Research & Innovation Services

Step 2: How might they benefit?

(Information for your Impact Summary or Expected Impacts)

In this step you need to consider what impact/benefit your project will have on your beneficiaries.

Definition of Impact: Research impact is the positive change, outside of academia, to which your research has contributed, either directly or indirectly. For example, the impact of your research might be improving the survival rate of premature infants, reducing carbon emissions in cars, contributing to policy change that protects a natural resource or enhancing pupil outcomes through changes to teaching practice. Ideally the impact is demonstrable and sustainable.

When thinking about the potential impact of your research, the questions to consider are:

  • What problem could your research help to solve?
  • What type of change could it help to bring about?
  • How could your research be applied by beneficiaries?
  • What difference do you want your research to make?

Being able to answer some of these questions will help you to describe the potential impact of your research.

The type of impact will vary depending on your project but can include:

  • cultural for example changing opinions
  • economic for example job creation
  • environmental for example less carbon dioxide emissions
  • health and well-being related for example less chance of scarring
  • improving social welfare and public services for example greater efficiency
  • influencing public policy and legislation for example change in law
  • operational and organisational change for example improved manufacturing process
  • technological for example wider reach of research.


If you have any questions about the toolkit please contact Alice Hovanessian.