Department of Politics, Languages & International Studies

Professor Anna Bull

Anna Bull

Professor of Italian History and Politics

Director of Studies Postgraduate Research

1 West North 2.11
Tel: +44 (0) 1225 38 6723


Professor Anna Bull was appointed Professor of Italian in 1996, having taught at Bath since 1987. She graduated from the University of Naples and wrote her doctorate at the University of Reading, where she subsequently held a lectureship.

Research Interests

  • Memory and legacy of conflict
  • Italian fascism and neofascism
  • The Lega Nord
  • Regionalism
  • Federalism and and devolution
  • Political Cultures and Identities


She teaches a final-year option ‘Political Terrorism and its Legacy in Italy' and contributes to the Italian Politics and Society courses. She also contributes to a postgraduate unit, Memory Cultures-memory Politics.


Her publications include From Peasant to Entrepreneur. The Survival of the Family Economy in Italy [with P. Corner] (1993), Entrepreneurial Textile Communities [with M. Pitt and J. Szarka] (1993), Social Identities and Political Cultures in Italy (2000), and [with M. Gilbert] The Lega Nord and the Northern Question in Italian Politics (2001), Italian Neofascism. The Strategy of Tension and the Politics of Nonreconciliation (2007) and Ending terrorism in Italy [with P. Cooke] (2013).


Bull, A. C. and Cooke, P., 2013. Ending Terrorism in Italy. Routledge. (Routledge Studies in Extremism and Democracy; 18)

Baldini, G. and Cento Bull, A., eds., 2009. Italian Politics. Governing Fear.Vol. 24. Berghahn Books. (Italian Politics)

Cento Bull, A. and Baldini, G., eds., 2009. Politica in Italia. Edizione 2009.Vol. 25. Il Mulino. (Politica in Italia)

Cento Bull, A., 2007. Italian Neofascism: the strategy of tension and the politics of nonreconciliation. Berghahn Books.

Cento Bull, A. and Giorgio, A., eds., 2006. Speaking Out and Silencing: Culture, Society and Politics in Italy in the 1970s.Vol. 12. Legenda. (Italian Perspectives)

Cento Bull, A. and Gilbert, M., 2001. The Lega Nord and the Northern Question in Italian Politics. Palgrave.

Cento Bull, A., Diamond, H. and Marsh, R., eds., 2000. Feminisms and women's movements in contemporary Europe. Macmillian.

Cento Bull, A., 2000. Social identities and political cultures in Italy : Catholic, Communist and Leghist communities between civicness and localism. Berghahn Books.

Cento Bull, A. and Giorgio, A., eds., 1994. Culture and Society in Southern Italy: Past and Present. University of Reading.

Cento Bull, A., Pitt, M. and Szarka, J., 1993. Entrepreneurial Textile Communities: A Comparative Study of Small Textile and Clothing Firms. Chapman and Hall.

Cento Bull, A. and Corner, P., 1993. From Peasant to Entrepreneur. The Survival of the Family Economy in Italy. Berg Publishers.

Cento Bull, A., 1983. Capitalismo e fascismo di fronte alla crisi. Industria e società bergamasca, 1923-1937. Bergamo. (Collana di storia)

Book Sections

Bull, A., 2015. Terrorist Movements. In: Jones, E. and Pasquino, G., eds. The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics.2015 ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 656-667. (Oxford Handbooks in Politics and International Relations)

Bull, A., 2015. The Fluctuating Fortunes of the Lega Nord. In: Mammone, A., Parini, E. G. and Veltri, G. A., eds. The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Italy: History, politics, society. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 204-214. (Routledge handbooks)

Bull, A., 2014. Desafiar al olvido. Narraciones de victimas y verdugos despues de un conflicto armado.:Una comparacion entre Italia, Irlanda del Norte y Espana. In: Cecchini, L. and Hansen, H. L., eds. Conflictos de la memoria/Memoria de los conflictos Conflitti della memoria/Memoria dei conflitti.Vol. 62. Copenhagen, The Netherlands: Museum Tusculanum Forlag, pp. 51-73. (Etudes Romanes)

