### PhD supervision

Interested in supervising students studying;

- Applied superconductivity
- Energy storage
- Fault current limiter

# Dr Weijia Yuan

## BSc, PhD

## Profile

Dr Yuan received his Bachelor degree from Tsinghua University and his PhD from the University of Cambridge. He then became both a research associate in the Engineering Department and a junior research fellow at Wolfson College, both at the University of Cambridge.

Dr Yuan joined the University of Bath as a lecturer (US equivalent: Assistant Professor) in 2011. He is currently a Reader (Associate Professor) and also holds a research fellowship awarded by the Royal Academy of Engineering (2013-18).

## Research

Dr Yuan’s research interests focus on electrical power applications of superconductivity including fault current limiters, machines and power transmission lines. He has extensive research experience in modelling of superconducting devices and building superconducting magnets.

His work also involves renewable energy integration and power system stability using energy storage systems. He is also working on power system protection using emerging devices. Further details can be found on Dr Yuan's group website.

## Publications

## Articles

Wang, Y., Zhang, M., Yuan, W., Hong, Z., Jin, Z. and Song, H., 2017. Non-uniform ramping losses and thermal optimization with turn-to-turn resistivity grading in a (RE)Ba2Cu3Ox magnet consisting of multiple no-insulation pancake coils. *Journal of Applied Physics*, 122 (5), 053902.

Liang, F., Venuturumilli, S., Zhang, H., Zhang, M., Kvitkovic, J., Pamidi, S., Wang, Y. and Yuan, W., 2017. A finite element model for simulating second generation high temperature superconducting coils/stacks with large number of turns. *Journal of Applied Physics*, 122 (4), 043903.

Xing, D., Patel, J., Sun, Q., Zhu, J., Zhang, G., Liang, F., Yuan, W. and Zhang, M., 2017. AC loss comparison between multifilament and nonstriated YBCO coils designed for HTS propulsion motors. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 27 (4), 5203005.

Liang, F., Yuan, W., Zhu, J., Zhang, M., Venuturumilli, S., Li, J., Patel, J., Zhang, G. and Zhang, Z., 2017. Experimental Test of Two Types of Non-Inductive Solenoidal Coils for Superconducting Fault Current Limiters Use. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 27 (4), 5601505.

Venuturumilli, S., Berg, F., Zhang, Z., Liang, F., Patel, J., Zhang, M. and Yuan, W., 2017. Forceful uniform current distribution among all the tapes of a coaxial cable to enhance the operational current. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 27 (4), 7792182.

Qiu, M., Rao, S., Zhu, J., Chen, P. P., Fu, S., Yuan, W. and Gong, J., 2017. Mechanical Properties of MJ-Class Toroidal Magnet Wound by Composite HTS Conductor. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 27 (4), 5700605.

Yang, Q., Le Blond, S., Liang, F., Yuan, W., Zhang, M. and Li, J., 2017. Design and application of superconducting fault current limiter in a multiterminal HVDC system. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 27 (4), 3800805.

Wang, Y., Song, H., Yuan, W., Jin, Z. and Hong, Z., 2017. Ramping turn-to-turn loss and magnetization loss of a No-Insulation (RE)Ba2Cu3Ox high temperature superconductor pancake coil. *Journal of Applied Physics*, 121 (11), 113903.

Zhang, H., Zhang, M. and Yuan, W., 2017. An efficient 3D finite element method model based on the T-A formulation for superconducting coated conductors. *Superconductor Science and Technology*, 30 (2), 024005.

Li, J., Wang, X., Zhang, Z., Le Blond, S., Yang, Q., Zhang, M. and Yuan, W., 2017. Analysis of a new design of the hybrid energy storage system used in the residential m-CHP systems. *Applied Energy*, 187, pp. 169-179.

Zhang, Z., Kim, C. H., Kim, J. G., Kvitkovic, J., Pamidi, S., Zhang, M., Li, J. and Yuan, W., 2017. An Experimental Investigation of the Transient Response of HTS Non-insulation Coil. *Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism*, 30 (2), pp. 387-393.

Wang, C., Dunn, R., Robinson, F., Lian, B., Yuan, W. and Redfern, M., 2017. Active-reactive power approaches for optimal placement of charge stations in power systems. *International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems*, 84, pp. 87-98.

