PH10001: Introduction to quantum physics
Academic Year:  2019/0 
Owning Department/School:  Department of Physics 
Credits:  6 [equivalent to 12 CATS credits] 
Notional Study Hours:  120 
Level:  Certificate (FHEQ level 4) 
Period: 

Assessment Summary:  EXTH 100%* 
Assessment Detail: 
*Assessment updated due to Covid19 disruptions 
Supplementary Assessment: 

Requisites: 
Before or while taking this module you must ( take PH10005 OR take PH10053 ) AND ( take PH10007 OR take MA10230 )
You must have Alevel Physics (or equivalent) and Alevel Mathematics (or equivalent) to take this unit. 
Description:  Aims: The aims of this unit are to review the scientific developments which reveal the breakdown of classical physics at the atomic level, to introduce the ideas of energy and angular momentum quantisation and the electronic structure of atoms, to discuss the dual waveparticle nature of matter and radiation, and to introduce our current picture of elementary particles and the forces between them. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to: * discuss evidence for the quantum nature of microscopic phenomena; * describe models of the atom, the origin of quantisation of energy and the origin of the periodic table; * discuss waveparticle duality and the uncertainty principle; * classify the fundamental particles of nature; * solve simple quantitative problems concerning the interaction of light with matter. Skills: Numeracy T/F A, Problem Solving T/F A. Content: Waves and photons (7 hours): Classical versus quantum physics. An introduction to waves, the wave nature of light: Young's slit experiment, xray diffraction (Bragg's law), the electromagnetic spectrum; inadequacies of classical models. Waveparticle duality (4 hours): Blackbody radiation; the ultraviolet catastrophe and Planck's theory of cavity radiation. Photons and the particlelike properties of electromagnetic radiation: the photoelectric effect. The electromagnetic spectrum. Xrays. Compton scattering. De Broglie's hypothesis. Electron diffraction. Wave aspects of larger particles; atoms, molecules, neutrons. An introduction to the wavefunction and its interpretation. The uncertainty principle. Introduction to the Schrödinger Equation: a particle in an infinite, square, potential well. Atomic structure (6 hours): Structure of atoms; scattering of alphaparticles and Rutherford's model, electrons and ions, atomic mass units, Avogadro's number. The Bohr model of the atom. Atomic orbitals, the Pauli exclusion principle, the origin of the periodic table and trends down the groups. Deficiencies of Bohr's model. Introduction to particle physics (5 hours): Quarks, leptons and mediators. Antiparticles. Quark model of hadrons. Baryon and lepton number. The four forces. Exchange particles and Feynman diagrams. 
Programme availability: 
PH10001 is Compulsory on the following programmes:Department of Physics
PH10001 is Optional on the following programmes:Department of Mathematical Sciences

Notes:
