Department of Politics, Languages & International Studies

Professor Bill Durodie

Professor and Chair of International Relations focusing on risk, resilience, radicalisation and the politics of fear.

Professor and Chair of International Relations
BSc (ARCS), PGCE, MSc (Econ), PhD

1 West North 4.34
Tel: +44 (0) 1225 38 6398

Personal Website LinkedIn

Recent publications

Why to understand and manage risk, cultural context is the key
Safety Science 2017

Securitising education to prevent terrorism or losing direction?
British Journal of Educational Studies 2016


Professor Bill Durodié joined the Department in October 2014. He previously held posts in Canada and in Singapore, as well as at the Defence Academy of the United Kingdom and in the War Studies Group of King’s College London where he coordinated a large, inter-institutional and interdisciplinary ESRC funded project under the New Security Challenges programme.

In September 2014 Bill was officially invested as a Visiting Professor to the China Executive Leadership Academy Pudong (CELAP) in Shanghai – one of China’s four, top-level ‘Party Schools’. He has also been an Associate Fellow of the International Security Programme at Chatham House (Europe’s leading think-tank) in London for over a decade.

Bill was educated at Imperial College, the London School of Economics and New College Oxford, receiving his PhD through the Centre for Decision Analysis and Risk Management of Middlesex University.

His main research interest is to examine the causes and consequences of contemporary perceptions of risk, as well as how these are framed and communicated across a range of issues relating to security, science and society.

His publications are world-leading and cited by senior figures in key international institutions (UN, WHO, OSCE, EU, MOD, etc…). They appear in top-rated journals and on the reading lists of some of the world’s highest ranked Universities (Harvard, Sciences-Po, UCL).

In 2013 he contributed to a US Joint Chiefs of Staff and Department of Defense White Paper assessing counter-terrorism policies in the light of recent incidents in the US and the UK.

His 2012 paper on the 2011 riots across England has been used to inform the Chinese government’s Crisis Management Lab training courses at CELAP in Shanghai.

His 2011 paper on the World Health Organization’s response to the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic is the second most cited on risk communication in the WHO’s 2013 Biannual Review of Public Health Research on Influenza.

In 2004, Bill featured in the BAFTA award-winning BBC Documentary series produced by Adam Curtis; The Power of Nightmares: The Rise of the Politics of Fear.

He is a Senior Research Affiliate of the Canadian Network for Research on Terrorism, Security and Society (TSAS), an Advisory Board member of TACTIC (a multi-partner project funded by the European Commission under its 7th Framework Programme), and an Advisory Board member of the new, joint University of Oxford and CELAP, Centre for Urban Studies.

Research interests

  • Risk
  • Resilience
  • Radicalisation
  • The politics of fear
  • Science, security and society

Current projects

  • The Politics of Warning: Dynamics of Fatigue and Complacency (Gerda Henkel Foundation, Germany)
  • Narratives of Resilience


Journal Articles

Remaking Bandung 60 Years On, Global Change, Peace & Security, (Impact Factor 0.193 SJR 2015), Vol.28, NO.3, pp.307-315, October 2016

Securitising Education to Prevent Terrorism or Losing Direction?, British Journal of Eduactional Studies, (Impact Factor 0.731 SJR 2015), Vol.64, No.1, pp.21-35, March 2016

Precautionary Tales: Missing the Problem and the Cause, European Journal of Risk Regulation, Vol.4, No.2, pp.297-299, June 2013

The Changing Nature of Riots in the Contemporary Metropolis from Ideology to Identity: Lessons from the Recent UK Riots, Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp.347-354, May 2012

H1N1 – The Social Costs of Cultural Confusion, Global Health Governance, Vol. 4, No.2, pp.1-19, June 2011

Reconciling Growing Energy Demand with Climate Change Management, Global Change, Peace & Security, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp.271-282, June 2011

H1N1 – The Social Costs of Élite Confusion, Journal of Risk Research, Vol.14, No.5, pp.511-518, June 2011

Human Security – A Retrospective, Global Change, Peace & Security, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp.385-390, October 2010

Worst Case Scenarios, International Affairs, Vol.84, No.3, pp.567-568, May 2008

Media, War and Postmodernity, Media, War and Conflict, Vol.1, No.1, pp.125-126, April 2008

Democratizing Technology: Risk, Responsibility and the Regulation of Chemicals, Electronic Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol.1, No.2, pp.5-6, Spring 2008

Fear and Terror in a Post-Political Age, Government and Opposition, Vol.42, No.3, pp.427-450, July 2007

Suicide Bombers v Sexual Abusers: A Battle of Depravity or Western Fixations? Security Journal, Vol.20, No.3, pp.146-157, July 2007

Containment: Rebuilding a Strategy against Global Terror, International Affairs, Vol.83, No.4, pp.827-828, July 2007

Risk and the Social Construction of ‘Gulf War Syndrome’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, Vol.361, No.1468, pp.689-695, April 2006

Public Panic and Morale: World War Two Civilian Responses Re-Examined in the Light of the Current Anti-Terrorist Campaign, (with Jones, E., Woolven, R. and Wessely S.), Journal of Risk Research, Vol.9, No.1, pp.57-73, January 2006

Contending Cultures of Counterterrorism – A Reply, International Affairs, Vol.82, No.1, pp.195-196, January 2006

Imperial Hubris: Why the West is Losing the War on Terror, Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol.28, No.5, pp.897-900, October 2005

Inclusion versus Experimentation: A reply to Roland Jackson et al., Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, Vol.8, No.3, pp.359-362, September 2005

The Limitations of Risk Management in Dealing with Disaster: Building Social Resilience, Politik, Vol.8, No.1, pp.14-21, March 2005

Civilian Morale during World War Two: Responses to Air-Raids Re-Examined, (with Jones, E., Woolven, R. and Wessely S.), Social History of Medicine, Vol.17, No.3, pp.463-479, December 2004

Cellular Phones, Public Fears, and a Culture of Precaution, Risk Analysis, Vol.24, No.4, pp.1066-1068, August 2004

Facing the Possibility of Bio-Terrorism, Current Opinion in Biotechnology, Vol.15, No.3, pp.264-268, June 2004

The Timid Corporation: Why Business is Terrified of Taking Risk, Risk Analysis, Vol.24, No.1, pp.301-304, February 2004

The Globalization of Terrorism, The Global Review of Ethnopolitics (now Ethnopolitics), Vol.3, No.2, pp.108-109, January 2004

Invited Comment, Journal of Risk Research, Vol.6, No. 4-6, pp.597-601, July 2003

Letter to the Editor Regarding Chemical White Paper Special Issue, Risk Analysis, Vol.23, No.3, pp.427-428, June 2003

The True Cost of Precautionary Chemicals Regulation, Risk Analysis, Vol.23, No.2, pp.389-398, April 2003

Limitations of Public Dialogue in Science and the Rise of New ‘Experts’, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, Vol.6, No.4, pp.82-92, Winter 2003

The Precautionary Principle in the 20th Century: Late Lessons from Early Warnings, Risk Analysis, Vol.22, No.6, pp.1208-1209, December 2002

Resilience or Panic? The Public’s Response to a Terrorist Attack, (with Wessely, S.), The Lancet, Vol.360, No.9349, pp.1901-1902, 6 December 2002

Book Sections

The Impact of the Risk Perception Society and Sovereignty, Security and Development in the Global South, pp.69-76 in International Security: A European - South American Dialogue, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Rio De Janeiro, 2015

Demographic Ageing in China: Economic Problem or Social Opportunity? (with Mullan, P.), pp.255-266 in East and South-East Asia: International Relations and Security Perspectives, Tan, A. (ed.), Routledge, NY, April 2013

Cultural Precursors and Sociological Consequences of Contemporary Western Responses to Acts of Terror, pp.75-104 in Aspects of Terrorism and Martyrdom: Dying for Good, dying for God, Rogers M., Lewis, C., Loewenthal, K., Amlot, R., Cinnirella, M. and Ansari, H. (eds.), The Edwin Mellen Press, UK, 2013

Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Crafting a Response, pp.75-77 in Strategic Currents: Issues in Human Security in Asia, Kassim, Y. (ed.), RSIS, Singapore, 2011

Pulp Friction: Southern Environment or Western Agenda? pp.84-86 in Strategic Currents: Issues in Human Security in Asia, Kassim, Y. (ed.), RSIS, Singapore, 2011

Ethical Dialogue about Science in the Context of a Culture of Precaution, pp.105-122 in The Ethics of Protocells: Moral and Social Implications of Creating Life in the Laboratory Bedau, M. and Parke, E. (eds.), The MIT Press, MA, May 2009

Les Attentats de Londres de Juillet 2005: Un Nihilisme ‘Made in the UK’, pp.293-301 in Au Nom du 11 Septembre … Les Démocraties à L’Épreuve de L’Antiterrorisme, Bigo, D. Bonelli, L. and Deltombe, T. (eds.), Editions La Découverte, Paris, 2008

