Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering

Centre for Space, Atmospheric and Oceanic Science

Contact us

Tel: +44 (0) 1225 386330


The Centre for Space Atmospheric and Oceanic Science uses a radar network spanning the globe to study the atmosphere, oceans and near-earth space.

We investigate the processes that link layers of the atmosphere together - known as coupling processes - and how they are affected by climate change and the sun.

We are also interested in:

  • Lightning discharges from thunderclouds
  • Using radars to improve security
  • Satellite navigation systems
  • Radio communication systems
  • Meteors

What are we working on?

We are helping the UK Space Agency to develop CubeSat, a miniature, cube-shaped satellite that will allow companies to test space technologies more easily.

CubeSat will also be used to monitor disasters and provide early warnings of bushfires and tsunamis. 

In detail

The CSAOS carries out research in remote-sensing techniques and in the exploitation of such techniques for scientific studies. We address fundamental problems in the natural environment of the Earth, its atmosphere, ionosphere and oceans.

Scientific studies focus on understanding the coupling processes linking together different layers of the atmosphere, exploring how such processes respond to climate change and solar variability and investigating the circulation of the oceans. Individual studies focus on the giant lightning discharges known as sprites, extremes in ocean circulations, atmospheric waves, meteors and space plasma physics.

Engineering studies investigate the effects of the natural environment on the propagation of both electromagnetic and acoustic waves. In particular, studies address satellite navigation systems, radio communication systems and seabed and marine acoustics. Other work involves the development of detectors for remote-sensing applications and radar systems for security applications.

We encourage inter-faculty and inter-disciplinary research and have a proven track record of securing significant research funding from various research councils (STFC, NERC and EPSRC), from the MoD, DSTL, EU and industry. 

Dr Ivan Astin

  • Sampling aspects in remote sensing
  • Extremes in deep-ocean currents
  • Physics of oceanic tides
  • Active and passive remote sensing of clouds
  • Bayesian statistical methods in remote sensing

Dr Adrian Evans

  • Image processing for remote sensing
  • Cloud tracking using algorithms for non-rigid motion
  • Texture analysis in synthetic aperture radar images
  • Speckle reduction in radar and sonar imagery
  • Segmentation of multichannel images

Dr Martin F├╝llekrug

  • Atmospheric electrodynamics
  • Intense lightning discharges - “super bolts”
  • Global lightning activity
  • Sprites and upper-atmosphere lightning
  • Space weather and ionospheric monitoring
  • Precision measurements of fundamental physical constants

Prof Cathryn Mitchell

Prof Nick Mitchell

  • Atmospheric dynamics & radar
  • Coupling and dynamics of the middle atmosphere
  • Solar-terrestrial science
  • Radar remote sensing of the atmosphere
  • Winds, waves, tides, clouds and meteors in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere

Dr Manuchehr Soleimani

  • Inverse problems and tomography
  • Medical imaging
  • Wearable medical sensors

Dr Robert Watson

  • Remote sensing and tropospheric radio propagation
  • Measurement of tropospheric water vapour using radiometers and GPS satellites
  • Measurement of precipitation using weather radar
  • Radio propagation in the troposphere and fade mitigation strategies

We are funded by:

  • The Science and Technology Facilities Council
  • The Natural Environment Research Council
  • The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
  • The Ministry of Defence
  • The Defence Science and Technology Laboratory
  • The European Union
  • Industry

We have one of the world's most comprehensive radar networks, with equipment in:

  • The South Pole
  • Ascension Island
  • The Atlantic
  • The Andes