Cross Department/Faculty Unit Catalogue 2004/05 
XX10044: Human physiology 
Credits: 6 
Level: Certificate 
Semester: 1 
Assessment: EX100 
Requisites: 
Aims & Learning Objectives: The aim of this unit is to provide an overview of human physiology, with particular emphasis on how the major systems of the body are integrated and controlled. After taking this unit, the student should be able to (a) demonstrate an understanding of the structure and function of the major physiological systems of the human body, and (b) demonstrate knowledge of how the function of major organs and systems is integrated and regulated. Content: Cell membranes as controllable permeability barriers within and between cells and the external medium; neuronal conduction, synapses and the neuromuscular junction, cholinergic neurones; Muscle types, activation and contraction; the autonomic nervous system; the central nervous system; the endocrine system; physiology of the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal and renal systems to understand how the major systems of the body are integrated and controlled. 
XX10045: Human physiology (Physiology, pathology & pharmacology 1) 
Credits: 6 
Level: Certificate 
Semester: 1 
Assessment: EX100 
Requisites: 
In taking this unit you cannot take XX10044 

XX10052: Mathematics & computing 2 
Credits: 6 
Level: Certificate 
Semester: 2 
Assessment: EX75CW25 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take ME10196 
Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the students previous knowledge of mathematics and provide the basic core of mathematical tools required throughout the engineering course. To introduce the student to statistical techniques used for data analysis. To give the student a sound basic knowledge of computer programming in C++ upon which they can subsequently build. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Employ elementary numerical methods for the solution of algebraic equations and integration. Set up and solve differential equations of typical engineering problems by analytical and numerical methods . Apply rules of partial differentiation to small increment and change of variable problems for functions of several variables. Solve simultaneous linear equations. Find eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. Interpret experimental data, carry out elementary statistical analysis and calculate best leastsquares fit to data. Write well structured simple programs in C++. The lecture programme will be common with XX10118. Content: First and second order differential equations with step and sinusoidal input, including simultaneous differential equations. Linear algebra; vectors, matrices and determinants, Gaussian elimination, eigenvalues and eigenvectors. NewtonRaphson method, numerical integration, elementary nonlinear equations. Statistical analysis: normal distribution, probability, linear interpolation, curve fitting using least squares. C++: main variable types, input, output. Procedures, control stuctures. 
XX10118: Mathematics & computing 2 
Credits: 5 
Level: Certificate 
Semester: 2 
Assessment: EX75CW25 
Requisites: 
Aims & Learning Objectives: To extend the students previous knowledge of mathematics and provide the basic core of mathematical tools required throughout the engineering course. To introduce the student to statistical techniques used for data analysis. To give the student a sound basic knowledge of computer programming in C++ upon which they can subsequently build. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Employ elementary numerical methods for the solution of algebraic equations and integration. Set up and solve differential equations of typical engineering problems by analytical and numerical methods. Apply rules of partial differentiation to small increment and change of variable problems for functions of several variables. Solve simultaneous linear equations. Find eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. Interpret experimental data, carry out elementary statistical analysis and calculate best leastsquares fit to data. Write well structured simple programs in C++. Content: First and second order differential equations with step and sinusoidal input, including simultaneous differential equations. Linear algebra; vectors, matrices and determinants, Gaussian elimination, eigenvalues and eigenvectors. NewtonRaphson method, numerical integration, elementary nonlinear equations. Statistical analysis: normal distribution, probability, linear interpolation, curve fitting using least squares. C++: main variable types, input, output. Procedures, control stuctures. 
XX10160: Introduction to space science & astronomy 
Credits: 6 
Level: Certificate 
Semester: 2 
Assessment: CW20EX80 
Requisites: 
Aims: This unit introduces the
space environment in the context of the solar system and the wider universe.
The first eight lectures introducing the Earth's atmosphere and the space
environment are taught by the Dept. of Electronic & Electrical Engineering,
after which the remainder of the course (16 lectures) is taught by the Dept.
of Physics and shares the syllabus of PHYS0004: Relativity & Astrophysics.