Bull, A., 2014. Sfidando l'oblio. Narrazioni di vittime e carnefici dopo un conflitto armato.:Un confronto fra Italia, Irlanda del Nord e Spagna. In: Cecchini, L. and Hansen, H. L., eds. Conflictos de la memoria/Memoria de los conflictos Conflitti della memoria/Memoria dei conflitti.Vol. 62. Copenhagen, The Netherlands: Museum Tusculanum Forlag, pp. 75-96. (Etudes Romanes)

Cento Bull, A., 2011. Forced to respond to globalization: The disembeddedness of Italian industrial districts and its discontents. In: Huysseune, M., ed. Contemporary Centrifugal Regionalism: Comparing Flanders and Northern Italy. Brussels: The Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts, pp. 95-108.

Cento Bull, A., 2011. L'eredita' della strategia della tensione e del conflitto armato in un contesto di (non)riconciliazione. In: Mammone, A., Tranfaglia, N. and Veltri, G., eds. Un Paese normale? Saggi sull'Italia contemporanea. Milan: Baldini Castoldi Dalai, pp. 185-208.

Cento Bull, A., 2010. The legacy of the strategy of tension and the armed conflict in a context of (non)reconciliation. In: Mammone, A. and Veltri, G. A., eds. Italy Today: The Sick Man of Europe. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 101-113.

Baldini, G. and Cento Bull, A., 2009. Governare le paure. In: Baldini, G. and Cento Bull, A., eds. Politica in Italia. Edizione 2009. Bologna: Il Mulino, pp. 53-72.

Baldini, G. and Cento Bull, A., 2009. Introduction: Governing fear. In: Baldini, G. and Centro Bull, A., eds. Italian Politics. Governing Fear. Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books, pp. 41-58.

Cento Bull, A., 2009. Neofascism. In: Bosworth, R. J. B., ed. The Oxford Handbook of Fascism. Oxford, U. K.: Oxford University Press, pp. 586-605. (Oxford Handbooks in History)

Cento Bull, A., 2009. Political violence, stragismo and ‘civil war’: an analysis of the self-narratives of three neofascist protagonists. In: Antonello, P. and O'Leary, A., eds. Imagining terrorism: the rhetoric and representation of political violence in Italy 1969-2009. Oxford, U. K.: Legenda, pp. 183-199. (Italian Perspectives; 18)

Giorgio, A. and Cento Bull, A., 2006. The 1970s through the looking glass. In: Giorgio, A. and Cento Bull, A., eds. Speaking Out and Silencing: Culture, Society and Politics in Italy in the 1970s. Oxford: Legenda, pp. 1-8. (Legenda/Italian Perspectives)

Cento Bull, A. and Frate, M., 2003. Social Capital in the Development of the Agro Nocerino Sarnese. In: Sforzi, F., ed. The Institutions of Local Development. Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 141-173.

Cento Bull, A., 2002. Towards a Federal State? Competing Proposals for Constitutional Revision. In: Bellucci, P. and Bull, M., eds. Italian Politics: The Return of Berlusconi. New York and Oxford: Berghahn, pp. 185-202.

Cento Bull, A., 2001. Le strutture agrarie, il lavoro contadino e i rapporti con il sistema industriale. In: Bigazzi, D. and Meriggi, M., eds. Storia d'Italia. Le Regioni dall'Unita a oggi. La Lombardia. Turin: Einaudi, pp. 613-647.

Cento Bull, A., 2001. Social and Political Cultures in Italy from 1860 to the present day. In: Baranski, Z. and West, R., eds. Cambridge Companion to Italian Culture. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 35-61. (Cambridge Companions to Culture)

Cento Bull, A., 1996. Ethnicity, racism and the Northern League. In: Levy, C., ed. Italian Regionalism. History, Identity and Politics. Oxford-Washington: Berg, pp. 171-187.

Cento Bull, A., Szarka, J. and Pitt, M., 1995. Commonalities and divergencies in small-firm competitive strategies. In: Cressey, P. and Jones, B., eds. Work and Employment in Europe. A new convergence? London: Routledge, pp. 121-142.

