Broadly speaking, your options are the same as those for researchers in other disciplines; see the career options page for more details. The aim of this page is to look at some career options that may be particularly suitable for researchers in Architecture and Civil Engineering. One important question to ask yourself is the extent to which you want to use your subject in any future career moves. It's entirely your choice - you will have acquired and developed many skills during your time as an Architecture and Civil Engineering researcher which are complementary to the scientific and technical skills you might think define your career choice.
If you'd like to continue using your Architecture or Civil Engineering and would like some ideas as to how, see details of what previous Bath Architecture and Civil Engineering doctoral graduates have gone on to do.
You might want to continue in your discipline as a whole, but leave lab/studio-based Architecture or Civil Engineering behind. There are many occupations in which your PhD would be valuable, including building surveyor, conservation officer, town planner, technical sales engineer, environmental engineer, energy conservation, patent attorney, scientific journal editing or technical writing. Teaching (of design & technology, or maths or physics following an extension course) can also be an attractive option.
For more information about what these jobs involve, check out the 'Information Sources' section below.
Options outside of your subject
If, having got to this stage, you're not sure that you want to use your Architecture or Civil Engineering degree anymore, don't despair! You have many skills and experiences that are highly valuable to employers and you can choose from the huge range of graduate jobs on offer, from structured training with large financial services firms to analysing policy for governmental departments. The key is to think of the skills you have and enjoy using, and explore occupations that use them to suggest possible alternatives.
For information on different types of jobs, explore the occupational profiles on the Prospects.ac.uk.
One sector that particularly welcomes engineers is the financial sector. Investment banks, actuarial firms, accountants and professional services organisations value your numerical and problem-solving skills highly. Some may have slightly different recruitment pathways for PhD graduates so it is worthwhile checking on company websites. The role of quantitative analyst, which usually requires a PhD in a quantitative subject, involves using research, programming and analytical skills to design financial models used to trade in financial instruments. Quantitative analysts are employed in financial institutions including banks, hedge funds and investment banks. For more information on this role, view the Finance Train website and the Banking Blog on The Guardian website.
- To find out more about academic career pathways in Architecture and Civil Engineering, see the career options page and talk to academics in your department.
- Prospects.ac.uk - see in particular the Options with Architecture and Options with Civil Engineering pages.
- The occupational research section of the Careers Service website has further links and resources relating to engineering.
- Institute of Scientific and Technical Communicators - provides vacancy site for members, and produces a careers guide on getting into the industry.
- Association for Consultancy and Engineering.
- Institution of Civil Engineers- includes a careers section with vacancies, advice and a list of potential employers.
- Royal Institute of British Architects - includes a careers section.
- Royal Academy of Engineering - Britain's national academy for engineering. This learned body awards fellowships and aims to promote excellence in engineering.
- Royal Town Planning Institute- includes a careers section.
- Society of Environmental Engineers - includes a careers section and has LinkedIn groups to facilitate networking among members.
- Other engineering professional bodies - list provided by the University of Kent Careers Service.
- Management Consultancies Association - Organisation representing consultancy industry. Includes careers resources and vacancy listings.
Where to find jobs in Architecture and Civil Engineering
See the key resources page for academic, research and research-related jobs.
- Careers Service MyFuture database - look at the vacancies relevant to your subject area and also in the sections 'For PhD Students' and 'For Postdocs'. Use the 'organisations' function to identify potential employers that you may want to work for or could approach speculatively.
- Careers in Construction offers jobs in architecture and surveying as well as construction engineering.
- Energy conservation jobs tend to appear in NewScientist or ENDS Environmental Job Search.
- Jobs in architecture can be found in RIBA appointments.
- New Civil Engineer contains a wide variety of civil engineering jobs in various sectors, including environmental and geotechnical.
- Planning jobs can be found via planningresource as well as in local government.
- The Engineer has a large range of vacancies.
- Gradcracker has large number of graduate vacancies in science and engineering.
- Civil Service Jobs advertise public sector engineering vacancies. You may also be interested in the Science and Engineering Stream of the Civil Service Fast Stream.
- The University of Kent Careers Service has a list of recruitment agencies specialising in the engineering industry. You should also check out AgencyCentral.