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Well-being achieved from earthen residence (WAFER)

Funded by the British Academy, the WAFER project is enhancing the use of sustainable earthen construction in developing countries.


£0.3 million

Project status

In progress


18 Nov 2019 to 17 Nov 2022

A modern five storey building made using earth blocks.
We are working with the Indian Institute for Science to deliver improved indoor living with lower environmental impact.

Urbanisation in developing countries commonly uses building materials that pollute the environment. This, combined with transportation and industrial activities, is leading to increasing air pollution. At the same time, buildings in developing countries are growing more reliant on active air conditioning systems for comfortable living. But, such systems add further pollution and also widen the gap between social classes.

The WAFER project will engineer earth building materials to improve indoor environments for better occupant health and well-being. Earthen construction has low environmental impact and can improve indoor air quality. Yet, it remains unpopular in developing countries due to a wider aspiration for ‘modern’ construction materials. Our project will investigate the stigma of earthen materials and how they can be developed for enhanced properties. Our techno-socio approach will support development and solutions using well-being as a driver to achieve sustainable urban infrastructures.

University of Bath's research team

The team includes members of the CICM in the Department of Architecture & Civil Engineering

Contact us

If you have any questions about the project, please get in touch.