Cento Bull, A., Szarka, J. and Pitt, M., 1995. The entrepreneurial development of three textile and clothing communities: Como (Italy), Leicester (UK) and Lyon (France). In: Leboutte, R. and Lehners, J.-H., eds. Passé et Avenir des Bassins Industriels en Europe. Luxembourg: Centre Universitaire, pp. 161-183.

Cento Bull, A., 1994. Regionalism in Italy. In: Wagstaff, P., ed. Regionalism in Europe. Regional Aspirations in the Europe of the 1990s. Oxford: Intellect, pp. 68-83.

Cento Bull, A., 1985. Continuità e modificazioni nella geografia del voto politico in Lombardia fra primo e secondo dopoguerra. In: Agricoltura e contadini in Lombardia tra guerra e resistenza. Bologna: Il Mulino, pp. 363-380.

Cento Bull, A., 1981. L'industria nel periodo fascista. In: Bendotti, A., ed. Il movimento operaio e contadino bergamasco dall'Unità al secondo dopoguerra. Bergamo: La Porta, pp. 123-140.

Cento Bull, A., Della Valentina, G. and , L. R., 1980. L'archivio della Camera di Commercio di Bergamo. In: Quaderni di documentazione regionale.9 ed. , pp. 170-202.


Bull, A. C. and Hansen, H. L., 2015. On agonistic memory. Memory Studies, 9 (4).

Bull, A., 2015. Review of The Red Brigades and the Discourse of Violence. Revolution and Restoration. Journal of Modern Italian Studies, 20 (3), pp. 410-412.

Cento Bull, A., 2011. Breaking up the post-war consensus:The ideology of the Lega Nord in the early 1990s. The Italianist, 31 (1), pp. 112-122.

Cento Bull, A. and Haddock, B., 2011. Ideology in Contemporary Italy (special issue of The Italianist). The Italianist, 31 (1).

Cento Bull, A. and Haddock, B., 2011. Introduction. The Italianist, 31 (1), pp. 1-13.

Cento Bull, A., 2011. The Lega Nord and fiscal federalism: functional or postfunctional? Modern Italy, 16 (4), pp. 437-447.

Cento Bull, A., 2010. Brescia, 1974-2010:Un Paese normale? il Mulino, Online.

Cento Bull, A. and Gardini, G.-L., 2010. Forum: Italy:reformers without reforms? Modern Italy, 15 (4), pp. 485-499.

Cento Bull, A., 2010. Review of 'reinventing the Italian right:Territorial politics, populism and 'post-fascism''. South European Society and Politics, 15 (2), pp. 319-320.

Cento Bull, A., 2010. Riformatori senza Riforme., 1 (3), pp. 5-6.

Cento Bull, A., 2010. Addressing contradictory needs: the Lega Nord and Italian immigration policy. Patterns of Prejudice, 44 (5), pp. 411-431.

Cento Bull, A., 2009. Stragi e strategia della tensione:Due (e più) verità a confronto. il Mulino, 446 (6), pp. 1047-1055.

Cento Bull, A., 2009. Lega Nord: a case of simulative politics? South European Society and Politics, 14 (2), pp. 129-146.

Cento Bull, A., 2009. The stories of the Italian extreme right:Issues of history, memory and identity. Italian Politics and Society, 67 (Spring), pp. 7-13.

Cento Bull, A., 2008. The Italian transition and national (non)reconciliation. Journal of Modern Italian Studies, 13 (3), pp. 405-421.

Cento Bull, A. and Jones, B., 2006. Governance and social capital in urban regeneration:A comparison between Bristol and Naples. Urban Studies, 43 (4), pp. 767-786.

Jones, B. and Cento Bull, A., 2006. Governance through civil society? An Anglo-Italian comparison of democratic renewal and local regeneration. Journal of Civil Society, 2 (2), pp. 89-110.

Cento Bull, A., 2005. Democratic renewal, urban planning and civil society: The regeneration of Bagnoli, Naples. South European Society and Politics, 10 (3), pp. 391-410.