Fear in an Age without Meaning, pp.123-136 in Fear: Essays on the Meaning and Experience of Fear, Hebblethwaite, K. and McCarthy, E. (eds.) Four Courts Press, Dublin, 2007

What Can the Science and Technology Community Contribute? pp.123-137 in Social and Psychological Effects of Radiological Terrorism, Khripunov, I. Bolshov, L. and Nikonov, D. (eds.) IOS Press, Amsterdam, 2007

Home-Grown Nihilism: The Clash Within Civilizations, pp.117-128 in Britain and Security, Cornish, P. (ed.) The Smith Institute, London, 2007

Understanding the Broader Context, pp.193-211 in Technology and Security: Governing Threats in the New Millennium, Rappert, B. (ed.), Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2007

Cultural Precursors and Psychological Consequences of Contemporary Western Responses to Acts of Terror, pp.31-47 in Science and Society in the Face of the New Security Threats, Sharpe, M. and Agboluaje A. (eds.), IOS Press, Amsterdam, 2006

What Can the Science and Technology Community Contribute? pp.38-50 in Science and Technology Policies for the Anti-Terrorism Era, James, A. (ed.), IOS Press, Amsterdam, 2006

Cultural Precursors and Psychological Consequences of Contemporary Western Responses to Acts of Terror, pp.307-326 in Vol.3 of The Psychology of Resolving Global Conflicts, Fitzduff, M. and Stout C. (eds.), Praeger Press, Westport, Virginia, 2006

Limitations of Public Dialogue in Science and the Rise of New ‘Experts’, pp.82-92 in The Changing Role of the Public Intellectual, Cummings, D. (ed.), Routledge, Oxford, 2005

Cultural Precursors and Psychological Consequences of Contemporary Western Responses to Acts of Terror, pp.37-53 in Psychological Responses to the New Terrorism: A NATO-Russia Dialogue, Wessely, S. and Krasnov V. (eds.), IOS Press, Amsterdam, 2005

The Precautionary Principle: Is it Killing Innovation? pp.68-77 in An Apology for Capitalism? Kumaria, S. (ed.), Profile Books, London, 2004

Why has Europe become so Risk-Averse? pp.39-46 in Breaking Down the Barriers, Disney, H. (ed.), Civitas, London, 2003

Trust comes from Expertise, pp.17-38 in Science: Can We Trust the Experts?, Gilland, T. (ed.),
Hodder & Stoughton, Abingdon, UK, 2002

Plastic Panics: European Risk Regulation in the Aftermath of BSE, pp.140-166 in Rethinking Risk and the Precautionary Principle, Morris, J. (ed.), Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 2000

Newspaper Commentaries

We say that Islamist jihadis believe in nothing - but increasingly do we, The International Business Times (UK), 21 October 2016

Brexit is on - Britain votes to leave the EU, The Conversation (UK), 24 June 2016

£4,300 to leave the EU? Bring me my cheque book, The Conversation (UK), 23 May 2016

Panic spreads to the shires as rural police respond to the terror threat, The Times Red Box (UK), 17 May 2016

Tolerance is active and starts with disapproval, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 12 June 2015

By banning those they reject our leaders reveal their own crisis, Helsinki Times (Finland), 6 June 2015

UK government bids to ban free speech in counter-terrorism plan, The Conversation (UK), 13 May 2015

Islamic State gore-fest appeals to voyeuristic streak in society, The Conversation (UK), 5 February 2015

We must defend Charlie Hebdo's right to offend, The New Zealand Herald (NZ), 8 January 2015

High Tech depends on us, Times Colonist (Canada), 6 March 2014

Six Actions that will Create a More Positive World, Times Colonist (Canada), 4 January 2014

Time for the Majority to be Politically Engaged, Times Colonist (Canada), 17 May 2013

Fear of Adults has Devastating Effect for Kids, Times Colonist (Canada), 15 August 2012

Corporate Social Responsibility: More Harm than Good, The Independent (UK), 31 October 2011

Why so-called corporate social responsibility is not the answer to our problems, City AM (UK), 24 October 2011

Sounding worse when things are really getting better, Today (Singapore), 29 March 2011

H1N1 fear a result of ‘cry wolf’ mindset? The Straits Times (Singapore), 25 March 2011

Welcome to the brave new world of risk-obsessed politics, Today (Singapore), 25 March 2011

Disaster hacks should stick to the facts, Today (Singapore), 18 March 2011

It’s the quality of life [that matters], Today (Singapore), 12 February 2011

The West still needs to think big, The Independent (UK), 30 September 2010

The benefits of an ageing population in Asia, The Jakarta Globe (Indonesia), 31 August 2010

