Dr Darrell Alec Patterson
Research groups and Centres
Interested in supervising students studying;
- Membrane enhanced systems: tuneable membrane reactors and membrane fractionation cascades for product synthesis and isolation.
- Thin film catalytic reaction and reactor engineering: thin film spinning disc and heterogeneous mesh photoreactors.
- Enhanced advanced oxidation of biorecalcitrant wastewaters (esp. photocatalysis)
- Immobilized enzyme reaction and reactor systems: spinning cloth reactors for enhanced enzymatic biodiesel synthesis.
BE(C&M) Hons, Postgrad(ACADPRAC), DIC, PhD, AMIChemE
Dr Darrell Alec Patterson is the Director of the Centre for Advanced Separations Engineering (CASE) and a Senior Lecturer in Chemical Engineering. He is currently a European Research Council (ERC) Consolidator Fellow and an EU Marie Curie Integration Fellow.
Darrell leads the Bath Process Intensification Laboratory and the University of Bath Membrane Science and Engineering Research Network, Membranes@Bath. He is also a member of the Centre for Sustainable Chemical Technologies. He is on the editorial board of Separation and Purification Technology and Chemical Engineering Research and Design (in the latter he co-ordinates the Reaction Engineering subject area and contributes to Separations) and has been a guest editor for Desalination, Asia Pac. J. Chem. Eng., IJEWM and Membranes.
Darrell's research is in the area of sustainable chemical technologies with a focus on process intensification in separation and reaction engineering. His expertise is in three main areas:
- Membrane Science and Engineering.
- Wastewater Treatment Technologies.
- Catalysis and Reactor Engineering.
Within these areas, Darrell's main focus is on the synthesis, fundamental characterisation and application of membranes and catalysts (in particular the use of nanostructured and tuneable materials for these) and their combination in novel reactor and membrane separation technologies for environment and sustainable applications.
Darrell is involved with a number of membrane and reactor related grants, including:
- Principal Investigator on a prestigious ERC Consolidator Grant: TUNEMEM (2015-2020)
- Principal Investigator on an ERC Marie Curie Integration grant: Spinning Mesh Disc Reactors (SMDR)
- Co-investigator on an EPSRC Programme Grant: From membrane material synthesis to fabrication and function, SynFabFun (EP/M01486X/1)
- Co-investigator on an Innovate UK grant: Total Recovery of All PGMs (TRAP)
- Co-investigator on an EPSRC sustainable chemical feedstocks grant (EP/K014889/1)
- BE with First Class Honours (UK first class MEng equivalent) in Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Auckland
- PhD in Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Imperial College London, 2001
- Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice, University of Auckland, 2009
Darrell worked as a Technology Development Consultant for Atkins Water between 2001 and 2003. He then went on to Imperial College London as a postdoctoral research associate developing novel methods of enhancing solvent-based pharmaceutical reactions through integration with solvent resistant membranes.
Darrell returned to the University of Auckland in 2005 where he worked as a Lecturer and Senior Lecturer in the Department of Chemical and Material Engineering. He joined the University of Bath in 2011.
Patterson, D., Davey, C. and Rohani, R., 2014. Membrane separations:from purifications, minimisation, reuse and recycling to process intensification. In: Letcher, T., Scott, J. and Patterson, D. A., eds. Chemical Processes for a Sustainable Future. Cambridge, U. K.: Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 467-497.
Patterson, D. and Scott, J. L., 2014. General concepts in sustainable chemical processes. In: Patterson, D., Scott, J. and Letcher, T., eds. Chemical Processes for a Sustainable Future. London, U. K.: Royal Society of Chemistry.
Low, Z. X., Chua, Y., Ray, B., Mattia, D., Metcalfe, I. S. and Patterson, D., 2017. Perspective on 3D printing of separation membranes and comparison to related unconventional fabrication techniques. Journal of Membrane Science, 523, pp. 596-613.
Expósito,, A. J., Patterson, D. A., Monteagudo, J. M. and Durán, A., 2017. Sono-photo-degradation of Carbamazepine in a thin falling film reactor:operation costs in pilot plant. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 34, pp. 496-503.