The fist section (approx. 1/3 of the unit) provides a largely descriptive
introduction to the geospace environment of the Earth's atmosphere, ionosphere
and magnetosphere, and interplanetary space. The second section provides
a broad introduction to astronomy and astrophysics. Learning Outcomes: After taking this unit students should be able to: * Describe the distinctive features of the Earth's lower, middle and upper atmosphere, and how the Earth's atmosphere and nearspace environment compare with those of other planets; * Describe how motions in a planetary interior are thought to generate magnetic fields and how these interact with the magnetic field of the Sun to produce planetary magnetospheres and interplanetary space; * Give a qualitative account of how the Sun and planets formed; * Describe how stars of differing mass evolve; * Give a simple description of the expanding universe and its largescale structure; * Solve simple problems concerning orbital motion, blackbody radiation, cosmological redshift, stellar luminosity and magnitude. Skills: Students will learn to apply basic physical principle to solve simple problems and to be able to identify and summarise the key points describing geophysical/astronomical environments. Content: Section 1  Space Science (8 lectures  Dept. of Electronic & Electrical Engineering). The Earth as a planet. Origin, evolution and interior. Generation of the magnetic field. The Earth's atmosphere: composition and structure. Defining characteristic of the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere. The nearEarth space environment. Ionisation and the ionosphere. Interactions with the terrestrial magnetic field. Magnetospheres and interplanetary space. Section 2  Gravitation (16 lectures  Dept. of Physics). Gravitational force and potential energy. Kepler's laws. Weight and mass. Kepler's laws.Planetary motion. Escape velocity. Solar System. Earth and Moon. Terrestrial and Jovian planets. Planetary atmospheres. Comets and meteoroids. Formation of the solar system. Stars. The interstellar medium and star birth. Stellar distances, magnitudes and luminosities. Blackbody radiation. Stellar classification; HertzsprungRussell diagram. Stellar evolution. Postmain sequence evolution; white dwarfs, neutron stars. General Relativity. Gravity and geometry. Principle of equivalence. Deflection of light, curvature of space. Gravitational time dilation. Red shift. Black holes. Galaxies and Cosmology. Galactic structure and classification. Formation and evolution of galaxies. Hubble's law. The expanding universe. The hot Big Bang. The cosmic background radiation and ripples within. 
XX20001: Environmental studies: A crisis in material resources? A 
Credits: 6 
Level: Intermediate 
Semester: 2 
Assessment: EX85CW15 
Requisites: 
While taking this unit you must take EG20027 
Aims & Learning Objectives: Through a study of the science and technology of some renewable energy sources, students are encouraged to consider the broad questions as to whether there is an environmental 'crisis', whether there are limits to growth, and whether there can be sustainable development, and to start to develop defensible positions on these issues. Content: Energy The thermodynamics of power generation  2nd Law of Thermodynamics considerations. Combustion of fossil fuels  effects on the environment: greenhouse effect, acid rain. The need to conserve fossil fuels: nuclear and alternative forms of energy. The possible future contribution and cost of some of the following energy alternatives. (i) Solar energy: various forms of solar collector, power generation from the concentration of solar energy; direct generation of energy. (ii) Wind energy: types of generator, horizontal and vertical axis, survey of existing machines and their performance, future developments. (iii) Wave energy: survey types of wave machine including those under development; methods of converting motion of wave machines into electricity; the current funding situation; effects on the environment. (iv) Tidal energy: review of schemes, existing (e.g. La Rance) and proposed (e.g. Severn and Mersey): technical and environmental problems. (v) Geothermal energy: power generation from hyperthermal fields, exploration, geological conditions necessary; review of current production (e.g. New Zealand, Japan), problems associated with high mineral content. Lower temperature sources: district heating schemes. Hot dry rock schemes: current state of the art, future possibilities. (vi) Biomass: current contributions, particularly in Third World countries; conversion of sugar into alcohol as petrol replacement (Brazil). Seminar programme combined with a student exercise such as a case study to encourage students to integrate the syllabus content and to relate the science and technology of environmental relevance to a wider social and economic context. Students must have Chemistry Alevel or undertaken CH10056 & CH10057. 
XX20007: Design & innovation 1 
Credits: 6 
Level: Intermediate 
Semester: 1 
Assessment: CW100 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take EG10071 and take EG10074 
Aims & Learning Objectives: To create and develop designs relating to sports applications made up of manufactured and/or standard components. To demonstrate the importance of optimisation within an iterative design process in terms of functionality, geometry and material selection. To show how a successful design can be achieved by integrating analytical skills from the engineering sciences. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Design sports equipment and/or products in detail using correctly selected components and design ancillary items to meet a requirement. Recognise the importance of completing comprehensive design analysis, component drawings and subassembly drawings in order to achieve a successful solution. Content: Embodiment design: To include shafts, couplings, keyway, fixings, bearings, pulleys, gear analysis. combined loadings, design factors and optimisation techniques. 
