Department for Health

Professor Keith Stokes

Stokes_photo

Deputy Head of Department
Director of Impact
Professor

1 West 4.123
Email: k.stokes@bath.ac.uk
Tel: +44 (0) 1225 38 4190

Research funding
  • Rugby Football Union
  • Premiership Rugby
  • Rugby Football Union for Women
  • International Rugby Board
  • UK Sport
  • Headquarters Army Recruiting & Training Division, British Army
Professional Societies
  • Member of the American College of Sports Medicine
  • Member of the Physiological Society (University of Bath Society Representative)
  • Member of the European College of Sports Sciences

Profile

Professor Keith Stokes joined the University of Bath in 2002 and is the Deputy Head of the Department for Health.

Keith has established strong partnerships with stakeholders in Rugby Union and other sports to investigate injury risk in sport and to develop and evaluate strategies to reduce injury risk. He also has a strong interest in the prevention of frailty in older adults.

He has published over 70 articles in journals such as the British Journal of Sports Medicine, Sports Medicine, American Journal of Sports Medicine, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, and the Journal of Applied Physiology.

Keith has supervised more than a 15 PhD students to completion. He has attracted over £3 million in external funding from agencies such the Rugby Football Union, The RFU Injured Players Foundation, World Rugby, United Kingdom Sports Council and BBSRC.

He is editor for the International Journal of Sports Medicine, is on the editorial board of PLoS ONE, and is on the Advisory Board (Biological Sciences) of the Journal of Sports Sciences.

 

He is a Fellow of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. In 2013, Keith received a University Knowledge Exchange Award in partnership with the Rugby Football Union.

Research projects

  • Interactions between ageing and physical activity on muscle metabolism and function
  • English Professional Rugby Injury Surveillance Project
  • Community Rugby Injury Surveillance Project
  • Biomechanics of the Rugby Scrum
  • Applying smarter training to improve performance in elite sport
  • Influence of smoking on physical performance and injury risk during military training

Research interests

  • Injury Prevention in Sport
  • Application of science to Rugby
  • Ageing muscle

Inaugural Lecture

Professor Stokes presented his inaugural lecture on 'Big Impacts in Rugby Union: tackling safety with science'. In this lecture, he explored the risk of injury in rugby from schoolboy level through to professional players and described work carried out at the University of Bath that resulted in a global change to the Laws of Rugby Union in relation to the scrum.

https://vimeo.com/212234095

 

 

Publications

Book Sections

Colyer, S., Stokes, K., Bilzon, J. and Salo, A., 2016. The influence of changes in sprint ability on the sled velocity profile during the skeleton start. In: Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports. University of Tsukuba, Tskuba, Japan: .

Preatoni, E., Cazzola, D., Stokes, K., England, M. and Trewartha, G., 2015. Case study: what does biomechanics feed into the rugby scrum? In: The science of rugby. Routledge, pp. 211-218.

Gilbert, K. L. and Stokes, K. A., 2008. Growth hormone responses to exercise: recent findings and future directions. In: Artwelle, G. V. and Wislon, F. G., eds. New Human Growth Hormone Research. USA: Nova Science.

Articles

Williams, S., Trewartha, G., Kemp, S. P. T., Brooks, J. H. M., Fuller, C. W., Taylor, A. E., Cross, M. and Stokes, K., 2017. Forthcoming. Subsequent injuries and early recurrent diagnoses in elite Rugby Union players. International Journal of Sports Medicine

Hislop, M., Stokes, K., Williams, S., McKay, C., England, M., Kemp, S. and Trewartha, G., 2017. Reducing musculoskeletal injury and concussion risk in schoolboy rugby players with a pre-activity movement control exercise programme: a cluster randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Sports Medicine

Williams, S., Trewartha, G., Cross, M. J., Kemp, S. P. T. and Stokes, K. A., 2017. Monitoring what matters:A systematic process for selecting training load measures. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12 (Suppl 2), S2 101-106.

Siddall, A. G., Bilzon, J. L. J., Thompson, D., Greeves, J., Izard, R. and Stokes, K. A., 2017. Smoking status and physical fitness during initial military training. Occupational Medicine, 67 (3), pp. 205-210.

