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XX50216: Research design and methods for AQM

[Page last updated: 02 August 2022]

Academic Year: 2022/23
Owning Department/School: Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences (units for MRes programmes)
Credits: 6 [equivalent to 12 CATS credits]
Notional Study Hours: 120
Level: Masters UG & PG (FHEQ level 7)
Semester 1
Assessment Summary: CW 100%, OT 0%
Assessment Detail:
  • presentation (formative assessment) (OT 0%)
  • Coursework (CW 100% - Qualifying Mark: 40)
Supplementary Assessment:
Like-for-like reassessment (where allowed by programme regulations)
Learning Outcomes:
* Understand the principles of research design and appreciate multiple alternative approaches to research questions;
* critical understanding of the scientific method;
* understand the significance of alternative epistemological positions that provide the context for theory construction, research design and the selection of appropriate analytical techniques;
* acquire advanced knowledge of interdisciplinary research skills;
* understand the principles behind causal inference;
* understand the theoretical and data structure assumptions underlying a range of advanced quantitative methods;
* understand the relationship between empirical research and theory generation and testing (theory-evidence links);
* understand the principles of policy-relevant research - including the development of evidence-based policy;
* understand the appropriate contexts for different analytical techniques and their limits, including experimental versus observational study designs;
* appreciate the strengths and weaknesses of data from primary and secondary sources, and be able to select relevant information and data sources;
* be able to define a researchable problem and formulate research questions and hypotheses that are amenable to empirical investigation;
* develop capacity in problem solving, conceptualising the dimensions of a problem and operationalising its key parameters;
* understand issues posed by social research in relation to ethics, confidentiality and legality.
* be familiar with the format and mechanisms for the dissemination of research through relevant professional bodies, including conference papers, posters and journal articles, and the process of peer review.

Aims: This is an advanced level research design and methods course intended to equip students with a broad range of relevant skills and knowledge, allowing them to formulate research questions and later carry out their own research projects. The primary aims of the unit are to:
* Introduce the epistemological and methodological traditions in social science research and map the social science research space, particularly highlighting the range of quantitative methods used;
* Introduce key skills for designing and organizing a research project, conducting critical reviews of published research; and disseminating and communicating research.

Skills: During the course students are expected to develop their skills along a number of relevant dimensions:
* Scholarly written communication including the clear elucidation of abstract concepts underlying research design;
* Ability to select, summarise and synthesise written information from multiple sources;
* Ability to develop rigorous arguments through precise use of concepts and models;
* Ability to critically evaluate different research approaches and apply appropriate design principles to particular disciplinary contexts;
* Ability to evaluate research findings produced by a range of different empirical methods;
* Ability to work with others from different disciplinary backgrounds and development of good communication skills when delivering material to inter-disciplinary audiences;
* Ability to understand issues posed by social research in relation to ethics, confidentiality and legality (including intellectual property rights), and acquire the skills needed in order to respect, consider and attend to the rights of other researchers and, where appropriate, research participants
* Bibliographic skills, enabling them to identify and use library and other bibliographic resources and maintain a personal research bibliography;
* Computing skills including word processing, spreadsheets and database management.

Content: This course is delivered over six days, divided into two half-days at each institution (Bath, Bristol, Exeter) plus pre-reading material online in advance of each half-day session. Each half-day will entail lecture time plus seminars to discuss the material introduced. The main topics to be covered include: ontology and epistemology in social research; varieties of approaches to research design from different disciplinary backgrounds; question design and formulation; criteria for evaluating research and strategies to enhance research quality; critical evaluation of different methodologies; preparing research proposals and communicating research.

Programme availability:

XX50216 is a Designated Essential Unit on the following programmes:

Department of Education
  • THXX-AFM81 : MRes Advanced Quantitative Methods in Social Sciences
  • THXX-AFM82 : MRes Advanced Quantitative Methods in Social Sciences (Leading to PhD)
  • THXX-APM81 : MRes Advanced Quantitative Methods in Social Sciences


  • This unit catalogue is applicable for the 2022/23 academic year only. Students continuing their studies into 2023/24 and beyond should not assume that this unit will be available in future years in the format displayed here for 2022/23.
  • Programmes and units are subject to change in accordance with normal University procedures.
  • Availability of units will be subject to constraints such as staff availability, minimum and maximum group sizes, and timetabling factors as well as a student's ability to meet any pre-requisite rules.
  • Find out more about these and other important University terms and conditions here.