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Centre for Governance and Regulation

University of Bath School of Management University of Bath School of Management

News & Events

April - June 2017 - CGR seminar series 2017: Environment, technology and regulation

Our 2017 seminar series brings together top UK regulators and policy makers. They'll talk about the future industry and regulatory challenges that result from climate change and the rapidly increasing pace of technological progress in the financial and energy sectors.

Find out more and register for the seminars.

December 2016: BEIS report on Energy Generation Costs

Professor Ania Zalewska has produced a report for the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS). This will help them estimate their renewable energy generation costs for the next 15 years.

The report, Electricity Generation Costs, highlights significant falls in estimates of future costs. Renewables now constitute almost a quarter of the UK electricity generation. Their use is expected to grow significantly in the future.

BEIS estimates of renewable energy generation costs are a fundamental part of their energy market analysis. They use these estimates to design UK government policy. For example, they are used to determine which renewable technologies are able to bid for support in government auctions and determine the maximum amount the government will pay for each technology.

The government contracts in these auctions alone will amount to three quarters of a billion pounds in the next three years.

Read the report on gov.uk external website

December 2016: Using Nielsen data to evaluate the impact of standardised packaging of tobacco in the UK

Working in collaboration with the University of Bath Tobacco Control Research group, this Cancer Research UK funded project will use Nielsen Data to Evaluate the impact of the move to Standard packaging of tobacco in the UK.

Given that the UK is only the second country to introduce standardised packaging this project aims to evaluate the impact of the implementation of standardised packaging on tobacco pricing, tobacco brand variants, tobacco profits, and consumer behaviour. The research questions we will address are whether leading up to, during and after the transition to standardised packaging there are changes in:

  1. The number, names and visual appearance (eg changed brand descriptors, packaging colours and fonts) of brands and brand variants of factory made cigarettes (FMC), cigars, pipe and roll your own (RYO) available on the market.
  2. Tobacco pricing (how much is the consumer paying for tobacco), specifically:
    A. Changes in the weighted average price of FMCs, cigars, pipe and RYO tobacco and of the segment specific prices within the FMC (premium, mid, economy and ultra-low price segments) and RYO categories (premium, mid price and value segments);
    B. Changes in the industry’s use of price based marketing.
  3. Changes in consumer behaviour as measured by the volume of tobacco sold, specifically:
    A. Changes in overall volume of tobacco sold
    B. Changes in the volume sold (and market share held) by product category (FMC, cigars, pipe and RYO tobacco) and price segment within the FMC ( premium, mid, economy and ultra low price) and RYO (premium, mid price and value) categories.
  4. Whether changes in volumes can be attributed to changes in price which might be due to changes in duties on tobacco products or tobacco industry pricing.
  5. The number and names, volumes sold and weighted average price of e-cigarettes and licenced nicotine products.
  6. Tobacco industry profitability in the UK market.

The analysis will be based largely on Nielsen data for the UK, although we will also be making use of tobacco industry literature, including retail publications, market/financial analyst reports, and tobacco company annual reports. We will also be running a programme of pack purchases to record changes over time in visual appearance of the packaging.