Williams, S., Trewartha, G., Kemp, S., Brooks, J. H. M., Fuller, C. W., Taylor, A. E., Cross, M., Shaddick, G. and Stokes, K., 2017. How much rugby is too much? A seven-season prospective cohort study of match exposure and injury risk in professional Rugby Union players. Sports Medicine

Colyer, S. L., Stokes, K. A., Bilzon, J. L. J. and Salo, A. I. T., 2017. Skeleton sled velocity profiles:a novel approach to understand critical aspects of the elite athletes’ start phases. Sports Biomechanics

Roberts, S. P., Trewartha, G., England, M., Goodison, W. and Stokes, K. A., 2017. Concussion and head injuries in English community rugby union match play:Community rugby union head injuries. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 45 (2), pp. 480-487.

Colyer, S., Stokes, K., Bilzon, J., Cardinale, M. and Salo, A., 2017. Physical predictors of elite skeleton start performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12 (1), pp. 81-89.

Wilson, C., Perkin, O. J., McGuigan, M. P. and Stokes, K. A., 2016. The effect of age on technique variability and outcome variability during a leg press. PLoS ONE, 11 (10), e0163764.

Williams, S., West, S., Cross, M. and Stokes, K., 2016. Better way to determine the acute:chronic workload ratio? British Journal of Sports Medicine

Perkin, O. J., Travers, R. L., Gonzalez, J. T., Turner, J. E., Gillison, F., Wilson, C., McGuigan, P. M., Thompson, D. and Stokes, K. A., 2016. Exercise strategies to protect against the impact of short-term reduced physical activity on muscle function and markers of health in older men:study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 17 (1), 381.

Cross, M., Kemp, S., Smith, A., Trewartha, G. and Stokes, K., 2016. Professional Rugby Union players have a 60% greater risk of time loss injury after concussion:a 2-season prospective study of clinical outcomes. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50 (15), pp. 926-931.

Singh, V. R., Trewartha, G., Roberts, S. P., England, M. and Stokes, K. A., 2016. Shoulder Injuries in English Community Rugby Union. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 37 (8), pp. 659-664.

Perkin, O., McGuigan, P., Thompson, D. and Stokes, K., 2016. A reduced activity model:a relevant tool for the study of ageing muscle. Biogerontology, 17 (3), pp. 435-447.

Williams, S., Trewartha, G., Kemp, S. P. T., Brooks, J. H. M., Fuller, C. W., Taylor, A. E., Cross, M. J. and Stokes, K. A., 2016. Time loss injuries compromise team success in Elite Rugby Union:a 7-year prospective study. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50 (11), pp. 651-656.

Robinson, M., Siddall, A., Bilzon, J., Thompson, D., Greeves, J., Izard, R. and Stokes, K., 2016. Low fitness, low body mass and prior injury predict injury risk during military recruit training: a prospective cohort study in the British Army. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 2.

Gannon, E., Stokes, K. and Trewartha, G., 2016. Strength and power development in professional rugby union players over a training and playing season. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11 (3), pp. 381-387.

Cross, M. J., Williams, S., Trewartha, G., Kemp, S. P. T. and Stokes, K. A., 2016. The influence of in-season training loads on injury risk in professional rugby union. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11 (3), pp. 350-355.

Colyer, S., Roberts, S., Thompson, D., Stokes, K., Bilzon, J., Salo, A. and Robinson, J., 2016. Detecting meaningful body composition changes in athletes using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Physiological Measurement, 37 (4), pp. 596-609.

Hislop, M. D., Stokes, K. A., Williams, S., McKay, C. D., England, M., Kemp, S. P. T. and Trewartha, G., 2016. The efficacy of a movement control exercise programme to reduce injuries in youth rugby:a cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 2 (1), e000043.

Williams, S., Trewartha, G., Kemp, S. P. T., Michell, R. and Stokes, K. A., 2016. The influence of an artificial playing surface on injury risk and perceptions of muscle soreness in elite Rugby Union. Scandanavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 26 (1), pp. 101-108.

Siddall, A. G., Stevenson, R. D. M., Turner, P. F. J., Stokes, K. A. and Bilzon, J. L. J., 2016. Development of role-related minimum cardiorespiratory fitness standards for firefighters and commanders. Ergonomics, 59 (10), pp. 1335-1343.