Li, J., Yang, Q., Robinson, F., Liang, F., Zhang, M. and Yuan, W., 2017. Design and test of a new droop control algorithm for a SMES/battery hybrid energy storage system. *Energy*, 118, pp. 1110-1122.

Liu, Q., Zhang, G., Yu, H., Huang, M. and Yuan, W., 2016. Magnetic AC loss of a mono-Sr0.6K0.4Fe2As2 tape/Ag in perpendicular field. *Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications*, 531, pp. 103-106.

Li, J., Yang, Q., Yao, P., Sun, Q., Zhang, Z., Zhang, M. and Yuan, W., 2016. A Novel use of the Hybrid Energy Storage System for Primary Frequency Control in a Microgrid. *Energy Procedia*, 103, pp. 82-87.

Qiu, M., Rao, S., Zhu, J., Gong, J. and Yuan, W., 2016. Electromagnetic optimization design of a toroidal HTS-SMES magnet using magneto-circuit coupling analysis method. *Diangong Jishu Xuebao/Transactions of China Electrotechnical Society*, 31, pp. 176-182.

Wang, C., Dunn, R., Yang, Q., Lian, B., Yuan, W. and Li, J., 2016. The active and reactive power dispatch for charging station location impact factors analysis. *Energy Procedia*, 103, pp. 237-243.

Liang, F., Yuan, W., Zhang, M., Zhang, Z., Li, J., Venuturumilli, S. and Patel, J., 2016. AC loss modelling and experiment of two types of low-inductance solenoidal coils. *Superconductor Science and Technology*, 29 (11), 115006.

Zhang, H., Zhu, J., Yuan, W., Qiu, M., Fu, S., Rao, S., Yang, W. and Zhang, M., 2016. Electromagnetic analysis of YBCO superconducting cables with high current transporting for electric devices. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 26 (7), 7496834.

Gee, A. M., Robinson, F. and Yuan, W., 2016. A superconducting magnetic energy storage-emulator/battery supported dynamic voltage restorer. *IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion*, PP (99), 7567599.

Zhang, Z., Kim, J. G., Kim, C. H., Pamidi, S., Li, J., Zhang, M. and Yuan, W., 2016. Current distribution investigation of a laboratory-scale coaxial two-HTS-layer DC prototype cable. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 26 (4), 7386647.

Li, J., Zhang, M., Yang, Q., Zhang, Z. and Yuan, W., 2016. SMES/battery hybrid energy storage system for electric buses. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 26 (4), 7403905.

Zhang, M., Eastham, F. and Yuan, W., 2016. Design and modeling of 2G HTS armature winding for electric aircraft propulsion applications. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 26 (3), 7428847.

Baldan, C. A., Yuan, W., Shigue, C. Y. and Filho, E. R., 2016. Performance of modular SFCL using REBCO coated conductor tapes under repetitive overcurrent tests. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 26 (3), 5401905.

Zhang, H., Zhang, M., Zhu, J., Zhang, Z. and Yuan, W., 2016. Study of 2G HTS superconducting coils using line front track approximation. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 26 (3), 7404257.

Liang, F., Yuan, W., Zhang, M., Zhang, Z., Venuturumilli, S. and Patel, J., 2016. The Impact of critical current inhomogeneity in HTS coated conductors on the quench process for SFCL application. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 26 (3), 7390034.

Liang, F., Yuan, W., Baldan, C. A., Zhang, M. and Lamas, J. S., 2015. Modeling and experiment of the current limiting performance of a resistive superconducting fault current limiter in the experimental system. *Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism*, 28 (9), pp. 2669-2681.

Li, J., Gee, A. M., Zhang, M. and Yuan, W., 2015. Analysis of battery lifetime extension in a SMES-battery hybrid energy storage system using a novel battery lifetime model. *Energy*, 86, pp. 175-185.

Zhang, Z., Zhang, M., Zhu, J., Nie, Z., Zhang, G., Qu, T. and Yuan, W., 2015. An experimental investigation of critical current and current distribution behavior of parallel placed HTS tapes. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 25 (3), 6963325.

