Department of Politics, Languages & International Studies

International Conference on American Foreign Policy

The International Conference on American Foreign Policy event took place on the 15th and 16th of September 2016 and was organised by the Conflict, Security & International Order research cluster.

For more information please contact:

Dr Wali Aslam
Lecturer in International Relations
E-mail: w.aslam@bath.ac.uk
Phone: +44 (0)1225 38 6738

Programme

Thursday 15 September

Time Event
09.00-09.50 Registration and coffee

Venue: 1 West Level 2 Foyer
09.50-10.00 Opening remarks
Delivered by Bill Durodie (Bath)
10.00-11.15

Keynote: The American Way of War and Alternatives to the War on Terror
by Neta Crawford (Boston University)

Venue: 1 West 2.101

The United States began an indefinite global war on terror (GWOT) following the 9/11 attacks 15 years ago. The Bush administration promised war like no other into the foreseeable future. Indeed, the GWOT has become institutionalized and taken for granted both in the US and in Europe. How should progress in the war be conceptualized, measured and evaluated? Has there been progress in that war? Is it a just war, that has been fought justly? What are the alternatives to the GWOT? Every war must end. How could or will the war on terror be concluded? What would it take to end the war on terror? How could research by social science be used to make that possible?

Introduction and Chair: Steve Wharton (University of Bath)

11.15-11.30 Coffee

Venue:
1 West Level 2 Foyer
11.30-12.45

Panel 1: Re-membering and Re-telling US Foreign Policy

Venue:
1 West 2.101

Chair: Maria Ryan (Nottingham)
Discussant: David Clarke (University of Bath)

Speakers:

Memories and Narratives of the Vietnam War and Obama’s Middle East
David Ryan (University College Cork)

New Wars, Intervention and the Emergence of Cosmopolitan Protection Wars"
Timo Kivimäki (University of Bath)

Intelligence Regimes and Hidden Profiles: Allies' Perceptions of the Adversary in Crisis
Aaron Rapport (University of Cambridge)

12.45-13.45 Lunch

Venue:
1 West Level 2 Foyer
13.45-15.15

Panel 2: History of US Foreign Policy

Venue:
1 West 2.103

Chair: Kate Spence (Glasgow)
Discussant: Jessica Gibbs (Aberystwyth)

Speakers:

'Vague on specifics [but] the message was clear and significant': Magical Thinking and Kissinger's Vietnam War Negotiations, 1969-1970.
Matthieu Vallieres (Toronto)

The Anglo-American Special Relationship in the Congo Crisis: A Revised Interpretation

Tierney Culley (Cardiff)

The reassessment policy: a comparative analysis of Ford’s and Obama’s reassessment of the U.S. – Israeli relationship
Ksenia Wesolowska (Nottingham)

"An act of insanity and national humiliation:" the Executive’s reaction to a ban on assassination under Ford and Reagan
Luca Trenta (Swansea)

Panel 3: The United States’ Use of Force in the post-9/11 era

Venue:
1 West 2.102

Chair: Matthew Alford (University of Bath)
Discussant: Brett Edwards (University of Bath)

Speakers:

The US and the International Criminal Court: A Relationship Seen through the Lens of the Crimes of Aggression
Giulia Pecorella (Middlesex)

The Genealogy of Cosmopolitan Responsibility
Mattia Cacciatori (University of Bath)

US Counterterrorism Interventions and the Developing "Unwilling and Unable”"Formula
Ingvild Bode (Kent)

Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The US Military and Stability Operations
Jennifer Taw (Claremont McKenna College)

15.15-15.30 Coffee break

Venue:
1 West Level 2 Foyer
15.30-17.00

Panel 4: Multilateral Military Intervention: side-payments, burden sharing, and domestic support

Venue:
1 West 2.102

Chair: Brett Edwards (University of Bath)
Discussant:
David Fitzgerald (University College Cork)

Speakers:

The Rotten Carrot: U.S.-Turkish Bargaining Failure over Iraq in 2003 and the Impact of Social Embeddedness as a Bargaining Tool
Marina Henke (Northwestern University)

The 1992 Somalia Intervention and the Birth of Multilateral Burden-Shifting
Stefano Recchia (Cambridge)

Multilateralism and the Use of Force: Experimental Evidence on the Views of U.S. Foreign Policy Elites
Jonathan Monten (University College London)

The Increasingly Marginalized American Foreign Policy Establishment
Robert Kelley (American University)

Panel 5: US Power, Ideological Narratives and Screen Entertainment

Venue:
1 West 2.103

Chair: Nina Parish (University of Bath)
Discussant:
Hendrik Ohnesorge (Bonn)

Speakers:

The Impact of Flak on Hollywood Representations of US Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War World
Matthew Alford (Bath) and Tom Secker (Independent)

Why the Pentagon loves fighting Aliens - The Military-Entertainment-Industrial Complex and the Popular Culture of National Security
Georg Löfflmann (Warwick)

History’s Aporia: Secrecy, the CIA and Post-War American Spy Cinema
Simon Willmetts (Hull).