Metcalfe, R. S., Koumanov, F., Ruffino, J. S., Stokes, K. A., Holman, G. D., Thompson, D. and Vollaard, N. B. J., 2015. Physiological and molecular responses to an acute bout of reduced-exertion high-intensity interval training (REHIT). European Journal of Applied Physiology, 115 (11), pp. 2321-2334.

Bucher Sandbakk, S., Sandbakk, Ø., Peacock, O., James, P., Welde, B., Stokes, K., Bohlke, N. and Tjonna, A. E., 2015. Effects of acute supplementation of L-arginine and nitrate on endurance and sprint performance in elite athletes. Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry, 48, pp. 10-15.

Roberts, S. P., Trewartha, G., England, M. and Stokes, K., 2015. Collapsed scrums and collision tackles:what is the injury risk? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49 (8), pp. 536-540.

Trewartha, G., Preatoni, E., England, M. E. and Stokes, K. A., 2015. Injury and biomechanical perspectives on the rugby scrum:a review of the literature. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49 (7), pp. 425-433.

Cazzola, D., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K. A., England, M. E. and Trewartha, G., 2015. A modified prebind engagement process reduces biomechanical loading on front row players during scrummaging:a cross-sectional study of 11 elite teams. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49 (8), 092904.

Palmer-Green, D. S., Stokes, K. A., Fuller, C. W., England, M., Kemp, S. P. T. and Trewartha, G., 2015. Training activities and injuries in English youth academy and schools rugby union. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 43 (2), pp. 475-481.

Trewartha, G. and Stokes, K., 2015. Available evidence on risk of injury in youth rugby. BMJ, 350, h434.

Preatoni, E., Cazzola, D., Stokes, K., England, M. and Trewartha, G., 2015. Pre-binding prior to full engagement improves loading conditions for front row players in contested rugby union scrums. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports

Roberts, S., Stokes, K., Trewartha, G. and England, M., 2014. Incidence and nature of medical attendance injuries in English community rugby union:Rugby union medical attendance injuries. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2 (12), pp. 47-54.

Taylor, A.E., Kemp, S., Trewartha, G. and Stokes, K.A., 2014. Scrum injury risk in English professional rugby union. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48, pp. 1066-1068.

Thompson, D., Walhin, J., Batterham, A. M., Stokes, K. A., Cooper, A. R. and Andrews, R. C., 2014. Effect of Diet or Diet Plus Physical Activity Versus Usual Care on Inflammatory Markers in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes:The Early ACTivity In Diabetes (ACTID) Randomized, Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Heart Association, 3 (3), e000828-e000828.

Cazzola, D., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K., England, M. H. and Trewartha, G., 2014. Does a modified rugby scrum engagement process improve the stability of the scrum and minimise the likelihood of scrum collapse? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48 (7), pp. 577-578.

Preatoni, E., Stokes, K. A., England, M. E. and Trewartha, G., 2014. Engagement techniques and playing level impact the biomechanical demands on rugby forwards during machine-based scrummaging. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49 (8), pp. 520-528.

Cazzola, D., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K., England, M. H. and Trewartha, G., 2014. The effect of a pre-bind engagement technique on the biomechanical characteristics of rugby scrummaging across multiple playing levels. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48 (7), p. 578.

Gaviglio, C.M., Crewther, B.T., Kilduff, L.P., Stokes, K. and Cook, C.J., 2014. Relationship between pregame concentrations of free testosterone and outcome in rugby union. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9 (2), pp. 324-331.

Tsampoukos, A., Stokes, K. and Nevill, M., 2014. Separate and combined influence of posture and sprint running on plasma volume changes. European Journal of Sport Science, 14 (SUPPL.1), S267-S274.

Toone, R. J., Peacock, O. J., Smith, A. A., Thompson, D., Drawer, S., Cook, C. and Stokes, K. A., 2013. Measurement of steroid hormones in saliva:Effects of sample storage condition. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation, 73 (8), pp. 615-621.

Roberts, S. P., Trewartha, G., England, M., Shaddick, G. and Stokes, K. A., 2013. Epidemiology of time-loss injuries in English community-level rugby union. BMJ Open, 3 (11), e003998.

Williams, S., Trewartha, G., Kemp, S. and Stokes, K., 2013. A meta-analysis of injuries in senior men’s professional rugby union. Sports Medicine, 43 (10), pp. 1043-1055.