Li, Y., Qu, T., Gu, C., Jiang, Y., Yang, Y., Yuan, W., Liu, R. and Han, Z., 2015. Design and optimization of high-temperature superconducting racetrack magnet for the rotor of a 100-kW generator. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 25 (3).

Yu, H., Zhang, G., Jing, L., Liu, Q., Yuan, W., Liu, Z. and Feng, X., 2015. Wireless power transfer with HTS transmitting and relaying coils. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 25 (3), 7010888.

Zhu, J., Li, H., Qiu, M., Fang, J., Chen, X. and Yuan, W., 2015. Magneto-thermal coupling modeling for the stability analysis of a 110 kV/3 kA high temperature superconducting cable under fault current conditions. *Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism*, 28 (2), pp. 607-613.

Zhu, J., Yuan, W., Qiu, M., Wei, B., Zhang, H., Chen, P., Yang, Y., Zhang, M., Huang, X. and Li, Z., 2015. Experimental demonstration and application planning of high temperature superconducting energy storage system for renewable power grids. *Applied Energy*, 137, pp. 692-698.

Zhang, M., Yuan, W., Hilton, D. K., Canassy, M. D. and Trociewitz, U. P., 2014. Study of second-generation high-temperature superconducting magnets:The self-field screening effect. *Superconductor Science and Technology*, 27 (9), 095010.

Zhang, M., Wang, W., Huang, Z., Baghdadi, M., Yuan, W., Kvitkovic, J., Pamidi, S. and Coombs, T. A., 2014. AC loss measurements for 2G HTS racetrack coils with heat-shrink tube insulation. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 24 (3), 4700704.

Zhu, J., Zhang, Z., Zhang, H., Zhang, M., Qiu, M. and Yuan, W., 2014. Electric measurement of the critical current, AC loss, and current distribution of a prototype HTS cable. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 24 (3), 9500104.

Yang, W., Yu, L., Yuan, W. and Liu, Y., 2014. Effect of pre-magnetization on quasi-static force characteristics in a space superconducting interface structure adopting high Tc superconductors. *Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism*, 27 (1), pp. 95-100.

Grilli, F., Pardo, E., Stenvall, A., Nguyen, D. N., Yuan, W. and Gomory, F., 2014. Computation of losses in HTS under the action of varying magnetic fields and currents. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 24 (1), 6648727.

Zhang, H., Nie, Z., Xiao, X., Aggarwal, R., Kang, Q., Ainslie, M., Zhu, J., Coombs, T. and Yuan, W., 2013. Design and simulation of SMES system using YBCO tapes for direct drive wave energy converters. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 23 (3), 5700704.

Ainslie, M.D., Yuan, W. and Flack, T.J., 2013. Numerical analysis of AC loss reduction in HTS superconducting coils using magnetic materials to divert flux. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 23 (3), 6353533.

Zhu, J., Bao, X., Guo, L., Xia, Z., Qiu, M. and Yuan, W., 2013. Optimal design of current sharing in transmission conductors of a 110 kV/3 kA cold dielectric superconducting cable consisted of YBCO tapes. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 23 (3), 5402505.

Nie, Z., Xiao, X., Kang, Q., Aggarwal, R., Zhang, H. and Yuan, W., 2013. SMES-battery energy storage system for conditioning outputs from direct drive linear wave energy converters. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 23 (3), 5000705.

Zhu, J., Qiu, M., Wei, B., Zhang, H., Lai, X. and Yuan, W., 2013. Design, dynamic simulation and construction of a hybrid HTS SMES (high-temperature superconducting magnetic energy storage systems) for Chinese power grid. *Energy*, 51, pp. 184-192.

Chen, Y., Yuan, W., Zhang, M. and Coombs, T. A., 2012. The experiment to evaluate the AC Loss of 2G HTS windings in the application of rotating electric machines. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 22 (3), 4705204.

Zhang, M., Kim, J.-H., Pamidi, S., Chudy, M., Yuan, W. and Coombs, T. A., 2012. Study of second generation, high-temperature superconducting coils:Determination of critical current. *Journal of Applied Physics*, 111 (8), 083902.

Yuan, W., Coombs, T. A., Kim, J. H., Kim, C. H., Kvitkovic, J. and Pamidi, S., 2011. Measurements and calculations of transport AC loss in second generation high temperature superconducting pancake coils. *Journal of Applied Physics*, 110 (11), 113906.