Davey, C., Havill, A., Leak, D. and Patterson, D., 2016. Nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes for purification and concentration of a 2,3-butanediol producing gas fermentation broth. Journal of Membrane Science, 518, pp. 150-158.
Patterson, D., 2016. Antipyrine Removal By TiO2 Photocatalysis Based On Spinning Disc Reactor Technology. Journal of Environmental Management
Rohani, R., Hyland, M. and Patterson, D. A., 2016. Effects of process parameters on polyaniline nanofiltration membranes synthesis via phase inversion-immersion precipitation method. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 11 (Special Issue onsomc), pp. 16-35.
Leak, D., Davey, C. and Patterson, D., 2016. Hybrid and mixed matrix membranes for separations from fermentations. Membranes, 6 (1), 17.
Shi, H., Burmeister, D. M., Frost, A., Patterson, D. A. and James, B., 2016. The use of thaumatin and bovine serum albumin as proteins in model wine solutions in bentonite fining. The Journal of Wine Research, 27 (3), pp. 193-201.
Nunes-Pereira, J., Ribeiro, S., Ribeiro, C., Gombek, C. J., Gama, F.M., Gomes, A.C., Patterson, D. and Lanceros-Méndez, S., 2015. Poly(vinylidene fluoride) and copolymers as porous membranes for tissue engineering applications. Polymer Testing, 44, pp. 234-241.
Feng, X., Patterson, D.A., Balaban, M. and Emanuelsson, E., 2014. Increasing reaction rate and conversion in the spinning cloth disc reactor:Investigating the effect of using multiple enzyme immobilized cloths. Chemical Engineering Journal, 255, pp. 356-364.
An, J. D., Patterson, D. A., McNeil, S. and Hossain, M. M., 2014. Immobilization of lipase on woolen fabrics:enhanced effectiveness in stain removal. Biotechnology Progress, 30 (4), pp. 806-817.
Feng, X., Patterson, D. A., Balaban, M. and Emanuelsson, E. A. C., 2014. Characterization of liquid flow in the spinning cloth disc reactor:residence time distribution, visual study and modeling. Chemical Engineering Journal, 235, pp. 356-367.
Feng, X., Patterson, D.A., Balaban, M. and Emanuelsson, E. A. C., 2013. Characterization of tributyrin hydrolysis by immobilized lipase on woolen cloth using conventional batch and novel spinning cloth disc reactors. Chemical Engineering Research & Design, 91 (9), pp. 1684-1692.
Shariffuddin, J. H., Jones, M. I. and Patterson, D. A., 2013. Greener photocatalysts:Hydroxyapatite derived from waste mussel shells for the photocatalytic degradation of a model azo dye wastewater. Chemical Engineering Research & Design, 91 (9), pp. 1693-1704.
Boiarkina, I., Norris, S. and Patterson, D., 2013. The case for the photocatalytic spinning disc reactor as a process intensification technology:Comparison to an annular reactor for the degradation of methylene blue. Chemical Engineering Journal, 225, pp. 752-765.
Boiarkine, I., Norris, S. and Patterson, D., 2013. Investigation of the effect of flow structure on the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue and dehydroabietic acid in a spinning disc reactor. Chemical Engineering Journal, 222, pp. 159-171.
Feng, X., Patterson, D.A., Balaban, M. and Emanuelsson, E. A. C., 2013. Enabling the utilization of wool as an enzyme support:Enhancing the activity and stability of lipase immobilized onto woolen cloth. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 102, pp. 526-533.
Feng, X., Patterson, D. A., Balaban, M., Fauconnier, G. and Emanuelsson, E. A. C., 2013. The spinning cloth disc reactor for immobilized enzymes:A new process intensification technology for enzymatic reactions. Chemical Engineering Journal, 221, pp. 407-417.
Tran, A. T. T., Patterson, D. A. and James, B. J., 2012. Investigating the feasibility of using polysulfone-montmorillonite composite membranes for protein adsorption. Journal of Food Engineering, 112 (1-2), pp. 38-49.