Lascar, N., Kennedy, A., Jackson, N., Daley, A., Dowswell, G., Thompson, D., Stokes, K., Greenfield, S., Holder, R., Andrews, R. and Narendran, P., 2013. Exercise to preserve beta cell function in recent-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus (EXTOD) - a study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial. Trials, 14 (1), 180.

Breen, L., Stokes, K. A., Churchward-Venne, T. A., Moore, D. R., Baker, S. K., Smith, K., Atherton, P. J. and Phillips, S. M., 2013. Two weeks of reduced activity decreases leg lean mass and induces ‘anabolic resistance’ of myofibrillar protein synthesis in healthy elderly. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 98 (6), pp. 2604-2612.

Betts, J., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J. and Williams, C., 2013. Growth hormone responses to consecutive exercise bouts with ingestion of carbohydrate plus protein. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 23 (3), pp. 259-270.

Preatoni, E., Stokes, K. A., England, M. E. and Trewartha, G., 2013. The influence of playing level on the biomechanical demands experienced by rugby union forwards during machine scrummaging. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 23 (3), pp. 178-184.

Smith, A. A., Toone, R. J., Peacock, O., Drawer, S., Stokes, K. A. and Cook, C. J., 2013. Dihydrotestosterone is elevated following sprint exercise in healthy young men. Journal of Applied Physiology, 114 (10), pp. 1435-1440.

Palmer-Green, D. S., Stokes, K. A., Fuller, C. W., England, M., Kemp, S.P.T. and Trewartha, G., 2013. Match injuries in English youth academy and schools rugby union: an epidemiological study. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 41 (4), pp. 749-755.

Stokes, K. A., Gilbert, K. L., Hall, G. M., Andrews, R. C. and Thompson, D., 2013. Different responses of selected hormones to three types of exercise in young men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113 (3), pp. 775-783.

Peacock, O.J., Thompson, D. and Stokes, K.A., 2013. Impact of a carbohydrate-electrolyte drink on ingestive behaviour, affect and self-selected intensity during recreational exercise after 24-h fluid restriction. Appetite, 60, pp. 5-12.

Peacock, O., Tjønna, A. E., James, P., Wisløff, U., Welde, B., Böhlke, N., Smith, A., Stokes, K. A., Cook, C. and Sandbakk, Ø., 2012. Dietary nitrate does not enhance running performance in elite cross-country skiers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44 (11), pp. 2213-2219.

Preatoni, E., Wallbaum, A., Gathercole, N., Coombes, S., Stokes, K. A. and Trewartha, G., 2012. An integrated measurement system for analysing impact biomechanics in the rugby scrum. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, 226 (3-4), pp. 266-273.

Stokes, K.A., 2012. The wrong approach? BMJ, 345 (7870), e5429.

Peacock, O. J., Thompson, D. and Stokes, K. A., 2012. Voluntary drinking behaviour, fluid balance and psychological affect when ingesting water or a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution during exercise. Appetite, 58 (1), pp. 56-63.

Betts, J. A., Beelen, M., Stokes, K. A., Saris, W. H. M. and van Loon, L. J. C., 2011. Endocrine responses during overnight recovery from exercise:Impact of nutrition and relationships with muscle protein synthesis. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 21 (5), pp. 398-409.

Roberts, S. P., Stokes, K. A., Trewartha, G., Hogben, P., Doyle, J. and Thompson, D., 2011. Effect of combined carbohydrate-protein ingestion on markers of recovery after simulated rugby union match-play. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29 (12), pp. 1253-1262.

Peacock, O. J., Stokes, K. and Thompson, D., 2011. Initial hydration status, fluid balance, and psychological affect during recreational exercise in adults. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29 (9), pp. 897-904.

Sunderland, C., Tunaley, V., Horner, F., Harmer, D. and Stokes, K. A., 2011. Menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives' effects on growth hormone response to sprinting. Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism, 36 (4), pp. 495-502.

Robinson, M., Stokes, K., Bilzon, J., Standage, M., Brown, P. and Thompson, D., 2010. Test-retest reliability of the Military Pre-training Questionnaire. Occupational Medicine, 60 (6), pp. 476-483.

Stokes, K. A., Sykes, D., Gilbert, K. L., Chen, J. W. and Frystyk, J., 2010. Brief, high intensity exercise alters serum ghrelin and growth hormone concentrations but not IGF-I, IGF-II or IGF-I bioactivity. Growth Hormone & IGF Research, 20 (4), pp. 289-294.

