Department of Mechanical Engineering


Contact details

Room: 8E 2.8

Tel: +44 (0) 1225 384019


Dr Jonathan Norman

MEng(Hons) PhD


Jonathan is a Research Fellow within the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He has a general interest in energy-related research, with a particular focus on the use of energy within the industrial sector and the opportunities that exist for reducing this energy use, including material efficiency.


Jonathan’s current research is funded by the UK Indemand project, a national research centre for reducing industrial energy and material use in supplying UK needs. The project involves the University of Bath, University of Cambridge, University of Leeds, Nottingham Trent University, and a number of industrial partners. It is one of five 'centres of excellence' funded by the Research Councils UK Energy Programme in the area of end use energy demand.

Bath is leading the following workpackages within the project:

  • Examination of trends and economics drivers: to identify the energy, material and emissions consequences of evolving production structures and to link material demand to provision of final services
  • Exergy analysis of a UK circular economy: to determine how thermodynamic limits constrain future material systems and identify potential efficiency opportunities through alternative industrial system design
  • Precedence studies and horizon scanning: will interpret lessons from effective demand reduction policies in other contexts, and anticipate emerging influences on the UK energy and industrial system
  • Scenarios and pathways: will be used to anticipate changes in the end use energy demand that would arise from changes to material demand, and the consequences for the national economy and for GHG emissions.

Previously Jonathan has worked as a Research Officer on a UK Energy Research Centre project entitled 'Industrial Energy Use from a Bottom-Up Perspective' and completed a PhD on 'Industrial Energy Use and Improvement Potential'.



Cabrera Serrenho, A., Norman, J. B. and Allwood, J. M., 2017. The impact of reducing car weight on global emissions: the future fleet in Great Britain. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 375 (2095), 20160364.

Griffin, P. W., Hammond, G. P. and Norman, J. B., 2016. Industrial energy use and carbon emissions reduction:a UK perspective. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment

Chen, Q., Hammond, G. P. and Norman, J. B., 2016. Energy efficiency potentials:contrasting thermodynamic, technical and economic limits for organic Rankine cycles within UK industry. Applied Energy, 164, pp. 984-990.

Serrenho, A. C., Mourão, Z. S., Norman, J., Cullen, J. M. and Allwood, J. M., 2016. The influence of UK emissions reduction targets on the emissions of the global steel industry. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 107, pp. 174-184.

Cooper, S. J. G., Hammond, G. P. and Norman, J. B., 2016. Potential for use of heat rejected from industry in district heating networks, GB perspective. Journal of the Energy Institute, 89 (1), pp. 57-69.

Chen, Q., Hammond, G. and Norman, J., 2015. Contrasting Thermodynamic, Technical and Economic Potentials:The Example of Organic Rankine Cycle Use within UK Industry. Energy Procedia, 61, pp. 225-229.

Griffin, P., Hammond, G. and Norman, J., 2014. Prospects for emissions reduction in the UK cement sector. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Energy, 167 (3), pp. 152-161.

Hammond, G. P. and Norman, J. B., 2014. Heat recovery opportunities in UK industry. Applied Energy, 116, pp. 387-397.

Hammond, G. P. and Norman, J. B., 2012. Decomposition analysis of energy-related carbon emissions from UK manufacturing. Energy, 41 (1), pp. 220-227.

Griffin, P. W., Hammond, G. P., Ng, K. R. and Norman, J. B., 2012. Impact review of past UK public industrial energy efficiency RD&D programmes. Energy Conversion and Management, 60, pp. 243-250.

McKenna, R. C. and Norman, J. B., 2010. Spatial modelling of industrial heat loads and recovery potentials in the UK. Energy Policy, 38 (10), pp. 5878-5891.

Conference or Workshop Items

Norman, J., 2016. Measuring improvements in industrial energy efficiency: a decomposition analysis applied to the UK. In: The 11th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, 2016-09-05 - 2016-09-08, IST Congress Centre.

Norman, J., Cabrera Serrenho, A., Allwood, J. and Hammond, G., 2015. Connecting material stocks to services: The example of steel use in UK vehicles. In: ISIE Conference 2015 - Taking Stock of Industrial Ecology, 2015-07-07 - 2015-07-10, UK.

Cabrera Serrenho, A., Sobral-Mourao, Z., Norman, J., Cullen, J. and Allwood, J., 2015. Options to supply the UK steel demand and meet the CO2 targets. In: The ISIE (International Society for Industrial Ecology) Conference 2015 – Taking Stock of Industrial Ecology, 2015-07-06 - 2015-07-10, UK.

Baruah, P., Eyre, N., Norman, J., Griffin, P. and Hammond, G., 2014. Firm-level Perspective of Energy Efficiency Barriers and Drivers in UK Industry – Indications from an Online Survey. In: Behave Energy Conference, 2014-09-03 - 2014-09-04, Said Business School, University of Oxford.

Cooper, S., Hammond, G. and Norman, J., 2014. Potential for use of heat rejected from industry in district heating networks, UK perspective. In: Energy Systems Conference, 2014-06-24 - 2014-06-25, QEII Conference Centre.

Hammond, G. and Norman, J., 2012. Heat recovery opportunities in UK manufacturing. In: International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2012), 2012-07-05 - 2012-07-08.

Norman, J. and Hammond, G., 2011. Industrial Energy Use from a Bottom-Up Perspective. In: Sustainable Thermal Energy Management in the Process Industries International Conference (SusTEM2011), 2011-10-25 - 2011-10-26, UK.

Griffin, P., Hammond, G.P., Ng, K.R. and Norman, J., 2011. The Impact of UK government industrial energy efficiency research, development and demonstration programmes. In: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2011, 2011-07-04 - 2011-07-07.

Hammond, G. and Norman, J., 2010. Decomposing Changes in the Energy Demand of UK Manufacturing. In: Favrat, D. and Marechal, F., eds. 23rd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy (ECOS2010), 2010-06-14 - 2010-06-17, EPFL.

Hammond, G., McKenna, R. and Norman, J., 2009. Thermodynamic analysis of the UK industrial sector. In: 5th European Conference on Economics and Management of Energy in Industry (ECEMEI-5), 2009-04-14 - 2009-04-17.


Norman, J. B., 2013. Industrial Energy Use and Improvement Potential. Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)). University of Bath.

This list was generated on Thu Jun 29 09:54:09 2017 IST.