, and environmental constraints. Content: ENERGY RESOURCES : Fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, coal); Primary electricity (hydro and nuclear power); Renewable energy sources; Substitutable and non-substitutable resources. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION : Pollutant emissions from fossil fuel combustion: local, regional and global effects; nuclear power and environmental sustainability: technologies, radioactive emissions and waste disposal; Environmental and related impacts of remewable energy systems. ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES : Cost/benefit analysis; First and second law (energy and exergy) thermodynamic analysis; Environmental Life-cycle assessment; Qualitative environmental risks. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: "People, planet and prosperity"; the sustainability equation; principles and practice of sustainable developmenty; 'The Natural Step' and its system conditions; Environmental footprint analysis; Local Agenda 21: Sustainable energy options. ENERGY AND SOCIETY : The technology-society relationship; Alternative energy technologies; Energy conservation; Energy and transport. ENERGY STRATEGIES : Major world producers and users; Energy systems modelling; UK energy issues and strategies; Energy and the developing world: basic human needs, the role of biofuels, and 'appropriate' energy technologies; Case study; comparative energy studies of selected industrialised and developing countries.

### ME50208: Power transmission systems

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW50ES40OR10
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To increase appreciation of all types of Power Transmission and Motion Control (PTMC) Systems. To allow the engineers to compare various PTMC variants and select appropriate solutions. After taking this unit the student should be able to: analyse the suitability of a PTMC system for the application. Select the most appropriate solutions taking due account of performance, flexibility, energy-efficiency, life-cycle costs and environmental impact. Perform basic design and predict the behaviour of hydraulic, electrical and mechanical systems. Content: Basics: energy, power, needs for controllable and efficient transmission of power. Hydraulic systems: pumps, valves, actuators, motors, typical applications, case studies. Pneumatic systems: compressors, valves, actuators, cleanliness & lubrication issues; case study. Electrical drive systems: AC and DC motors; power electronic converters; velocity control and position control, case study. Mechanical systems: types, applications, main features. Control systems: basic requirements, processing and feedback hardware. Exercises: simulation exercises, hydraulic design exercise, DC drive design exercise, laboratory work.

### ME50216: Diploma project

 Credits: 12
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW60OR10OT30
 Requisites:
 Aims: To undertake a small-scale research project - an in-depth study of a specific topic area, including modelling, computational or experimental analysis. To put to practical use the tools developed in the generic course Research Methodology, and possibly Instrumentation Techniques (where appropriate). To provide experience in project management (possibly with financial implications such as the need to handle a budget). To provide experience in designing an experimental rig or selecting appropriate software packages and techniques for the modelling and analysis of engineering problems. To provide familiarization with the use of appropriate software and hardware (where appropriate). To provide an understanding of the engineering context of the research area. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: Perform a literature survey and prepare a critical analysis and presentation on an engineering topic. Critically discuss reading material with regard to its relevance to the research project. Specify appropriate methods of instrumentation and laboratory data collection, and/or specify computer packages and techniques for the modelling and analysis of engineering problems. Prepare a 5000-7000 word report on an engineering subject, covering project specifications, literature survey, design, modelling, simulation or experimentation. Prepare and present a seminar on an engineering subject. Skills: Communication, I.T., Numeracy, Working with others, Problem Solving. Content: Self-study on the chosen topic. Application of suitable research methods. Writing an project report.

### ME50221: Introduction to mechatronic design

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims: To introduce the student to Mechatronics, a multi-discipline subject that offers new solutions to engineering design problems. To make the student aware that many traditional design approaches can be improved by taking a systems engineering approach, and questioning established tenets. To demonstrate how intelligent control, integrated with established mechanical design concepts, can achieve significant advances in design capabilities. To show that progress in multi-disciplinary design is much quicker than in traditional design. The course will make the student aware of the technologies involved in Mechatronics, how intelligent machines are designed and where there is a need for reconfigurable systems in today's environments. The student will learn to look at the widest facets of mechatronic design, beyond the purely engineering considerations, aspects such as whole life costs, environmental impact etc. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Critically assess different design solutions to a problem, balancing a mechatronic approach against purely mechanical solutions. * Suggest new design approaches to given design problems and justify the improvements offered by a Mechatronics solution against a number of design and life criteria. * Work in a small multi-discipline design team, understanding different design technologies and how they interact, producing a final mechatronic design specification. Skills: Problem solving, numeracy, written communication (taught and assessed), working independently. Content: Introduction to Mechatronics and the interaction between mechanical actuation and electronic control. Investigation into current design solutions to well known problems in automobile, aerospace, manufacture, farming etc. Alternative mechatronic solutions to these design solutions, in areas where Mechatronics may be appropriate. The wider aspects of engineering design today. Systems engineering in a wider, mechatronic design philosophy. Design of intelligent machines and systems. Pre-determined control as against agent technology. Industrial examples. Whole life analysis. Bespoke customisation. Reproducing the "confidence through evolution" concept in new mechatronic solutions.

### ME50222: Mechatronic systems modelling & simulation

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW100
 Requisites:
 Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the students to procedures for establishing mathematical models of engineering systems.To introduce commercial software packages for the solution of the mathematical models and to examine the relative merits of different approaches. After taking this unit the student should be able to:Make the realistic judgements necessary to develop mathematical models of complex engineering systems. Undertake a critical appraisal of the simulation results and to have an appreciation of the limitations imposed by the assumptions made and the method of solution adopted. Apply commercial software packages for the prediction of engineering systems performance. Content: Role of simulation in design. Analysis of dynamic systems in the time domain and frequency domain. Linearisation methods. Modelling of discontinuities and non-linearities. Bathfp modelling. Simulink and Matlab modelling. System identification.