Roberts, S. P., Stokes, K. A., Trewartha, G., Doyle, J., Hogben, P. and Thompson, D., 2010. Effects of carbohydrate and caffeine ingestion on performance during a rugby union simulation protocol. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28 (8), pp. 833-842.

Roberts, S., Stokes, K. A., Weston, L. and Trewartha, G., 2010. The Bath University rugby shuttle test (BURST):A pilot study. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 5 (1), pp. 64-74.

Betts, J. A., Toone, R. J., Stokes, K. A. and Thompson, D., 2009. Systemic indices of skeletal muscle damage and recovery of muscle function after exercise: effect of combined carbohydrate-protein ingestion. Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism, 34 (4), pp. 773-784.

Markovitch, D., Tyrrell, R. M., Tauler, P., Frystyk, J., Stokes, K. and Thompson, D., 2009. Lycopene supplementation (passata sauce) reduces apoptosis but does not affect oxidant-responsive heme oxygenase-1 in human lymphocytes. Nutrition, 25 (6), pp. 668-675.

Betts, J. A., Stokes, K. A., Toone, R. J. and Williams, C., 2009. Endocrine Responses To Repeated Exercise Bouts With Varied Macronutrient Ingestion During Recovery. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41 (Supplement 1), pp. 151-152.

Stokes, K. A., Tyler, C. and Gilbert, K. L., 2008. The growth hormone response to repeated bouts of sprint exercise with and without suppression of lipolysis in men. Journal of Applied Physiology, 104 (3), pp. 724-728.

Gilbert, K. A., Stokes, K. A., Hall, G. M. and Thompson, D., 2008. Growth hormone responses to 3 different exercise bouts in 18-to 25-and 40-to 50-year-old men. Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism, 33 (4), pp. 706-712.

Mellalieu, S., Trewartha, G. and Stokes, K., 2008. Science and rugby union. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26 (8), pp. 791-794.

Roberts, S. P., Trewartha, G., Higgitt, R. J., El-Abd, J. and Stokes, K. A., 2008. The physical demands of elite English rugby union. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26 (8), pp. 825-833.

Stokes, K., 2007. 2007 BASES Annual Conference, 12-14 September 2007, University of Bath, UK (2007). Journal of Sports Sciences, 25 (S2), S1.

Roberts, S., Trewartha, G. and Stokes, K., 2006. A comparison of time-motion analysis methods for field-based sports. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 1, pp. 386-397.

Stokes, K., Nevill, M. and Hall, G., 2006. Age is an important determinant of the growth hormone response to sprint exercise in non-obese young men. Hormone Research, 65 (2), pp. 57-61.

Thompson, D., Batterham, A. M., Bock, S., Robson, C. and Stokes, K., 2006. Assessment of low-to-moderate intensity physical activity thermogenesis in young adults using synchronized heart rate and accelerometry with branched-equation modeling. Journal of Nutrition, 136 (4), pp. 1037-1042.

Stokes, K., Nevill, M., Lakomy, H., Frystyk, J. and Hall, G., 2006. Growth hormone responses to repeated bouts of exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 100 (3), pp. 1094-1095.

Peyrebrune, M. C., Stokes, K., Hall, G. M. and Nevill, M. E., 2005. Effect of creatine supplementation on training for competition in elite swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37 (12), pp. 2140-2147.

Stokes, K., Nevill, M., Frystyk, J., Lakomy, H. and Hall, G., 2005. Human growth hormone responses to repeated bouts of sprint exercise with different recovery periods between bouts. Journal of Applied Physiology, 99 (4), pp. 1254-1261.

Stokes, K. A., Nevill, M. E., Cherry, P. W., Lakomy, H. K. A. and Hall, G. M., 2004. Effect of 6 weeks of sprint training on growth hormone responses to sprinting. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 92 (1-2), pp. 26-32.

Burton, D. A., Stokes, K. A. and Hall, G. M., 2004. Physiological effects of exercise. Continuing Education in Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain, 4, pp. 185-188.

Stokes, K., 2003. Growth hormone responses to sub-maximal and sprint exercise. Growth Hormone & IGF Research, 13 (5), pp. 225-238.