XX20008: Design & innovation 2 
Credits: 6 
Level: Intermediate 
Semester: 2 
Assessment: CW100 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take XX20007 
Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce the student to the techniques and constraints of professional design practice, with an emphasis on concurrent design practice. To make the student aware of standard design methods, key aspects of a specification and systematic methods for problem solving. To make the student aware of the special features of design embodiment; including the stages in developing a product after the design stage; problems and benefits of working in a team; ergonomics and aesthetics issues. After taking this unit the student should be able to: Produce a detailed design specification. Apply standard design methods and value engineering techniques. Incorporate and specify new materials and finishing methods. Cost and specify development and quality requirements. Produce a complete product design. Work in a small design team to design sports equipment, product or system for the market place. Produce technical sales literature. Content: ASPECTS OF CONCURRENT ENGINEERING: Specifications, design methods and value engineering. Design for; safety, ergonomics, life cycle design, reliability. REFINEMENT PROCESSES: Material selection and applications and finishes. Costing, quality assurance and design development. 
XX20047: Year abroad in Spain  work placement 
Credits: 60 
Level: Intermediate 
Academic Year 
Assessment: ES100 
Requisites: 
Aims & Learning Objectives: * to promote the development of highlevel language skills in Spanish * to acquire indepth personal experience of the Spanish culture * to gain professional experience. Content: Working in a role in an approved organization which will involve a challenging range of tasks, giving an opportunity to put management studies into practice, while also developing language skills to near fluency. 
XX20048: Year abroad in Spain  academic exchange 
Credits: 60 
Level: Intermediate 
Academic Year 
Assessment: 
Requisites: 
Aims & Learning Objectives: * to promote the development of highlevel language skills in Spanish * to acquire indepth personal experience of the Spanish culture * to gain academic experience in a Spanish/LatinAmerican business school. Content: To carry out an agreed programme of work at a Spanish/Latin American business school. The nature, scope and assessment of this work is to be agreed by the institutions involved in the exchange arrangements. 
XX20049: Year abroad in Spain  academic exchange & work placement 
Credits: 60 
Level: Intermediate 
Academic Year 
Assessment: 
Requisites: 
Aims & Learning Objectives: * to promote the development of highlevel language skills in Spain * to acquire indepth personal experience of the Spanish culture * to gain professional experience. Content: To carry out an agreed programme of work at a Spanish/LatinAmerican business school. The nature, scope and assessment of this work is to be agreed by the institutions involved in the exchange arrangements. 
XX20086: French comparative employee relations 
Credits: 6 
Level: Intermediate 
Semester: 1 
Assessment: EX100 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take MN10079 
Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce students to comparative frameworks for analysing employment relations in Western European countries: to give students a basic understanding of employment relations in Western European countries, with particular emphasis on France and Britain. After successfully completing this course, students should be able to apply theories of employment relations to specific cases, understand and explain differences between national employment relations systems. Content: The course will include lectures on managing the employment relationship, trade unions, industrial conflict, the State and the law, theories of employment relations, comparative frameworks; and explaining 'societal' difference. 
XX20087: German comparative employee relations 
Credits: 6 
Level: Intermediate 
Semester: 1 
Assessment: EX50ES50 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take MN10079 
Aims & Learning Objectives: a) To describe and analyse the changing features of employee relations in the UK. This introduction to the subject provides the basis for comparative work later in the course. b) To introduce students to the specific legal, institutional and cultural dimensions of industrial relations in Germany. Comparisons with the UK will serve to highlight the main characteristics of the German situation and to sensitise students to the reasons behind the complex pattern of relations existing between the "social partners" as represented by state, unions, employers and employees. Content: Employee relations: an introduction; Trade Unions; Employers and Managers; Industrial Conflict; State and the Law. 
XX20093: Year abroad in France  work placement 
Credits: 60 
Level: Intermediate 
Academic Year 
Assessment: ES100 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take XX20088 
Aims & Learning Objectives: * to promote the development of highlevel language skills in French * to acquire indepth personal experience of the French culture * to gain professional experience Content: Working in a role in an approved organization which will involve a challenging range of tasks, giving an opportunity to put management studies into practice, while also developing language skills to near fluency. 
