Department of Politics, Languages & International Studies

Dr Alexander Kelle

Alexander Kelle

Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations

1 West North 4.37B
Tel: +44 (0) 1225 38 5268

Current Project

Dr Kelle leads the synthetic biology strand of a Wellcome Trust funded project (2009-14) on 'Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-use Bioethics'. For more information see:

Sabbatical Leave

Dr Kelle will be on sabbatical leave from February 2013 to January 2014, during which time he will be working for the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, based in The Hague.


Dr Alexander Kelle joined the Department in September 2007 as Lecturer in Politics and International Relations. He received his PhD from J.W. Goethe University in Frankfurt/Main in 1996.

Before coming to Bath he held positions at Queen’s University Belfast, University of Bradford, Stanford University, and the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt.

He lectures on International Relations, International Security, and Foreign Policy Analysis.

In December 2012, Dr Kelle was invited by the Director General of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons in The Hague to join the organisation's newly created Office of Strategy and Policy.  The University has granted him a twelve months unpaid leave of absence, starting in February 2013, for this purpose.

Research interests

Research interests include:

  • International security regimes
  • US foreign and security policy
  • International humanitarian law


Dr Kelle will be on sabbatical leave from February 2013 until January 2014, and will therefore not be available to teach his postgraduate unit on Foreign Policy Analysis in Semester 2 of the academic year 2012-13.



Kelle, A., Nixdorff, K. and Dando, M., 2012. Preventing a biochemical arms race. Stanford University Press.

Schmidt, M., Kelle, A., Ganguli-Mitra, A. and De Vriend, H., eds., 2009. Synthetic biology: the technoscience and its societal consequences. Springer.

Kelle, A., Nixdorff, K. and Dando, M. R., 2006. Controlling Biochemical Weapons: Adapting Multilateral Arms Control for the 21st Century. Palgrave Macmillan.

Kelle, A., Dando, M. R. and Nixdorff, K., eds., 2001. The Role of Biotechnology in Countering BTW Agents. Kluwer Academic.

Book Sections

Kelle, A., 2013. Synthetic biology as a field of dual-use bioethical concern. In: Rappert, B. and Selgelid, M., eds. On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics. Canberra, Australia: Australian National University Press.

Kelle, A., 2012. Synthetic biology with standard parts. In: Innovation Dual Use and Security. The MIT Press, pp. 147-159.

Kelle, A., 2011. Convergence in Science and Technology: Implications for the BW and CW Prohibition Regimes. In: Mashhadi, H., Paturej, K., Runn, P. and Trapp, R., eds. The OPCW's Contribution to Security and the Non-Proliferation of Chemical Weapons. The Hague: OPCW, pp. 145-151.

Kelle, A., 2009. Security issues related to synthetic biology: Between threat perceptions and governance options. In: Schmidt, M., Kelle, A., Ganguli-Mitra, A. and De Vriend, H., eds. Synthetic Biology: The Technoscience and its Societal Consequences. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 101-119.

Kelle, A., 2009. Summary and Conclusions. In: Schmidt, M., Kelle, A., Ganguli-Mitra, A. and De Vriend, H., eds. Synthetic Biology: The Technoscience and its Societal Consequences. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 177-184.

Kelle, A., 2006. CBW export controls: Towards regime integration? In: Joyner, D., ed. Non-Proliferation Export Controls: Origins, Challenges, and Proposals for Strengthening. Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 101-118.

Kelle, A. and Mills, P., 2004. The chemical weapons convention regime and its evolution. In: Chevrier, M. I., Chomiczewski, K., Garrigue, H., Granasztoi, G., Dando, M. R. and Pearson, G. S., eds. Implementation of Legally Binding Measures to Strengthen the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention.Vol. 150. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, pp. 79-102.

Kelle, A., 2003. Politische Bewertung von Konfliktfeldern und Risikobewertungen in der technologischen Entwicklung von Massenvernichtungswaffen [Political Assessment of Conflict Areas and of Risks of Technological Developments Related to Weapons of Mass Destruction]. In: Häckel, E. and Stein, G., eds. Internationale Kontrolle Sensitiver Technologien. Erfahrungen und Perspektiven. Opladen: Leske & Budrich, pp. 75-88.

Kelle, A., 2002. Die Atombombe des Kleinen Mannes? - Biologische Waffen und ihre multilaterale Kontrolle [The Poor Man's Atom Bomb - Biological Weapons and Their Multilateral Controls. In: Steiner, T., ed. Genpool - Biopolitik und Körperutopien. Wien: Passagen Verlag, pp. 334-353.

Kelle, A., 2002. The Chemical and biological weapons control regimes: achievements, shortcomings, and policy options. In: Garrido, V., ed. The Future of the WMD Non-Proliferation Regimes. Tasks Ahead for the Spanish EU Presidency. UNISCI Papers, 24-25, Madrid, pp. 23-55.

Kelle, A. and Nixdorff, K., 2002. Verlieren die Staaten die Kontrolle über ihre Kriegsmittel? Zur Problematik der Biowaffen, [Are States Losing Control Over Their Means of Warfare? On the Problem of Bioweapons]. In: Friedensgutachten. Münster: Lit Verlag, pp. 71-79.

Kelle, A., 2001. Achievements and failures of the first four years of CWC Implementation. In: Tucker, J., ed. The Chemical Weapons Convention Four Years On: Implementation Challenges and Solutions. Monterey: MIIS, pp. 9-15.