Stokes, K., Nevill, M., Hall, G. and Lakomy, H., 2003. Reliability of the growth hormone response to a single 30 s cycle ergometer sprint. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21 (4), pp. 288-289.

Stokes, K. A., Nevill, M. E., Lakomy, H. K. A. and Hall, G. M., 2003. Reproducibility of the growth hormone response to sprint exercise. Growth Hormone & IGF Research, 13 (6), pp. 336-340.

Stokes, K. A., Nevill, M. E., Hall, G. M. and Lakomy, H. K. A., 2002. Growth hormone responses to repeated maximal cycle ergometer exercise at different pedalling rates. Journal of Applied Physiology, 92, pp. 487-494.

Stokes, K. A., Nevill, M. E., Hall, G. M. and Lakomy, H. K. A., 2002. The time-course of the human growth hormone response to a 6 s and a 30 s cycle ergometer sprint. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20, pp. 487-494.

Reports/Papers

Trewartha, G., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K., Cazzola, D., Seminati, E., Gill, R., Miles, T., Gheduzzi, S. and Mahmoodi, P., 2015. Cervical spine injury mechanism analysis in Rugby Union:Phase 2 report. University of Bath.

Trewartha, G., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K., Cazzola, D., Gill, R., Miles, T., Gheduzzi, S. and Holsgrove, T., 2014. Cervical spine injury mechanism analysis in Rugby Union:Phase 1 report. University of Bath.

Siddall, A., Stokes, K., Standage, M. and Bilzon, J., 2014. Development of Occupational Fitness Standards for the UK Fire and Rescue Service. University of Bath.

Trewartha, G., Preatoni, E., Cazzola, D., Stokes, K. and England, M. H., 2013. Biomechanics of live scrummaging:Biomechanics of the rugby scrum - Phase 2 final report. University of Bath.

Trewartha, G., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K. and England, M. H., 2011. Biomechanics of machine scrummaging:Biomechanics of the rugby scrum - Phase 1 report. University of Bath.

Conference or Workshop Items

Colyer, S., Stokes, K., Bilzon, J. and Salo, A., 2015. Influence of serum testosterone on start performance and lean mass accrual in male skeleton athletes. Taylor & Francis, s109-s110.

Stevenson, R., Siddall, A., Turner, P., Stokes, K. and Bilzon, J., 2015. A Task Analysis for the Development of Minimum Physical Employment Standards for Physically Demanding Occupations. In: Physical Employment Standards Conference, 2015-08-23 - 2015-08-26.

Siddall, A., Stevenson, R., Turner, P., Stokes, K. and Bilzon, J., 2015. Determining Strength and Muscular Endurance Standards for UK Firefighters. In: Physical Employment Standards Conference, 2015-08-23 - 2015-08-26.

Colyer, S., Stokes, K., Bilzon, J. and Salo, A., 2015. Improving skeleton athlete monitoring and talent identification processes using a series of multivariate analyses. In: BASES Student Conference, 2015-03-31 - 2015-04-01, John Moores University.

Preatoni, E., Cazzola, D., Holsgrove, T., Gheduzzi, S., Miles, A., Stokes, K., Gill, H. and Trewartha, G., 2015. An integrated multiscale analysis of injury mechanisms in sport impacts: an application to cervical spine biomechanics in rugby union scrummaging.

Williams, S., Trewartha, G., Kemp, S. P. T., Brooks, J., Fuller, C. W., Taylor, A. and Stokes, K., 2015. Association between injuries and team success in elite rugby union. In: World Congress on Science and Football, 2015-05-20 - 2015-05-24.

Stone, B., Cazzola, D., McGuigan, P., Holsgrove, T., Gill, R., Gheduzzi, S., Miles, T., Stokes, K., Trewartha, G. and Preatoni, E., 2014. Spinal muscle activity in simulated rugby union scrummaging is affected by different engagement conditions.

Cazzola, D., Holsgrove, T. P., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K., Gheduzzi, S., Miles, T., Gill, R. and Trewartha, G., 2014. A novel cervical spine (head/neck) musculoskeletal model for dynamic load analysis during rugby scrummaging.

Holsgrove, T. P., Cazzola, D., Gheduzzi, S., Miles, T., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K., Trewartha, G. and Gill, R., 2014. The development and validation of specimen-specific finite element models of the spine to investigate sporting injury mechanisms.