Zhu, J., Yuan, W., Coombs, T. A. and Ming, Q., 2011. Simulation and experiment of a YBCO SMES prototype in voltage sag compensation. *Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications*, 471 (5-6), pp. 199-204.

Yan, Y., Hsu, C., Hong, Z., Xian, W., Yuan, W. and Coombs, T. A., 2011. A novel design of Thermally Actuated Magnetization Flux pump for high temperature superconducting bulks. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 21 (3), pp. 1568-1571.

Hong, Z., Yuan, W., Ainslie, M., Yan, Y., Pei, R. and Coombs, T. A., 2011. AC losses of superconducting racetrack coil in various magnetic conditions. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 21 (3), pp. 2466-2469.

Ainslie, M. D., Rodriguez-Zermeno, V. M., Hong, Z., Yuan, W., Flack, T. J. and Coombs, T. A., 2011. An improved FEM model for computing transport AC loss in coils made of RABiTS YBCO coated conductors for electric machines. *Superconductor Science and Technology*, 24 (4), 045005.

Zhu, J., Cheng, Q., Yang, B., Yuan, W., Coombs, T. A. and Qiu, M., 2011. Experimental research on dynamic voltage sag compensation using 2G HTS SMES. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 21 (3), pp. 2126-2130.

Ainslie, M. D., Yuan, W., Hong, Z., Pei, R., Flack, T. J. and Coombs, T. A., 2011. Modeling and electrical measurement of transport AC loss in HTS-based superconducting coils for electric machines. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 21 (3), pp. 3265-3268.

Hong, Z., Jin, Z., Ainslie, M., Sheng, J., Yuan, W. and Coombs, T. A., 2011. Numerical analysis of the current and voltage sharing issues for resistive fault current limiter using YBCO coated conductors. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 21 (3), pp. 1198-1201.

Xian, W., Yan, Y., Yuan, W., Pei, R. and Coombs, T. A., 2011. Pulsed field magnetization of a high temperature superconducting motor. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 21 (3), pp. 1171-1174.

Pei, R., Viznichenko, R., Ainslie, M. D., Hong, Z., Xian, W., Zeng, L., Yuan, W. and Coombs, T. A., 2011. The Ic behavior of 2G YBCO tapes under DC/AC magnetic fields at various temperatures. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 21 (3), pp. 3226-3229.

Yuan, W., Ainslie, M. D., Xian, W., Hong, Z., Chen, Y., Yan, Y., Pei, R. and Coombs, T. A., 2011. Theoretical and experimental studies on Jc and AC losses of 2G HTS coils. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 21 (3), pp. 2441-2444.

Yuan, W., Xian, W., Ainslie, M., Hong, Z., Yan, Y., Pei, R., Jiang, Y. and Coombs, T. A., 2010. Design and test of a superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) coil. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 20 (3), pp. 1379-1382.

Yuan, W., Campbell, A. M. and Coombs, T. A., 2010. ac losses and field and current density distribution during a full cycle of a stack of superconducting tapes. *Journal of Applied Physics*, 107 (9), 093909.

Yuan, W., Campbell, A. M., Hong, Z., Ainslie, M. D. and Coombs, T. A., 2010. Comparison of AC losses, magnetic field/current distributions and critical currents of superconducting circular pancake coils and infinitely long stacks using coated conductors. *Superconductor Science and Technology*, 23 (8), 085011.

Ainslie, M. D., Jiang, Y., Xian, W., Hong, Z., Yuan, W., Pei, R., Flack, T. J. and Coombs, T. A., 2010. Numerical analysis and finite element modelling of an HTS synchronous motor. *Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications*, 470 (20), pp. 1752-1755.

Yan, Y., Hong, Z., Li, Q., Xian, W., Yuan, W. and Coombs, T. A., 2010. Thermally actuated magnetization method in high temperature superconductor bulks. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 20 (3), pp. 1823-1826.

Yuan, W., Campbell, A. M. and Coombs, T. A., 2009. A model for calculating the AC losses of second-generation high temperature superconductor pancake coils. *Superconductor Science and Technology*, 22 (7), 075028.