### ME50223: Vehicle Engineering

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims: To provide knowledge relating to vehicle design and an understanding of the operation and performance of the important sub-systems. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * Understand the vehicle design process. * Analyse the performance of transmission and driveline systems. * Understand the fluid power aspects of sub-system components. * Analyse aspects of vehicle and powertrain control. * Understand the operation and performance of braking systems. * Understand the principles of vehicle performance testing. Skills: Problem solving, numeracy, written communication (taught and assessed), working independently. Content: Vehicle design; manufacturing processes; materials selection; transmissions; driveline; servo-hydraulics; control; performance testing; braking systems.

### ME50224: Aircraft propulsion

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX100
 Requisites:
 Aims: To provide knowledge of the development, performance and design of gas-turbine aeroengines. To apply the fundamentals of fluid mechanics and thermodynamics to the performance and design of aircraft and aeroengines. To introduce the basic mechanics of turbomachinery. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to:Understand the fundamental differences between the performance characteristics of turbojet, turbofan and turboprop engines. Analyse thermodynamic cycles for turboprop, turboshaft, turbojet and turbofan engines. Understand principles and performance of compressor, turbine, combustor, intake and exhaust nozzle. Calculate performance of engines at design and off-design conditions. Understand basic turbomachinery design. Skills: Problem solving and numeracy (taught and assessed). Content: Birth of jet engine; engine classification; operational envelope; thrusts and efficiencies; thermodynamic cycles (turboshaft, turbojet, turbofan); combustors; intakes (subsonic and supersonic), afterburners and nozzles; design and off-design performance; turbine cooling.

### ME50225: Aircraft performance & design

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: EX80CW20
 Requisites:
 Aims: To introduce the basic mechanics of flight and the factors affecting the design of fixed-wing aircraft. To provide a broad outline of the performance characteristics of aircraft engines and their impact on aircraft performance. To introduce methods for the initial sizing of aircraft using principal design parameters. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * predict the performance of a fixed-wing aircraft in level, climbing and turning flight; * understand and apply aircraft specifications within the Airworthiness Regulations; * calculate take-off and landing distances and understand the balance field length concept; * construct a constraints diagram for the critical flight phases for estimation of wing and engine requirements. Skills: Problem solving, numeracy, written communication (taught and assessed), working independently. Content: Standard atmosphere and aircraft speed definitions; level flight, climb and field performance; use of a drag polar; range equations and turning flight. Performance characteristics of thrust and power producing engines. Take-off and landing distance calculations, WAT limits and the balanced field length. Payload-range diagrams and constraints diagrams for preliminary aircraft sizing; considerations for aircraft design.

### ME50226: Machines and products in society

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 1
 Assessment: CW40EX60
 Requisites:
 Aims: To discuss the safety, legal, environmental, product protection aspects of machines and products. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * understand the legal issues controlling design of machinery; * carry out a detailed hazard analysis and risk assessment; * understand the use of design standards to achieve a safe design; * appreciate environmental considerations; * understand means for product/process protection. Skills: Problem solving, numeracy, written communication (taught and assessed), working independently. Content: Safety and legal requirements: EC directives, standards, risk assessment, design for safety, employee protection, product liability, and contamination. Environmental: noise and vibration, packaging waste, recycling. Product/process protection: patent system, trade marks, copywright legislation.

### ME50230: Strategic innovation theory

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: EX70CW30
 Requisites:
 Aims: To familiarise the student with the fundamentals of a strategic innovation theory and its practical applications. Learning Outcomes: Understand how to use SIT to initiate and analyse the process of technical innovation and how to balance the four fundamental requirements of modern design thus identified. Understand the paradoxical elements behind industrial innovation, including the principles of psychology of creativity, the role of social drivers, the limits of natural resources and the potential for thinking culture and technology. Skills: Ability to differentiate between, and balance, the four fundamental principles of modern design; develop performance of existing systems and create new systems. Content: Includes a background to the philosophy & psychology of innovation and an introduction to the innovation design process focussed on creating and developing performance. The strategy links 4 main areas: social needs and market drivers, technological processes and product development, understanding of natural materials and resource development plus management of thinking culture and technology.

### ME50231: Conflict, analogy and natural design organization

 Credits: 6
 Level: Masters
 Semester: 2
 Assessment: CW80OR20
 Requisites:
 Aims: To provide a basic knowledge of underlying theories and mechanisms for identifying and resolving conflict in material function and morphology, as part of the process of biomimetic design. Learning Outcomes: Understanding of conflicts, which are important for focussing thinking and research; of the relevance of the coincidence of function and morphology to biomimetic design. Understand why patterns of natural design organization give a direction for innovation, based on resolving contradiction and implementing analogy from related systems. Skills: Recognise and define a conflict; be able to resolve it using ideas originating outside the system, using analogy and metaphor in an appropriate manner. Content: Includes study of formal geometric analogy and functional morphology, evolution, chaos theory, self-organization and systems thinking. Provides practical exercises for resolving nested contradictions with existing tools for technical creativity such as TRIZ.

 University | Catalogues for 2004/05 | for UGs | for PGs Student Records & Examinations Office, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY Tel: +44 (0) 1225 384352 Fax: +44 (0) 1225 386366 To request a copy of this information (Prospectus): Prospectus request To report a problem with the catalogue click here This page maintained by H.E.Buick@bath.ac.uk. Last update: 7 December, 2004 Copyright ©2003 University of Bath