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Programme & Unit Catalogues

## PH10052: Properties of matter [WL]

Owning Department/School: Department of Physics
Credits: 6
Level: Certificate (FHEQ level 4)
Period: Semester 1
Assessment: EX 85%, PR 15%
Supplementary Assessment: PH10052 - Mandatory Extra Work (where allowed by programme regulations)
Requisites: Students must have A-level Physics or Chemistry and A-level Mathematics to undertake this unit.
Description: Aims:
The aims of this unit are to gain insight into how the interplay between kinetic and potential energy at the atomic level governs the formation of different phases and to demonstrate how the macroscopic properties of materials can be derived from considerations of the microscopic properties at the atomic level.

Learning Outcomes:
After taking this unit the student should be able to:
* use simple model potentials to describe molecules and solids;
* solve simple problems for ideal gases using kinetic theory;
* describe the energy changes in adiabatic and isothermal processes;
* derive thermodynamic relationships and analyse cycles;
* derive and use simple transport expressions in problems concerning viscosity, heat and electrical conduction;
* demonstrate the correct use of common laboratory equipment, maintain a scientific logbook, perform basic error analysis and produce an outline scientific report.

Skills:
Written Communication T/F A, Numeracy T/F A, Data Acquisition, Handling, and Analysis T/F A, Information Technology T/F A, Problem Solving T/F A, Working as part of a group T/F, Practical laboratory skills T/F A.

Content:
Balance between kinetic and potential energy (2 hours).
Gases (3 hours): The ideal gas; kinetic theory; Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, equipartition. The real gas; van der Waals model.
The ideal solid (3 hours): Model potentials and equilibrium separations of molecules and Madelung crystals. Simple crystal structures; X-ray scattering and Bragg's law.
First and second laws of thermodynamics (5 hours): P-V-T surfaces; phase changes and critical points; thermodynamic temperature and heat capacity of gases.
Mechanical and transport properties (9 hours): Derivation of mechanical (viscosity, elasticity, strength) and transport properties (heat and electrical conduction) of gases and solids from considerations of atomic behaviour. Qualitative understanding of viscosity (Newtonian and non-Newtonian) in liquids based on cage models.
Laboratory: Performance of experiments designed to develop practical skills and support lecture material.
Programme availability:

#### PH10052 is Compulsory on the following programmes:

Department of Physics
• USXX-AFB03 : BSc (hons) Mathematics and Physics (Full-time) - Year 1
• USXX-AKB04 : BSc (hons) Mathematics and Physics with Placement (Full-time with Thick Sandwich Placement) - Year 1
• USXX-AAB04 : BSc (hons) Mathematics and Physics with Study Year Abroad (Full-time with Study Year Abroad) - Year 1
• USXX-AFM01 : MSci (hons) Mathematics and Physics (Full-time) - Year 1

#### PH10052 is Optional on the following programmes:

Programmes in Natural Sciences
• UXXX-AFB01 : BSc (hons) Natural Sciences (Full-time) - Year 1
• UXXX-AKB02 : BSc (hons) Natural Sciences with Industrial Placement (Full-time with Thick Sandwich Placement) - Year 1
• UXXX-AAB02 : BSc (hons) Natural Sciences with Study Year Abroad (Full-time with Study Year Abroad) - Year 1
• UXXX-AFM01 : MSci (hons) Natural Sciences (Full-time) - Year 1
• UXXX-AKM02 : MSci (hons) Natural Sciences with Professional Placement (Full-time with Thick Sandwich Placement) - Year 1
• UXXX-AAM02 : MSci (hons) Natural Sciences with Study Year Abroad (Full-time with Study Year Abroad) - Year 1

Notes:
* This unit catalogue is applicable for the 2012/13 academic year only. Students continuing their studies into 2013/14 and beyond should not assume that this unit will be available in future years in the format displayed here for 2012/13.
* Programmes and units are subject to change at any time, in accordance with normal University procedures.
* Availability of units will be subject to constraints such as staff availability, minimum and maximum group sizes, and timetabling factors as well as a student's ability to meet any pre-requisite rules.