Qaiser, A. A., Hyland, M. M. and Patterson, D. A., 2012. Effects of various polymerization techniques on PANI deposition at the surface of cellulose ester microporous membranes: XPS and electrical conductivity studies. Synthetic Metals, 162 (11-12), pp. 958-967.
Patterson, D. and Krohn, K., 2012. Determining wetted membrane microstructures using ESEM and DIC microscopy and their implications to membrane performance. Procedia Engineering, 44, pp. 1491-1493.
Patterson, D., Bowstead, M., Tran, A. and James, B. J., 2012. Towards continuous wine making:The optimization of mixed matrix membranes for wine fining. Procedia Engineering, 44, pp. 131-132.
Qaiser, A. A., Hyland, M. M. and Patterson, D. A., 2011. Membrane potential and impedance studies of polyaniline composite membranes: effects of membrane morphology. Journal of Membrane Science, 385-386, pp. 67-75.
Boiarkina, I., Pedron, S. and Patterson, D. A., 2011. An experimental and modelling investigation of the effect of the flow regime on the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue on a thin film coated ultraviolet irradiated spinning disc reactor. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 110 (2), pp. 14-24.
Rohani, R., Hyland, M. and Patterson, D. A., 2011. A refined one-filtration method for aqueous based nanofiltration and ultrafiltration membrane molecular weight cut-off determination using polyethylene glycols. Journal of Membrane Science, 382 (1-2), pp. 278-290.
Ali, A. M., Emanuelsson, E. A. C. and Patterson, D. A., 2011. Conventional versus lattice photocatalysed reactions: Implications of the lattice oxygen participation in the liquid phase photocatalytic oxidation with nanostructured ZnO thin films on reaction products and mechanism at both 254nm and 340nm. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 106 (3-4), pp. 323-336.
Patterson, D. A., 2011. Impact of a multimedia laboratory manual: Investigating the influence of student learning styles on laboratory preparation and performance over one semester. Education for Chemical Engineers, 6 (1), e10-e30.
Jones, M. I., Barakat, H. and Patterson, D. A., 2011. Production of hydroxyapatite from waste mussel shells. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 18 (19), 192002.
Abeynaike, A., Wang, L., Jones, M. I. and Patterson, D. A., 2011. Pyrolysed powdered mussel shells for eutrophication control: effect of particle size and powder concentration on the mechanism and extent of phosphate removal. Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 6 (2), pp. 231-243.
Qaiser, A. A., Hyland, M. M. and Patterson, D. A., 2011. Surface and Charge Transport Characterization of Polyaniline−Cellulose Acetate Composite Membranes. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 115 (7), pp. 1652-1661.
Jones, M. I., Wang, L. Y., Abeynaike, A. and Patterson, D. A., 2011. Utilisation of waste material for environmental applications: calcination of mussel shells for waste water treatment. Advances in Applied Ceramics, 110 (5), pp. 280-286.
Ali, A. M., Emanuelsson, E. A. C. and Patterson, D. A., 2010. Photocatalysis with nanostructured zinc oxide thin films: the relationship between morphology and photocatalytic activity under oxygen limited and oxygen rich conditions and evidence for a Mars Van Krevelen mechanism. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 97 (1-2), pp. 168-181.
Zou, C. W., Rao, Y. F., Alyamani, A., Chu, W., Chen, M. J., Patterson, D. A., Emanuelsson, E. A. C. and Gao, W., 2010. Heterogeneous lollipop-like V2O5/ZnO array: A promising composite nanostructure for visible light photocatalysis. Langmuir, 26 (14), pp. 11615-11620.
Zou, C. W., Yan, X. D., Patterson, D. A., Emanuelsson, E. A. C., Bian, J. M. and Gao, W., 2010. Temperature sensitive crystallization of V2O5: from amorphous film to β-V2O5nanorods. CrystEngComm, 12 (3), pp. 691-693.
