Welfare Preferences and Policy Trajectories in the Context of Labour Market Change
This IPR workshop brings together a number of academic experts in the political economy of the welfare state and comparative social policy.
This workshop brings together a number of academic experts in the political economy of the welfare state and comparative social policy. It is part of an ongoing project at the IPR, ‘Assessing the case for basic income in light of automation and labour market change: A comparative European perspective’.
The two main overarching questions that we’re seeking to explore in the workshop are:
1. How can we most usefully characterise ongoing and upcoming labour market challenges in post-industrial welfare states?
What factors are causing labour market dysfunction and are they inevitable?
How do phenomena like the growth of non-standard employment relations, income polarisation, and dualisation between insiders and outsiders vary across countries, and how are impacts mitigated through institutional factors at the country level?
2. How do different forms of labour market dysfunction influence the politics and political economy of alternative welfare state reform proposals?
To what extent and how are the interests of those with ‘inadequate job assets’ reflected in their political and welfare policy preferences, and how powerful and coherent are these outsiders as a political constituency?
How well can existing welfare and labour market policies cope with upcoming labour market challenges, and what does the future hold in terms of likely welfare state trajectories?
The workshop will involve a series of paper presentations across three sessions:
9.00 - 11.00am: Session One: The Political Implications of Labour Market Inequality
Margarita Gelepithis, University of Warwick: “Welfare State Structure, Inequality, and Public Attitudes Towards Progressive Taxation”
Jane Gingrich, University of Oxford: “Electoral Shifts and Compensation”
Tim Vlandas, University of Oxford: “Labour Market Polarisation and Welfare State Preferences”
Hugh Lauder, University of Bath: "Fractures in the Education-Economy Relationship: The End of the Skill Bias Technological Change Research Programme?"
11.00 - 11.30am: Break
11.30am - 1.00pm: Session Two: The Digital Revolution
Marius Busemeyer, University of Konstanz: “Digitalisation, Automation and the Future of the Social Investment Welfare State”
Joe Chrisp, IPR: “The Robots are Coming: Can the Threat of Automation Drive Support for Basic Income?”
Nikolas Schoell, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona: “From Job Polarisation to Political Discontent? Political Consequences of Digitisation”
1.00 - 2.00pm: Lunch
2.00 - 4.00pm: Session Three: Policy Trajectories: Social Investment, Activation, and Skills
Joan Abbas, IPR: “The Evolution of In Work Benefits and Related Measures in Comparative Perspective”
Niccolo Durazzi, University of Edinburgh: “Economic Demand for Social Investment”
David Hope, Kings College London: “The Transition to the Knowledge Economy, Labour Market Institutions, and Income Inequality”
Luke Martinelli, IPR: “Basic Income at the Heart of the Social Investment State?”