Department of Education

Dr Lizzi Okpevba Milligan

Lecturer in International Education focusing on Educational Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Lizzi Milligan

LecturerBA, MSc, MSc, PhD

1WN 4.15

Tel: +44 (0) 1225 38 5525


My research interests focus on issues of social justice, rights and educational quality in low income countries. I particularly explore the disjuncture between policy and practice and the impact this has on inequalities in learning experiences and outcomes. I advocate the use of mixed-methods approaches to enable greater understanding of the impact of policies for teachers, learners and parents in school and community settings.
My recent research includes the potential for language supportive learning in English Medium classrooms in Rwanda; the barriers to the effective use of teaching and learning materials in Rwanda and South Africa; local and national perspectives of educational quality in Free Day Secondary Education in Kenya; and the processes of innovation in educational research. I also have a strong interest in cross-cultural research, particularly regarding researcher positioning and ethics.
I am on the editorial board of the journal Compare and have been a member of the executive committee for the British Association for International and Comparative Education (BAICE).

Research interests

  • Rights and Social Justice perspectives of education
  • Education and International Development
  • Education policies in low income countries
  • English Medium Instruction
  • Research in cross-cultural contexts

Current and recent projects

  • Research ethics in International and Comparative Education
  • Improving learning outcomes through language Supportive Textbooks and Pedagogy in Rwanda
  • The effective use of teaching and learning materials in African classrooms
  • Strengthening the environment for Innovation in the Rwandan Ministry of Education

PhD Supervision

I am interested in supervising new PhD students researching topics related to:

  • Education and International Development
  • Educational inequalities
  • Children’s rights and social justice perspectives
  • English Medium Instruction
  • Comparative Education


Book Sections

Milligan, L. O., 2015. Insider–Outsider–Inbetweener? Researcher Positioning, Participative Methods and Cross-cultural Educational Research. In: Crossley, M., Arthur, L. and McNess, E., eds. Revisiting Insider–Outsider Research in Comparative and International Education. Symposium Books.


Milligan, L. O., 2017. Education quality and the Kenyan 8-4-4 curriculum:secondary school learners’ experiences. Research in Comparative and International Education, 12 (2), pp. 198-212.

Milligan, L. O., Tikly, L., Williams, T., Vianney, J. M. and Uworwabayeho, A., 2017. Textbook availability and use in Rwandan basic education:a mixed-methods study. International Journal of Educational Development, 54, pp. 1-7.

, 2017. Adoption, Adaption, and Integration:Renegotiating the Identity of Educational Research through Interdisciplinarity. International Journal of Research and Method in Education, 40 (3), pp. 223-230.

Milligan, L. O. and Tikly, L., 2016. English as a medium of instruction in postcolonial contexts:issues of quality, equity and social justice. Comparative Education, 52 (3).

Milligan, L. O., Clegg, J. and Tikly, L., 2016. Exploring the potential for language supportive learning in English Medium Instruction:a Rwandan case study. Comparative Education, 52 (3), pp. 328-342.

Milligan, L., 2016. Insider-outsider-inbetweener? Researcher positioning, participative methods and cross-cultural educational research. Compare, 46 (2), pp. 235-250.

Milligan, L., 2014. Conceptualising educational quality in Kenyan secondary education:Comparing local and national perspectives. Compare, 44 (6), pp. 1005-1007.

Milligan, L., Rose, J. and Harris, R., 2014. Convincing Students? Quantitative Junkies, Avoiders and Converts on a Cross-Disciplinary Course Using Quantitative Narratives. Enhancing Learning in the Social Sciences (ELiSS), 6 (2), pp. 59-73.

Milligan, L., 2014. ‘They are not serious like the boys’:Gender norms and contradictions for girls in rural Kenya. Gender and Education, 26 (5), pp. 465-476.

Milligan, L., Pachauri, A., Jha, S., Zhou, T., Sondhi, G. and Rounsaville, C., 2011. Cutbacks in student immigration:A nail in the coffin for higher education in the UK? Compare, 41 (6), pp. 839-856.

Milligan, L., 2011. Global influences in educational policymaking:Free Secondary Education in Kenya. Research in Post-Compulsory Education, 16 (3), pp. 275-287.


Milligan, L., 2014. Conceptualising educational quality in Kenyan secondary education:Comparing local and national perspectives. Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)). University of Bristol.

Non-academic press

Milligan, L. O., 2017. Accessible, engaging textbooks could improve children’s learning. The Conversation

This list was generated on Sun Oct 22 18:44:57 2017 IST.

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