What to expect when the unexpected hits, The Straits Times (Singapore), 21 July 2010

Friction and vested interests in pulp and palm oil production, The Jakarta Post (Indonesia), 27 May 2010

Airspace closure may have cost lives, Today (Singapore), 3 May 2010

What have we learnt from H1N1? Today (Singapore), 13 April 2010

Taking off, far easier than taking over, The Straits Times (Singapore), 5 December 2009

The forgotten role of government, The Straits Times (Singapore), 8 August 2009

Understanding radicalization, The New York Times (US), 15 July 2009

H1N1: a true test of Singaporean unity, Today (Singapore), 19 June 2009

Recession and unrest: cauldron may not boil over, The Straits Times (Singapore), 28 May 2009

China’s helpful role in the new world order, China Daily (PRC), 23 July 2008

Between Iraq and a hard place, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 31 January 2008

Attentats de Londres et de Glasgow: pourquoi? La Presse (Canada), 7 July 2007

A battle of ideas in which understanding lies among the casualties, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 19 January 2007

We are the enemies within, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 22 September 2006

Terror in the first person, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 5 August 2005

Don’t send in the tanks, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 30 July 2004

Political tunnel vision is today’s real terror, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 29 March 2004

Social bonds can withstand most bombs, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 19 December 2003
From the rules of engagement to passionless marriages, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 28 November 2003

The fear and self-loathing in Las Vegas, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 17 October 2003

A diabolical deal that still endangers democracy, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 28 March 2003

Men without a mission make poor soldiers, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 21 February 2003

Why I … think a dialogue with the public will undermine science, Times Higher Education Supplement (UK), 12 April 2002

Troubled waters: a tale of mad salmon, The Wall Street Journal (European Edition), 11 January 2001

Plastic panic, The Wall Street Journal (European Edition), 9 June 1999

Other Publications

War on Terror or a Search for Meaning? pp.21-30 in Looking Back, Looking Forward: Perspectives on Terrorism and Responses to it, US Joint Chiefs of Staff/Department of Defense Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment White Paper, Arlington VA, September 2013

Infrastructure and Technology Failures: The Human Dimension, Global-Is-Asian, Issue 14, pp.10-11, June 2012

(Un)natural Disasters: Health Responses after Natural Hazards in Southeast Asia (with Hongyan, L. and Ong, S.), NTS Perspectives, No.6, pp.1-23, April 2011

H1N1 – The Social Costs of Élite Confusion, Submission to International Health Regulations Review Committee inquiry into H1N1, 25 March 2011

Development and Health in Southeast Asia from the Cold War to the Present (with Ong S.), NTS Alert, Issue 2, pp.1-7, February 2011

Exploring the relationship between Health and Economic Development: The Case of China (with Hongyan, L.), NTS Alert, Issue 1, pp.1-7, February 2011

Demographic ‘Time Bomb’ or Demographic ‘Dividend’: Myths Surrounding Ageing Populations in Asia, (with Bhalla, P.), NTS Alert, Issue 1, pp.1-14, August 2010

Beyond Petroleum: Limits of Risk Management, RSIS Commentary 79/2010, 15 July 2010

Pulp Friction: Southern Environment or Western Agendas? RSIS Commentary 54/2010, 27 May 2010

Apocalypse Now, The European Security and Defence Union Journal, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp.24-26, May 2010
Lessons from the Past: Responding to Infectious Disease Outbreaks, RSIS Commentary 36/2010, 29 March 2010

Keeping a Cool Head: The Threat of Bioterrorism should be kept in Perspective, The Chemical Engineer (TCE), pp.22-23, December 2009 / January 2010

The US and China: Dangers of Premature Extrapolation, RSIS Commentary 117/2009, 26 November 2009

Risk Perception and Risk Communication, Conference Paper, NTS-Asia Annual Convention, 4 November 2009

Energy Security and Radiological / Nuclear Terrorism, Report for NSCS, Singapore, 23 September 2009

The Forgotten Role of Government, RSIS Commentary 77/2009, 3 August 2009

Recession: Impact on Security and Cohesion, RSIS Commentary 48/2009, 25 May 2009

Eight months on - none really the wiser over Mumbai, Conference Paper, INCOSE 2009 International Symposium, Singapore, 20 July 2009

The Dynamics of Fatigue and Complacency, Report for NSCS, Singapore, 30 June 2009

Religion, Radicalism and Terror, Conference Paper, 23rd Asia-Pacific Roundtable, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2 June 2009