Colyer, S., Roberts, S., Robinson, J., Thompson, D., Stokes, K., Bilzon, J. and Salo, A., 2014. Use of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to evaluate changes in body composition and the association with performance changes in skeleton athletes. In: 19th European College of Sport Science Congress, 2014-07-02 - 2016-02-05, Netherlands.

Cazzola, D., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K., England, M. H. and Trewartha, G., 2013. Biomechanics of rugby scrummaging:kinematic and kinetic analysis across engagement conditions. In: Balagué, N., Torrents, C., Vilanova, A., Cadefau, J., Tarragó, R. and Tsolakidis, E., eds. 18th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, 2013-06-25 - 2013-06-29.

Siddall, A., Bilzon, J., Thompson, D., Izard, R., Greeves, J. and Stokes, K., 2013. Influence of smoking status on musculoskeletal injury risk in British Army Infantry trainees.

Trewartha, G., Preatoni, E., England, M. H. and Stokes, K., 2013. Movement patterns of rugby union players performing scrummaging against a scrum machine:the effect of playing level and engagement condition. In: Balagué, N., Torrents, C., Vilanova, A., Cadefau, J., Tarragó, R. and Tsolakidis, E., eds. 18th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, 2013-06-25 - 2013-06-29.

Preatoni, E., Stokes, K., England, M. H. and Trewartha, G., 2013. The effect of playing level and engagement method on forces generated in rugby scrummaging. In: Balagué, N., Torrents, C., Vilanova, A., Cadefau, J., Tarragó, R. and Tsolakidis, E., eds. 18th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, 2013-06-25 - 2013-06-29.

Churchill, S., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K., England, M. H. and Trewartha, G., 2013. The relatioship between player technique and forces generated in rugby scrummaging. In: Balagué, N., Torrents, C., Vilanova, A., Cadefau, J., Tarragó, R. and Tsolakidis, E., eds. 18th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, 2013-06-25 - 2013-06-29.

Preatoni, E., Cazzola, D., Stokes, K., England, M. H. and Trewartha, G., 2013. Tough but not rough:what does biomechanics feed into the rugby scrum? In: XXXI International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports, 2013-07-06 - 2013-07-10.

Peacock, O., Tjønna, A. E., James, P., Wisløff, U., Böhlke, N., Smith, A., Stokes, K., Cook, C. and Sandbakk, Ø., 2012. Acute Ingestion of Dietary Nitrate Does Not Enhance Running Performance in Highly-Trained Endurance Athletes. In: Physiological Society Conference, 2012-07-03, Edinburgh.

Colyer, S., Salo, A., Bilzon, J. and Stokes, K., 2012. Consecutive days of push start testing may mask the effect of starting style in skeleton – A pilot study. In: BASES Biomechanics Interest Group, Easter Meeting no 27, 2012-04-04 - 2012-04-04.

Preatoni, E., Stokes, K., England, M. and Trewartha, G., 2012. Forces generated in rugby union machine scrummaging at various playing levels. In: 2012 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings, 2012-09-12 - 2012-09-14.

Siddall, A., Bilzon, J., Thompson, D., Greeves, J., Izard, R. and Stokes, K., 2012. Influence of Smoking Status on Physical Performance Adaptation and Endocrine and Inflammatory Markers during Initial Military Training.

Siddall, A., Bilzon, J., Thompson, D., Greeves, J. and Stokes, K., 2012. Smoking habits of British Army trainees and the influence of smoking on physical fitness parameters.

Preatoni, E., Wallbaum, A., Gathercole, N., Coombes, S., Stokes, K. and Trewartha, G., 2011. An integrated measurement system for analysing impact biomechamics in the rugby scrum. University College Dublin, pp. 50-51.

Non-academic press

Trewartha, G. and Stokes, K., 2015. How our new scrum technique will make the Rugby World Cup safer for players. The Conversation

Trewartha, G. and Stokes, K., 2015. Rugby injury surveillance and prevention programmes:are they effective? British Medical Journal

Other

Cazzola, D., Trewartha, G., Stokes, K., England, M., Wallbaum, A. and Preatoni, E., 2013. Measuring biomechanical stresses in machine and live scrummaging using CompactRIO and LabVIEW. National Instruments Case Study.

This list was generated on Tue Jun 27 01:13:04 2017 IST.

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