McFarlane, C. J., Emanuelsson, E. A. C., Ali, A. M., Gao, W. and Patterson, D. A., 2010. Understanding the rate, mechanism and reuseability of zinc oxide nanostructured films as photocatalysts for industrial tastewater treatment. International Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2 (2), pp. 63-79.
Patterson, D. A., Havill, A., Costello, S., See-Toh, Y. H., Livingston, A. G. and Turner, A., 2009. Membrane characterisation by SEM, TEM and ESEM: the implications of dry and wetted microstructure on mass transfer through integrally skinned polyimide nanofiltration membranes. Separation and Purification Technology, 66 (1), pp. 90-97.
Qaiser, A. A., Hyland, M. M. and Patterson, D. A., 2009. Control of polyaniline deposition on microporous cellulose ester membranes by in situ chemical polymerization. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 113 (45), pp. 14986-14993.
Qaiser, A. A., Hyland, M. M. and Patterson, D. A., 2009. Polyaniline deposition site control on microporous mixed cellulose ester membranes:Surface and in-pore polymerization. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 4, 012009.
Patterson, D., Yenlau, L., Roengpithya, C., Gibbins, E. and Livingston, A., 2008. Membrane selectivity in the organic solvent nanofiltration of trialkylamine bases. Desalination, 218 (1-3), pp. 248-256.
Emanuelsson, E. A. C., Emanuelsson, M. A. E., Patterson, D. A., Castro, P. M. L. and Livingston, A. G., 2007. Microbiology for chemical engineers: from macro to micro scale. Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2 (5), pp. 448-454.
Roengpithya, C., Patterson, D. A., Livingston, A. G., Taylor, P. C., Irwin, J. L. and Parrett, M. R., 2007. Towards a continuous dynamic kinetic resolution of 1-phenylethylamine using a membrane assisted, two vessel process. Chemical Communications, 33, pp. 3462-3463.
Roengpithya, C., Patterson, D. A., Taylor, P. C. and Livingston, A. G., 2006. Development of stable organic solvent nanofiltration membranes for membrane enhanced dynamic kinetic resolution. Desalination, 199 (1-3), pp. 195-197.
Roengpithya, C., Patterson, D. A., Gibbins, E. J., Taylor, P. C. and Livingston, A. G., 2006. Investigation of the Compatibility of Racemization and Kinetic Resolution for the Dynamic Kinetic Resolution of an Allylic Alcohol. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 45 (21), pp. 7101-7109.
Taylor, P. C., Livingston, A. G., Gibbins, E. J., Irwin, J. L., Muir, J. C., Patterson, D. A. and Roengpithya, C., 2005. An Improved Protocol for the Synthesis and Nanofiltration of Kim and Park’s Aminocyclopentadienyl Ruthenium Chloride Racemisation Catalyst. Synlett, 2005 (19), pp. 2993-2995.
Gibbons, E., Irwin, J., Livingston, A. G., Muir, J. C., Patterson, D., Roengpithya, C. and Taylor, P. C., 2005. Dynamic kinetic resolution of racemates using membrane-separated catalysts. Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, 229, U550.
Ghazali, N. F., Patterson, D. A. and Livingston, A. G., 2004. Elucidation of the mechanism of chiral selectivity in diastereomeric salt formation using organic solvent nanofiltration. Chemical Communications, 2004 (8), pp. 962-963.
Patterson, D., 2003. Determination of best available techniques:methods and case examples. Filtration, 3 (1), pp. 12-17.
Patterson, D. A., Metcalfe, I. S., Xiong, F. and Livingston, A. G., 2002. Biodegradability of linear alkylbenzene sulfonates subjected to wet air oxidation. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 77 (9), pp. 1039-1049.
Patterson, D. A., Metcalfe, I. S., Xiong, F. and Livingston, A. G., 2001. Wet Air Oxidation of Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate 1. Effect of Temperature and Pressure. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 40 (23), pp. 5507-5516.
Patterson, D. A., Metcalfe, I. S., Xiong, F. and Livingston, A. G., 2001. Wet Air Oxidation of Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate 2. Effect of pH. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 40 (23), pp. 5517-5525.