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University of Bath

High energy and power density solutions to large energy deficits

The consortium brings together researchers from the UK and India to address rising energy demands and the future of energy infrastructure in the UK and India.

This project is a research consortium of seven universities in the UK and India, with support from two industrial partners.

Funded by the EPSRC (EP/K036211/1) and Indian Research Council (DST), our project aims to find sustainable, low-carbon ways to make power networks more resilient. We are doing this by exploring the use of local Direct Current (DC) grids over Alternate Current (AC) electricity grids. We are testing the possible benefits of having local DC grids supplied by local renewables and supported by local storage facilities in a bid to reduce energy bills and improve energy management systems.

Our international collaboration will make sure that the outcomes of our research benefit both developed and developing nations in their transition to a low-carbon economy.

Core aims

  • To model and characterise local DC grids in terms of their ability to provide demand reduction, demand shifting, and demand security
  • To develop an ultra-fast simulator
  • To investigate key drivers for large energy deficit in the current and future low-carbon systems
  • To modulate local DC resources to insulate the system against security risks
  • To investigate innovations in local DC grids’ technologies, tariff structures, and social interventions

Find out more about ongoing developments at our HEAPD project website.

UK project team

Principal Investigators

  • Professor Furong Li, University of Bath
  • Dr Jianzhong Wu, Cardiff University
  • Dr Chris Dent, University of Edinburgh


  • Dr Ian Walker, University of Bath
  • Dr Miles Redfern, University of Bath
  • Dr Ignacio Hernando Gil, University of Bath
  • Aimie Hope, University of Bath
  • Dr Seyed Mahdi Fazeli, University of Bath
  • Minghao Xu, University of Bath
  • Yuankai Bian , University of Bath
  • Dr Janaka Ekanayake, Cardiff University
  • Professor Nick Jenkins, Cardiff University
  • Avinash Aithal, Cardiff University
  • Dr Adam Collin, University of Edinburgh
  • Dr Amy Wilson, University of Edinburgh
  • Dr Behzad Kazemtabrizi, Durham University
  • Dr Mahmoud Shahbazi, Durham University
  • Professor Janusz Witold Bialek, Durham University

India project team

Principal Investigators

  • Professor Narayana Prasad Padhy, IIT Roorkee
  • Professor Sukumar Mishra, IIT Delhi
  • Professor Ashok Kumar Pradhan, IIT Kharagpur
  • Dr Rohit Bhakar, MNIT Jaipur


  • Professor Pramod Agarwal, IIT Roorkee


  • Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
  • Indian Research Council (DST)


View our publications.