Department of Chemistry, Unit Catalogue 2009/10
CH20147: Inorganic synthesis, structure and reactivity
|Supplementary Assessment:||CH20147 - Reassessment Examination (where allowed by programme regulations)|
|Requisites:||Before taking this unit you must take CH10133 and while taking this unit you must take CH20149 and take CH20151 and in taking this unit you cannot you must|
To provide an introduction to the chemistry of compounds of the transition metal elements, along with selected aspects of main group chemistry with particular reference to the heavier p-block elements. To introduce students to fundamental organometallic chemistry. To provide a basic knowledge of advanced methods for structure determination.
After studying this unit, students should be able to:
* Describe the principles underlining NMR and powder diffraction techniques.
* Interpret and make calculations based on simple X-ray diffraction patterns.
* Interpret and predict NMR spectra for a range of nuclei other than 1H, 13C.
* Interpret and predict ESR spectra.
* Describe bonding models that can be applied to a consideration of the properties of transition metal compounds.
* Account for the solution chemistry of representative elements as a guide to the reactivity of the transition metals.
* Describe the properties and factors effecting stability and reactivity of heavy p-block containing compounds
* Understand the fundamental chemistry of metal compounds containing metal-carbon σ- and π-bonds.
Numeracy (F, A); Problem solving (T, F, A); Oral communication (F).
Overview of X-ray generation and use of filters. Crystal classes, lattices and unit cells. Bragg's Law. Uses of powder diffraction. General principles of NMR - magnetic properties of nuclei, sensitivity and abundance. Spectra of I = 1/2 nuclei. Chemical shifts and coupling constants. Problems with I>1/2 nuclei. Magnetic properties of the electron and the origin and interpretation of ESR spectra.
General properties of transition metal compounds. Crystal field theory and ligand field theory. Descriptive chemistry of first row transition metal elements (e.g. V,Fe,Ni). Kinetics and mechanisms of substitution and redox reactions. Organometallics - nomenclature, electron counting. Metal carbon σ and π bonding.
The nature and properties of selected p-block element containing compounds (Inter halogen complexes, cationic/anionic Halogen and Chalcogen systems). Chemistry of the Noble gases. The role of d-orbitals in main group element bonding (3-centre 4-electron bonding Vs d-orbital participation). P-block ring systems (BN, SN, SeN and PN). Classification of organometallics, general aspects of stability structure and bonding The History, synthesis, structure, bonding and reactivity of main group organometallics (e.g. organolithiums, oragnomagnesiums and organoaluminiums). The application of selected of main group organometallic compounds.