Kelle, A., 2001. Biotechnology and the development of norms against BTW agents. In: Kelle, A., Dando, M. R. and Nixdorff, K., eds. The Role of Biotechnology in Countering BTW Agents. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, pp. 285-297.

Kelle, A. and Matousek, J., 2001. Lessons of the Chemical Weapons Convention for the BTWC Compliance Protocol. In: Kelle, A., Dando, M. R. and Nixdorff, K., eds. The Role of Biotechnology in Countering BTW Agents. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, pp. 33-45.


Kelle, A., 2013. Beyond patchwork precaution in the dual-use governance of synthetic biology. Science and Engineering Ethics, 19 (3), pp. 1121-1139.

Kelle, A., 2013. The Third Review Conference of the Chemical Weapons Convention and beyond:key themes and the prospects of incremental change. International Affairs, 89 (1), 143–158.

Edwards, B. and Kelle, A., 2012. A life scientist, an engineer and a social scientist walk into a lab: challenges of dual-use engagement and education in synthetic biology. Medicine, Conflict & Survival, 28 (1), pp. 5-18.

Kelle, A., 2012. Non-proliferation and preventing the re-emergence of chemical weapons. Disarmament Forum, 1, pp. 55-64.

Kelle, A., Dando, M. and Nixdorff, K., 2011. Sciences et technologies en rapport avec laConvention sur l’interdiction des armes biologiques. Sécurité Globale

Kelle, A., Dando, M. and Nixdorff, K., 2011. Science et technologies en rapport avec la Convention sur l'interdiction des armes biologiques. Sécurité Globale

Kelle, A., Nixdorff, K. and Dando, M., 2010. Strengthening BWC prevention of state-sponsored bioweapons. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 66 (1), pp. 18-23.

Kelle, A., 2009. Ensuring the security of synthetic biology — towards a 5P governance strategy. Systems and Synthetic Biology, 3 (1-4), pp. 85-90.

Kelle, A., 2009. Synthetic biology and biosecurity From low levels of awareness to a comprehensive strategy. EMBO Reports, 10, S23-S27.

Kelle, A., 2008. Experiential learning in an arms control simulation. PS: Political Science & Politics, 41 (2), pp. 379-385.

Schmidt, M., Torgersen, H., Ganguli-Mitra, A., Kelle, A., Deplazes, A. and Biller-Andorno, N., 2008. SYNBIOSAFE e-conference: online community discussion on the societal aspects of synthetic biology. Systems and Synthetic Biology, 2 (1-2), pp. 7-17.

Dimitrov, R. S., Sprinz, D. F., DiGiusto, G. M. and Kelle, A., 2007. International nonregimes: a research agenda. International Studies Review, 9 (2), pp. 230-258.

Kelle, A., 2007. Securitization of international public health: Implications for global health governance and the biological weapons prohibition regime. Global Governance, 13 (2), pp. 217-235.

Kelle, A., 2005. Science, technology and the CBW control regimes. Disarmament Forum, 1, pp. 7-16.

Kelle, A., 2004. Assessing the effectiveness of security regimes — the Chemical Weapons Control regime's first six years of operation. International Politics, 41 (2), pp. 221-242.

Kelle, A., 2003. The CWC after its first Review Conference: is the glass half full or half empty? Disarmament Diplomacy, 71, pp. 31-40.

Kelle, A., 2003. Strengthening the effectiveness of the BTW control regime - feasibility and options. Contemporary Security Policy, 24 (2), pp. 95-132.

Kelle, A., 2003. Utilitarian and normative approaches to arms control. Book review of J.Goldblat, 'Arms Control', 2nd ed. and J. Larsen (ed), 'Arms Control - Cooperative Security in a Changing Envirnonment'. International Studies Review, 5 (3), pp. 386-389.

Kelle, A., 2002. The first CWC Review Conference: challenges and opportunities. Disarmament Diplomacy, 62, pp. 13-17.

Kelle, A., 2002. The first CWC Review Conference: taking stock and paving the way ahead. Disarmament Forum, 4, pp. 3-9.

Kelle, A., Kubbig, B. W. and Dembinski, M., 2001. The primacy of unilateralism: the American superpower and international orgnisations in the Clinton era. Amerikastudien, 46 (4), pp. 629-646.

Kelle, A., 2000. Atomare Rüstungskontrolle. Opfer des US-amerikanischen Unilateralismus, Gastkommentar [Nuclear Arms Control. Victim of US Unilateralism, Commentary]. Wissenschaft + Frieden, 18 (3), p. 5.

Kelle, A., 2000. Die Verhandlungen zur Stärkung des Biowaffen-Übereinkommens: Auf dem Weg zu einem Verifikationsprotokoll [The Negotiations to Strengthen the BWC: On the Way Toward a Compliance Protocol]. Die Friedenswarte. Journal of International Peace and Organization, 75 (2), pp. 204-220.

Kelle, A., 2000. NBC arms control under stress. The International Spectator, 35 (3), pp. 81-91.

Kelle, A., 1998. Biological weapons: Easy to produce and difficult to control. Biotechnology and Development Monitor, 35, pp. 18-21.

Conference or Workshop Items

Kelle, A., 2012. Synthetic biology with standardized parts. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 147-159.

This list was generated on Fri May 27 09:23:05 2016 IST.

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