Cento Bull, A., 2005. Casting a long shadow: The legacy of stragismo for the Italian extreme right. The Italianist, 25 (2), pp. 260-279.

Cento Bull, A., 2003. Collective Identities: from the Politics of Inclusion to the Politics of Exclusion and Difference. Ethnopolitics, 2 (3-4), pp. 41-54.

Cento Bull, A., 1998. Italy and the legacy of the cold war. The Italianist, 18, pp. 364-380.

Cento Bull, A., 1997. Class, gender and voting in Italy. West European Politics, 20 (2), pp. 73-92.

Cento Bull, A. and Milner, S., 1997. Local identities and territorial politics in Italy and France. European Urban and Regional Studies, 4 (1), pp. 33-43.

Cento Bull, A., 1997. The South, the state and economic development: Remarks on Piero Bevilacqua's 'old and new in the Southern question'. Modern Italy, 2 (1), pp. 72-76.

Cento Bull, A., 1996. An end to collective identities? Political culture and voting behaviour in Sesto San Giovanni and Erba. Modern Italy, 1 (2), pp. 23-43.

Cento Bull, A., 1993. Industrializzazione diffusa e rappresentanza politica in Lombardia. Studi e ricerche di storia contemporanea, 39, pp. 7-20.

Cento Bull, A., 1993. The politics of industrial districts in Lombardy. Replacing Christian democracy with the Northern League. The Italianist, 13, pp. 209-229.

Cento Bull, A., 1992. The Northern League party: A new political subculture for Lombardy's localised industries. The Italianist, 12, pp. 179-183.

Cento Bull, A., Pitt, M. and Szarka, J., 1991. Small firms and industrial districts, structural explanations of small firm viability in three countries. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 3 (1), pp. 83-99.

Pitt, M., Szarka, J. and Cento Bull, A., 1991. Executive characteristics, strategic choices and small firm development: A three country study of small textiles and clothing firms. International Small Business Journal, 9 (3), pp. 11-30.

Cento Bull, A., Pitt, M. and Szarka, J., 1990. Small textiles and clothing firms in european markets: The prospects for 1992. European Research, 1 (5), pp. 1-6.

Szarka, J., Pitt, M. and Cento Bull, A., 1990. 1992 and small textiles—clothing firms: A cross-national comparison. European Management Journal, 8 (2), pp. 268-277.

Cento Bull, A., 1989. Proto-industrialization, small-scale capital accumulation and diffused entrepreneurship. The case of the Brianza in Lombardy (1860-1950). Social History, 14 (2), pp. 177-200.

Cento Bull, A., 1987. The Lombard silk spinners in the nineteenth century: An industrial workforce in a rural setting. The Italianist, 7, pp. 99-121.

Cento Bull, A., 1983. La ripresa delle agitazioni operaie a Bergamo e a Brescia sotto il fascismo: 1927-1933. Studi e ricerche di storia contemporanea, 19, pp. 8-27.

Cento Bull, A., 1981. Appunti per un'analisi della famiglia operaia e contadina bergamasca sotto il fascismo. Studi e ricerche di storia contemporanea, 16, pp. 5-31.


Cento Bull, A., 1997. Italy and the legacy of the cold war. Working Paper. Bath, U. K.: European Research Institute.

Feinstein, C. H., Cento Bull, A., Smart, I. and , C. S. F. B.-O. A., 1990. Historical Precedents for Economic Change in Central Europe and the USSR. Other. Credit Suisse First Boston-Oxford Analytica.

Conference or Workshop Items

Cento Bull, A., 2005. From the Centrality of the Working Class to its Demise. The Case of Bagnoli, Naples. London: Legenda, p. 227. (Legenda Italian Perspectives)

Cento Bull, A., 2002. Verso uno stato federale? Proposte alternative per la revisione costituzionale. Bologna: Il Mulino, pp. 205-224. (Politica in Italia)

Cento Bull, A., 2000. Challenging the nation-state: the Northern League between localism and globalism. Wales: University of Wales Press, pp. 259-276.

This list was generated on Fri May 27 07:57:53 2016 IST.

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