XX20094: Year abroad in Germany  work placement 
Credits: 60 
Level: Intermediate 
Academic Year 
Assessment: ES100 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take XX20090 
Aims & Learning Objectives: * to promote the development of highlevel language skills in German * to acquire indepth personal experience of the German culture * to gain professional experience Content: Working in a role in an approved organization which will involve a challenging range of tasks, giving an opportunity to put management studies into practice, while also developing language skills to near fluency. 
XX20095: Year abroad in France  academic exchange 
Credits: 60 
Level: Intermediate 
Academic Year 
Assessment: 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take XX20088 
Aims & Learning Objectives: * to promote the development of highlevel language skills in French * to acquire indepth personal experience of the French culture * to gain academic experience in a French/Quebecois business school Content: To carry out an agreed programme of work at a French/Quebecois business school. The nature, scope and assessment of this work is to be agreed by the institutions involved in the exchange arrangements. 
XX20096: Year abroad in Germany  academic exchange 
Credits: 60 
Level: Intermediate 
Academic Year 
Assessment: 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take XX20090 
Aims & Learning Objectives: * to promote the development of highlevel language skills in German * to acquire indepth personal experience of the German culture * to gain academic experience in a German business school Content: To carry out an agreed programme of work at a German business school. The nature, scope and assessment of this work is to be agreed by the institutions involved in the exchange arrangements. 
XX20097: Year abroad in France  academic exchange & work placement 
Credits: 60 
Level: Intermediate 
Academic Year 
Assessment: 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take XX20088 
Aims & Learning Objectives: * to promote the development of highlevel language skills in France * to acquire indepth personal experience of the French culture * to gain professional experience Content: To carry out an agreed programme of work at a French business school. The nature, scope and assessment of this work is to be agreed by the institutions involved in the exchange arrangements. 
XX20098: Year abroad in Germany  academic exchange & work placement 
Credits: 60 
Level: Intermediate 
Academic Year 
Assessment: 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take XX20090 
Aims & Learning Objectives: * to promote the development of highlevel language skills in Germany * to acquire indepth personal experience of the German culture * to gain professional experience Content: To carry out an agreed programme of work at a German business school. The nature, scope and assessment of this work is to be agreed by the institutions involved in the exchange arrangements. 
XX20109: Industrial placement/ training 
Credits: 60 
Level: Intermediate 
Academic Year 
Assessment: 
Requisites: 
Aims & Learning Objectives: Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Biological Sciences, Materials Science, or Management Content: To obtain substantial experience of working at an intellectual level appropriate to a student who has completed the second year of a degree course. 
XX20116: Study year abroad 
Credits: 60 
Level: Intermediate 
Academic Year 
Assessment: 
Requisites: 
Aims & Learning Objectives: To assist the student to develop personal and interpersonal communication skills and to develop the ability to work and interact effectively in a group environment in which cultural norms and ways of operating may be very different from those previously familiar. To develop an understanding of the stresses that may occur in working in a culture different from the UKs, and to learn to cope with those stresses and work efficiently. To develop the selfconfidence and maturity to operate effectively with people from a different cultural background. To develop an appreciation of the history and culture of the country concerned. For students attending classes in a language other than English, to develop the ability to operate at a high scientific level in the language of the country concerned, including oral communication and comprehension as well as reading and writing. For students attending Universities in countries whose language is not English, oral and written fluency in the host language. Content: It is assumed that the student abroad will accomplish work equivalent to 60 University of Bath credits (10 units). Details of these are necessarily left to negotiation with individual University, students and the Bath Director of Studies. In addition to scientific study, it might be appropriate to include Management, work in Language, and in areas related to the culture of the country in which the student was working. 
XX20164: Mathematics 3 
Credits: 6 
Level: Intermediate 
Semester: 2 
Assessment: EX70CW30 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take MA10192 and take MA10193 
Aims: To introduce mathematical
modelling techniques. To introduce numerical techniques for the solution
of models of systems arising in chemical engineering. Learning Outcomes: After successfully completing this unit students should be able to: * develop and solve realistic mathematical models of unit operations using a numerical package such as MATLAB and a commercial flowsheeting package such as ASPEN; * describe and formulate the numerical methods employed in solving the equations of models and choose the most suitable method for a given application; * analyse the results from modelling activities. Skills: Analysis and problem solving (taught/facilitated and assessed). Content: Mathematical modelling techniques: * introduction to formulation of models; mass, energy and momentum balances; * application to reactor and distillation modelling Numerical Methods:  introduction to initial value problems;  numerical linear algebra;  stability;  boundary value problems; * introduction to Mathematical Modelling of chemical engineering processes. 
