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Understanding the tobacco supply chain

The Tobacco Supply Chain Database unwraps who and what is involved in the process of getting tobacco products from seed to smoker.

A machine producing cigarettes in a tobacco factory
There are many products and services involved in the tobacco supply chain contributing to the production of cigarettes

A supply chain is an entire system of producing and delivering a product or service, from the first stage of sourcing the raw materials to the delivery of the product or service to end-users. The Tobacco Supply Chain Database sheds light on the supply of tobacco.

Monitoring the tobacco industry

The World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) recognises 'the need to be alert to any efforts by the tobacco industry to undermine or subvert tobacco control efforts and the need to be informed of activities of the tobacco industry that have a negative impact on tobacco control efforts'.

The tobacco industry may try to subvert tobacco control measures in regions of the world where its supply chains are active. Tobacco production has other impacts too. Tobacco supply chain activities can have a detrimental effect on the local environment such as deforestation, degradation from pesticides or factory pollution. Mapping supply chain activity can help tobacco control advocates and researchers to develop resources and target policies that encourage diversification and defend tobacco control.

What is involved in the tobacco supply chain?

Research from the University of Bath has identified six major supply chain processes in:

  • agriculture (growing tobacco)
  • primary processing (preparing tobacco leaf)
  • secondary processing (making tobacco products)
  • logistics (moving tobacco)
  • retail and marketing (selling tobacco)
  • use and disposal of tobacco

Three further processes are:

  • research and development (creating new ways to profit from tobacco)
  • accessories (enhancing the experience of tobacco consumption)
  • finance and business services

Many sectors, including farming, manufacturing, distribution and retail, are involved in these processes. The tobacco supply chain also requires support from other industries, including machinery, chemicals, buildings, cigarette components (chiefly paper and filters) and packaging.

Introducing the Tobacco Supply Chain Database

The Tobacco Supply Chain Database has been devised and created by a team of expert researchers at the University of Bath. The database has two arms:

  • international trade data: imports and exports of tobacco leaf, tobacco products and supporting industry products
  • company data: companies involved in the tobacco supply chain, how they contribute and where they are located

The Tobacco Supply Chains Database is hosted on TobaccoTactics, which is published by the Tobacco Control Research Group at the University of Bath. Please visit TobaccoTactics to find out more about the methodology behind the database.

How to use the Tobacco Supply Chain Database

This short video shows you how to use the database.

Example searches from the Supply Chain Database

These case studies of major tobacco companies and industry suppliers use research compiled for the database to show the type of information it contains and the questions it can answer.

Get in touch

To find out more about the database or share any feedback, please email us

General disclaimer regarding the Tobacco Supply Chain Database website

Although we work to rigorous standards and adhere to a strict guide for data input, there is no undertaking by the Tobacco Supply Chains Database, Tobacco Tactics or the University of Bath that any part of this report is accurate, complete or up to date. You use this information at your own risk, and for guidance only. There is a Right of Reply procedure available on Tobacco Tactics.