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Appraising health and medical literature

This guide recommends various resources that can help you critically appraise health and medical literature.


  • CASP Checklists: how to appraise systematic reviews, trials, studies, economic evaluations & other research - provided by the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP)

  • Catalogue of Bias: an a-z of different types of bias that can impact upon the conducting of a study or its resulting findings - the catalogue is provided by the Centre of Evidence-Based Medicine

  • Understanding Health Research: how to appraise papers considering issues such as bias, replicability, correlation, causality, methodologies, populations, review, samples & scientific uncertainty - funded by the Medical Research Council


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