XX20165: Design & safety 
Credits: 6 
Level: Intermediate 
Semester: 2 
Assessment: CW90PR10 
Requisites: 
Aims: To deal with the philosophy
and methods of process design; introduce the techniques for safe design
and loss prevention; to give the students a practical grounding in mechanical
design of plant and in particular pressure vessels and to provide a background
from which to appreciate the role of electrical and electronic technology
in chemical engineering. Learning Outcomes: After successfully completing this unit students should be able to: * Formulate an approach to a design problem; * Produce a solution to a design problem taking into account the problem specification, raw material and energy requirements, electrical power and control requirements and simple energy integration for the design; * Understand the interaction of component units in a design; * Develop a flow sheet with preliminary costings for a process; * Be able to design an individual unit of the flow sheet and produce an engineering sketch and preliminary mechanical design of the unit; * Produce a risk assessment for the design and COSHH assessments where appropriate; * Include in the design relevant safety and control equipment. Skills: Analysis and problem solving (taught/facilitated and assessed). Content: * Synthesis of problems and analysis of alternative solutions, introduction to optimisation of systems; accounting for uncertainty in data and designing for future developments. * Introduction to energy integration; * Mechanical design of plant: introduction, stress and strain, temperature and pressure effects, selection of materials, corrosion allowances and pressure effects, wall thickness; safety factors, cracks, plastic regime; flanges and gaskets, types of welds; stress concentration, openings and branches; bending and supports, thin wall theory; vessel ends; weight loads, wind loads, vessel supports: introduction to use of commercial mechanical software package; * Safety and loss studies: case studies into detection and evaluation of hazards; introduction to MOND Fire and Explosion Index, HAZOP and HAZAN, maintenance and work permit systems, introduction various codes of practice, BSS's, legislation relating to design, COSHH; * Electronic and electrical technology: Ohms law, Kirchoff's laws, Faraday's laws; passive and active components; impedance; DC and AC circuit theory; single and three phase power systems; AC/DC conversion techniques; transformers and simple AC and DC machines; semiconductors and semiconductor devices; amplifiers, gates and memories, simple analogue and digital circuits; A to D and D to A converters; tranducers; instrumentation, computers and applications; interfacing real time data acquisitions and data transmittion; safety in hazardous environments Zener barriers, intrinsic safety, area classification and codes. 
XX20166: Process dynamics 
Credits: 6 
Level: Intermediate 
Semester: 1 
Assessment: EX75CW25 
Requisites: 
Aims: To provide an introduction
to the mathematical description of dynamic processes in chemical engineering,
theory and practice of process control and process simulation. The unit
will provide good backgroup in developing dynamic process models and control
of dynamic processes. Learning Outcomes: After successfully completing this unit students should be able to: * Develop dynamic models of typical chemical engineering problems, including heat and mass transfer, and chemical reactions. * Use simulation tools to obtain parameters of dynamic models. * Design experiments to obtain parameters of dynamic models of physical processes. * Develop complete control systems for simple unit operations. * Analyse dynamic behaviour of first order systems, including interacting and noninteracting series. * Understand the concept of stability and bifurcation. Skills: Analysis and problem solving (taught/facilitated and assessed). Content: * Dynamic material, energy and momentum balances. * First order systems; first order systems in series; time constant; process gain; transfer function. * Use of time and Laplace domains for analysis of dynamic systems. * Implementation of process models in PC simulators. * Stability. * Feedback; overall transfer function; design and simulation of control systems. * Simulation of dynamic processes in a common software package. 