Jiang, Y., Pei, R., Xian, W., Hong, Z., Yuan, W., Marchant, R. and Coombs, T. A., 2009. Magnetization process of an HTS motor and the torque ripple suppression. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 19 (3), pp. 1644-1647.

Hong, Z., Jiang, Y., Pei, R., Yuan, W., Marchant, R. and Coombs, T. A., 2009. Numerical analysis of the demagnetization effect in a superconducting machine with bulk HTS material on the rotor. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 19 (3), pp. 2897-2900.

Pei, R., Velichko, A., Hong, Z., Jiang, Y., Yuan, W., Campbell, A. M. and Coombs, T. A., 2009. Numerical and experimental analysis of Ic and AC loss for bent 2G HTS wires used in an electric machine. *IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity*, 19 (3), pp. 3356-3360.

## Conference or Workshop Items

Zhu, J. H., Qiu, M., Fu, S. S., Zhang, H., Yuan, W. and Zhang, M., 2016. Electromagnetic analysis of high current carrying superconducting cable consisted of YBCO coated conductor. *In*: *IEEE International Conference on Applied Superconductivity and Electromagnetic Devices, ASEMD 2015*, 2015-11-20 - 2015-11-23. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 360-361.

Li, J., Zhang, M., Zhu, J., Yang, Q., Zhang, Z. and Yuan, W., 2015. Analysis of superconducting magnetic energy storage used in a submarine HVAC cable based offshore wind system.

Zhu, J., Zheng, X., Qiu, M., Zhang, Z., Li, J. and Yuan, W., 2015. Application simulation of a resistive type superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) in a transmission and wind power system.

Zhu, J., Li, H., Qiu, M., Li, Z., Liu, W., Lai, X., Fang, J. and Yuan, W., 2015. Numerical analysis on coupled magneto-thermal properties of high temperature superconducting cables subjected to fault currents.

Mourinho, F. A., Motter, D., Vieira, J. C. M., Monaro, R. M., Le Blond, S. P., Zhang, M. and Yuan, W., 2015. Modeling and analysis of superconducting fault current limiters applied in VSC-HVDC systems. *In*: *IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, PESGM 2015*, 2015-07-26 - 2015-07-30. IEEE.

Zhu, J., Zhang, Z., Zhang, H., Zhang, M., Qiu, M. and Yuan, W., 2014. Inductance and current distribution analysis of a prototype HTS cable.

Zhu, J., Qiu, M., Lai, X., Chen, X. and Yuan, W., 2014. Modeling and analysis of the power transmission with an 110kV/3kA HTS cable in a meshed grid. *In*: *PES General Meeting/ Conference & Exposition, 2014 IEEE*, 2014-07-27 - 2014-07-31.

Zhang, H. and Yuan, W., 2013. Design and cost estimation of superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) systems for power grids. *In*: *2013 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PES 2013)*, 2013-07-21 - 2013-07-25.

Gu, C., Zhang, Y., Li, F. and Yuan, W., 2012. Economic analysis of interconnecting distribution substations via superconducting cables. *In*: *2012 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting*, 2012-07-21 - 2012-07-25.

Huang, X., Zhang, H., Qiu, M., Zhu, J., Di, Q., Redfern, M. and Yuan, W., 2012. Development and test of 35kV/2kA high temperature superconducting cable termination. *In*: *47th International Universities Power Engineering Conference, UPEC 2012*, 2012-09-03 - 2012-09-06.

Zhu, J., Yuan, W., Qiu, M., Huang, X. and Redfern, M., 2012. Experimental research on power fluctuation compensation in different scenarios using a hybrid HTS SMES. *In*: *47th International Universities Power Engineering Conference, UPEC 2012*, 2012-09-03 - 2012-09-06.

Yuan, W., Campbell, A. M. and Coombs, T. A., 2010. Design and modelling of a SMES coil.

Xian, W., Yuan, W. and Coombs, A., 2010. Numerical assessment of efficiency and control stability of an HTS synchronous motor.

Xian, W., Yuan, W., Yan, Y. and Coombs, T. A., 2009. Minimize frequency fluctuations of isolated power system with wind farm by using superconducting magnetic energy storage.