Screen Fiction and the "Special Relationship"
James Chapman (Leicester)
 

17.00-17.45 Working Group Annual General Meeting (AGM) 

Venue: 1 West 2.103
19.00-20.15

Drinks reception 
Roman Baths

20.15-22.00 Conference Dinner
Bath Function Rooms

Friday 16 September

Time Event
09.15-10.45

Panel 6: History and Legacy in US foreign policy

Venue:
1 West 2.103

Chair: James Simpkin (Leeds)
Discussant: Robert Kelley (American University)

Speakers:

Silence or Subversion: Why America challenges Democratic Regime Change in its Allies
Asyura Salleh (Nanyang Technical University, Singapore)

Between Foreign Policy and Peacemaking: U.S. Mediation and the Madrid Peace Conference of 1991
Hisham Sabbagh (City)

The Past is Present John F. Kennedy and the Influence of Historical Analogies during the Cuban Missile Crisis
Hendrik Ohnesorge (Bonn)

Global Health Security Agenda: A (failed?) legacy of the Obama administration
Wasiq Khan (University of Bath) 

Panel 7: The All-Volunteer Force in an Era of Expeditionary Operations

Venue:
1 West 2.102

Chair: James Johnson (Leicester)
Discussant:
Tom Hanson (University of Minnesota Duluth)

Speakers:

Calling the Shots: The Influence of the US Army's Professionalization on the Use of Military Force from Nixon to Clinton
Richard Lock-Pullan (Birmingham)

Warriors who don't fight: The American soldier and the identity politics of peacekeeping operations
David Fitzgerald (University of Cork)

"No Boots On The Ground": Obama's 'War' Against Al-Qaeda, and the Evolution of the U.S. Counterterrorism Strategy since 2009
Tom Watts (Kent)

Structure, Strategy, and State Power Mobilization: A Neoclassical Realist Approach to the Conduct of Military Intervention

Gustav Meibauer (LSE)

10.45-11.00 Coffee break

Venue:
1 West Level 2 Foyer
11.00-12.30

Panel 8: US Foreign Policy and Small States

Venue:
1 West 2.103

Chair: Ingvild Bode (Kent)
Discussant: Archie SImpson (University of Bath)

Speakers:

Holy Alliance? The Holy See and the United States after the Cold War
Luke Cahill (University of Bath)

US-Irish relations in the Second World War: A case study in asymmetric power relationships between small and large states in time of war
Steven Murphy (University College Cork)

President Obama’s new turn in US-Cuba policy: origins and prospects
Jessica Gibbs (Aberystwyth)

The Battle for Intervention: Why Neoconservative Ideas Ultimately Lost the Fight over Syria
Kate Spence (Glasgow)

Panel 9: US foreign policy, Strategy and Doctrine

Venue:
1 West 2.102

Chair: Tom Watts (Kent)
Discussant: Adam Quinn (Birmingham)

Speakers:

US Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) Policy and the Special Relationship 1997-2010: A Strategic-Relational Approach
James Simpkin (Leeds)

US Strategy in Outer Space: A Necessary Illusion?
Cameron Hunter (Bristol)

Washington’s Perceptions and Misperceptions of Beijing's Anti-access Area-denial (A2-AD) Strategy: Implications for Military Escalation Control and Strategic Stability
James Johnson (Leicester)

The US Government and TTIP - a neofunctionalist strategy for a postfunctional problem?
Alim Baluch (University of Bath)

12.30-13.30

Keynote: The New Administration: Changing America’s strategy in the war on terror?
by Tim Hoyt (US Naval War College, Rhode Island, USA)

Venue: 1 West 2.101

A new American president will be elected in November 2016. He or she will be the third wartime president in America’s longest war – the often shadowy struggle against transnational terrorism that has been waged since September 11, 2001. American policy, however, will be constrained by new geopolitical realities – China’s increasing assertiveness, Russia’s resurgence, the changing political landscape of the Middle East, and a potentially volatile global economy (to name a few). In addition, strong voices in both political parties have raised questions about U.S. foreign policy, intelligence gathering, counterterrorism efforts, and the use of force abroad. Given these changing conditions, how will the election of either Party’s candidate affect U.S. policies, strategies, and priorities in the Middle East?

Introduction and chair: Sophie Whiting (University of Bath)

13.30-14.30

Lunch

Venue:
1 West Level 2 Foyer

14.30-15.30

US and Asia: A Roundtable

Venue: 1 West 2.101

Chair: 
Maria Ryan (Nottingham)
Commentator: Bill Durodie (University of Bath)

Participants:

When the dragon encounters the eagle: China’s challenge to Pax Americana
Tiejun Zhang (Centre for Cultural Exchanges, Shanghai)

The US rebalancing policy and the use of coercion in naval diplomacy: An analysis of the US naval presence in the South China Sea
Anak Agung Banyu Perwita (President University, Indonesia)

15.30-16.00

Coffee Break

Venue:
1 West Level 2 Foyer

16.00-17.30 Panel 10: Terrorism and Counter Terrorism in American foreign policy

Venue:
1 West 2.103

Chair:
James Johnson (Leicester)
Discussant: Paul Sharp (University of Minnesota Duluth)

Speakers:

Non-American Agency and the Global War on Terror: Smaller States, and US Counterterrorism on the Periphery
Maria Ryan (Nottingham)

Grand Strategies of Regional Powers under Unipolarity
Balkan Devlen (Izmir University of Economics)

Killing norms softly: US targeted killing, secrecy and the assassination ban
Adam Quinn (Birmingham)

American foreign policy and the use of drones for targeted killings in undeclared warzones
Sana Mir (Middlesex)

17.30

Conference closes