XX20167: The Earth, its atmosphere and oceans 
Credits: 6 
Level: Intermediate 
Semester: 1 
Assessment: EX80CW20 
Requisites: 
Aims & Learning Objectives: Students will gain an understanding of the Earth's physical environment insofar as it may impact on the design of electronic, electrical and mechanical systems. After taking this unit students will be able to: * describe the characteristics of the Earth's magnetic field and give a qualitative explanation for its origin; * describe the composition of the Earth's atmosphere; * explain the height profiles of temperature, pressure and ionisation; * describe the principal circulatory systems in the atmosphere and oceans with qualititative explanations; * solve simple problems concerning gas laws, vapour pressure, scale heights and cloud critical humidities; * be able to access data from the principal global databases on the atmosphere and oceans. Content: Solid Earth: Composition formation and structure. Geomagnetism: Origin and characteristics. Solar radiation, variation with solar cycle, impact on atmosphere. The Earth's atmosphere: Composition, temperature and ionisation. The ideal gas law, partial pressures and volumes, compressibility of air, relative concentrations, molar fraction, mass and volume mixing ratios. Stratification of mass, hydrostatic balance, scale height, global mean pressure and temperature. Distributions of primary and trace consituents. Radiative equilibrium, role of clouds, heat exchange with oceans, evaporative cooling, globalmean energy balance, horizontal radiative transfer, general circulation. 
XX20168: Space platforms and vehicles 
Credits: 6 
Level: Intermediate 
Semester: 2 
Assessment: EX80CW20 
Requisites: 
Aims & Learning Objectives: Students completing this unit will be equipped to: * understand the principal functions and characteristics of space platform subsystems; * to perform basic calculations to determine the required characteristics of space platform subsystems; * to perform first order calculations to evaluate propulsion requirements for launch vehicles and installation systems and to appreciate the need for more complex calculations taking second order and higher effects into account. Content: Space platforms: subsystems; attitude and orbit control, stabilisation, accuracy, propulsion, specific impulse, propellant mass, electrical power supply, power, voltage stability, telemetry, tracking and command, number of channels, security of communications, thermal control, structure, Orbital options for Earth based spacecraft: LEO, MEO, HEO and GEO. The launch window, calculation of required velocity increments for GEO launches, use of LEO transfer orbit, inclination correction and circularisation, use of apogee motors. Perturbations on Keplerian orbits, gravitational asymmetry, lunar and solar influences, aerodynamic drag, Earth's magnetic field, solar radiation pressure, meterites and debris, internal torques. Introduction to requirements and techniques for planetary and deep space missions. 
XX30004: Design project 3 
Credits: 15 
Level: Honours 
Semester: 2 
Assessment: OT100 
Requisites: 
Aims & Learning Objectives: To introduce legislation governing the environment and the use of genetically modified organisms and how this affects engineers in managerial, operational and design roles. To provide information on the properties and uses of materials. To prepare a preliminary group report for the design project. To enable students to demonstrate that: * they are capable of developing an integral systems approach to chemical engineering and of applying the principles of chemical and/or biochemical engineering to the design of a process, * they have creative and critical skills, and are able to make choices and decisions in areas of uncertainty, * they can work together in a team, and also alone, * they can communicate effectively the results of their work in the form of written reports that include drawings. Content: introduction to environmental legislation and factors that have an influence * control of liquid discharges and air emissions * integrated pollution control (IPC) * environmental assessments and statements * introduction to regulations governing the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) * biosafety and containment of GMOs * introduction to Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) with respect to bioprocess plant * materials of construction for chemical and bioprocess plant * preparation of a preliminary technical and economic appraisal of a process where safety and * environmental issues form an integral part of process screening * preparation of an outline process flowsheet * Market survey, Review of alternatives * Physical and chemical property data * Creation and synthesis of flowsheet * Safety and operability * Environmental issues * Capital and operating costs * Unit specification sheets, Flowsheets, Engineering drawings and sketches * Executive summary * Demonstration of viability * Individual unit design * Application of rigorous methods * Mechanical design * Outline of control and P & I diagrams 
XX30024: Project (semester 1) 
Credits: 6 
Level: Honours 
Semester: 1 
Assessment: CW100 
Requisites: 
Aims & Learning Objectives: To obtain substantial experience of project work within the disciplines involved Content: This will depend on the disciplines involved. Often it will involve laboratory and or field work. Usually a literature search will be involved. 
