PH40084: Advanced quantum theory
[Page last updated: 15 October 2020]
Academic Year:  2020/1 
Owning Department/School:  Department of Physics 
Credits:  6 [equivalent to 12 CATS credits] 
Notional Study Hours:  120 
Level:  Masters UG & PG (FHEQ level 7) 
Period: 
 Semester 2

Assessment Summary:  EX 100% 
Assessment Detail:  
Supplementary Assessment: 
 Likeforlike reassessment (where allowed by programme regulations)

Requisites: 
Before taking this module you must take PH30030 OR take PH30043

Description:  Aims: The aim of this unit is to increase the breadth and depth of students' knowledge and understanding of quantum physics, in both fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics and modern applications of quantum theory.
Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit the student should be able to:
* thoroughly understand the mathematical foundations and underlying principles of quantum mechanics;
* demonstrate an indepth understanding of how a quantum description involving many degrees of freedom is described mathematically;
* explain in detail the predictions of relativistic quantum theory: the necessity of spin, the concept of antiparticle, the polarization of the vacuum, spinors, and the fine structure of atoms;
* calculate the effects of magnetic and electric fields on spin ½ particles;
* understand that information is physical, and critically appraise how this alters from the classical to quantum domain;
* explain in detail the concept of quantum entanglement, the EPR paradox, experimental tests of Bell's inequalities;
* illustrate uses of entanglement in quantum information protocols, such as quantum cryptography, dense coding and teleportation.
Skills: Numeracy T/F A, Problem Solving T/F A.
Content: Principles of quantum mechanics (4 hours): Complex vector spaces; Dirac's braket notation; Linear operators; Projectors, positive, hermitian and unitary operators; Postulates of quantum mechanics and quantum measurements; Composite quantum systems and tensor products.
Relativistic quantum mechanics (8 hours): Inertia principle and invariance under Lorentz transformation; KleinGordon equation; Dirac equation, Dirac sea, Lamb shift; Lorentz transformation of spinors; Plane wave spinors; minimal coupling to electromagnetic fields; Nonrelativistic limit of the Dirac equation: origin of the spin and spinorbit coupling; Atomic fine structure.
Quantum information and computation (10 hours): Classical information theory; Quantum Cryptography; Quantum gates and circuits; Quantum nocloning theorem; Density operators and von Neumann entropy; Quantum entanglement, EPR paradox and Bell's inequalities; Quantum dense coding and teleportation. Quantum computing  DeutchJozsa algorithm. 
Programme availability: 
PH40084 is Compulsory on the following programmes:
Department of Physics
 USXXAFM01 : MSci(Hons) Mathematics and Physics (Year 4)
 USXXAAM01 : MSci(Hons) Mathematics and Physics with Study year abroad (Year 5)
 USXXAKM01 : MSci(Hons) Mathematics and Physics with Year long work placement (Year 5)
Programmes in Natural Sciences
 UXXXAFM01 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Biology with Physics stream) (Year 4)
 UXXXAAM02 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Biology with Physics stream) with Study year abroad (Year 5)
 UXXXAKM02 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Biology with Physics stream) with Professional Placement (Year 5)
PH40084 is Optional on the following programmes:
Department of Mathematical Sciences
 RSMAAFM16 : Integrated PhD Statistical Applied Mathematics
 TSMAAFM17 : MRes Statistical Applied Mathematics
 TSMAAFM16 : MSc Statistical Applied Mathematics
 USMAAFM14 : MMath(Hons) Mathematics (Year 4)
 USMAAAM15 : MMath(Hons) Mathematics with Study year abroad (Year 4)
 USMAAKM15 : MMath(Hons) Mathematics with Year long work placement (Year 5)
Department of Physics
 USPHAFM02 : MPhys(Hons) Physics (Year 4)
 USPHAFM04 : MPhys(Hons) Physics with Research placement (Year 4)
 USPHAAM03 : MPhys(Hons) Physics with Study year abroad (Year 4)
 USPHAAM12 : MPhys(Hons) Physics with Study year abroad (Year 5)
 USPHAKM03 : MPhys(Hons) Physics with Professional Placement (Year 5)
 USPHAKM04 : MPhys(Hons) Physics with Professional and Research Placements (Year 5)
 USPHAFM10 : MPhys(Hons) Physics with Astrophysics (Year 4)
 USPHAFM11 : MPhys(Hons) Physics with Astrophysics with Research placement (Year 4)
 USPHAAM10 : MPhys(Hons) Physics with Astrophysics with Study year abroad (Year 4)
 USPHAKM10 : MPhys(Hons) Physics with Astrophysics with Professional Placement (Year 5)
 USPHAKM11 : MPhys(Hons) Physics with Astrophysics with Professional and Research Placements (Year 5)
Programmes in Natural Sciences
 UXXXAFM01 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Chemistry with Physics stream) (Year 4)
 UXXXAAM02 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Chemistry with Physics stream) with Study year abroad (Year 5)
 UXXXAKM02 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Chemistry with Physics stream) with Professional Placement (Year 5)
 UXXXAFM01 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Physics with Biology stream) (Year 4)
 UXXXAAM02 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Physics with Biology stream) with Study year abroad (Year 5)
 UXXXAKM02 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Physics with Biology stream) with Professional Placement (Year 5)
 UXXXAFM01 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Physics with Chemistry stream) (Year 4)
 UXXXAAM02 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Physics with Chemistry stream) with Study year abroad (Year 5)
 UXXXAKM02 : MSci(Hons) Natural Sciences (Physics with Chemistry stream) with Professional Placement (Year 5)

Notes:  This unit catalogue is applicable for the 2020/21 academic year only. Students continuing their studies into 2021/22 and beyond should not assume that this unit will be available in future years in the format displayed here for 2020/21.
 Programmes and units are subject to change in accordance with normal University procedures.
 Availability of units will be subject to constraints such as staff availability, minimum and maximum group sizes, and timetabling factors as well as a student's ability to meet any prerequisite rules.
 Find out more about these and other important University terms and conditions here.
