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CH10133: Atomic structure, bonding and the Periodic Table

Follow this link for further information on academic years Academic Year: 2014/5
Further information on owning departmentsOwning Department/School: Department of Chemistry
Further information on credits Credits: 12
Further information on unit levels Level: Certificate (FHEQ level 4)
Further information on teaching periods Period: Academic Year
Further information on unit assessment Assessment Summary: EX 80%, MC 20%, OT 0%
Further information on unit assessment Assessment Detail:
  • S1 MCQ Exam (Paper B) (MC 20%)
  • S1 Mock Exam (Paper A) (OT 0%)
  • S2 Exam (EX 80%)
Further information on supplementary assessment Supplementary Assessment: CH10133 EXAM (where allowed by programme regulations)
Further information on requisites Requisites: While taking this unit you must take CH10135 and take CH10137 and in taking this unit you cannot take CH10134
Further information on descriptions Description: Aims:
The Unit will provide an introduction to the basics of the nature of the atom, elementary bonding theory, solid-state structural chemistry, periodic trends in main group chemistry and the electronic structure of transition metal compounds.

Learning Outcomes:
After studying this unit, students should be able to:
* Name the first 36 elements, their symbols and electronic configurations.
* Name the four quantum numbers and their allowed values.
* Draw radial and angular functions for s, p, d orbitals.
* Describe the bonding in diatomic molecules using molecular orbital (MO) theory
* Construct MO energy level diagrams and be able to extract chemical information from them
* Derive the shapes of molecules using the VSEPR method.
* Define basic crystallographic concepts.
* Describe the main types of inorganic structures through cell-projection diagrams.
* Provide a theoretical treatment for lattice energies.
* Describe the basic principles of s- and p-block chemistry, including hydrogen.
* Use the redox properties of the s- and p-block elements to predict and rationalise chemical reactions.
* Describe the basic chemistry of elements from Groups 15, 16 and 17.
* Solve basic problems in quantitative inorganic analysis.

Numeracy (F, A); Problem solving (T, F, A); Oral communication (F).

Bohr model of the atom, quantization, properties of waves, Schrödinger equation and its solutions, angular and radial functions, quantum numbers. The Periodic Table, Aufbau Principle, Hund's Rules; ionisation energy, electron affinity and electronegativity. Molecular orbital theory for homo- and di- atomic molecules. VSEPR, hybridisation. Coordination chemistry: definitions, shapes, ligand classification, nomenclature and conformations; chelate complexes. Coordination numbers and geometries, isomerism. Solid state structures, radius ratio rule, cell projections for common structural types, lattice energy. Chemical bonding theory, shapes of molecules. The s-block elements, properties related to reactivity and size. H-bonding. Oxidation states of the p-block elements, stability, lone-pair effect, free energy (Frost) diagrams. Chemistry of the halogens and noble gases and their inter-relationship. Hydrides of O, S, N, P and halogens. Properties of co-ordination compounds. Tetrahedral, square planar, and octahedral complexes; Introduction to Crystal Field Theory and splitting of d orbitals in octahedral and tetrahedral complexes. Chemical formulae, moles, molarity, oxidation and reduction. Application of mathematical methods to solving chemical problems.
Further information on programme availabilityProgramme availability:

CH10133 is Compulsory on the following programmes:

Department of Chemistry
  • USCH-AFB01 : BSc(Hons) Chemistry (Year 1)
  • USCH-AAB02 : BSc(Hons) Chemistry with Study year abroad (Year 1)
  • USCH-AFM02 : MChem(Hons) Chemistry (Year 1)
  • USCH-AAM03 : MChem(Hons) Chemistry with Study year abroad (Year 1)
  • USCH-AFB07 : BSc(Hons) Chemistry for Drug Discovery (Year 1)
  • USCH-AAB08 : BSc(Hons) Chemistry for Drug Discovery with Study year abroad (Year 1)
  • USCH-AFM05 : MChem(Hons) Chemistry for Drug Discovery (Year 1)
  • USCH-AAM06 : MChem(Hons) Chemistry for Drug Discovery with Study year abroad (Year 1)
  • USCH-AKB08 : BSc(Hons) Chemistry for Drug Discovery with Industrial Placement (Year 1)
  • USCH-AKM03 : MChem(Hons) Chemistry for Drug Discovery with Industrial Placement (Year 1)
  • USCH-AFB09 : BSc(Hons) Chemistry with Education (Year 1)
  • USCH-AKB02 : BSc(Hons) Chemistry with Industrial Placement (Year 1)
  • USCH-AKM02 : MChem(Hons) Chemistry with Industrial Placement (Year 1)
  • USCH-AFB03 : BSc(Hons) Chemistry with Management (Year 1)
  • USCH-AAB04 : BSc(Hons) Chemistry with Management with Study year abroad (Year 1)
  • USCH-AFM07 : MSci(Hons) Chemistry with Management (Year 1)
  • USCH-AKB04 : BSc(Hons) Chemistry with Management with Industrial Placement (Year 1)
  • USCH-AKM07 : MSci(Hons) Chemistry with Management with Industrial Placement (Year 1)

* This unit catalogue is applicable for the 2014/15 academic year only. Students continuing their studies into 2015/16 and beyond should not assume that this unit will be available in future years in the format displayed here for 2014/15.
* Programmes and units are subject to change at any time, in accordance with normal University procedures.
* Availability of units will be subject to constraints such as staff availability, minimum and maximum group sizes, and timetabling factors as well as a student's ability to meet any pre-requisite rules.