XX30025: Project (semester 2) 
Credits: 6 
Level: Honours 
Semester: 2 
Assessment: CW100 
Requisites: 
While taking this unit you must take XX30108 
Aims & Learning Objectives: To obtain substantial experience of project work within the disciplines involved Content: This will depend on the disciplines involved. Often it will involve laboratory and or field work. Usually the writing of a dissertation reporting the work done will be involved 
XX30085: Environmental studies: The earth as an ecosystem B 
Credits: 6 
Level: Honours 
Semester: 2 
Assessment: EX75CW25 
Requisites: 
While taking this unit you must take XX30002 
Aims & Learning Objectives: To develop an understanding of the global impact of human agricultural and industrial activity and of the relationship between the technical and some social and economic aspects of the topic. Content: Global human impact: population and consumption levels Early mankind and the domestication of other species. The agricultural and industrial revolutions. Improvements in healthcare and education. Demographic trends. Sustainable economic development. Equitable distribution of resources. Policies and institutions Atmospheric and ground level pollution Structure and dynamics of the atmosphere. Photochemical cycles involving O, N and Cl species. Factors affecting ozone concentrations. The Greenhouse effect. Photochemical smog and acid rain considered via case studies. Speciation of anionic and cationic water pollutants. Biomagnification and heavy metals. Radioactivity and nuclear reactors; reprocessing and waste storage. Seminar programme Seminars combined with a student exercise such as a case study or essay are intended to encourage students to integrate the syllabus content and to relate it to a wider social and economic context. 
XX30115: Mathematical modelling 3 
Credits: 5 
Level: Honours 
Semester: 1 
Assessment: CW100 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take XX20114 
Aims: To provide students with an ability to formulate mathematical models of dynamic systems typical of chemical engineering as systems of differential equations and to solve these models numerically.
Learning Outcomes: After successfully completing this unit the student should be able to choose numerical methods suitable for the solution of nonlinear second order elliptic and parabolic partial differential equations with given initial and boundary values and systems of nonlinear first order ordinary differential equations with suitable initial conditions; be able to formulate mathematical models which describe dynamic chemical processes in the time domain and assign boundary and initial conditions; be able to solve the problems formulated using MATLAB. Skills: Analysis, problem solving (taught/facilitated, assessed). Content: Mathematics of p.d.e.s and numerical solutions. Mathematics of linear p.d.e.s, the p.d.e., b.c. and i.c. as a system, classification of system into elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic. Solutions by finite difference methods, method of characteristics, stability. Nonlinear problems and their solution by the above methods. The concept of finite elements for the heat conduction problem. Examples: solution of a heterogeneous catalysis problem in slab or cylinder geometry with nonlinear kinetics, adsorption waves in a column with nonlinear isotherm. Modelling with o.d.e.s, simulation of nonlinear problem sets. Equation formulation, use of constraints. Selection of initial and boundary conditions. Conversion of equations into MATLAB programmes. Methods of debugging. Examples from reaction engineering and separation: simultaneous reactions in a bath reactor  bioreaction metabolic engineering problem, catalysis in a tubular reactor, adsorption in a column. 
XX30141: Signal processing 2 
Credits: 6 
Level: Honours 
Semester: 1 
Assessment: EX100 
Requisites: 
Before taking this unit you must take EE20083 
or equivalent.
Aims & Learning Objectives: Aims: To introduce students to algorithms and techniques for processing random signals, together with the hardware for their practical realisation. Objectives: At the end of this unit students should be able to: (i) explain the concepts of ensemble average, statistical stationarity, widesense stationarity and ergodicity, (ii) interpret autocorrelation and crosscorrelation functions and utilise these to explain the operation of linear systems excited by widesense stationary random signals, (iii) use auto and cross power spectral densities in typical instrumentation applications, (iv) use the averaged periodogram spectrum estimation techniques, (v) design the coefficients of a minimum mean squared error based linear predictor, (vi) derive the Wiener filter, (vii) develop the LMS algorithm from the method of steepest descent, (viii) apply adaptive signal processing in noise cancellation, equalisation and acoustic echo cancellation for handsfree communications, (viii) describe the key issues involved in the selection of a DSP configuration. Content: Random signals: amplitude properties, cdf, pdf, variance and general moments, stationarity, ergodicity and independence. Auto and cross correlation functions, effect of linear systems, auto and cross power spectral densities, role in system identification. Spectral estimation: biasvariance tradeoff, periodogram, averaged periodogram estimators, application to spectrum analyser. Adaptive signal processing: Wiener filtering, method of steepest descent, LMS algorithm, properties, applications, RLS family. DSP architectures: DSP devices, precision, structures and performance. 