Implications of Economic Recession on National Security, Report for NSCS, Singapore, 12 May 2009

Risk Assessment Methodologies – A Review, Report for NSCS, Singapore, 7 April 2009

Mumbai Terror Attack – Staff Debriefing, Report for Prudential plc, 2 February 2009

Why Mumbai? RSIS Commentary 128/2008, 4 December 2008

Is Internet Radicalization Possible? (with Ng, S.), RSIS Commentary 122/2008, 21 November 2008

Strategic Information Management, Report for NSCS, Singapore, 30 October 2008

Securing Electricity: Blackout, The World Today, Vol.64, No.8/9, pp.37-39, August / September 2008

Home-Grown Nihilism: The Clash Within Civilisations, Defence Academy Journal, pp.1-13, February 2008

Clash of Civilisations or Cultural Conflict, World Defence Systems, Issue 16, pp.46-47, Autumn 2007

White Paper on Security of European Electricity Distribution, (with Silvast, A. and Kaplinsky, J.), EU Leonardo Programme, UNDERSTAND Project, 1 August 2007

Home-Grown Nihilism: The Clash Within Civilisations, Journal of Homeland Security, 3 May 2007

Why did the European Union ban Phthalates? An Exercise in ‘What If’ versus ‘What Is’, Paper for American Chemistry Council, April 2007

Global Terrorism: what should we really fear? Britain Today, ESRC, p.20, March 2007

Paralysing Development Through Public Engagement and Risk Communication: The Case of Hydro-Electric Dams, Conference Paper, Royal Society, April 2006

Terrorism: a threat to humanity? Mission Catalyst, January 2006

Foreword, Risk in Perspective: In Defence of Common Sense, CTPA, October 2005

Terrorism and Community Resilience – A UK Perspective, Chatham House Briefing Paper, ISP/NSC Briefing Paper 05/01, pp.4-5, July 2005

The Domestic Management of Terrorist Attacks, Final Project Report, Economic and Social Research Council, May 2005

REACH is not about Safety, Science & Public Affairs, p.25, March 2005

The Concept of Risk, Nuffield Trust Paper, Health, Security and Foreign Policy Programme, pp.1-26, February 2005

Toxic Policies, The Parliament Magazine, No.193, pp.39-40, 29 November 2004

Response to the Home Affairs Committee Inquiry into Terrorism and Community Relations, Policy Watch Paper No.6, Institute of Ideas, November 2004

Animal-Rights Terrorism and the Demise of Political Debate, World Defence Systems, Issue 12, pp.202-203, Autumn 2004

Cultural Influences on Resilience and Security, Homeland Security & Resilience Monitor, Vol.3, No.7, pp.4-6, September 2004

Social resilience, Home Affairs Committee Inquiry into Terrorism and Community Relations, September 2004

Panic in the Streets, New Humanist, Vol.119, Issue 3, pp.18-19, May/June 2004

Sociological Aspects of Risk and Resilience in Response to Acts of Terrorism, World Defence Systems, Issue 11, pp.214-216, Spring 2004

The Social Basis for Fears about Science, Conference Paper, Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Brussels, 19 April 2004

Communicating the War on Terror, (with O’Neil, B.), Conference Report, King’s College London, January 2004

Is Real Resilience Attainable? Homeland Security & Resilience Monitor, Vol.2, No.6, pp.15-19, September 2003

Review of Terrorism-Related Work, Report for Oxford Analytica, May 2003

What is Risk Analysis? Paper for European Food Information Council, Brussels, January 2003

Perception and Threat: Why Vulnerability-Led Responses will Fail, Homeland Security & Resilience Monitor, Vol.1, No.4, pp.16-18, November 2002

The precautionary principle is causing a scare, Risk of Freedom Briefing, July 2002

The Demoralization of Science, Conference Paper, Demoralization: Morality, Authority and Power, Cardiff University, 5 April 2002

Hazard and Risk in Perspective, Paper for European Council for Plasticisers and Intermediates, Brussels, February 2001

Poisonous Propaganda: Global Echoes of an Anti-Vinyl Agenda, Research Paper, Competitive Enterprise Institute, Washington, July 2000

The European Food Agency: Likely Evolution and Impact, (with Morris, J.), Report for Tesco plc, March 2000

Calculating the Cost of Caution, Chemistry & Industry, Vol.1, No.5, p.170, 6 March 2000

Poisonous Dummies: European Risk Regulation after BSE, Research Paper, European Science and Environment Forum, Cambridge, UK, June 1999

Online Media

Over one hundred articles for a wide range of web-sites